1. Which of the following was the primary cause of the Balkan Wars conducted during the Clinton administration?
A. The rise to power of Slobodan Milosevic in Serbia
B. The breakup of the former state of Yugoslavia
C. The UN peacekeepers' inability to stem ethnic cleansing
D. Muslim activism in Bosnia
2. Among instances of corporate malfeasance in the early twenty-first century, the _______ scandal was the most shocking and economically damaging for employees and shareholders.
B. American Tobacco
C. Tyco International
3. During the turbulence of the 1960s, black activism focused primarily on
A. expanding voting rights.
B. stopping the Vietnam War.
C. expanding economic opportunity.
D. supporting the nonviolent strategies of Martin Luther King, Jr.
4. John F. Kennedy replaced Eisenhower's concept of massive retaliation with a _______ response strategy.
5. Which of the following is true of the Supreme Court's decision in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka?
A. It ruled that desegregation was a state issue, but that segregation was a federal issue.
B. It declared that segregated schools were inherently separate and unequal.
C. It ruled that segregation should proceed with "all deliberate speed."
D. It established that all citizens should have access to public education.
6. In a free election in 1989, Lech Walesa came to power in
A. East Germany.
7. Following on the successful activism of Cesar Chavez, Mexican American youths began to refer to themselves as
B. Los Hombres.
C. Los Barrios.
8. During the McCarthy era, which of the following was (were) executed for allegedly giving atomic secrets to the Soviet Union?
A. Klaus Fuchs
B. Whittaker Chambers
C. Alger Hiss
D. Julius and Ethel Rosenberg
9. Which of the following was true of Nixon's presidency?
A. It shifted responsibility for welfare programs from the states to the federal government.
B. It tried to overthrow Johnson's Great Society agenda.
C. It resisted affirmative-action legislation.
D. It oversaw the establishment of the Environmental Protection Agency.
10. After Hitler came to power in 1933, he blamed Germany's defeat in World War I on
A. Jews and Gypsies.
B. Communists and Socialists.
C. Jews and Communists.
D. Communists and American imperialists.
11. To establish the Intermediate Nuclear Forces Treaty, Reagan negotiated with
12. Under Franklin Roosevelt's Good Neighbor policy,
A. the Platt Amendment was rescinded.
B. the collective security among the nations of the Western Hemisphere declined.
C. American commerce with Latin America increased, but only slightly.
D. Cordell Hull favored continued military interventions in Latin America.
13. Which of the following is true of the Truman Doctrine?
A. It established the Marshall Plan.
B. It ended the policy of containment.
C. It amounted to an informal declaration of Cold War.
D. It created the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.
14. During the 1950s, the advent of _______ created the largest and fastest-growing impact on American society.
A. fundamentalist religion.
C. educational reform
D. suburban communities
15. When postwar expansion slowed in the 1950s, an economic stimulus was provided by
A. increased consumer goods manufacturing.
B. the baby boom.
C. Cold War spending.
D. the construction of Levitt Towns.
16. Which of the following was Eisenhower's most significant legislative achievement?
A. The extension of Social Security benefits
B. Increasing the minimum wage
C. The establishment of modern Republicanism
D. The Highway Act of 1956
17. The majority of states that did not ratify the Equal Rights Amendment were located in the
18. Which of the following statements is true of the Gulf of Tonkin affair?
A. The destroyer Maddox was sunk by North Vietnamese gunboats.
B. Congress was divided and only reluctantly passed the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution.
C. Johnson sought passage of the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution in order to freely expand American involvement in Vietnam.
D. Johnson approved covert amphibious raids on North Vietnam.
19. The*****decision in Bakke v. Regents of the University of California
A. ruled against the principle of affirmative action.
B. ruled in favor of affirmative action within specified limits.
C. established the rights of students to appeal college admissions policies.
D. established the "red state-blue state" divide.
20. What incident abroad marked the election day of the 1956 election, thereby enhancing Eisenhower's bid for a second term?
A. The crisis in the Formosa Straits
B. An attack on U.S. Marines in Beirut
C. The resolution of the Suez crisis
D. The French defeat in Indochina
End of exam