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need serious help with a Human Physiology take home test 30

Resolved Question:

need serious help with a Human Physiology take home test 30 questions
Submitted: 4 years ago.
Category: Homework
Expert:  Jabi replied 4 years ago.
Hello dear client,

Please post questions so that i can assist you with your questions.

Regards,
Jabi
Customer: replied 4 years ago.
1. Which of the following demonstrates the proper order of foreign antigen processing by the immune system?

A. B cell processes foreign antigen for presentation to neutrophils which activate T helper cells
B. Macrophage processes foreign antigen for presentation to T helper cells which activate B cells to produce antibodies
C. Neutrophil processes foreign antigen for presentation to T helper cells which activate B cells to produce antibodies
D. Basophils process foreign antigen for presentation to neutrophils which activate T cells
E. Eosinophils process foreign antigen for presentation to T cytotoxic cells which activate B cells to produce antibodies

2. Which of the following cells is most affective in combating viral infections?

A. Macrophage
B. B cell
C. T helper cell
D. T cytoxic cell
E. Dendritic cell

3. Which of the following are needed for T helper cell binding to other immune cells?

A. Antibodies
B. IgM antibodies
C. IgG antibodies
D. MHC class I markers
E. MHC class II markers

4. Which of the following is responsible for regulating blood flow to organs and tissues based upon
their physiological and hemodynamic requirements?

A. Capillaries
B. Venules
C. Arterioles
D. Lymphatics
E. Aorta

5. Gas, nutrient and metabolic exchange between blood and tissues takes place at what level?

A. Venules
B. Arterioles
C. Arteries
D. Capillaries
E. Lymphatics

6. Which of the following vessels would have the highest resistance?

A. Aorta
B. Artery
C. Veins
D. Lymphatics
E. Capillaries

7. Which of the following best describes the process of tubular reabsorption?

A. Selective movement of nonfiltered substances from the peritubular capillaries into tubular lumen
B. Selective movement of filtered substances from the tubular lumen into peritubular capillaries
C. Selective movement of nonfiltered substances from the peritubular capillaries into glomerulus
D. Nonselective movement of nonfiltered substances from the tubular lumen into capillary lumens
E. Nonselective movement of nonfiltered substances from the peritubular capillaries into glomerulus
8. Which of the following filtered substances is normally not present in urine?

A. Sodium (Na+ )
B. Phosphate (PO43- )
C. Water (H2O)
D. Hydrogen (H+ )
E. Urea

9. Reabsoption of which of the following substances is not linked to active sodium reabsoption?

A. Sodium (Na+ )
B. Phosphate (PO43- )
C. Water (H2O)
D. Hydrogen (H+ )
E. Chloride (Cl- )

10. Which of the following best describes the actions of the glomerulus?

A. Regulates selective movement of ions from peritubular capillaries
B. Nondiscriminant filtration of glucose from glomerulus into Bowen’s capsule
C. Nondiscriminant filtration of a protein from Bowen’s capsule into peritubular fluid
D. Nondiscriminant filtration of a protein free plasma from glomerulus into Bowen’s capsule
E. Regulates selective movement of sodium from peritubular capillaries into proximal tubule

11. Which of the following best describes the actions of lipase?

A. Fragmentation of polypeptides
B. Attacks different peptide fragments
C. Hydrolyzes triglycerides to fatty acids
D. Emulsifies monoglycerides
E. Site of action are the large intestines

12. Which of the following combinations are stimulatory for parietal cell secretion?

A. Mechanical action – histamine – epinephrine
B. Acetylcholine – gastrin – histamine
C. Serotonin – histamine – bile
D. Acid – protein – gastrin
E. Glucose – pepsin – fats

13. Which of the following controls gastrointestinal movements?

A. Muscularis mucosa
B. Sympathetic plexus
C. Gastrin
D. Cholecystokinin
E. Myenteric plexus

14. Which of the following controls mainly gastrointestinal secretion and local blood flow?

A. Secretin
B. Meissner's plexus
C. Gastric Inhibitory Peptide
D. Sucrase
E. Epinephrine







15. Selective movement of nonfiltered substances from peritubular capillaries into the tubular lumen describes which of the following mechanisms?

A. Tubular Secretion
B. Tubular excretion
C. Glomerular excretion
D. Peritubular absorption
E. Glomerular filtration

16. Which of the following stimulates the release of motilin?

A. Saturated fats
B. Fasting
C. Spicy foods
D. Carbohydrates
E. Dairy products

17. Which of the following factors does not increase vasopressin secretion?

A. ECF (extracellular fluid) hypertonicity
B. Alcohol ingestion
C. Stress on the body
D. ECF volume deficit
E. Angiotensin II

18. Which of the following concerning fever production is false?

A. Endogenous pyrogen is released by white blood cells in response to microbial invasion
B. The hypothalamic set point is elevated
C. The hypothalamus initiates a cold response mechanism to increase the body temperature
D. Prostaglandins appear to mediate the effect
E. The hypothalamus is not effective in regulating body temperature during fever

19. Which of the following is a function of cholecystokinin?

A. Breakdown of fats
B. Gall bladder contraction
C. Stimulates peristalsis
D. Breakdown of glucose
E. Bile synthesis


20. Which of the following components is needed for normal vitamin B12 absorption?

A. Receptors on ileal cells
B. Intrinsic factor
C. Parietal cell antibodies
D. Transcobalamin
E. Intrinsic factor antibodies

21. Which of the following will occur when the corpus luteum degenerates?

A. Circulating levels of estrogen and progesterone decline
B. FSH and LH secretion start to rise as the inhibitory effects of the gonadal steroids are withdrawn
C. Endometrium sloughing occurs
D. None of the above
E. All of the above



22. Which of the following explains the effect parasympathetic activity would have on the sinoatrial (SA) node?

A.  Calcium (Ca2+) permeability
B.  Sodium (Na+) permeability
C.  Potassium (K+) permeability
D.  Potassium (K+) permeability
E.  Sodium (Na+) permeability

23. Which of the following explains the effect sympathetic activity would have on the sinoatrial (SA) node?

A. Sodium (Na+) permeability
B. Sodium (Na+) permeability
C. Potassium (K+) permeability
D. Potassium (K+) permeability
E. slow inward calcium (Ca2+)

24. The cell mediated immune system is most efficient in fighting what type of invader?

A. Tuberculosis infection
B. Viruses
C. Fungi
D. Parasitic infections
E. All of the above





25. Which of the following cells is vital to immune system operations?

A. Macrophage
B. B cell
C. T cytotoxic cell
D. T helper cell
E. Neutrophil

26. FD is a 59 yo man in the ER because of chest pain and palpitations. He denies shortness of breath, stomachache, N/V. The pain started when he got out of his car to walk to the store. An ECG was done and is shown below. What is the reason for the long spike associated with the QRS complex?

A. Fluid in pericardial sac
B. Pulmonary irritation
C. Myocardial infarction
D. Hypertension
E. Athlete (30 yrs)

27. Which of the following is true in regards XXXXX XXXXX absolute refractory period of the heart:

A. Located at the end of the T wave
B. Allows cardiac cells to contract at all times
C. Protects the heart form unsynchronized contractions
D. Ion channels can be activated to open with a stronger current
E. Gap junctions and intercalated disc become synchronized

28. Which of the following areas is true concerning the withdrawal reflex reaction?

A. Motor cortex is involved in this reaction
B. Only the spinal column is responsible for the withdrawal response
C. Ascending pathways to the brain are responsible for reflex action
D. Pain fibers initiate reflex response in the sensory motor area
E. Neurons in the sensory cortex cross-over to inhibit response

29. Which of the following is characteristic of parathyroid hormone?

A. Facilitates normal blood calcium concentration
B. Works synergistically with calcitonin
C. Prolactin controls secretion
D. Activated vitamin D
E. Precursor found in skin

30. Which of the following is characteristic of type 2 diabetes?

A. Complete absence of insulin
B. Develops in childhood
C. Beta islet cell antibodies
D. Low blood glucose concentration
E. Requires insulin

Customer: replied 4 years ago.
1. Which of the following demonstrates the proper order of foreign antigen processing by the immune system?

A. B cell processes foreign antigen for presentation to neutrophils which activate T helper cells
B. Macrophage processes foreign antigen for presentation to T helper cells which activate B cells to produce antibodies
C. Neutrophil processes foreign antigen for presentation to T helper cells which activate B cells to produce antibodies
D. Basophils process foreign antigen for presentation to neutrophils which activate T cells
E. Eosinophils process foreign antigen for presentation to T cytotoxic cells which activate B cells to produce antibodies

2. Which of the following cells is most affective in combating viral infections?

A. Macrophage
B. B cell
C. T helper cell
D. T cytoxic cell
E. Dendritic cell

3. Which of the following are needed for T helper cell binding to other immune cells?

A. Antibodies
B. IgM antibodies
C. IgG antibodies
D. MHC class I markers
E. MHC class II markers

4. Which of the following is responsible for regulating blood flow to organs and tissues based upon
their physiological and hemodynamic requirements?

