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Chris M., M.S.W. Social Work
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# Part 1 of 1 - Question 1 of 20 5.0 Points If the concept

### Resolved Question:

Part 1 of 1 -

Question 1 of 20 5.0 Points
If the concept is truck, the prototype might be:

A. a Ford pick up.

B. bulldozer.

C. gravel eighteen wheeler.

D. personnel carrier.
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Question 2 of 20 5.0 Points
If the prototype is block or ball, the concept is:

A. construction.

B. toy.

C. child.

D. play.
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Question 3 of 20 5.0 Points
All major cities have a post office. Abilene is a major city; therefore, Abilene has to have a post office. This is an example of a(n):

A. algorithm.

B. heuristic.

C. syllogism.

D. prototype.
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Question 4 of 20 5.0 Points
Algorithms are very helpful in finding solutions to problems because, although we may not understand them, they:

A. were created by people who do understand all algorithms.

B. allow us to arrive at an answer rapidly.

C. are shortcuts.

D. guarantee a correct solution if followed.
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Question 5 of 20 5.0 Points
A heuristic can be very helpful in solving a problem because:

A. the solution is always accurate.

B. heuristics are the result of research.

C. it may be a shortcut.

D. a single heuristic can be applied to most problems.
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Question 6 of 20 5.0 Points
Both Albert's mother and father had dropped out of high school. His brother left school in the eighth grade. Based on the performance of his family members Albert does not expect that he will complete high school. He has developed a(n):

A. availability heuristic.

B. syllogism.

C. algorithm.

D. means-end analysis.
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Question 7 of 20 5.0 Points
Creative thinking tends to be:

A. divergent thinking.

B. convergent thinking.

C. functional fixedness.

D. dependent on algorithms.
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Question 8 of 20 5.0 Points
"How are a cat and a dog alike?" An answer to this question requires:

A. crystallized intelligence.

B. intrapersonal intelligence.

C. fluid intelligence.

D. Eastern intelligence.
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Question 9 of 20 5.0 Points
"Who was the first vice president of the United States?" The correct answer to this question requires:

A. crystallized intelligence.

B. intrapersonal intelligence.

C. fluid intelligence.

D. Eastern intelligence.
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Question 10 of 20 5.0 Points
Based on the theory of multiple intelligences by Gardner most people exhibit:

A. intelligences which function in isolation.

B. a single intelligence.

C. one dominate intelligence.

D. all eight intelligences in different degrees.
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Question 11 of 20 5.0 Points
The use of the lateral prefrontal cortex during intelligence testing indicates that:

A. a global "workspace" exists in the brain.

B. there is little neuroflexibility.

C. the prefrontal cortex is the central receiving area for all incoming stimuli.

D. there is no significant difference between special and verbal tasks.
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Question 12 of 20 5.0 Points
The experimental rats were being raised in separate environments. One group lived in the traditional cage in a quiet, but well lighted room. They were supplied with plenty of food and water. The second group inhabited "Rat Disney Land." There were colorful toys, exercise wheels, and mirrors. The experimenters talked to the rats in the second group and demonstrated concern. Based on the results of previous research the researchers expected:

A. the rats in the first group to exhibit depression.

B. the rats in the second group to become hyperactive and unable to focus on a task.

C. the rats in the second group to make a higher score on an intelligence test.

D. the rats in the first group to make a higher score on a test of intelligence.
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Question 13 of 20 5.0 Points
The most frequently used intelligence test in the United States is:

A. the Stanford-Binet Scale.

B. the Binet Intelligence Test.

C. the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale – III.

D. the Bergman Intelligence Scale.
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Question 14 of 20 5.0 Points
The Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale –III (WAIS-III) contains two parts:

A. verbal and performance.

B. written and verbal.

C. measurement
Submitted: 3 years ago.
Category: Homework
Expert:  Chris M. replied 3 years ago.

Hello, and thanks for the question.

Only 14 questions posted. I believe you were looking for assistance with three or four quizzes of 20 questions each. Please upload the question to a file sharing site, such as MediaFire.com or Box.com and post a file-sharing link in your reply.

Customer: replied 3 years ago.
sorry let me repost
Customer: replied 3 years ago.

