1. Which of the following was the primary cause of the Balkan Wars conducted during the Clinton administration?A. The rise to power of Slobodan Milosevic in SerbiaB. The breakup of the former state of YugoslaviaC. The UN peacekeepers' inability to stem ethnic cleansing D. Muslim activism in Bosnia
2. Among instances of corporate malfeasance in the early twenty-first century, the _______ scandal was the most shocking and economically damaging for employees and shareholders.A. EnronB. American Tobacco C. Tyco International D. WorldCom
3. During the turbulence of the 1960s, black activism focused primarily on A. expanding voting rights.B. stopping the Vietnam War.C. expanding economic opportunity.D. supporting the nonviolent strategies of Martin Luther King, Jr.
4. John F. Kennedy replaced Eisenhower's concept of massive retaliation with a _______ response strategy.A. flexible B. massive C. limited D. focused
5. Which of the following is true of the Supreme Court's decision in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka?A. It ruled that desegregation was a state issue, but that segregation was a federal issue. B. It declared that segregated schools were inherently separate and unequal.C. It ruled that segregation should proceed with "all deliberate speed."D. It established that all citizens should have access to public education.
6. In a free election in 1989, Lech Walesa came to power in A. East Germany.B. Poland.C. Romania.D. Hungary.
7. Following on the successful activism of Cesar Chavez, Mexican American youths began to refer to themselves asA. Chicanos.B. Los Hombres. C. Los Barrios. D. Mexicans.
8. During the McCarthy era, which of the following was (were) executed for allegedly giving atomic secrets to the Soviet Union?A. Klaus FuchsB. Whittaker ChambersC. Alger HissD. Julius and Ethel Rosenberg
9. Which of the following was true of Nixon's presidency?A. It shifted responsibility for welfare programs from the states to the federal government. B. It tried to overthrow Johnson's Great Society agenda.C. It resisted affirmative-action legislation.D. It oversaw the establishment of the Environmental Protection Agency.
10. After Hitler came to power in 1933, he blamed Germany's defeat in World War I on A. Jews and Gypsies.B. Communists and Socialists.C. Jews and Communists.D. Communists and American imperialists.
11. To establish the Intermediate Nuclear Forces Treaty, Reagan negotiated with A. Yeltsin.B. Brzezinski.C. Khomeini.D. Gorbachev.
12. Under Franklin Roosevelt's Good Neighbor policy,A. the Platt Amendment was rescinded.B. the collective security among the nations of the Western Hemisphere declined. C. American commerce with Latin America increased, but only slightly.D. Cordell Hull favored continued military interventions in Latin America.
13. Which of the following is true of the Truman Doctrine? A. It established the Marshall Plan.B. It ended the policy of containment.C. It amounted to an informal declaration of Cold War.D. It created the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.
14. During the 1950s, the advent of _______ created the largest and fastest-growing impact on American society.A. fundamentalist religion. B. television.C. educational reformD. suburban communities
15. When postwar expansion slowed in the 1950s, an economic stimulus was provided by A. increased consumer goods manufacturing.B. the baby boom.C. Cold War spending.D. the construction of Levitt Towns.
16. Which of the following was Eisenhower's most significant legislative achievement? A. The extension of Social Security benefitsB. Increasing the minimum wageC. The establishment of modern RepublicanismD. The Highway Act of 1956
17. The majority of states that did not ratify the Equal Rights Amendment were located in the A. Midwest.B. Southeast.C. Northeast.D. West.
18. Which of the following statements is true of the Gulf of Tonkin affair?A. The destroyer Maddox was sunk by North Vietnamese gunboats.B. Congress was divided and only reluctantly passed the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution.C. Johnson sought passage of the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution in order to freely expand American involvement in Vietnam. D. Johnson approved covert amphibious raids on North Vietnam.
19. The*****decision in Bakke v. Regents of the University of California A. ruled against the principle of affirmative action.B. ruled in favor of affirmative action within specified limits.C. established the rights of students to appeal college admissions policies. D. established the "red state-blue state" divide.