A. Capillaries
B. Venules
C. Arterioles
D. Lymphatics
E. Aorta

5. Gas, nutrient and metabolic exchange between blood and tissues takes place at what level?

A. Venules
B. Arterioles
C. Arteries
D. Capillaries
E. Lymphatics

6. Which of the following vessels would have the highest resistance?

A. Aorta
B. Artery
C. Veins
D. Lymphatics
E. Capillaries

7. Which of the following best describes the process of tubular reabsorption?

A. Selective movement of nonfiltered substances from the peritubular capillaries into tubular lumen
B. Selective movement of filtered substances from the tubular lumen into peritubular capillaries
C. Selective movement of nonfiltered substances from the peritubular capillaries into glomerulus
D. Nonselective movement of nonfiltered substances from the tubular lumen into capillary lumens
E. Nonselective movement of nonfiltered substances from the peritubular capillaries into glomerulus
8. Which of the following filtered substances is normally not present in urine?

A. Sodium (Na+ )
B. Phosphate (PO43- )
C. Water (H2O)
D. Hydrogen (H+ )
E. Urea

9. Reabsoption of which of the following substances is not linked to active sodium reabsoption?

A. Sodium (Na+ )
B. Phosphate (PO43- )
C. Water (H2O)
D. Hydrogen (H+ )
E. Chloride (Cl- )

10. Which of the following best describes the actions of the glomerulus?

A. Regulates selective movement of ions from peritubular capillaries
B. Nondiscriminant filtration of glucose from glomerulus into Bowen’s capsule
C. Nondiscriminant filtration of a protein from Bowen’s capsule into peritubular fluid
D. Nondiscriminant filtration of a protein free plasma from glomerulus into Bowen’s capsule
E. Regulates selective movement of sodium from peritubular capillaries into proximal tubule

11. Which of the following best describes the actions of lipase?

A. Fragmentation of polypeptides
B. Attacks different peptide fragments
C. Hydrolyzes triglycerides to fatty acids
D. Emulsifies monoglycerides
E. Site of action are the large intestines

12. Which of the following combinations are stimulatory for parietal cell secretion?

A. Mechanical action – histamine – epinephrine
B. Acetylcholine – gastrin – histamine
C. Serotonin – histamine – bile
D. Acid – protein – gastrin
E. Glucose – pepsin – fats

13. Which of the following controls gastrointestinal movements?

A. Muscularis mucosa
B. Sympathetic plexus
C. Gastrin
D. Cholecystokinin
E. Myenteric plexus

14. Which of the following controls mainly gastrointestinal secretion and local blood flow?

A. Secretin
B. Meissner's plexus
C. Gastric Inhibitory Peptide
D. Sucrase
E. Epinephrine







15. Selective movement of nonfiltered substances from peritubular capillaries into the tubular lumen describes which of the following mechanisms?

A. Tubular Secretion
B. Tubular excretion
C. Glomerular excretion
D. Peritubular absorption
E. Glomerular filtration

16. Which of the following stimulates the release of motilin?

A. Saturated fats
B. Fasting
C. Spicy foods
D. Carbohydrates
E. Dairy products

17. Which of the following factors does not increase vasopressin secretion?

A. ECF (extracellular fluid) hypertonicity
B. Alcohol ingestion
C. Stress on the body
D. ECF volume deficit
E. Angiotensin II

18. Which of the following concerning fever production is false?

A. Endogenous pyrogen is released by white blood cells in response to microbial invasion
B. The hypothalamic set point is elevated
C. The hypothalamus initiates a cold response mechanism to increase the body temperature
D. Prostaglandins appear to mediate the effect
E. The hypothalamus is not effective in regulating body temperature during fever

19. Which of the following is a function of cholecystokinin?

A. Breakdown of fats
B. Gall bladder contraction
C. Stimulates peristalsis
D. Breakdown of glucose
E. Bile synthesis


20. Which of the following components is needed for normal vitamin B12 absorption?

A. Receptors on ileal cells
B. Intrinsic factor
C. Parietal cell antibodies
D. Transcobalamin
E. Intrinsic factor antibodies

21. Which of the following will occur when the corpus luteum degenerates?

A. Circulating levels of estrogen and progesterone decline
B. FSH and LH secretion start to rise as the inhibitory effects of the gonadal steroids are withdrawn
C. Endometrium sloughing occurs
D. None of the above
E. All of the above



22. Which of the following explains the effect parasympathetic activity would have on the sinoatrial (SA) node?

A.  Calcium (Ca2+) permeability
B.  Sodium (Na+) permeability
C.  Potassium (K+) permeability
D.  Potassium (K+) permeability
E.  Sodium (Na+) permeability

23. Which of the following explains the effect sympathetic activity would have on the sinoatrial (SA) node?

A. Sodium (Na+) permeability
B. Sodium (Na+) permeability
C. Potassium (K+) permeability
D. Potassium (K+) permeability
E. slow inward calcium (Ca2+)

24. The cell mediated immune system is most efficient in fighting what type of invader?

A. Tuberculosis infection
B. Viruses
C. Fungi
D. Parasitic infections
E. All of the above





25. Which of the following cells is vital to immune system operations?

A. Macrophage
B. B cell
C. T cytotoxic cell
D. T helper cell
E. Neutrophil

26. FD is a 59 yo man in the ER because of chest pain and palpitations. He denies shortness of breath, stomachache, N/V. The pain started when he got out of his car to walk to the store. An ECG was done and is shown below. What is the reason for the long spike associated with the QRS complex?

A. Fluid in pericardial sac
B. Pulmonary irritation
C. Myocardial infarction
D. Hypertension
E. Athlete (30 yrs)

27. Which of the following is true in regards XXXXX XXXXX absolute refractory period of the heart:

A. Located at the end of the T wave
B. Allows cardiac cells to contract at all times
C. Protects the heart form unsynchronized contractions
D. Ion channels can be activated to open with a stronger current
E. Gap junctions and intercalated disc become synchronized

28. Which of the following areas is true concerning the withdrawal reflex reaction?

A. Motor cortex is involved in this reaction
B. Only the spinal column is responsible for the withdrawal response
C. Ascending pathways to the brain are responsible for reflex action
D. Pain fibers initiate reflex response in the sensory motor area
E. Neurons in the sensory cortex cross-over to inhibit response

29. Which of the following is characteristic of parathyroid hormone?

A. Facilitates normal blood calcium concentration
B. Works synergistically with calcitonin
C. Prolactin controls secretion
D. Activated vitamin D
E. Precursor found in skin

30. Which of the following is characteristic of type 2 diabetes?

A. Complete absence of insulin
B. Develops in childhood
C. Beta islet cell antibodies
D. Low blood glucose concentration
E. Requires insulin

Customer: replied 4 years ago.
1. Which of the following demonstrates the proper order of foreign antigen processing by the immune system?

A. B cell processes foreign antigen for presentation to neutrophils which activate T helper cells
B. Macrophage processes foreign antigen for presentation to T helper cells which activate B cells to produce antibodies
C. Neutrophil processes foreign antigen for presentation to T helper cells which activate B cells to produce antibodies
D. Basophils process foreign antigen for presentation to neutrophils which activate T cells
E. Eosinophils process foreign antigen for presentation to T cytotoxic cells which activate B cells to produce antibodies

2. Which of the following cells is most affective in combating viral infections?

A. Macrophage
B. B cell
C. T helper cell
D. T cytoxic cell
E. Dendritic cell

3. Which of the following are needed for T helper cell binding to other immune cells?

A. Antibodies
B. IgM antibodies
C. IgG antibodies
D. MHC class I markers
E. MHC class II markers

4. Which of the following is responsible for regulating blood flow to organs and tissues based upon
their physiological and hemodynamic requirements?

A. Capillaries
B. Venules
C. Arterioles
D. Lymphatics
E. Aorta

5. Gas, nutrient and metabolic exchange between blood and tissues takes place at what level?

A. Venules
B. Arterioles
C. Arteries
D. Capillaries
E. Lymphatics

6. Which of the following vessels would have the highest resistance?

A. Aorta
B. Artery
C. Veins
D. Lymphatics
E. Capillaries

7. Which of the following best describes the process of tubular reabsorption?

A. Selective movement of nonfiltered substances from the peritubular capillaries into tubular lumen
B. Selective movement of filtered substances from the tubular lumen into peritubular capillaries
C. Selective movement of nonfiltered substances from the peritubular capillaries into glomerulus
D. Nonselective movement of nonfiltered substances from the tubular lumen into capillary lumens
E. Nonselective movement of nonfiltered substances from the peritubular capillaries into glomerulus
8. Which of the following filtered substances is normally not present in urine?