Part 1 of 1 - Question 1 of 20 5.0 Points The energy which directs behavior into productive areas originates in: A. instinct. B. emotion. C. drive reduction. D. leptin. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 2 of 20 5.0 Points As Marcia took her place in the classroom on the first day of class, a familiar feeling surged from inside of her. She found herself "scoping out the competition," considering topics for the "best in the class" paper, and listening for an opportunity to add to class discussion on the first day. According to drive-reduction theory Marcia: A. will experience reduction in her competitive drive if she does well on the first exam. B. is presenting a secondary drive to compete. C. will establish a homeostatic condition and be less competitive as the class progresses. D. is presenting a primary drive to compete. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 3 of 20 5.0 Points If motivation consists only of drive-reduction, what is the perfect state of a human being? A. Competitive, hard driving B. Not hungry, thirsty, no pain, absence of fear, basically a coach potato C. Constant change, always re-establishing homeostasis D. Gradual movement from primary to secondary drives Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 4 of 20 5.0 Points "I just can't make myself study ahead for a test. I work better under pressure. Perhaps it is the fear associated with waiting until the last minute that gets me going." This approach to motivation is best explained by: A. incentive approaches. B. drive-reduction approaches. C. arousal approaches. D. cognitive approaches. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 5 of 20 5.0 Points Some children require a "carrot on a stick" to get them to clean their room, behave well in public places, or make good grades. This suggests that: A. the incentive approach pulls the child toward the goal. B. the drive-reduction approach guides the child to re-establish homeostasis. C. all behavior is controlled by outside rewards. D. external goals can explain human behavior. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 6 of 20 5.0 Points Expectation plays an important role in: A. cognitive approaches to motivation. B. drive-reduction approaches to motivation. C. incentive approaches to motivation. D. arousal approaches to motivation. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 7 of 20 5.0 Points Sandra is not really good at painting and drawing, but she loves to spend her spare time "dabbling" as she calls it. If her products are not successful according to aesthetic standards, why does she continue to draw and paint? A. She is attempting to reduce a primary drive. B. Her behavior is a result of extrinsic motivation. C. Her behavior is a result of intrinsic motivation. D. Drawing and painting satisfy her arousal level. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 8 of 20 5.0 Points When applying Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs it is important to understand which of the following? A. Lower level needs must often be met before higher levels can be considered. B. Lower level needs can be inserted at any point. C. Self-actualization is seldom approached by anyone. D. Self-actualization can be recognized and measured objectively. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 9 of 20 5.0 Points According to the James-Lange Theory, crying over spilled milk will result in: A. sorrow because you are crying. B. sorrow because the milk has been spilled. C. problem solving which will control the emotions. D. several indiscriminant emotions. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 10 of 20 5.0 Points Cannon-Bard view emotion as more than a response to physiological arousal. They suggest that: A. the hippocampus and the spinal nerve produce emotion. B. both the cortex and the autonomic nervous system respond to the stimulus. C. emotion is the work of higher brain levels alone. D. isolated nerve stimuli activate the autonomic nervous system. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 11 of 20 5.0 Points Donnie was on the verge of experiencing road rage. The teenagers in front of him were reckless and disrespectful. Suddenly he realized that one of the boys was his brother and he began to laugh. Donnie's emotional response is best explained by: A. the James-Lange Theory of emotion. B. the Cannon-bard Theory of emotion. C. the Schachter-Singer Theory of emotion. D. the Affiliation Theory of emotion. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 12 of 20 5.0 Points Billy Sue hated dresses but loved dogs, horses, turtles, lizards, and frogs. Her grandmother, who knew how little girls should look, dragged her to the children's store and forced her into a lacy pink dress. Although Billy Sue scowled at her image in the mirror, grandmother was delighted. Grandmother's behavior was based on her concept of: A. sexism. B. Billy Sue's sex. C. Billy's gender. D. Billy Sue's gender role. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 13 of 20 5.0 Points Verbal skills and muscular coordination have been observed to improve in women when: A. estrogen levels are relatively high. B. they are exposed to experiences requiring high level skills. C. pressure to perform is reduced. D. calcium levels are increased. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 14 of 20 5.0 Points The biosocial approach suggests that gender differences are based on: A. the hormone and neurological differences between men and women. B. how men and women think about their environment. C. the physical ability of men to protect the home and of women to bare children. D. the cognitive ability of men to solve problems and of women to organize the home. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 15 of 20 5.0 Points Sexual arousal in human beings is different from that of animals. It is clear that human sexual arousal can occur: A. only as the result of specific hormone changes. B. only during female ovulation. C. frequently in males, but seldom in females. D. as the result of many different stimuli including sights, smells, and sounds. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 16 of 20 5.0 Points Sexual responses have been found to occur in the following pattern: A. orgasm, plateau, excitement, resolution. B. excitement, orgasm, plateau, resolution. C. excitement, plateau, orgasm, and resolution. D. resolution, excitement, plateau, orgasm. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 17 of 20 5.0 Points In most cases of rape, the victim: A. has lured the rapist. B. knows the rapist. C. will suffer no lasting effect. D. is not treated violently. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 18 of 20 5.0 Points Dolly is a cute little second grade girl with blonde curls and big brown eyes. She is very bright but not successful in school. She withdraws from her peers and is considered shy. If approached physically, she backs away and will not tolerate a hug from her teacher. Lately, more alarming behaviors have surfaced. Dolly has begun purposefully cutting herself with pieces of broken glass. Her teacher has referred her to the school counselor and suspects: A. child neglect. B. a mental disorder. C. sexual abuse. D. abandonment. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 19 of 20 5.0 Points Chlamydia can be an insidious disease among young women because: A. there are no apparent symptoms. B. it attacks the skin on the face first. C. it often masks itself as simple menstrual cramping. D. it changes the texture of the skin. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 20 of 20 5.0 Points It is possible to reduce the risk of contracting AIDs through: A. abstaining from sexual foreplay. B. covering areas of sexual contact with an antibacterial soap or cream. C. maintaining a long-term, monogamous relationship with a faithful partner. D. engaging in anal intercourse. Reset Selection

