1.The Empress Maria Theresa of Austria 1. was one of the most ardent supporters of the Enlightenment. 2. ruled over an empire that included only Austrian Germans. 3. attempted to reform her government and army. 4. never had the support of her people, who held her in contempt. 2.Which author wrote novels that were sentimental domestic dramas? 1. Henry Fielding 2. Alexander Pope 3. Edward Gibbon 4. XXXXX XXXXX 3.Neoclassicism was characterized by 1. frivolous subjects 2. purified style 3. weightless floating images 4. an undercurrent of eroticism 4.What new literary form was developed in the Age of Reason? 1. the novel 2. the epic 3. the sonnet 4. the philosophic dialogue 5.The music of Couperin is a perfect counterpart to the 1. paintings of David. 2. poems of Alexander Pope. 3. art of Watteau. 4. architecture of Robert Adam.
6.The Industrial Revolution began in England because
1. its peasants were clamoring for new jobs.
2. its feudal system had collapsed.
3. its government was willing to fund industrial growth.
4. its colonial empire was a source for raw materials.
7.France under Louis XVI can be described as a
1. country with a uniform high standard of living.
2. nation with a large national debt.
3. people united under a well-beloved king.
4. country with an equitable tax system.
8.The Sturm und Drang movement
1. started in Russia.
2. supported the values of classicism.
3. voiced support for organized religion.
4. None of these answers is correct.
9.Which of the following can be described as themes or subjects found in romantic paintings?
1. kings and aristocrats at play
2. scenes of the middle class enjoying the countryside
4. classical Greeks and Romans in set poses
10.Hegel's ideas influenced which of the following groups?
1. democrats, who shared his views on the role of people in history
2. monarchists, who believed in the divine right of kings
3. atheists, who agreed with him that spiritual forces do not exist
4. Marxists, who borrowed his concept of the dialectic operating in history
11.The middle class, from 1830 to 1871, benefited from all of the following EXCEPT
1. expanded political power following the French Revolution.
2. a rising standard of living as a result of the Industrial Revolution.
3. the spread of socialism.
4. liberalism's political and social ideals.
12.Realpolitik, between 1850 and 1871, had a powerful impact on the
1. unification campaign in Germany.
2. electoral changes in Great Britain.
3. economic policies of Napoleon III in France.
4. liberalization of Russia's domestic policies.
13.The American Civil War had the immediate consequence of
1. ending regional tensions.
2. abolishing slavery.
3. industrializing the national economy.
4. resolving racial problems.
14.In science, Pasteur
1. established the germ theory of disease.
2. marshaled data to support the theory of evolution.
3. introduced the anesthetic called chloroform.
4. formulated the periodic table of the elements.
15.Which nineteenth-century photographer made a famous photograph of Abraham Lincoln during Lincoln's run for the U.S. presidency?
1. William Henry Fox Talbot
2. Julia Margaret Cameron
3. Eadweard Muybridge
4. Mathew Brady
16.Comparing the First Industrial Revolution to the Second Industrial Revolution, which of the following is correct?
1. The pace of urbanization slowed down in the Second Industrial Revolution.
2. The econd Industrial Revolution found no new forms of energy and still relied on coal and water.
3. Great Britain had no competitors and continued to be the leader in the Second Industrial Revolution.
4. Scientific research played a larger role in the Second Industrial Revolution than in the First Industrial Revolution.
17.In the period 1871-1914, many Europeans moved to the cities because
1. urban jobs paid better than those in the country.
2. the cities promised free social benefits to their citizens.
3. city life was more spiritual than isolated rural areas.
4. urban school systems were better than those in the countryside.
18.Who developed a theory of a universal, collective unconscious?
4. Émile Zola
19.Early modernism was characterized by
1. an admiration for medieval thought and art.
2. a desire to reinvent the past through painting and music.
3. the needs of many artists and thinkers to identify with the new rich classes.
4. a yearning to move to an uncertain but exciting future.
20.Ibsen's A Doll's House is written in which style?
21.Which of the following eventually became totalitarian states after the First World War?
4. All these answers are correct.
22.International-style architecture was characterized by
1. sleek exteriors.
2. the classical orders.
3. Gothic towers.
4. ornamented façades.
23.Which composer's Mechanical Ballet was inspired by machine-oriented culture?
1. Igor Stravinsky
2. Charles Ives
3. Aaron Copland
4. George Antheil
24.Which of the following works by Orson Welles is often called America's best film?
1. Citizen Kane
2. The Birth of a Nation
3. Triumph of the Will
25. which of the following was the "greatest legacy of mass culture to the twentieth century"?
2. stream-of-consciousness literature
4. Heisenberg's uncertainty principle