Exam: 007504RR - THE NINETEENTH CENTURY, PART 2
1. A single pair of notes played repeatedly in succession is known as a/an
A. A capella.
B. Gee haw.
C. Sotto voce.
D. Drone bass.
2. _______ exemplifies the best elements of nineteenth-century Italian opera.
B. La Traviata
D. La Boheme
3. Louis Moreau Gottschalk's "Union: Concert Paraphrase on National Airs" was written for
A. String quartet.
C. Chamber orchestra.
4. A mazurka is a Polish folk dance written in which of the following meters?
5. In Verdi's La Traviata, Violetta sings _______ when unsure of herself.
A. In recitative
B. A virtuoso
C. In a lower key
D. An aria
6. Ravi Shankar is known for his mastery of the 18-stringed lute called the
C. Jhala tar.
7. The first American-born piano virtuoso to achieve international fame was
8. The styles of singing in Wagner and Verdi operas differ. Jane says that the style of singing in a Verdi
opera is virtuosic and elaborate. Lynn says that the style of singing in a Wagner opera is more syllabic.
Who is correct in describing the different styles of singing?
A. Only Lynn is correct.
B. Both Jane and Lynn are correct.
C. Only Jane is correct.
D. Neither Jane nor Lynn is correct.
9. Wagner drew on _______ for his opera The Ring of the Nibelungs.
A. Roman mythology
B. Northern European mythology
C. Greek mythology
D. religious dogma
10. The third movement of Dvořák's "String Quartet in F Major" contains a light-hearted passage in a fast
tempo and in triple meter called a
11. The _______ measures musical time using a pendulum.
12. In response to the outbreak of the Civil War, which composer wrote a solo piano piece that
incorporated the "Star Spangled Banner," "Hail Columbia," and "Yankee Doodle" into the work?
13. To show his intense national pride, _______ wrote a large number of mazurkas.
14. The various melodies heard in Dvořák's "String Quartet in F Major" have a/an _______ quality.
15. In opera, a brief musical phrase or idea connected to some person, event, or idea is known as a/an
16. Which one of the following musical notations allows performers to improvise slightly with the rhythm?
17. A raga solo always begins with the sounding of tones in _______ motion.
18. Which composer is thought to epitomize Romanticism?
19. Why was Richard Wagner considered the most progressive composer of his day?
A. He used the tala pulses in his orchestrations.
B. He advanced the harmonic idiom of music into new, exciting realms.
C. He combined choral music and orchestral music.
D. He introduced the libretto to the opera.
20. Which of the following composers helped the United States establish its own musical sound by drawing
on cultural idioms?
Exam: 007505RR - THE TWENTIETH CENTURY, PART 1
1. A _______ scale is based on five notes.
2. In The Unanswered Question, the strings are played
A. In constant competition with the brass.
B. In unresolved dissonance.
C. Fast and loud for shock value.
D. As if they're playing a slow hymn.
3. The _______ were interested in the hypnotic quality of the repeated melodic fragments and interlocked
patterns created by the gamelan.
4. Debussy's Voiles was inspired by a Javanese ensemble known as a
5. Roland says that Ruth Crawford Seeger was a modernist composer. Clive says that she was a collector
and arranger of American folksongs. Who is correct?
A. Only Roland is correct.
B. Only Clive is correct.
C. Neither Roland nor Clive is correct.
D. Both Roland and Clive are correct.
6. Standard Song Form for popular hits of the 1920s and 1930s was
7. Which of the following composers sought to obtain a nonpercussive sound from the piano in his
8. _______ is a singing technique that's part speech and part song.
9. Expressionist music is generally thought of as
10. Music that doesn't center on a particular key is referred to as
11. The most common pattern of verses in blues songs is the _______ pattern.
12. Constantly repeated musical patterns with many abrupt changes in length and tempos are known as
13. _______ notes are produced by lowering the third, fifth, or seventh steps of major scales.