A. Sodium (Na+ )
B. Phosphate (PO43- )
C. Water (H2O)
D. Hydrogen (H+ )
E. Urea

9. Reabsoption of which of the following substances is not linked to active sodium reabsoption?

A. Sodium (Na+ )
B. Phosphate (PO43- )
C. Water (H2O)
D. Hydrogen (H+ )
E. Chloride (Cl- )

10. Which of the following best describes the actions of the glomerulus?

A. Regulates selective movement of ions from peritubular capillaries
B. Nondiscriminant filtration of glucose from glomerulus into Bowen’s capsule
C. Nondiscriminant filtration of a protein from Bowen’s capsule into peritubular fluid
D. Nondiscriminant filtration of a protein free plasma from glomerulus into Bowen’s capsule
E. Regulates selective movement of sodium from peritubular capillaries into proximal tubule

11. Which of the following best describes the actions of lipase?

A. Fragmentation of polypeptides
B. Attacks different peptide fragments
C. Hydrolyzes triglycerides to fatty acids
D. Emulsifies monoglycerides
E. Site of action are the large intestines

12. Which of the following combinations are stimulatory for parietal cell secretion?

A. Mechanical action – histamine – epinephrine
B. Acetylcholine – gastrin – histamine
C. Serotonin – histamine – bile
D. Acid – protein – gastrin
E. Glucose – pepsin – fats

13. Which of the following controls gastrointestinal movements?

A. Muscularis mucosa
B. Sympathetic plexus
C. Gastrin
D. Cholecystokinin
E. Myenteric plexus

14. Which of the following controls mainly gastrointestinal secretion and local blood flow?

A. Secretin
B. Meissner's plexus
C. Gastric Inhibitory Peptide
D. Sucrase
E. Epinephrine







15. Selective movement of nonfiltered substances from peritubular capillaries into the tubular lumen describes which of the following mechanisms?

A. Tubular Secretion
B. Tubular excretion
C. Glomerular excretion
D. Peritubular absorption
E. Glomerular filtration

16. Which of the following stimulates the release of motilin?

A. Saturated fats
B. Fasting
C. Spicy foods
D. Carbohydrates
E. Dairy products

17. Which of the following factors does not increase vasopressin secretion?

A. ECF (extracellular fluid) hypertonicity
B. Alcohol ingestion
C. Stress on the body
D. ECF volume deficit
E. Angiotensin II

18. Which of the following concerning fever production is false?

A. Endogenous pyrogen is released by white blood cells in response to microbial invasion
B. The hypothalamic set point is elevated
C. The hypothalamus initiates a cold response mechanism to increase the body temperature
D. Prostaglandins appear to mediate the effect
E. The hypothalamus is not effective in regulating body temperature during fever

19. Which of the following is a function of cholecystokinin?

A. Breakdown of fats
B. Gall bladder contraction
C. Stimulates peristalsis
D. Breakdown of glucose
E. Bile synthesis


20. Which of the following components is needed for normal vitamin B12 absorption?

A. Receptors on ileal cells
B. Intrinsic factor
C. Parietal cell antibodies
D. Transcobalamin
E. Intrinsic factor antibodies

21. Which of the following will occur when the corpus luteum degenerates?

A. Circulating levels of estrogen and progesterone decline
B. FSH and LH secretion start to rise as the inhibitory effects of the gonadal steroids are withdrawn
C. Endometrium sloughing occurs
D. None of the above
E. All of the above



22. Which of the following explains the effect parasympathetic activity would have on the sinoatrial (SA) node?

A.  Calcium (Ca2+) permeability
B.  Sodium (Na+) permeability
C.  Potassium (K+) permeability
D.  Potassium (K+) permeability
E.  Sodium (Na+) permeability

23. Which of the following explains the effect sympathetic activity would have on the sinoatrial (SA) node?

A. Sodium (Na+) permeability
B. Sodium (Na+) permeability
C. Potassium (K+) permeability
D. Potassium (K+) permeability
E. slow inward calcium (Ca2+)

24. The cell mediated immune system is most efficient in fighting what type of invader?

A. Tuberculosis infection
B. Viruses
C. Fungi
D. Parasitic infections
E. All of the above





25. Which of the following cells is vital to immune system operations?

A. Macrophage
B. B cell
C. T cytotoxic cell
D. T helper cell
E. Neutrophil

26. FD is a 59 yo man in the ER because of chest pain and palpitations. He denies shortness of breath, stomachache, N/V. The pain started when he got out of his car to walk to the store. An ECG was done and is shown below. What is the reason for the long spike associated with the QRS complex?

A. Fluid in pericardial sac
B. Pulmonary irritation
C. Myocardial infarction
D. Hypertension
E. Athlete (30 yrs)

27. Which of the following is true in regards XXXXX XXXXX absolute refractory period of the heart:

A. Located at the end of the T wave
B. Allows cardiac cells to contract at all times
C. Protects the heart form unsynchronized contractions
D. Ion channels can be activated to open with a stronger current
E. Gap junctions and intercalated disc become synchronized

28. Which of the following areas is true concerning the withdrawal reflex reaction?

A. Motor cortex is involved in this reaction
B. Only the spinal column is responsible for the withdrawal response
C. Ascending pathways to the brain are responsible for reflex action
D. Pain fibers initiate reflex response in the sensory motor area
E. Neurons in the sensory cortex cross-over to inhibit response

29. Which of the following is characteristic of parathyroid hormone?

A. Facilitates normal blood calcium concentration
B. Works synergistically with calcitonin
C. Prolactin controls secretion
D. Activated vitamin D
E. Precursor found in skin

30. Which of the following is characteristic of type 2 diabetes?

A. Complete absence of insulin
B. Develops in childhood
C. Beta islet cell antibodies
D. Low blood glucose concentration
E. Requires insulin

Customer: replied 4 years ago.
1. Which of the following demonstrates the proper order of foreign antigen processing by the immune system?

A. B cell processes foreign antigen for presentation to neutrophils which activate T helper cells
B. Macrophage processes foreign antigen for presentation to T helper cells which activate B cells to produce antibodies
C. Neutrophil processes foreign antigen for presentation to T helper cells which activate B cells to produce antibodies
D. Basophils process foreign antigen for presentation to neutrophils which activate T cells
E. Eosinophils process foreign antigen for presentation to T cytotoxic cells which activate B cells to produce antibodies

2. Which of the following cells is most affective in combating viral infections?

A. Macrophage
B. B cell
C. T helper cell
D. T cytoxic cell
E. Dendritic cell

3. Which of the following are needed for T helper cell binding to other immune cells?

A. Antibodies
B. IgM antibodies
C. IgG antibodies
D. MHC class I markers
E. MHC class II markers

4. Which of the following is responsible for regulating blood flow to organs and tissues based upon
their physiological and hemodynamic requirements?

A. Capillaries
B. Venules
C. Arterioles
D. Lymphatics
E. Aorta

5. Gas, nutrient and metabolic exchange between blood and tissues takes place at what level?

A. Venules
B. Arterioles
C. Arteries
D. Capillaries
E. Lymphatics

6. Which of the following vessels would have the highest resistance?

A. Aorta
B. Artery
C. Veins
D. Lymphatics
E. Capillaries

7. Which of the following best describes the process of tubular reabsorption?

A. Selective movement of nonfiltered substances from the peritubular capillaries into tubular lumen
B. Selective movement of filtered substances from the tubular lumen into peritubular capillaries
C. Selective movement of nonfiltered substances from the peritubular capillaries into glomerulus
D. Nonselective movement of nonfiltered substances from the tubular lumen into capillary lumens
E. Nonselective movement of nonfiltered substances from the peritubular capillaries into glomerulus
8. Which of the following filtered substances is normally not present in urine?

A. Sodium (Na+ )
B. Phosphate (PO43- )
C. Water (H2O)
D. Hydrogen (H+ )
E. Urea

9. Reabsoption of which of the following substances is not linked to active sodium reabsoption?

A. Sodium (Na+ )
B. Phosphate (PO43- )
C. Water (H2O)
D. Hydrogen (H+ )
E. Chloride (Cl- )

10. Which of the following best describes the actions of the glomerulus?

A. Regulates selective movement of ions from peritubular capillaries
B. Nondiscriminant filtration of glucose from glomerulus into Bowen’s capsule
C. Nondiscriminant filtration of a protein from Bowen’s capsule into peritubular fluid
D. Nondiscriminant filtration of a protein free plasma from glomerulus into Bowen’s capsule
E. Regulates selective movement of sodium from peritubular capillaries into proximal tubule

11. Which of the following best describes the actions of lipase?

A. Fragmentation of polypeptides
B. Attacks different peptide fragments
C. Hydrolyzes triglycerides to fatty acids
D. Emulsifies monoglycerides
E. Site of action are the large intestines

12. Which of the following combinations are stimulatory for parietal cell secretion?

A. Mechanical action – histamine – epinephrine
B. Acetylcholine – gastrin – histamine
C. Serotonin – histamine – bile
D. Acid – protein – gastrin
E. Glucose – pepsin – fats

13. Which of the following controls gastrointestinal movements?

A. Muscularis mucosa
B. Sympathetic plexus
C. Gastrin
D. Cholecystokinin
E. Myenteric plexus

14. Which of the following controls mainly gastrointestinal secretion and local blood flow?

A. Secretin
B. Meissner's plexus
C. Gastric Inhibitory Peptide
D. Sucrase
E. Epinephrine







15. Selective movement of nonfiltered substances from peritubular capillaries into the tubular lumen describes which of the following mechanisms?

