Question 61 - The first objective of campaign advertising is to
raise the social consciousness of voters.
give voters a detailed biography of a candidate.
ensure that a candidate has a high level of name recognition among voters.
get across to voters some basic issue stands.
define the challenger.
Question 62 - Voting in the United States has decreased since 1952. Other forms of participation have
increased or remained stable.
not been extensively studied.
risen and fallen without any pattern.
Question 63 - Compared with other nations in the world, in granting suffrage to women, the United States
was among the first.
ranked about in the middle.
lagged far behind.
was unique in extending that right without being pressured to do so.
was more selective in which women were extended the right.
Question 64 - Which statement best characterizes the changes in campaigns since the 1960s?
Campaigns are shorter and more heavily influenced by the parties.
Campaigns are longer, fund raising is easier, and media scrutiny is less.
There have been no significant changes since the 1960s.
Campaigns are longer and more media focused, and fund raising is more complex.
campaigns are increasingly driven by political party insiders.
Question 65 - The first coast-to-coast television broadcast featured which of the following presidents?
John F. Kennedy
Question 66 - Which of the following principles is not part of the responsible party government model?
The winning party should carry out its program once in office.
Parties should present clear and coherent programs to voters.
Voters should hold the governing party responsible at the next election for executing its program.
Legislators should be responsive to their constituencies, even if doing so means voting against their party's program.
Voters should choose candidates on the basis of party programs.
Question 67 - Each state has one vote in the electoral college for
the number of senators and representatives on the federal election nomination committee.
each of its representatives in the U.S. House.
every 10,000 registered voters.
each of its citizens.
each of its representatives and senators.
Question 68 - A class action suit is a method of
increasing political participation among students.
organizing mass political demonstrations.
influencing public policy through the courts.
using the courts for individual benefit.
organizing group policy.
Question 69 - "The process of transmitting information from one individual or group to another" is the definition of
Question 70 - If you wish to find the largest concentration of reporters in the world,
you should go to Washington, D.C.
Question 71 - Some studies show that direct political action appeals most to those who _____ the political system and have a _____ sense of political efficacy.
Question 72 - In which of the following countries are citizens most likely to write to elected officials?
Question 73 - Spray painting political slogans on a building, a form of unconventional behavior, has what effect upon government?
It's determined to be harmful only because it leads to prison overcrowding.
It's largely ineffective.
It's viewed as destructive behavior that leads to more progressive crimes in young adults.
Question 74 - Representatives of the mass media frequently defend the importance of freedom of the press, even if it comes at the expense of
Question 75 - An important idea of pluralist theory is that
most interest groups work for the good of the majority.
the institutions of government will ignore interest groups regardless of their orientation.
interest groups will ultimately fade from the political scene.
new interest groups naturally form when the need arises.
people join groups for benefits, regardless of current circumstances.
Question 76 - The primary goal of interest groups is to
educate the public about issues.
sponsor candidates for elections.
fight corruption in government.
influence public policy.
provide campaign donations.
Question 77 - The vast increase in the number of business lobbies in Washington during the 1970s and 1980s was in large part a response to
the increasingly cynical view of government that developed among the American public in the 1960s and 1970s.
growing threat posed by New Right lobbyists.
favorable congressional legislation.
civil rights and anti-Vietnam War activism of the 1960s.
expanded scope of federal regulatory activities and the growing influence of the public interest movement.
Question 78 - Until the 1950s, political campaigns were conducted primarily through
the mass media.
through political party organizations.
through quiet appeals to elite electors.
by individual candidates with very little staff or assistance.
by interest groups.
Question 79 - How does education affect voter turnout?
Well-educated people are more likely to vote than are their less-educated counterparts.
Educated people are less likely to vote than uneducated people are because their education makes them more cynical about government.
Educated and uneducated people vote at about the same rates.
Educated people vote more than uneducated people, who are often unable to pass voter literacy tests.
Educated people cast more split ballots on issues.
Question 80 - Which of the following media sources has the largest readership or audience?
The New York Times
News Mother Jones