14. Modernism, a movement that represented an abolishment of tradition and a quest for novelty, took
A. Middle nineteenth century
B. Early twentieth century
C. Classical period
D. Early twenty-first century
15. Bebop is a style of
16. Schoenberg's 12-tone composition is based on a/an _______ scale.
17. The Rite of Spring was composed by
A. Heitor Villa-Lobos.
B. Igor Stravinsky.
C. Arnold Schoenberg.
D. Alban Berg.
18. You'll find the "circle-of-fifths" chord progression used in which of the following types of music?
D. Big band jazz
19. Ragtime composers often made use of
20. Jody says that atonal harmony establishes a harmonic center of gravity. Sean says that atonal harmony
doesn't have a harmonic center of gravity. Who is correct?
A. Both Jody and Sean are correct.
B. Neither Jody nor Sean is correct.
C. Only Sean is correct.
D. Only Jody is correct.
Exam: 007506RR - THE TWENTIETH CENTURY, PART 2
1. In the song "Tonight" from the musical West Side Story, the composer distributed two basic melodies
among different characters to create a kind of _______, in which nothing disappears but new layers are
A. Additive form
B. Dissonant form
C. Layered presence
D. Consonant counterpoint
2. For the movie Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon, Chinese-American _______ was enlisted to play the
cello to offset the Asian-sounding erhu.
A. Xiaohui Ma
B. Yo-Yo Ma
C. Tan Dun
D. Ang Lee
3. The type of music that blended the musical styles of jump blues and honky-tonk was
A. Hip hop.
C. Rock 'n' roll.
4. The _______ is a xylophone-like instrument with tubular resonators under each bar.
B. Suspended cymbal
5. The progression of four basic chords that was used in many popular songs of the 1950s and 1960s is
referred to as _______ chord progression.
6. A chromatic scale consists entirely of
A. Tonal centers.
B. Quarter steps.
C. Half steps.
D. Whole steps.
7. Agnes de Mille choreographed Aaron Copland's Rodeo to blend
A. Jazz with ballet.
B. Square dance with Irish jig.
C. Ballet with tap.
D. Ballet with square dance.
8. The first African American to have a major opera performed by a major American opera company was
A. Langston Hughes.
B. XXXXX XXXXX. (need to look online when editing)
C. Scott Joplin.
D. William Grant Still.
9. Einstein on a Beach was a unique opera because it
A. Had a single violinist.
B. Had no plot and very little singing.
C. Was written in Chinese.
D. Was exclusively recitative.
10. Which song crossed racial boundaries by achieving success on both the R&B and pop charts?
A. "My Ding-a-Ling"
B. "School Day"
C. "Please Mr. Postman"
D. "Fight the Power"
11. Which of John Cage's works has been perceived by some as a joke?
B. Imaginary Landscape no. 4
C. Einstein on a Beach
D. Illiac Suite
12. Which of the following composers wrote the music for West Side Story?
A. George M. Cohan
B. Jerome Kern
C. Cole Porter
D. Leonard Bernstein
13. Notes that begin a phrase before a downbeat are known as pick-up notes or a/an
A. Duck walk.
B. Shuffle groove.
D. Call and response.
14. The musical movement that started in the mid-1960s on the West Coast was the _______ movement.
15. Which one of the following composers is best known for promoting aleatory music?
A. Franz Wozzek
B. Béla Bartók
C. John Cage
D. Richard Strauss
16. The musician who ushered in the twentieth-century era of virtuosic rock guitar playing was
A. Jimi Hendrix.
B. Chuck Berry.
C. XXXXX XXXXX. (need to check online when editing)
D. Chet Atkins.
17. Public Enemy's abrasive rap recording "Fight the Power" has a basic pulse of _______ beats per
18. Tamra says that the difference between an opera and a musical is that the opera includes more spoken
word than singing. Eduardo says that the musical contains singing with some spoken dialog. Who is correct
in citing the difference?