A. Tubular Secretion
B. Tubular excretion
C. Glomerular excretion
D. Peritubular absorption
E. Glomerular filtration

16. Which of the following stimulates the release of motilin?

A. Saturated fats
B. Fasting
C. Spicy foods
D. Carbohydrates
E. Dairy products

17. Which of the following factors does not increase vasopressin secretion?

A. ECF (extracellular fluid) hypertonicity
B. Alcohol ingestion
C. Stress on the body
D. ECF volume deficit
E. Angiotensin II

18. Which of the following concerning fever production is false?

A. Endogenous pyrogen is released by white blood cells in response to microbial invasion
B. The hypothalamic set point is elevated
C. The hypothalamus initiates a cold response mechanism to increase the body temperature
D. Prostaglandins appear to mediate the effect
E. The hypothalamus is not effective in regulating body temperature during fever

19. Which of the following is a function of cholecystokinin?

A. Breakdown of fats
B. Gall bladder contraction
C. Stimulates peristalsis
D. Breakdown of glucose
E. Bile synthesis


20. Which of the following components is needed for normal vitamin B12 absorption?

A. Receptors on ileal cells
B. Intrinsic factor
C. Parietal cell antibodies
D. Transcobalamin
E. Intrinsic factor antibodies

21. Which of the following will occur when the corpus luteum degenerates?

A. Circulating levels of estrogen and progesterone decline
B. FSH and LH secretion start to rise as the inhibitory effects of the gonadal steroids are withdrawn
C. Endometrium sloughing occurs
D. None of the above
E. All of the above



22. Which of the following explains the effect parasympathetic activity would have on the sinoatrial (SA) node?

A.  Calcium (Ca2+) permeability
B.  Sodium (Na+) permeability
C.  Potassium (K+) permeability
D.  Potassium (K+) permeability
E.  Sodium (Na+) permeability

23. Which of the following explains the effect sympathetic activity would have on the sinoatrial (SA) node?

A. Sodium (Na+) permeability
B. Sodium (Na+) permeability
C. Potassium (K+) permeability
D. Potassium (K+) permeability
E. slow inward calcium (Ca2+)

24. The cell mediated immune system is most efficient in fighting what type of invader?

A. Tuberculosis infection
B. Viruses
C. Fungi
D. Parasitic infections
E. All of the above





25. Which of the following cells is vital to immune system operations?

A. Macrophage
B. B cell
C. T cytotoxic cell
D. T helper cell
E. Neutrophil

26. FD is a 59 yo man in the ER because of chest pain and palpitations. He denies shortness of breath, stomachache, N/V. The pain started when he got out of his car to walk to the store. An ECG was done and is shown below. What is the reason for the long spike associated with the QRS complex?

A. Fluid in pericardial sac
B. Pulmonary irritation
C. Myocardial infarction
D. Hypertension
E. Athlete (30 yrs)

27. Which of the following is true in regards XXXXX XXXXX absolute refractory period of the heart:

A. Located at the end of the T wave
B. Allows cardiac cells to contract at all times
C. Protects the heart form unsynchronized contractions
D. Ion channels can be activated to open with a stronger current
E. Gap junctions and intercalated disc become synchronized

28. Which of the following areas is true concerning the withdrawal reflex reaction?

A. Motor cortex is involved in this reaction
B. Only the spinal column is responsible for the withdrawal response
C. Ascending pathways to the brain are responsible for reflex action
D. Pain fibers initiate reflex response in the sensory motor area
E. Neurons in the sensory cortex cross-over to inhibit response

29. Which of the following is characteristic of parathyroid hormone?

A. Facilitates normal blood calcium concentration
B. Works synergistically with calcitonin
C. Prolactin controls secretion
D. Activated vitamin D
E. Precursor found in skin

30. Which of the following is characteristic of type 2 diabetes?

A. Complete absence of insulin
B. Develops in childhood
C. Beta islet cell antibodies
D. Low blood glucose concentration
E. Requires insulin

Customer: replied 4 years ago.
1. Which of the following demonstrates the proper order of foreign antigen processing by the immune system?

A. B cell processes foreign antigen for presentation to neutrophils which activate T helper cells
B. Macrophage processes foreign antigen for presentation to T helper cells which activate B cells to produce antibodies
C. Neutrophil processes foreign antigen for presentation to T helper cells which activate B cells to produce antibodies
D. Basophils process foreign antigen for presentation to neutrophils which activate T cells
E. Eosinophils process foreign antigen for presentation to T cytotoxic cells which activate B cells to produce antibodies

2. Which of the following cells is most affective in combating viral infections?

A. Macrophage
B. B cell
C. T helper cell
D. T cytoxic cell
E. Dendritic cell

3. Which of the following are needed for T helper cell binding to other immune cells?

A. Antibodies
B. IgM antibodies
C. IgG antibodies
D. MHC class I markers
E. MHC class II markers

4. Which of the following is responsible for regulating blood flow to organs and tissues based upon
their physiological and hemodynamic requirements?

A. Capillaries
B. Venules
C. Arterioles
D. Lymphatics
E. Aorta

5. Gas, nutrient and metabolic exchange between blood and tissues takes place at what level?

A. Venules
B. Arterioles
C. Arteries
D. Capillaries
E. Lymphatics

6. Which of the following vessels would have the highest resistance?

A. Aorta
B. Artery
C. Veins
D. Lymphatics
E. Capillaries

7. Which of the following best describes the process of tubular reabsorption?

A. Selective movement of nonfiltered substances from the peritubular capillaries into tubular lumen
B. Selective movement of filtered substances from the tubular lumen into peritubular capillaries
C. Selective movement of nonfiltered substances from the peritubular capillaries into glomerulus
D. Nonselective movement of nonfiltered substances from the tubular lumen into capillary lumens
E. Nonselective movement of nonfiltered substances from the peritubular capillaries into glomerulus
8. Which of the following filtered substances is normally not present in urine?

A. Sodium (Na+ )
B. Phosphate (PO43- )
C. Water (H2O)
D. Hydrogen (H+ )
E. Urea

9. Reabsoption of which of the following substances is not linked to active sodium reabsoption?

A. Sodium (Na+ )
B. Phosphate (PO43- )
C. Water (H2O)
D. Hydrogen (H+ )
E. Chloride (Cl- )

10. Which of the following best describes the actions of the glomerulus?

A. Regulates selective movement of ions from peritubular capillaries
B. Nondiscriminant filtration of glucose from glomerulus into Bowen’s capsule
C. Nondiscriminant filtration of a protein from Bowen’s capsule into peritubular fluid
D. Nondiscriminant filtration of a protein free plasma from glomerulus into Bowen’s capsule
E. Regulates selective movement of sodium from peritubular capillaries into proximal tubule

11. Which of the following best describes the actions of lipase?

A. Fragmentation of polypeptides
B. Attacks different peptide fragments
C. Hydrolyzes triglycerides to fatty acids
D. Emulsifies monoglycerides
E. Site of action are the large intestines

12. Which of the following combinations are stimulatory for parietal cell secretion?

A. Mechanical action – histamine – epinephrine
B. Acetylcholine – gastrin – histamine
C. Serotonin – histamine – bile
D. Acid – protein – gastrin
E. Glucose – pepsin – fats

13. Which of the following controls gastrointestinal movements?

A. Muscularis mucosa
B. Sympathetic plexus
C. Gastrin
D. Cholecystokinin
E. Myenteric plexus

14. Which of the following controls mainly gastrointestinal secretion and local blood flow?

A. Secretin
B. Meissner's plexus
C. Gastric Inhibitory Peptide
D. Sucrase
E. Epinephrine







15. Selective movement of nonfiltered substances from peritubular capillaries into the tubular lumen describes which of the following mechanisms?