20. What incident abroad marked the election day of the 1956 election, thereby enhancing Eisenhower's bid for a second term?A. The crisis in the Formosa StraitsB. An attack on U.S. Marines in Beirut C. The resolution of the Suez crisisD. The French defeat in Indochina
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1. The root causes of the crisis that many states faced at the end of the second millennium B.C.E. were A. external invasions and unstable governments.B. natural disasters and external invasions.C. unstable governments and ecological fragility.D. migrations of foreigners and ecological fragility.
2. According to the text, the development of agriculture could have been a result of all of the following exceptA. population pressure.B. increasing climatic stability. C. abundance and leisure.D. religion.
3. Which of the following environments is conducive to a herding way of life? A. SwampsB. River valleysC. Alluvial plainsD. Steppes
4. Of the four river valleys that supported major early civilizations, which one lost one of its major rivers? A. Yellow RiverB. Indus ValleyC. MesopotamiaD. Egypt
5. It's believed that the role of feasts in the Ice Age was to A. celebrate the resolution of serious conflicts.B. mark times when food was abundant.C. strengthen group ties.D. celebrate weddings.
6. What three types of land are best suited for agriculture?A. Alluvial plains, prairies, and uplandsB. Swamplands, forests, and steppesC. Tundra, alluvial plains, and lowlandsD. Swamplands, alluvial plains, and uplands
7. Which of the following most directly caused the decline in the Cretan and Mycenaean civilizations? A. High taxesB. Overextension from conquestC. Ecological disastersD. Disease
8. Charles Darwin supported the theory that agriculture developed as a result of A. population growth.B. evolution.C. accident.D. abundance.
9. In foraging societies, it was common forA. members of both sexes to share equally in hunting and gathering. B. men to contribute very little.C. women to contribute nothing.D. men to be hunters and women to be gatherers.
10. The most common way the early river valley civilizations expanded was by A. peaceful means.B. force of arms.C. political means.D. blending of cultures.
11. Neanderthals lived alongside Homo sapiens for thousands of years, A. and had larger brains than humans.B. but couldn't vocalize because they had smaller brains than humans.C. and are known to have continually fought each other.D. and are believed to have interbred with humans.
12. The earliest agriculturists to migrate into Europe probably came from A. Asia.B. the Americas.C. Europe.D. Africa.
13. Civilizations in the Americas and sub-Saharan Africa were isolated from Eurasia mostly because of A. culture.B. geography.C. lack of trade goods. D. language.
14. The ancient Egyptians regarded their kings as A. living gods.B. powerful rulers, but not divine.C. strong rulers only in times of crisis or war.D. divine, but not gods.
15. What is the Epic of Gilgamesh?A. The creation myth of the early Shang dynastyB. The earliest known law codeC. The official history of one of the first Egyptian pharaohs D. The earliest work of imaginative literature in Mesopotamia
16. Political instability between competing states during the period from 1000 to 500 B.C.E. led to A. advances in technology.B. a decline in new religious practices.C. a decrease in trade.D. fewer opportunities for new ideas about society.
17. The Nile River supports Egyptian agriculture by A. never flooding.B. flooding its banks and depositing rich soil.C. supplying extra water for irrigation to supplement annual rains. D. providing easy transport for crops.
18. Which of the following archaeological evidence suggests that the Olmec were shamanistic? A. Figurines of were-jaguarsB. Inscriptions describing religious observancesC. Records of their mythologyD. Depictions of captives
19. The basis for the alphabet developed by the Greeks came from A. Mesopotamia.B. the Greeks themselves.C. Egypt.D. Phoenicia.
20. _______ was a kingdom on the Atlantic coast of Spain that traded with the Greeks and Phoenicians.A. Etrona B. Tartessos C. Fezzan D. Elche
Hi Elizabeth,Do you know how we did on the above test?
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