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Question 1 of 20 5.0 Points __________ theories hold that certain actions or practices are inherently right or wrong. � A. Consequentialist B. Utilitarian C. Deontological D. Ethical Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 2 of 20 5.0 Points According to the textbook, all of the following are true about a person's possible opposition to technological violations of natural orders EXCEPT: � A. they are sometimes based on concern about long-term consequences of intervention. B. they can be based on religious beliefs. C. they often stem from the longevity of a particular practice. D. they stem from a lack of education. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 3 of 20 5.0 Points Ethical conflict over cases of cross-border and multigenerational pollution is an example of a dispute relating to: � A. violations of established world orders. B. violations of supposedly exceptionless principles. C. distribution of science- or technology-related benefits. D. exposure to significant harm without prior consent. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 4 of 20 5.0 Points Sometimes the availability of technological advances causes individuals to experience conflicts concerning their cherished values. Examples of these conflicts discussed in your textbook include all of the following EXCEPT: � A. the right to the pursuit of happiness. B. death with dignity. C. right to privacy. D. human life preservation. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 5 of 20 5.0 Points A large number of individual acts of negligible adverse impact can result in substantial harm when considered in total. These outcomes are referred to as: � A. public harms of aggregation. B. conflicts between individual and social justice. C. practitioner problems. D. problems of "positive" rights. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 6 of 20 5.0 Points _________ arise primarily inside the spheres of science and technology. � A. Science- or technologically-precipitated value conflicts B. Science- or technology-engendered "positive rights" C. Practitioner problems D. Problems of public aggregation Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 7 of 20 5.0 Points Ethical problems related to __________ indicate that freedom of scientific inquiry is not an absolute, unconditional, inviolable right. � A. distributive justices B. whistle-blowing C. consideration of long-term effects D. fraud and misrepresentation Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 8 of 20 5.0 Points The text suggests that, ultimately, science- or technology-related courses of action should be granted ethical approval only if: � A. the expected benefits of an action outweigh its expected costs. B. projected outcomes yield at least as large a surplus of beneficial consequences over harmful consequences as that of any available alternative. C. the action will make everyone better off, and yield the greatest benefit to those currently in worst positions. D. the projected harmful consequences are below a set quantitative threshold and are greatly outweighed by their positive counterparts. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 9 of 20 5.0 Points Paul Alcorn maintains that the distinction between human and animal manipulation of the natural environment to create artifacts is: � A. technology. B. the ethical application of technology. C. choice. D. creativity and adaptation. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 10 of 20 5.0 Points According to Paul Alcorn, technology is all of the following EXCEPT: � A. a whole collection of methodology and artificial constructs created by human beings to increase their probability of survival. B. essentially a means of manipulating natural laws to our benefit by constructing objects and methodology that increases our efficiency and reduces waste in our lives. C. a way to increase our standard of living by generating more income. D. is represented by artifacts that are manufactured for specific use. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 11 of 20 5.0 Points __________ is the resistance to changes in our culture that extends to any technological device that may come along; because of this resistance, the passage of time is necessary before a new technology will filter throughout society. � A. Homeostasis B. Technophobia C. Psychological trauma D. Complexity Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 12 of 20 5.0 Points Because of __________ some of the elements of a system cannot be seen but can affect the operation of a system; this is important because we must realize that what can�t be seen can still cause harm. � A. complexity B. dynamics C. intransparence D. ignorance and mistaken hypotheses Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 13 of 20 5.0 Points According to Tim Healy, the Internet is an example of the unanticipated consequences of technology because: � A. its impact on human behavior is predictable. B. the ramifications of its influence are negligible. C. its influence on all humans throughout the 21st century is still unknown. D. its use is not consistent throughout the world. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 14 of 20 5.0 Points Which of the following does Healy conclude about the unanticipated consequences of technology? � A. Life is not as complex as we like to think it is. B. Uncertainty cannot be reduced because there is no way to predict the future. C. Only significant actions have unanticipated consequences. D. Short-term and long-term values are often different and contradictory. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 15 of 20 5.0 Points About __________ of processed food that is produced in the United States contains some genetically modified ingredients. � A. 62% B. 33% C. 75% D. 44% Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 16 of 20 5.0 Points According to your textbook, the first genetically modified food was produced: � A. 8,000 years ago. B. in 1994. C. in 2004. D. in 2005. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 17 of 20 5.0 Points Which of the following is NOT a risk of genetically modified foods listed by your textbook? � A. Economic loss by small-scale farmers B. Economic loss due to longer shelf life of some products C. Inadvertent death in humans D. Loss of public trust due to lack of labeling Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 18 of 20 5.0 Points Individuals might blow the whistle if they believe: � A. their company is breaking the law. B. their company is involved in acts that are financially profitable but morally wrong. C. the actions of the company are potentially dangerous. D. All of the above Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 19 of 20 5.0 Points Which of the following statements is FALSE? � A. Whistle-blowing often occurs when an individual believes that decision making by a company or the government may be breaking the law. B. Ethics codes are often too broad to capture the ethical issues that confront companies. C. Ethical behavior inevitably produces an economic cost to a firm. D. Whistle-blowers often come from senior positions, since these are the people who have the most control over or have the most knowledge about what is occurring within the corporation. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 20 of 20 5.0 Points It is believed that the Challenger explosion could have been prevented if: � A. the crew inside the Challenger had received more training prior to the mission. B. if the management team had ignored Boisjoly. C. if the seal had leaked. D. the Challenger was sent into space at warmer temperatures. � Question 1 of 20 5.0 Points According to the textbook, there is a finite amount of time that our civilization can exist based on which of the following? � A. Our civilization is based on non-renewable resources. B. Our production of nuclear weapons will lead to mass destruction. C. At the present birth and death rates, our population will outgrow its capacity to feed itself. D. Plagues and diseases from non-industrialized countries will kill the population. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 2 of 20 5.0 Points Behind the United States, the world's second largest emitter of energy-related emissions is: � A. Mexico. B. China. C. The Soviet Union. D. Europe. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 3 of 20 5.0 Points In the year 2000, fossil fuels accounted for __________ of energy use while new renewable sources accounted for only __________. � A. 50%; 12% B. 70%; 5% C. 77%; 2% D. 97%; 3% Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 4 of 20 5.0 Points Which of the following regions has the largest crude oil and natural gas reserves? � A. North America B. Central and South America C. Europe D. Middle East Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 5 of 20 5.0 Points According to the textbook, the world adds about __________ of CO2 to the atmosphere from fossil fuel combustion each year, whereas sustainable, stable amounts would be about __________. � A. 6 billion tons; 1 billion B. 4 million tons; 1 billion C. 8 billion tons; 3 billion D. 4 billion tons; 6 billion Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 6 of 20 5.0 Points In 2006 the global oil prices reached slightly above __________ a barrel. � A. $108 B. $98 C. $88 D. $78 Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 7 of 20 5.0 Points The advantages of __________ as an energy source are that it is abundant, versatile, and inexpensive compared with other energy sources. � A. coal B. hydroelectric power C. solar power D. crude oil Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 8 of 20 5.0 Points Which of the following fossil fuels can make a significant contribution towards improving air quality if employed into the transportation sector? � A. Crude Oil B. Coal C. Natural gas D. Solar power Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 9 of 20 5.0 Points During the 1990s, wind power grew at a rate of __________ while solar energy grew at a rate of __________. � A. 36%; 27% B. 26%; 17% C. 17%; 26% D. 27%; 36% Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 10 of 20 5.0 Points Nuclear energy provides about __________ of electricity in the United States. � A. 10% B. 15% C. 19% D. 25% Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 11 of 20 5.0 Points The world's first large-scale nuclear power plant began operations in: � A. 1947. B. 1957. C. 1967. D. 1977. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 12 of 20 5.0 Points The Yucca mountain nuclear waste repository (proposed in 1988 to be located in Nevada) will not offer permanent storage of nuclear waste until at least: � A. 2017. B. 2027. C. 2037. D. It began storing waste in 2007. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 13 of 20 5.0 Points According to Michael Renner, the main objective of the war in Iraq is: � A. to Liberate Iraq. B. to maintain a cheaper supply of oil. C. because President Bush wanted to punish President Saddam Hussain. D. for unidentified political advancements. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 14 of 20 5.0 Points Which of the following power technologies has the highest fuel (thermal) efficiency? � A. Fuel cell B. Steam electric power plant C. Nuclear electric power D. Gas turbine electric power plant Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 15 of 20 5.0 Points According to the textbook, Iceland's proposed hydrogen economy is driven by all of the following EXCEPT: � A. recent developments in hydrogen fuel cells. B. the movement to combat global climate change. C. concerns over the price and supply of oil. D. ethnic pride. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 16 of 20 5.0 Points All of the following processes are used in biomass energy technology EXCEPT: � A. radiation. B. combustion. C. gasification. D. pyrolysis. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 17 of 20 5.0 Points The technology that converts solar radiation into electricity is called __________ energy. � A. fossil fuel B. hydroelectric C. nuclear D. photo-voltaic Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 18 of 20 5.0 Points One advantage of hydroelectric power generation is: � A. the production of high-level chemical waste but no greenhouse gases. B. very high efficiency converting water to electrical energy. C. a wide range of sites for plant construction. D. low construction costs. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 19 of 20 5.0 Points Which of the following is NOT a disadvantage of hydroelectric power generation? � A. Dam construction causes loss of land suitable for agriculture. B. Dam construction prevents upstream migration of fish. C. Downstream water flow becomes unpredictable and creates extreme conditions. D. Drought conditions can affect power production. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 20 of 20 5.0 Points The biggest roadblock for electric cars is: � A. storing the electricity needed to run them. B. the inefficiency of the electric motor. C. the lack of usable prototypes. D. low-volume production. � � � Question 1 of 20 5.0 Points The study of ecology focuses specifically on: � A. the world that is all around us. B. the world of living things in our planet. C. the mutual relationship between organisms and the natural world. D. anything having to do with life. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 2 of 20 5.0 Points According to the text, by 2050, it is believed that __________ of the earth's species will become extinct if rain forest destruction continues. � A. 6% B. 14% C. 25% D. 50% Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 3 of 20 5.0 Points Wetlands are important for all of the following reasons EXCEPT: � A. they provide local habitats for many species of animals and plants. B. one-third of endangered or threatened species in the U.S. live in or are dependent on them. C. they harbor the majority of the world's flowering species. D. they provide purification of local water supplies. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 4 of 20 5.0 Points The percentage of China's rivers that were severely polluted in 2000 was __________; in 2002 it was __________. � A. 12%; 20% B. 22%; 51% C. 32%; 65% D. 42%; 71% Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 5 of 20 5.0 Points The United States is responsible for __________ of the world's total energy consumption. � A. 15% B. 25% C. 35% D. 45% Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 6 of 20 5.0 Points According to the article "The Grim Payback of Greed" our level of consumerism: � A. is essentially a creation of the 20th century. B. has declined in the West but is growing rapidly in developing countries. C. is highly correlated with reported levels of happiness. D. is tied to our vast wealth, and to forces in the modern world that encourage people to act on their consumption desires. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 7 of 20 5.0 Points Indirectly, the "meat-eating quarter of humanity" consumes nearly __________ of the world's grain. � A. 15% B. 20% C. 40% D. 50% Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 8 of 20 5.0 Points According to the National Academy of Sciences, the Earth's surface temperature has risen about __________ in the past century. � A. 1% B. 5% C. 10% D. 12% Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 9 of 20 5.0 Points According to the textbook, an individual's most important decision that will effect the climate is: � A. the choice to unplug an extra freezer that is rarely used. B. looking for the Energy Star on new appliances. C. selecting a fuel efficient automobile. D. planting a tree. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 10 of 20 5.0 Points Which of the following was NOT a founding principle of the Kyoto Protocol? � A. Scientific uncertainty must not be used to avoid precautionary action. B. Nations must have common but differentiated responsibilities. C. All nations must be included in the contract for it to work. D. Industrial nations must take the lead in addressing the problem. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 11 of 20 5.0 Points The article "Young at Risk" proposes that the young of humans and animals are more vulnerable to chemical pollutant exposure due to all of the following reasons EXCEPT that: � A. their brains are less sensitive than those of mature humans and animals. B. the young eat and breathe more for their body weights than adults, so they get bigger proportional doses of external pollutants. C. accumulated dioxin slows action to the immune system. D. they will be getting about 50 times the exposure of an adult during critical developmental stages. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 12 of 20 5.0 Points The central problem in the international fishing industry is: � A. "poaching" by foreign vessels in the territorial waters of small nations. B. laws restricting fishing in waters with the most abundant fish populations. C. the decline in fish populations due to over-fishing, pollution, and habitat destruction. D. a lack of enforcement of the Magnuson Fishery Conservation and Management Act. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 13 of 20 5.0 Points The reauthorization of the Magnuson Act in 1996 focused on all of the following EXCEPT: � A. overfishing. B. funding. C. air quality. D. habitat degradation. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 14 of 20 5.0 Points According to the text, problems associated with the Endangered Species Act include all of the following EXCEPT: � A. its use as a "last-chance" approach to saving endangered species. B. the creation of conflict between individual property owners and government regulations concerning species. C. a lack of public support for the Act. D. ill-defined categories concerning the level of threat posed by human activities to individual species. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 15 of 20 5.0 Points Aside from lead, the two air pollutants most hazardous to human health are: � A. sulfur dioxide and carbon monoxide. B. ozone and sulfur dioxide. C. ozone and fine airborne particulates. D. nitrous oxides and carbon monoxide. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 16 of 20 5.0 Points Which of the following is an ingredient of acid rain? � A. Lead B. Nitrogen dioxide C. VOCs D. Ozone Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 17 of 20 5.0 Points The process of searching for new natural medicines is called: � A. drug testing. B. bioprospecting. C. FDA approval seeking. D. curative compounding. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 18 of 20 5.0 Points The economic value of the rain forest is based upon all of the following EXCEPT: � A. plants that potentially contain the basis for new medicines. B. its value as a source of raw materials. C. its value as a food source. D. its value as a fossil fuel source. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 19 of 20 5.0 Points In considering the origins of the top 150 drugs in the United States, __________ origins account for the greates percentage of drugs. � A. synthetic B. animal C. plant D. marine Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 20 of 20 5.0 Points The central problems mentioned in the case study concerning the Love Canal include all of the following EXCEPT that: � A. developers and the school board knew about the chemical dump, but proceeded anyway. B. individual citizens are powerless to make a difference in situations concerning waste dumping. C. there are chemical dumps around the U.S. and the world which are annually increasing. Improved safe dumping and developing/ building standards need to be carefully created and monitored for safety of citizenry. D. there are many heavily concentrated chemical dumps close to the Niagara River and such leaching and damage to the environment similar to Love Canal could easily again happen. � Question 1 of 20 5.0 Points The company that put the "stealth" in the stealth bomber was: � A. Lockheed Martin. B. Grumman. C. Northrup. D. Boeing. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 2 of 20 5.0 Points An institution which controls the shape, price, use, and availability of a technology is called a: � A. sponsor. B. Dominant Regulator. C. Monopolistic Maker. D. distributer. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 3 of 20 5.0 Points If a company produces something and is able to dominate the market as a result, that company would be called: � A. a sponsor. B. a Dominant Client. C. a Monopolistic Maker. D. a manufacturer. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 4 of 20 5.0 Points When was the tank first used in combat? � A. World War II B. World War I C. Korea D. Vietnam Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 5 of 20 5.0 Points The name of the first tank was the: � A. Mark I (or M-1). B. T-72. C. M-60. D. Nautilus. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 6 of 20 5.0 Points The M1A1 Abrams tank was used with great success in: � A. World War II. B. Vietnam. C. The Cold War. D. The Gulf War. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 7 of 20 5.0 Points The next generation of armored vehicles will be called: � A. IEDs. B. CIDs. C. IAVs. D. ADCs. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 8 of 20 5.0 Points The next generation of stealth aircraft is the: � A. X-15. B. A-10. C. F-22. D. B-52. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 9 of 20 5.0 Points The project designed to clothe soldiers in order to fight the wars of tomorrow is called: � A. Future Soldier 2025. B. Situational Awareness. C. Star Wars. D. Land Warrior. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 10 of 20 5.0 Points __________ was a herbicide used by the United States during the Vietnam War to deprive Viet Cong and North Vietnamese troops of food, shelter, and camoflage. � A. DDT B. Mustard gas C. Agent Orange D. Anthrax Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 11 of 20 5.0 Points According to the FDA antibiotic resistance occurs because: � A. antibiotics are administered to patients in smaller doses than recommended by healthcare and federal organizations. B. patients do not finish the entire bottle of medication prescribed to them and the bacterial strain becomes stronger and more resistant to antibiotics. C. antibiotics are administered for bacterial infections, which do not respond to antibiotics. D. the drug companies are not making the drugs strong enough due to previous lawsuits. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 12 of 20 5.0 Points Some turkey and chicken products contain __________ which increases the risk of human infection from bacteria that medications on the market will not easily kill. It is the most common bacterial cause of diarrhea illness in the United States. � A. campylobacter B. monobacter C. cylobacter D. bactercilo Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 13 of 20 5.0 Points The FDA states that about __________ percent of the bacteria that cause infections in hospitals are resistant to at least one of the drugs most commonly used to treat infections. � A. 50% B. 60% C. 70% D. 80% Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 14 of 20 5.0 Points Bayer was an early proponent of amphetamines and brought the world two blockbuster commercial winners: aspirin and: � A. morphine. B. heroin. C. cocaine. D. diabetic drugs. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 15 of 20 5.0 Points In the mid-1970s, pharmaceutical companies saw that the solution to the uncertainty of an ill clientele was to: � A. develop drugs for well people, who not only remain employed but never get "better." B. develop stronger drugs for sick people because the market is sympathetic towards sick people. C. create safer drugs because too many people were suing the pharmaceutical companies. D. develop weaker drugs so that people would remain ill and continue to take the drugs. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 16 of 20 5.0 Points Originally __________ were defined as drugs advertised only to doctors and pharmacists, but not to potential patients. � A. all drugs B. amphetamines C. "ethical drugs" D. barbiturates Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 17 of 20 5.0 Points Drugs that treat diseases such as Alzheimer's, depression, schizophrenia, and aging were tested by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratories on: � A. fruit flies. B. guinia pigs. C. rabbits. D. monkies. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 18 of 20 5.0 Points The asymptomatic period of HIV may last __________ years or longer in a country like the United States, though the infection can progress to AIDS in as little as __________ years in a country like Zimbabwe or India, where the percentage of people who can get full treatment and care is much smaller. � A. 10; 2 to 3 B. 7; 1 to 2 C. 9; 3 to 4 D. 8; 3 to 5 Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 19 of 20 5.0 Points About __________ of HIV transmission worldwide is through unprotected sex. � A. 56% B. 64% C. 75% D. 33% Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 20 of 20 5.0 Points The recent upsurge in medical costs, combined with advances in technology, is now making __________ a reality. � A. neural "hardwiring" B. telemedicine C. gene therapy D. genetic testing � Question 1 of 20 5.0 Points According to the textbook, __________ of the world's population resides in developing countries. � A. 40% B. 60% C. 70% D. 80% Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 2 of 20 5.0 Points The term __________ was supposed to represent communist countries of Eastern Europe, but the term never caught on. � A. First World B. Second World C. Fourth World D. Soviet Bloc Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 3 of 20 5.0 Points In 1952, who coined the phrase "Third World"? � A. Albert Einstein B. Alfred Sauvey C. Richard Nixon D. John Kennedy Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 4 of 20 5.0 Points Which of the following was NOT a demand of the "Charter of Economic Rights and Duties of States," passed by the U.N. General Assembly in 1974? � A. Transnational corporations must be regulated B. Economic aid from rich to poor countries should be increased C. Technology should be transferred from rich to poor D. Natural resources must remain in developing countries Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 5 of 20 5.0 Points The term LLCD represents __________ countries. � A. first world B. second world C. least developed D. technologically advanced Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 6 of 20 5.0 Points To eradicate extreme poverty and hunger, achieve universal primary education, promote gender equality and empower women, and reduce child mortality are among the self-stated goals of the: � A. WTO. B. MDG. C. UNDP. D. World Bank. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 7 of 20 5.0 Points In the article "Income Gap Widens," Hal Kane suggests that uneven income distribution influences all of the following EXCEPT: � A. migration. B. crime rates. C. the growth of cities. D. birth rates. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 8 of 20 5.0 Points The single largest environmental concern in Bangladesh is: � A. clean drinking water. B. clean air. C. lack of good soil for crop production. D. acid rain from nearby countries. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 9 of 20 5.0 Points According to your textbook, scientists are discovering that __________ is(are) currently a significant environmental problem especially in the coutries of Bangladesh, India, China, and other Asian countries. � A. laser technologies B. cyclones C. underground earthquakes D. arsenic poisioning Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 10 of 20 5.0 Points According to your textbook, the reason that China has produced more grain every year than the United States has produced (since 1986) is: � A. China has more people who can grow grain. B. China wants to be able to feed more people than the U.S. does. C. China has more irrigated land available for grain production than the U.S. does. D. the U.S. is more concerned about technology than about growing grain. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 11 of 20 5.0 Points __________ is one of the few major indicators for which the ratio of production between the U.S. and China reflects the ratio of population size. � A. Bicycle production B. Meat consumption C. Automobile production D. Fertilizer use Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 12 of 20 5.0 Points In Pakistan, recycling has been implemented for __________ reasons. � A. environmental B. health C. economic D. aesthetic Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 13 of 20 5.0 Points Approximately __________ of Pakistan's demand for glass is met through recycling locally generated glass waste. � A. 30% B. 50% C. 80% D. 90% Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 14 of 20 5.0 Points In Pakistan about __________ of reusable waste is recycled. � A. 40-50% B. 50-60% C. 60-70% D. 70-80% Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 15 of 20 5.0 Points According to the textbook, in 2004 in Equador the Internet was accessible to __________ of every 100 people. � A. 4 B. 10 C. 25 D. 40 Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 16 of 20 5.0 Points According to the UNDP statistics (2004) the per capita income of Ecuador was about __________ per year. � A. $2,500 B. $3,500 C. $4,500 D. $5,500 Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 17 of 20 5.0 Points All of the following are true about distance learning EXCEPT: � A. can help narrow the techno-economic gap between the developed and developing nations. B. is affordable only in First World countries that have highly advanced technologies. C. overcomes geographic barriers to allow face-to-face communication between students and teachers. D. offers a unique approach to promote literacy and enhance higher education in a cost effective way. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 18 of 20 5.0 Points On April 6, 1994 the presidents of Rwanda and Burundi died in a plane crash. Both were members of the __________ ethnic group. � A. Masai B. Tutsi C. Hutu D. Mumbasa Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 19 of 20 5.0 Points All of the following factors led to the 1994 genocide in Rwanda EXCEPT: � A. population growth. B. deforestation. C. hunger. D. natural gas. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 20 of 20 5.0 Points Rwanda has been heavily dependent on __________ for energy needs. � A. biomass B. coal C. natural gas D. petroleum � Question 1 of 20 5.0 Points In his section on science and technology when writing about the Cray computer, Norman Myers defines the term "gigaflop" as: � A. what happens when the computer calculates too fast and crashes. B. a type of nanotechnology. C. one billion calculations every second. D. a measure of the computer's memory. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 2 of 20 5.0 Points Norman Meyers makes which of the following health predictions? � A. Due to the development of technology, people will not have to exercise or diet in the future. B. Child mortality will increase throughout the world in the future. C. Tobacco companies will peddle cigarettes to developing countries and increase the health-related problems in these countries. D. Healthcare will become the responsibility of the government rather than an individual responsibility. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 3 of 20 5.0 Points When Stuart Newman and Jeremy Rifkin applied for a patent of genetically engineered life forms, their purpose in doing so was to: � A. allow them to receive all financial benefits from genetic engineering. B. prevent discrimination in the use of the technology. C. make sure that only scientists they approved of ethically could use the technology. D. prevent or delay the use of such technology to better control and regulate its use and all ow the public more time to develop policies on its use. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 4 of 20 5.0 Points With the aid of __________, computers soon will build information and conclusions and automatically coordinate applications and outputs. � A. optical networks B. artificial intelligence C. the Internet D. intelligent agents Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 5 of 20 5.0 Points Nano-technology: � A. is microscopic technology that is the size of atoms and molecules which is engineered to function within the structure of matter at that level. B. is a connecting telecommunications technology that allows for specialized repair and clarity of transmissions. C. is a gene therapy that scans defective genes and isolates and identifies them. D. is a new medical surgical techniques which utilizes radio waves and lasers. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 6 of 20 5.0 Points In the future technology will change workforce dynamics most substantially for: � A. white-collar workers. B. executive managers. C. mid-level "technicians." D. service workers. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 7 of 20 5.0 Points Key developments that have revolutionized light-wave communications are advances in: � A. oceanic fiberoptics. B. nanotechnology. C. molecular design. D. rare-earth optical amplifiers. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 8 of 20 5.0 Points In 1997, the Library of Congress held 17,402,100 books. If we assume that each book has 300 pages with 450 words per page, this totals about 135,000 words per book or 2.35 trillion words. If we further assume that each word averages about 7 letters, the information can be digitized using ASCII code, in which each letter represents 7 bits. Therefore, all of the holdings of the Library of Congress would amount to 115.11 trillion bits of information. How long it would take to transmit the entire collection of the Library of Congress using an optical fiber that has the transmission speed of 100 trillion bits per second? � A. 1.15 seconds B. 11.5 seconds C. 115.11 seconds D. 1151.1 seconds Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 9 of 20 5.0 Points According to Kahn, Africa has more than 13% of the owrl'd population, but it accounts for only __________ of the the world's total international Internet capacity. � A. 0.02% B. 0.2% C. 2.0% D. 20% Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 10 of 20 5.0 Points The brain's ability to grow and change as it learns and experiences its environment is known as: � A. neurotransmission. B. neurology. C. neuroeducation. D. neuroplasticity. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 11 of 20 5.0 Points The cells that specialize in communication and exchange signals with each other and link sense organs, muscles, and glands to the brain are called: � A. soma cells. B. dendrites. C. neurons. D. axons. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 12 of 20 5.0 Points The IPv4 (Internet Protocol version 4) addressing scheme (uses a 32-bit unique address to identify a device connected to the Internet), developed in the 1980s, yields around __________ billion possible computer addresses. � A. 1 B. 2 C. 3 D. 4 Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 13 of 20 5.0 Points Based on brain research, Kahn suggests that to encourage neural branching, educators should use all of the following teaching strategies EXCEPT: � A. application of different symbols. B. analogy. C. rote memorization. D. hypothetical thinking. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 14 of 20 5.0 Points John Morello states that in the future wars will be fought: � A. on flat, open battlefields. B. virtually, by computers. C. in space. D. in apartments, basements, and shopping malls. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 15 of 20 5.0 Points In "Why the Future Doesn't Need Us," Bill Joy is concerned that: � A. the human race will voluntarily turn over power for all decision making to machines. B. computers will seize power for decision making from human beings. C. computers will not be able to sustain the advances that are being made to them and that people will not be able to depend on them in the future for decision making. D. human beings will become so dependent on computers that they will have no choice but to accept the macine's decisions. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 16 of 20 5.0 Points According to J. Kenneth Smail, the optimum maximum sustainable human population is: � A. 1-3 billion. B. 4-6 billion. C. 7-10 billion. D. 20 billion. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 17 of 20 5.0 Points According to Khan in his article "Emerging Technologies," the biggest cause of unemployment today is: � A. productivity. B. offshoring. C. outsourcing. D. a downturn in the economy. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 18 of 20 5.0 Points Levy and Murname (2004) cited in the "Emerging Technologies" article by Ahmed Khan contend that the jobs that are growing in number share two skills that the computer cannot replicate, which are expert thinking and: � A. advanced scheduling. B. complex communication. C. educational training. D. simulations. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 19 of 20 5.0 Points The goals of the UN 2000 Millennium Project include all of the following EXCEPT: � A. eradicate extreme poverty and hunger. B. achieve universal high school education. C. promote gender equality. D. reduce child mortality. Reset Selection Mark for Review What's This? Question 20 of 20 5.0 Points In which of the following world gepgraphical areas is the number of maternal deaths per 100,000 live births the highest? � A. Northern Africa B. Sub-Saharan Africa C. South-central Asia �


 


 


ASSIGNMENT 01 SO245� Social Impact of Technology


 


Directions: Sources must be cited in APA format.� Your response should be a minimum of (1) single-spaced page�to a�maximum of (2) pages in length; refer to the "Assignment Format"�page for specific format requirements.


 


Select a technology that is of interest to you (for example, sewing machines, tanks, computers, TV, etc.); write a paper about its historic and current impact on the economy, the environment, relationships, education, and morals.� Give examples to support your discussion and cite at least two (2) sources in your paper.� Include an APA-formatted bibliography. �


 


ASSIGNMENT 05 SO245� Social Impact of Technology


 


Directions:� Sources must be cited in APA format.� Your response should be a minimum of (1) single-spaced page�to a�maximum of (2) pages in length; refer to the "Assignment Format"�page for specific format requirements.


 


Using your own words, explain three (3) world arguments for birth control and two (2) world arguments against birth control.� Give original examples (not in the textbook) or further clarification of each viewpoint or position

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