A. Tubular Secretion
B. Tubular excretion
C. Glomerular excretion
D. Peritubular absorption
E. Glomerular filtration

16. Which of the following stimulates the release of motilin?

A. Saturated fats
B. Fasting
C. Spicy foods
D. Carbohydrates
E. Dairy products

17. Which of the following factors does not increase vasopressin secretion?

A. ECF (extracellular fluid) hypertonicity
B. Alcohol ingestion
C. Stress on the body
D. ECF volume deficit
E. Angiotensin II

18. Which of the following concerning fever production is false?

A. Endogenous pyrogen is released by white blood cells in response to microbial invasion
B. The hypothalamic set point is elevated
C. The hypothalamus initiates a cold response mechanism to increase the body temperature
D. Prostaglandins appear to mediate the effect
E. The hypothalamus is not effective in regulating body temperature during fever

19. Which of the following is a function of cholecystokinin?

A. Breakdown of fats
B. Gall bladder contraction
C. Stimulates peristalsis
D. Breakdown of glucose
E. Bile synthesis


20. Which of the following components is needed for normal vitamin B12 absorption?

A. Receptors on ileal cells
B. Intrinsic factor
C. Parietal cell antibodies
D. Transcobalamin
E. Intrinsic factor antibodies

21. Which of the following will occur when the corpus luteum degenerates?

A. Circulating levels of estrogen and progesterone decline
B. FSH and LH secretion start to rise as the inhibitory effects of the gonadal steroids are withdrawn
C. Endometrium sloughing occurs
D. None of the above
E. All of the above



22. Which of the following explains the effect parasympathetic activity would have on the sinoatrial (SA) node?

A.  Calcium (Ca2+) permeability
B.  Sodium (Na+) permeability
C.  Potassium (K+) permeability
D.  Potassium (K+) permeability
E.  Sodium (Na+) permeability

23. Which of the following explains the effect sympathetic activity would have on the sinoatrial (SA) node?

A. Sodium (Na+) permeability
B. Sodium (Na+) permeability
C. Potassium (K+) permeability
D. Potassium (K+) permeability
E. slow inward calcium (Ca2+)

24. The cell mediated immune system is most efficient in fighting what type of invader?

A. Tuberculosis infection
B. Viruses
C. Fungi
D. Parasitic infections
E. All of the above





25. Which of the following cells is vital to immune system operations?

A. Macrophage
B. B cell
C. T cytotoxic cell
D. T helper cell
E. Neutrophil

26. FD is a 59 yo man in the ER because of chest pain and palpitations. He denies shortness of breath, stomachache, N/V. The pain started when he got out of his car to walk to the store. An ECG was done and is shown below. What is the reason for the long spike associated with the QRS complex?

A. Fluid in pericardial sac
B. Pulmonary irritation
C. Myocardial infarction
D. Hypertension
E. Athlete (30 yrs)

27. Which of the following is true in regards XXXXX XXXXX absolute refractory period of the heart:

A. Located at the end of the T wave
B. Allows cardiac cells to contract at all times
C. Protects the heart form unsynchronized contractions
D. Ion channels can be activated to open with a stronger current
E. Gap junctions and intercalated disc become synchronized

28. Which of the following areas is true concerning the withdrawal reflex reaction?

A. Motor cortex is involved in this reaction
B. Only the spinal column is responsible for the withdrawal response
C. Ascending pathways to the brain are responsible for reflex action
D. Pain fibers initiate reflex response in the sensory motor area
E. Neurons in the sensory cortex cross-over to inhibit response

29. Which of the following is characteristic of parathyroid hormone?

A. Facilitates normal blood calcium concentration
B. Works synergistically with calcitonin
C. Prolactin controls secretion
D. Activated vitamin D
E. Precursor found in skin

30. Which of the following is characteristic of type 2 diabetes?

A. Complete absence of insulin
B. Develops in childhood
C. Beta islet cell antibodies
D. Low blood glucose concentration
E. Requires insulin

Customer: replied 4 years ago.
1. Which of the following demonstrates the proper order of foreign antigen processing by the immune system?

A. B cell processes foreign antigen for presentation to neutrophils which activate T helper cells
B. Macrophage processes foreign antigen for presentation to T helper cells which activate B cells to produce antibodies
C. Neutrophil processes foreign antigen for presentation to T helper cells which activate B cells to produce antibodies
D. Basophils process foreign antigen for presentation to neutrophils which activate T cells
E. Eosinophils process foreign antigen for presentation to T cytotoxic cells which activate B cells to produce antibodies

2. Which of the following cells is most affective in combating viral infections?

A. Macrophage
B. B cell
C. T helper cell
D. T cytoxic cell
E. Dendritic cell

3. Which of the following are needed for T helper cell binding to other immune cells?

A. Antibodies
B. IgM antibodies
C. IgG antibodies
D. MHC class I markers
E. MHC class II markers

4. Which of the following is responsible for regulating blood flow to organs and tissues based upon
their physiological and hemodynamic requirements?

A. Capillaries
B. Venules
C. Arterioles
D. Lymphatics
E. Aorta

5. Gas, nutrient and metabolic exchange between blood and tissues takes place at what level?

A. Venules
B. Arterioles
C. Arteries
D. Capillaries
E. Lymphatics

6. Which of the following vessels would have the highest resistance?

A. Aorta
B. Artery
C. Veins
D. Lymphatics
E. Capillaries

7. Which of the following best describes the process of tubular reabsorption?

A. Selective movement of nonfiltered substances from the peritubular capillaries into tubular lumen
B. Selective movement of filtered substances from the tubular lumen into peritubular capillaries
C. Selective movement of nonfiltered substances from the peritubular capillaries into glomerulus
D. Nonselective movement of nonfiltered substances from the tubular lumen into capillary lumens
E. Nonselective movement of nonfiltered substances from the peritubular capillaries into glomerulus
8. Which of the following filtered substances is normally not present in urine?

A. Sodium (Na+ )
B. Phosphate (PO43- )
C. Water (H2O)
D. Hydrogen (H+ )
E. Urea

9. Reabsoption of which of the following substances is not linked to active sodium reabsoption?

A. Sodium (Na+ )
B. Phosphate (PO43- )
C. Water (H2O)
D. Hydrogen (H+ )
E. Chloride (Cl- )

10. Which of the following best describes the actions of the glomerulus?

A. Regulates selective movement of ions from peritubular capillaries
B. Nondiscriminant filtration of glucose from glomerulus into Bowen’s capsule
C. Nondiscriminant filtration of a protein from Bowen’s capsule into peritubular fluid
D. Nondiscriminant filtration of a protein free plasma from glomerulus into Bowen’s capsule
E. Regulates selective movement of sodium from peritubular capillaries into proximal tubule

11. Which of the following best describes the actions of lipase?

A. Fragmentation of polypeptides
B. Attacks different peptide fragments
C. Hydrolyzes triglycerides to fatty acids
D. Emulsifies monoglycerides
E. Site of action are the large intestines

12. Which of the following combinations are stimulatory for parietal cell secretion?

A. Mechanical action – histamine – epinephrine
B. Acetylcholine – gastrin – histamine
C. Serotonin – histamine – bile
D. Acid – protein – gastrin
E. Glucose – pepsin – fats

13. Which of the following controls gastrointestinal movements?

A. Muscularis mucosa
B. Sympathetic plexus
C. Gastrin
D. Cholecystokinin
E. Myenteric plexus

14. Which of the following controls mainly gastrointestinal secretion and local blood flow?

A. Secretin
B. Meissner's plexus
C. Gastric Inhibitory Peptide
D. Sucrase
E. Epinephrine







15. Selective movement of nonfiltered substances from peritubular capillaries into the tubular lumen describes which of the following mechanisms?

A. Tubular Secretion
B. Tubular excretion
C. Glomerular excretion
D. Peritubular absorption
E. Glomerular filtration

16. Which of the following stimulates the release of motilin?

A. Saturated fats
B. Fasting
C. Spicy foods
D. Carbohydrates
E. Dairy products

17. Which of the following factors does not increase vasopressin secretion?

A. ECF (extracellular fluid) hypertonicity
B. Alcohol ingestion
C. Stress on the body
D. ECF volume deficit
E. Angiotensin II

18. Which of the following concerning fever production is false?

A. Endogenous pyrogen is released by white blood cells in response to microbial invasion
B. The hypothalamic set point is elevated
C. The hypothalamus initiates a cold response mechanism to increase the body temperature
D. Prostaglandins appear to mediate the effect
E. The hypothalamus is not effective in regulating body temperature during fever

19. Which of the following is a function of cholecystokinin?

A. Breakdown of fats
B. Gall bladder contraction
C. Stimulates peristalsis
D. Breakdown of glucose
E. Bile synthesis


20. Which of the following components is needed for normal vitamin B12 absorption?

A. Receptors on ileal cells
B. Intrinsic factor
C. Parietal cell antibodies
D. Transcobalamin
E. Intrinsic factor antibodies

21. Which of the following will occur when the corpus luteum degenerates?

A. Circulating levels of estrogen and progesterone decline
B. FSH and LH secretion start to rise as the inhibitory effects of the gonadal steroids are withdrawn
C. Endometrium sloughing occurs
D. None of the above
E. All of the above



22. Which of the following explains the effect parasympathetic activity would have on the sinoatrial (SA) node?

A.  Calcium (Ca2+) permeability
B.  Sodium (Na+) permeability
C.  Potassium (K+) permeability
D.  Potassium (K+) permeability
E.  Sodium (Na+) permeability

23. Which of the following explains the effect sympathetic activity would have on the sinoatrial (SA) node?

A. Sodium (Na+) permeability
B. Sodium (Na+) permeability
C. Potassium (K+) permeability
D. Potassium (K+) permeability
E. slow inward calcium (Ca2+)

24. The cell mediated immune system is most efficient in fighting what type of invader?

A. Tuberculosis infection
B. Viruses
C. Fungi
D. Parasitic infections
E. All of the above





25. Which of the following cells is vital to immune system operations?

A. Macrophage
B. B cell
C. T cytotoxic cell
D. T helper cell
E. Neutrophil

26. FD is a 59 yo man in the ER because of chest pain and palpitations. He denies shortness of breath, stomachache, N/V. The pain started when he got out of his car to walk to the store. An ECG was done and is shown below. What is the reason for the long spike associated with the QRS complex?