Part 1 of 1 - Question 1 of 20 5.0 Points In psychology, the study of personality focuses on: A. change. B. stability. C. external factors. D. learned factors. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 2 of 20 5.0 Points Carl Jung’s idea of the collective unconscious states that we share: A. inherited universal ideas, wishes, and memories. B. common learning experiences in childhood or infancy. C. tendencies to sacrifice ourselves individually for the group. D. ideas that arise from, and are specific to, one’s own culture. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 3 of 20 5.0 Points Which of the following categories was NOT a component of Gordon Allport’s trait theory? A. Cardinal traits B. Secondary traits C. Central traits D. Identity traits Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 4 of 20 5.0 Points The Big Five in personality theories refers to which of the following? A. A set of fundamental traits such as neuroticism and openness to experience B. The group of personality theorists who criticized Freud’s theory as too sexual C. The effect of positive reinforcement on acquiring new behaviors D. The number of stages in Freud’s theory of development Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 5 of 20 5.0 Points Shelby is a very outgoing person who likes being around other people and socializing with them. According to the Big Five trait theory of personality, Shelby would be considered to be: A. showing signs of her masculine archetypes in her collective unconscious. B. high on the stable and enduring personality disposition known as extraversion. C. conditioned through past reinforcements to be uncomfortable in social settings. D. using defense mechanisms to protect herself from feelings of inferiority. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 6 of 20 5.0 Points Unlike psychodynamic approaches to personality, the learning approach emphasizes: A. latent personality structures. B. self-actualization processes. C. the outer person. D. biological traits. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 7 of 20 5.0 Points To compare one person’s test scores to the scores of all other people who took the test, psychologists must know something about the test’s: A. projective nature. B. subjective nature. C. length. D. norms. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 8 of 20 5.0 Points The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2) is a test used primarily to measure: A. psychological disorders. B. spatial relationships. C. verbal intelligence. D. unconscious motives. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 9 of 20 5.0 Points Such tests as the Rorschach Inkblot Test and the Thematic Apperception Test are examples of: A. projective measures. B. self-report measures. C. objective measures. D. observational measures. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 10 of 20 5.0 Points Observing what a person does under carefully controlled circumstances is a main feature of: A. the Thematic Apperception Test. B. behavioral assessment. C. Rorschach methods. D. the MMPI-2. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 11 of 20 5.0 Points Evaluations of a particular belief, person, object, or idea describe a person’s: A. attitudes. B. motivation. C. predispositions. D. biases. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 12 of 20 5.0 Points The salesperson in medication ads dresses to look like a doctor because: A. she has tested the product directly. B. the product was developed by physicians. C. FCC regulations demand this. D. the salesperson’s credibility is enhanced. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 13 of 20 5.0 Points In social psychology, attributional processes refer to: XXXXX XXXXX whether behavior is due to the person or the situation. B. spreading responsibility among a group of people. C. following the command of an authority figure. D. choosing sides during a competition or contest. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 14 of 20 5.0 Points Trish is overweight. When you meet her for the first time, you feel contemptuous. This is an example of: A. stereotyping. B. ethnocentrism. C. discrimination. D. prejudice. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 15 of 20 5.0 Points Psychologist Claude Steele is widely noted for his research on stereotype threat, which refers to a: A. fear of groups for which we hold negative stereotypes. B. fear that members’ behavior will confirm stereotypes about their group. C. belief that threatening groups are easier to stereotype than average groups. D. concern that stereotyping can lead to hostile interactions between groups. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 16 of 20 5.0 Points The observational learning approach states that stereotypes and prejudices are acquired through: A. repressing of wants and needs excessively. B. experiencing maturation of innate ideas. C. watching and imitating a model’s behavior. D. pairing conditioned and unconditioned stimuli. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 17 of 20 5.0 Points Which of the following characteristics will NOT reduce negative stereotyping in a contact situation? A. Intimacy B. Cooperation C. Equal status D. Independence Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 18 of 20 5.0 Points According to the mere exposure effect, we are most likely to feel attracted to people when: A. they are very similar to us. B. they are very different from us. C. we have never met them before. D. we have met them on previous occasions. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 19 of 20 5.0 Points Research on interpersonal attraction has shown that people will be more attracted to each other if: A. they have totally opposite beliefs and personalities. B. their backgrounds, interests, and values are very similar. C. one of them is physically attractive and the other is not. D. each has some characteristic that the other wished he or she had. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 20 of 20 5.0 Points Survey research has revealed that one of the most important qualities that people look for in friends is: A. attractiveness. B. loyalty. C. independence. D. intelligence. Reset Selection

Expert:  Chris M. replied 3 years ago.

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Chris M., M.S.W. Social Work
Category: Homework
Satisfied Customers: 2757
Experience: Master's Degree, strong math and writing skills, experience in one-on-one tutoring (college English)

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