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Chris M.
Chris M., M.S.W. Social Work
Category: Homework
Satisfied Customers: 2637
Experience:  Master's Degree, strong math and writing skills, experience in one-on-one tutoring (college English)
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In the United States and other western cultures

Resolved Question:

I have some questions about psychology dealing with personality. Do you think you can do them for me?

Submitted: 2 years ago.
Category: Homework
Expert:  Chris M. replied 2 years ago.

Hello,

I might be able to assist with this. Can you post a sample question?

Thanks!

Customer: replied 2 years ago.

In the United States and other western cultures, the path to heightened levels of self-esteem is believed to be
a. a complete understanding of one's self
b. group success
c. personal success
d. an accurate assessment of the strengths and weaknesses of the group to which one belongs.

Expert:  Chris M. replied 2 years ago.
Hi again,

Yes, I gave assist with these. Post the complete question set and indicate your deadline for submitting the answers.

Thanks!
Customer: replied 2 years ago.

1. In the United States and other western cultures, the path to heightened levels of self-esteem is believed to be
a. a complete understanding of one's self
b. group success
c. personal success
d. an accurate assessment of the strengths and weaknesses of the group to which one belongs.

2. According to the theorists, personality is acquired through classical and operant conditioning, observational learning, reinforcement, extinction, generalization, and discrimination.
a. Neo-Freudian
b. trait
c. behavioral
d. humanistic

3. According to behavioral personality theorists, what is predictable about personality is that people tend to
a. react in an angry and aggressive manner when frustrated.
b. be dominated by their inborn temperamental traits.
c. respond in consistent ways to certain types of situations.
d. respond differently based on their age, gender, and cultural differences.

4. According to the text, early behaviorists overlooked a crucial element in their theories of personality, which is the fact that
a. much of behavior is affected by the situation in which it occurs.
b. behaviors are identical to personality, which is shaped by learning.
c. people have stable traits that are unchanged by experience.
d. people think and have different perceptions and expectations.

5. researchers have found that people with a close match between their and tend to be socially poised, confident, and resourceful, while those that have a poor match are depressed, anxious, and insecure.
a. id and ego
b. self-image and ideal self
c. ego ideal and conscience
d. psychosexual stages and psychosocial stages

6. The main criticism of humanistic theory is that
a. it emphasizes the negative dimensions of personality
b. it is research rather than experience-oriented.
c. its concepts are imprecise and difficult to study objectively.
d. its approach is more empirical than philisophical

7. Interviews are used to do all of the following EXCEPT
a. gain rapid insight into personality
b. select people for jobs, college, or special programs
c. control a client's behavior in therapy
d. gain information about a person through observing his or her body language.

8. If I rate a student highly on all traits on a college entrance form because I am impressed with their artistic talent, I am illustrating a
a. halo effect
b. self-promoting belief
c. public self-conciousness
d. over evaluation

9. The MMPI-2 was primarily desighned
a. to identify people with particular psychological problems
b. for use with children under age 10
c. for use with the intellectually disabled people
d. to identify vocational prefrences

10. The validity scales on the MMPI-2
a. are designed to detect habitual dishonesty
b. identify antisocial or delinquent people
c. detect unconscious motives the test-taker might normally lie about
d. detect attempts to make oneself look good or bad

Customer: replied 2 years ago.

11. Regarding psychological assessment, which of the following is TRUE?
a. Psychological assessments are at least as accurate as commonly used medical tests.
b. test scores are informative, but they can incorrectly label people.
c. A clinical psychologist trying to decide if a person has emotional problems should use the MMPI-2 plus information from interviews and other tests.
d. all of the above.

12. objective personality test is to projective personality test as is to .
a. Roscharch; Thematic Apperception Test
b. MMPI-2; Roscharch
c. MMPI-2; 16 Personality Factors (16 PF)
d. TAT; MMPI-2

13. When you are faced with an unstructured stimulus, you must organize what you see in terms of your own life experiences. This is the rationale behind
a. objective tests
b. rating scales
c. projective tests
d. behavioral assessments

14. Jessica is being administered a personality test that requires her to tell a story about 20 rather ambiguous sketches of people in various situations. She is most likely taking the
a. MMPI-2
b. Roscharch
c. TAT
d. 16 PF

15. a major disadvantage of projective tests is that
a. they are unstructured
b. scoring is highly involved and overly objective
c. they are of little use to clinical psychologists
d. validity and objectivity are typically low

16. Helen, a psychologist, is assessing one of her new clients. Over the next 3 sessions, she administers the MMPI-2 , the Roscharch, the WAIS-IV, and the 16 PF to her client as well as conducting structured and unstructured interviews. Helen is using to assess her client’s personality and to uncover major conflicts/problems areas.
a. rating scales
b. a test battery
c. a behavioral assessment
d. a diagnostic profile set

17. psychological researchers believe that sudden murderers explode into violence because they
a. are shy, restrained and inexpressive
b. probably suffer from brain damage
c. engage in frequent periods of extroversion
d. are essentially schizophrenic

18. which of the following represents a basic element of shyness?
a. self-defeating bias
b. social anxiety
c. lack of social skills
d. all of these

19. Debbie will readily carry on conversations with her family and close friends, but she becomes shy and awkward whenever she meets a stranger. Debbie’s reaction is best explained by
a. social anxiety being a lasting personality trait
b. private self-consciousness
c. a situational cause of shyness
d. all of these

20. in general, non-shy people
a. have higher self-esteem than shy people
b. give themselves credit for social success
c. recognize that social failures are often due to circumstances
d. all of the above

21. the best way to overcome shyness is to
a. enhance social skills
b. lower one’s anxiety by accepting that shyness is an inherited problem
c. learn to enjoy solitude
d. increase one’s public self-consciousness

Expert:  Chris M. replied 2 years ago.
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Chris M., M.S.W. Social Work
Category: Homework
Satisfied Customers: 2637
Experience: Master's Degree, strong math and writing skills, experience in one-on-one tutoring (college English)
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