A. Fluid in pericardial sac
B. Pulmonary irritation
C. Myocardial infarction
D. Hypertension
E. Athlete (30 yrs)

27. Which of the following is true in regards XXXXX XXXXX absolute refractory period of the heart:

A. Located at the end of the T wave
B. Allows cardiac cells to contract at all times
C. Protects the heart form unsynchronized contractions
D. Ion channels can be activated to open with a stronger current
E. Gap junctions and intercalated disc become synchronized

28. Which of the following areas is true concerning the withdrawal reflex reaction?

A. Motor cortex is involved in this reaction
B. Only the spinal column is responsible for the withdrawal response
C. Ascending pathways to the brain are responsible for reflex action
D. Pain fibers initiate reflex response in the sensory motor area
E. Neurons in the sensory cortex cross-over to inhibit response

29. Which of the following is characteristic of parathyroid hormone?

A. Facilitates normal blood calcium concentration
B. Works synergistically with calcitonin
C. Prolactin controls secretion
D. Activated vitamin D
E. Precursor found in skin

30. Which of the following is characteristic of type 2 diabetes?

A. Complete absence of insulin
B. Develops in childhood
C. Beta islet cell antibodies
D. Low blood glucose concentration
E. Requires insulin

Customer: replied 4 years ago.
1. Which of the following demonstrates the proper order of foreign antigen processing by the immune system?

A. B cell processes foreign antigen for presentation to neutrophils which activate T helper cells
B. Macrophage processes foreign antigen for presentation to T helper cells which activate B cells to produce antibodies
C. Neutrophil processes foreign antigen for presentation to T helper cells which activate B cells to produce antibodies
D. Basophils process foreign antigen for presentation to neutrophils which activate T cells
E. Eosinophils process foreign antigen for presentation to T cytotoxic cells which activate B cells to produce antibodies

2. Which of the following cells is most affective in combating viral infections?

A. Macrophage
B. B cell
C. T helper cell
D. T cytoxic cell
E. Dendritic cell

3. Which of the following are needed for T helper cell binding to other immune cells?

A. Antibodies
B. IgM antibodies
C. IgG antibodies
D. MHC class I markers
E. MHC class II markers

4. Which of the following is responsible for regulating blood flow to organs and tissues based upon
their physiological and hemodynamic requirements?

A. Capillaries
B. Venules
C. Arterioles
D. Lymphatics
E. Aorta

5. Gas, nutrient and metabolic exchange between blood and tissues takes place at what level?

A. Venules
B. Arterioles
C. Arteries
D. Capillaries
E. Lymphatics

6. Which of the following vessels would have the highest resistance?

A. Aorta
B. Artery
C. Veins
D. Lymphatics
E. Capillaries

7. Which of the following best describes the process of tubular reabsorption?

A. Selective movement of nonfiltered substances from the peritubular capillaries into tubular lumen
B. Selective movement of filtered substances from the tubular lumen into peritubular capillaries
C. Selective movement of nonfiltered substances from the peritubular capillaries into glomerulus
D. Nonselective movement of nonfiltered substances from the tubular lumen into capillary lumens
E. Nonselective movement of nonfiltered substances from the peritubular capillaries into glomerulus
8. Which of the following filtered substances is normally not present in urine?

A. Sodium (Na+ )
B. Phosphate (PO43- )
C. Water (H2O)
D. Hydrogen (H+ )
E. Urea

9. Reabsoption of which of the following substances is not linked to active sodium reabsoption?

A. Sodium (Na+ )
B. Phosphate (PO43- )
C. Water (H2O)
D. Hydrogen (H+ )
E. Chloride (Cl- )

10. Which of the following best describes the actions of the glomerulus?

A. Regulates selective movement of ions from peritubular capillaries
B. Nondiscriminant filtration of glucose from glomerulus into Bowen’s capsule
C. Nondiscriminant filtration of a protein from Bowen’s capsule into peritubular fluid
D. Nondiscriminant filtration of a protein free plasma from glomerulus into Bowen’s capsule
E. Regulates selective movement of sodium from peritubular capillaries into proximal tubule

11. Which of the following best describes the actions of lipase?

A. Fragmentation of polypeptides
B. Attacks different peptide fragments
C. Hydrolyzes triglycerides to fatty acids
D. Emulsifies monoglycerides
E. Site of action are the large intestines

12. Which of the following combinations are stimulatory for parietal cell secretion?

A. Mechanical action – histamine – epinephrine
B. Acetylcholine – gastrin – histamine
C. Serotonin – histamine – bile
D. Acid – protein – gastrin
E. Glucose – pepsin – fats

13. Which of the following controls gastrointestinal movements?

A. Muscularis mucosa
B. Sympathetic plexus
C. Gastrin
D. Cholecystokinin
E. Myenteric plexus

14. Which of the following controls mainly gastrointestinal secretion and local blood flow?

A. Secretin
B. Meissner's plexus
C. Gastric Inhibitory Peptide
D. Sucrase
E. Epinephrine







15. Selective movement of nonfiltered substances from peritubular capillaries into the tubular lumen describes which of the following mechanisms?

A. Tubular Secretion
B. Tubular excretion
C. Glomerular excretion
D. Peritubular absorption
E. Glomerular filtration

16. Which of the following stimulates the release of motilin?

A. Saturated fats
B. Fasting
C. Spicy foods
D. Carbohydrates
E. Dairy products

17. Which of the following factors does not increase vasopressin secretion?

A. ECF (extracellular fluid) hypertonicity
B. Alcohol ingestion
C. Stress on the body
D. ECF volume deficit
E. Angiotensin II

18. Which of the following concerning fever production is false?

A. Endogenous pyrogen is released by white blood cells in response to microbial invasion
B. The hypothalamic set point is elevated
C. The hypothalamus initiates a cold response mechanism to increase the body temperature
D. Prostaglandins appear to mediate the effect
E. The hypothalamus is not effective in regulating body temperature during fever

19. Which of the following is a function of cholecystokinin?

A. Breakdown of fats
B. Gall bladder contraction
C. Stimulates peristalsis
D. Breakdown of glucose
E. Bile synthesis


20. Which of the following components is needed for normal vitamin B12 absorption?

A. Receptors on ileal cells
B. Intrinsic factor
C. Parietal cell antibodies
D. Transcobalamin
E. Intrinsic factor antibodies

21. Which of the following will occur when the corpus luteum degenerates?

A. Circulating levels of estrogen and progesterone decline
B. FSH and LH secretion start to rise as the inhibitory effects of the gonadal steroids are withdrawn
C. Endometrium sloughing occurs
D. None of the above
E. All of the above



22. Which of the following explains the effect parasympathetic activity would have on the sinoatrial (SA) node?

A.  Calcium (Ca2+) permeability
B.  Sodium (Na+) permeability
C.  Potassium (K+) permeability
D.  Potassium (K+) permeability
E.  Sodium (Na+) permeability

23. Which of the following explains the effect sympathetic activity would have on the sinoatrial (SA) node?

A. Sodium (Na+) permeability
B. Sodium (Na+) permeability
C. Potassium (K+) permeability
D. Potassium (K+) permeability
E. slow inward calcium (Ca2+)

24. The cell mediated immune system is most efficient in fighting what type of invader?

A. Tuberculosis infection
B. Viruses
C. Fungi
D. Parasitic infections
E. All of the above





25. Which of the following cells is vital to immune system operations?

A. Macrophage
B. B cell
C. T cytotoxic cell
D. T helper cell
E. Neutrophil

26. FD is a 59 yo man in the ER because of chest pain and palpitations. He denies shortness of breath, stomachache, N/V. The pain started when he got out of his car to walk to the store. An ECG was done and is shown below. What is the reason for the long spike associated with the QRS complex?