B. Both Tamra and Eduardo
C. Neither Tamra nor Eduardo
19. A musical style that combines traditional and modern elements is called
20. The hand-clapping at the beginning of the song "Please Mr. Postman" is known as the
C. Shuffle groove.
Exam: 007667RR - FINAL EXAM
1. A _______ is a type of folk song that tells a story.
2. Notes in a major key are considered to be _______ notes.
3. When we hear three or more notes played simultaneously, we're hearing a
C. Polyphonic texture.
D. Monophonic line.
4. A _______ is a duple-meter dance associated with square dancing.
5. Bach's Cantata no. 140 is an intricate reconstruction of a
A. Patriotic song.
B. Well-known hymn.
C. Popular ballet tune.
D. Baroque operetta.
6. Which of the following was typically used in the symphonic finale in the Classical Era?
7. The repetition (AA), variation (AA'), and contrast (AB) of a piece of music are all part of the music's
8. The text of an opera is called the
9. The music of Philip Glass is written mostly in the _______ style.
10. Which one of the following is an example of an oratorio?
A. Coronaton of Poppea
B. The Four Seasons
D. Cantata no. 97
11. _______ is designed for performance in an intimate setting.
A. Opera buffa
B. Opera seria
D. Chamber music
12. Which one of the following represents the most important element of sonata form?
A. Use of Latin texts
B. Doctrine of affects
C. Use of word painting
D. Development of themes
13. Dido and Aeneas is an example of _______ opera.
14. What is the musical term for a prescribed series of pitches that step upward and downward?
15. What is the musical term for one of many verses of poetry in a song?
16. Changing from one key to another is called
17. In music, the Italian term for "loud" is
D. Mezzo .
18. "Erlkönig" is one of the hundreds of songs written by
19. The character of a sound is referred to as its
20. The combination of antecedent and consequent units that make a larger whole is called the
A. Theme and variations form.
B. Periodic phrase structure.
C. Full cadence.
21. The term melody refers to a pattern of
22. One of the key components of the double-exposition concerto form is the
B. Single exposition.
23. An example of African American syncretism is
A. A capella chorale.
B. Treble singing.
C. Rhyme singing.
24. The estampie and the saltarello are two forms of
A. African musical instruments.
B. Medieval dances.
C. Syllabic text-setting.
D. Italian musical instruments.
25. Opera took hold in England in the _______ century.
A. Early nineteenth
D. Late nineteenth
26. The second movement of a symphony is usually written in _______ form.
A. A B C D
B. A B C
C. A B A
D. A B C A
27. Baroque composers considered the _______ to be the touchstone of their art.
28. Who wrote The Nutcracker?
A. Alexandr Pushkin
B. Piotr Tchaikovsky
C. Boris Gudonov
D. Felix Mendelssohn
29. A _______ is a melodic pattern in Indian music designed to express or produce a specific feeling.
30. The Broadway musical is descended from the
31. The unique quality of Mendelssohn's overture to A Midsummer Night's Dream's sonata form is that
A. Length is expanded.
B. Development is minimal.
C. Development is exaggerated.
D. Exposition isn't repeated.
32. Word painting is a technique commonly used by composers of
D. Program music.
33. The _______ is a plucked lute with four to six strings and is used to provide a drone.
C. Bass guitar
34. What is the pattern of the Standard Song Form?
A. A A B A
End of exam
B. A B B A
C. A B A B
D. A B A C
35. Music sung without instrumental accompaniment is usually referred to by the term
A. Figured bass
C. A capella.
D. Ordo virtuous
36. What musical form is defined as a poem set to music?
37. The term ritornello refers to the main theme of a
B. Concerto grosso.
D. Virtuoso cadenza.
38. The instrument that usually has the leading role in a piano trio is the
39. The rhythmic feature of Chuck Berry's "School Day" is
A. Harmonic ascent.
B. The wall of sound.
40. Which composer drew heavily on northern European mythology, including many of the same sources
used by J.R.R. Tolkien in his Lord of the Rings?