A. Fluid in pericardial sac
B. Pulmonary irritation
C. Myocardial infarction
D. Hypertension
E. Athlete (30 yrs)

27. Which of the following is true in regards XXXXX XXXXX absolute refractory period of the heart:

A. Located at the end of the T wave
B. Allows cardiac cells to contract at all times
C. Protects the heart form unsynchronized contractions
D. Ion channels can be activated to open with a stronger current
E. Gap junctions and intercalated disc become synchronized

28. Which of the following areas is true concerning the withdrawal reflex reaction?

A. Motor cortex is involved in this reaction
B. Only the spinal column is responsible for the withdrawal response
C. Ascending pathways to the brain are responsible for reflex action
D. Pain fibers initiate reflex response in the sensory motor area
E. Neurons in the sensory cortex cross-over to inhibit response

29. Which of the following is characteristic of parathyroid hormone?

A. Facilitates normal blood calcium concentration
B. Works synergistically with calcitonin
C. Prolactin controls secretion
D. Activated vitamin D
E. Precursor found in skin

30. Which of the following is characteristic of type 2 diabetes?

A. Complete absence of insulin
B. Develops in childhood
C. Beta islet cell antibodies
D. Low blood glucose concentration
E. Requires insulin

Customer: replied 4 years ago.
1. Which of the following demonstrates the proper order of foreign antigen processing by the immune system?

A. B cell processes foreign antigen for presentation to neutrophils which activate T helper cells
B. Macrophage processes foreign antigen for presentation to T helper cells which activate B cells to produce antibodies
C. Neutrophil processes foreign antigen for presentation to T helper cells which activate B cells to produce antibodies
D. Basophils process foreign antigen for presentation to neutrophils which activate T cells
E. Eosinophils process foreign antigen for presentation to T cytotoxic cells which activate B cells to produce antibodies

2. Which of the following cells is most affective in combating viral infections?

A. Macrophage
B. B cell
C. T helper cell
D. T cytoxic cell
E. Dendritic cell

3. Which of the following are needed for T helper cell binding to other immune cells?

A. Antibodies
B. IgM antibodies
C. IgG antibodies
D. MHC class I markers
E. MHC class II markers

4. Which of the following is responsible for regulating blood flow to organs and tissues based upon
their physiological and hemodynamic requirements?

A. Capillaries
B. Venules
C. Arterioles
D. Lymphatics
E. Aorta

5. Gas, nutrient and metabolic exchange between blood and tissues takes place at what level?

A. Venules
B. Arterioles
C. Arteries
D. Capillaries
E. Lymphatics

6. Which of the following vessels would have the highest resistance?

A. Aorta
B. Artery
C. Veins
D. Lymphatics
E. Capillaries

7. Which of the following best describes the process of tubular reabsorption?

A. Selective movement of nonfiltered substances from the peritubular capillaries into tubular lumen
B. Selective movement of filtered substances from the tubular lumen into peritubular capillaries
C. Selective movement of nonfiltered substances from the peritubular capillaries into glomerulus
D. Nonselective movement of nonfiltered substances from the tubular lumen into capillary lumens
E. Nonselective movement of nonfiltered substances from the peritubular capillaries into glomerulus
8. Which of the following filtered substances is normally not present in urine?

A. Sodium (Na+ )
B. Phosphate (PO43- )
C. Water (H2O)
D. Hydrogen (H+ )
E. Urea

9. Reabsoption of which of the following substances is not linked to active sodium reabsoption?

A. Sodium (Na+ )
B. Phosphate (PO43- )
C. Water (H2O)
D. Hydrogen (H+ )
E. Chloride (Cl- )

10. Which of the following best describes the actions of the glomerulus?

A. Regulates selective movement of ions from peritubular capillaries
B. Nondiscriminant filtration of glucose from glomerulus into Bowen’s capsule
C. Nondiscriminant filtration of a protein from Bowen’s capsule into peritubular fluid
D. Nondiscriminant filtration of a protein free plasma from glomerulus into Bowen’s capsule
E. Regulates selective movement of sodium from peritubular capillaries into proximal tubule

11. Which of the following best describes the actions of lipase?

A. Fragmentation of polypeptides
B. Attacks different peptide fragments
C. Hydrolyzes triglycerides to fatty acids
D. Emulsifies monoglycerides
E. Site of action are the large intestines

12. Which of the following combinations are stimulatory for parietal cell secretion?

A. Mechanical action – histamine – epinephrine
B. Acetylcholine – gastrin – histamine
C. Serotonin – histamine – bile
D. Acid – protein – gastrin
E. Glucose – pepsin – fats

13. Which of the following controls gastrointestinal movements?

A. Muscularis mucosa
B. Sympathetic plexus
C. Gastrin
D. Cholecystokinin
E. Myenteric plexus

14. Which of the following controls mainly gastrointestinal secretion and local blood flow?

A. Secretin
B. Meissner's plexus
C. Gastric Inhibitory Peptide
D. Sucrase
E. Epinephrine







15. Selective movement of nonfiltered substances from peritubular capillaries into the tubular lumen describes which of the following mechanisms?

A. Tubular Secretion
B. Tubular excretion
C. Glomerular excretion
D. Peritubular absorption
E. Glomerular filtration

16. Which of the following stimulates the release of motilin?

A. Saturated fats
B. Fasting
C. Spicy foods
D. Carbohydrates
E. Dairy products

17. Which of the following factors does not increase vasopressin secretion?

A. ECF (extracellular fluid) hypertonicity
B. Alcohol ingestion
C. Stress on the body
D. ECF volume deficit
E. Angiotensin II

18. Which of the following concerning fever production is false?

A. Endogenous pyrogen is released by white blood cells in response to microbial invasion
B. The hypothalamic set point is elevated
C. The hypothalamus initiates a cold response mechanism to increase the body temperature
D. Prostaglandins appear to mediate the effect
E. The hypothalamus is not effective in regulating body temperature during fever

19. Which of the following is a function of cholecystokinin?

A. Breakdown of fats
B. Gall bladder contraction
C. Stimulates peristalsis
D. Breakdown of glucose
E. Bile synthesis


20. Which of the following components is needed for normal vitamin B12 absorption?

A. Receptors on ileal cells
B. Intrinsic factor
C. Parietal cell antibodies
D. Transcobalamin
E. Intrinsic factor antibodies

21. Which of the following will occur when the corpus luteum degenerates?

A. Circulating levels of estrogen and progesterone decline
B. FSH and LH secretion start to rise as the inhibitory effects of the gonadal steroids are withdrawn
C. Endometrium sloughing occurs
D. None of the above
E. All of the above



22. Which of the following explains the effect parasympathetic activity would have on the sinoatrial (SA) node?

A.  Calcium (Ca2+) permeability
B.  Sodium (Na+) permeability
C.  Potassium (K+) permeability
D.  Potassium (K+) permeability
E.  Sodium (Na+) permeability

23. Which of the following explains the effect sympathetic activity would have on the sinoatrial (SA) node?

A. Sodium (Na+) permeability
B. Sodium (Na+) permeability
C. Potassium (K+) permeability
D. Potassium (K+) permeability
E. slow inward calcium (Ca2+)

24. The cell mediated immune system is most efficient in fighting what type of invader?

A. Tuberculosis infection
B. Viruses
C. Fungi
D. Parasitic infections
E. All of the above





25. Which of the following cells is vital to immune system operations?

A. Macrophage
B. B cell
C. T cytotoxic cell
D. T helper cell
E. Neutrophil

26. FD is a 59 yo man in the ER because of chest pain and palpitations. He denies shortness of breath, stomachache, N/V. The pain started when he got out of his car to walk to the store. An ECG was done and is shown below. What is the reason for the long spike associated with the QRS complex?

A. Fluid in pericardial sac
B. Pulmonary irritation
C. Myocardial infarction
D. Hypertension
E. Athlete (30 yrs)

27. Which of the following is true in regards XXXXX XXXXX absolute refractory period of the heart:

A. Located at the end of the T wave
B. Allows cardiac cells to contract at all times
C. Protects the heart form unsynchronized contractions
D. Ion channels can be activated to open with a stronger current
E. Gap junctions and intercalated disc become synchronized

28. Which of the following areas is true concerning the withdrawal reflex reaction?

A. Motor cortex is involved in this reaction
B. Only the spinal column is responsible for the withdrawal response
C. Ascending pathways to the brain are responsible for reflex action
D. Pain fibers initiate reflex response in the sensory motor area
E. Neurons in the sensory cortex cross-over to inhibit response

29. Which of the following is characteristic of parathyroid hormone?

A. Facilitates normal blood calcium concentration
B. Works synergistically with calcitonin
C. Prolactin controls secretion
D. Activated vitamin D
E. Precursor found in skin

30. Which of the following is characteristic of type 2 diabetes?

A. Complete absence of insulin
B. Develops in childhood
C. Beta islet cell antibodies
D. Low blood glucose concentration
E. Requires insulin

Customer: replied 4 years ago.
1. Which of the following demonstrates the proper order of foreign antigen processing by the immune system?

A. B cell processes foreign antigen for presentation to neutrophils which activate T helper cells
B. Macrophage processes foreign antigen for presentation to T helper cells which activate B cells to produce antibodies
C. Neutrophil processes foreign antigen for presentation to T helper cells which activate B cells to produce antibodies
D. Basophils process foreign antigen for presentation to neutrophils which activate T cells
E. Eosinophils process foreign antigen for presentation to T cytotoxic cells which activate B cells to produce antibodies

2. Which of the following cells is most affective in combating viral infections?

A. Macrophage
B. B cell
C. T helper cell
D. T cytoxic cell
E. Dendritic cell

3. Which of the following are needed for T helper cell binding to other immune cells?

A. Antibodies
B. IgM antibodies
C. IgG antibodies
D. MHC class I markers
E. MHC class II markers

4. Which of the following is responsible for regulating blood flow to organs and tissues based upon
their physiological and hemodynamic requirements?

A. Capillaries
B. Venules
C. Arterioles
D. Lymphatics
E. Aorta

5. Gas, nutrient and metabolic exchange between blood and tissues takes place at what level?

A. Venules
B. Arterioles
C. Arteries
D. Capillaries
E. Lymphatics

6. Which of the following vessels would have the highest resistance?

A. Aorta
B. Artery
C. Veins
D. Lymphatics
E. Capillaries

7. Which of the following best describes the process of tubular reabsorption?

A. Selective movement of nonfiltered substances from the peritubular capillaries into tubular lumen
B. Selective movement of filtered substances from the tubular lumen into peritubular capillaries
C. Selective movement of nonfiltered substances from the peritubular capillaries into glomerulus
D. Nonselective movement of nonfiltered substances from the tubular lumen into capillary lumens
E. Nonselective movement of nonfiltered substances from the peritubular capillaries into glomerulus
8. Which of the following filtered substances is normally not present in urine?

A. Sodium (Na+ )
B. Phosphate (PO43- )
C. Water (H2O)
D. Hydrogen (H+ )
E. Urea

9. Reabsoption of which of the following substances is not linked to active sodium reabsoption?

A. Sodium (Na+ )
B. Phosphate (PO43- )
C. Water (H2O)
D. Hydrogen (H+ )
E. Chloride (Cl- )

10. Which of the following best describes the actions of the glomerulus?

A. Regulates selective movement of ions from peritubular capillaries
B. Nondiscriminant filtration of glucose from glomerulus into Bowen’s capsule
C. Nondiscriminant filtration of a protein from Bowen’s capsule into peritubular fluid
D. Nondiscriminant filtration of a protein free plasma from glomerulus into Bowen’s capsule
E. Regulates selective movement of sodium from peritubular capillaries into proximal tubule

11. Which of the following best describes the actions of lipase?

A. Fragmentation of polypeptides
B. Attacks different peptide fragments
C. Hydrolyzes triglycerides to fatty acids
D. Emulsifies monoglycerides
E. Site of action are the large intestines

12. Which of the following combinations are stimulatory for parietal cell secretion?

A. Mechanical action – histamine – epinephrine
B. Acetylcholine – gastrin – histamine
C. Serotonin – histamine – bile
D. Acid – protein – gastrin
E. Glucose – pepsin – fats

13. Which of the following controls gastrointestinal movements?

A. Muscularis mucosa
B. Sympathetic plexus
C. Gastrin
D. Cholecystokinin
E. Myenteric plexus

14. Which of the following controls mainly gastrointestinal secretion and local blood flow?

A. Secretin
B. Meissner's plexus
C. Gastric Inhibitory Peptide
D. Sucrase
E. Epinephrine







15. Selective movement of nonfiltered substances from peritubular capillaries into the tubular lumen describes which of the following mechanisms?

A. Tubular Secretion
B. Tubular excretion
C. Glomerular excretion
D. Peritubular absorption
E. Glomerular filtration

16. Which of the following stimulates the release of motilin?

A. Saturated fats
B. Fasting
C. Spicy foods
D. Carbohydrates
E. Dairy products

17. Which of the following factors does not increase vasopressin secretion?

A. ECF (extracellular fluid) hypertonicity
B. Alcohol ingestion
C. Stress on the body
D. ECF volume deficit
E. Angiotensin II

18. Which of the following concerning fever production is false?

A. Endogenous pyrogen is released by white blood cells in response to microbial invasion
B. The hypothalamic set point is elevated
C. The hypothalamus initiates a cold response mechanism to increase the body temperature
D. Prostaglandins appear to mediate the effect
E. The hypothalamus is not effective in regulating body temperature during fever

19. Which of the following is a function of cholecystokinin?

A. Breakdown of fats
B. Gall bladder contraction
C. Stimulates peristalsis
D. Breakdown of glucose
E. Bile synthesis


20. Which of the following components is needed for normal vitamin B12 absorption?

A. Receptors on ileal cells
B. Intrinsic factor
C. Parietal cell antibodies
D. Transcobalamin
E. Intrinsic factor antibodies

21. Which of the following will occur when the corpus luteum degenerates?

A. Circulating levels of estrogen and progesterone decline
B. FSH and LH secretion start to rise as the inhibitory effects of the gonadal steroids are withdrawn
C. Endometrium sloughing occurs
D. None of the above
E. All of the above



22. Which of the following explains the effect parasympathetic activity would have on the sinoatrial (SA) node?

A.  Calcium (Ca2+) permeability
B.  Sodium (Na+) permeability
C.  Potassium (K+) permeability
D.  Potassium (K+) permeability
E.  Sodium (Na+) permeability

23. Which of the following explains the effect sympathetic activity would have on the sinoatrial (SA) node?

A. Sodium (Na+) permeability
B. Sodium (Na+) permeability
C. Potassium (K+) permeability
D. Potassium (K+) permeability
E. slow inward calcium (Ca2+)

24. The cell mediated immune system is most efficient in fighting what type of invader?

A. Tuberculosis infection
B. Viruses
C. Fungi
D. Parasitic infections
E. All of the above





25. Which of the following cells is vital to immune system operations?

A. Macrophage
B. B cell
C. T cytotoxic cell
D. T helper cell
E. Neutrophil

26. FD is a 59 yo man in the ER because of chest pain and palpitations. He denies shortness of breath, stomachache, N/V. The pain started when he got out of his car to walk to the store. An ECG was done and is shown below. What is the reason for the long spike associated with the QRS complex?

A. Fluid in pericardial sac
B. Pulmonary irritation
C. Myocardial infarction
D. Hypertension
E. Athlete (30 yrs)

27. Which of the following is true in regards XXXXX XXXXX absolute refractory period of the heart:

A. Located at the end of the T wave
B. Allows cardiac cells to contract at all times
C. Protects the heart form unsynchronized contractions
D. Ion channels can be activated to open with a stronger current
E. Gap junctions and intercalated disc become synchronized

28. Which of the following areas is true concerning the withdrawal reflex reaction?

A. Motor cortex is involved in this reaction
B. Only the spinal column is responsible for the withdrawal response
C. Ascending pathways to the brain are responsible for reflex action
D. Pain fibers initiate reflex response in the sensory motor area
E. Neurons in the sensory cortex cross-over to inhibit response

29. Which of the following is characteristic of parathyroid hormone?

A. Facilitates normal blood calcium concentration
B. Works synergistically with calcitonin
C. Prolactin controls secretion
D. Activated vitamin D
E. Precursor found in skin

30. Which of the following is characteristic of type 2 diabetes?

A. Complete absence of insulin
B. Develops in childhood
C. Beta islet cell antibodies
D. Low blood glucose concentration
E. Requires insulin

Customer: replied 4 years ago.
1. Which of the following demonstrates the proper order of foreign antigen processing by the immune system?

A. B cell processes foreign antigen for presentation to neutrophils which activate T helper cells
B. Macrophage processes foreign antigen for presentation to T helper cells which activate B cells to produce antibodies
C. Neutrophil processes foreign antigen for presentation to T helper cells which activate B cells to produce antibodies
D. Basophils process foreign antigen for presentation to neutrophils which activate T cells
E. Eosinophils process foreign antigen for presentation to T cytotoxic cells which activate B cells to produce antibodies

2. Which of the following cells is most affective in combating viral infections?

A. Macrophage
B. B cell
C. T helper cell
D. T cytoxic cell
E. Dendritic cell

3. Which of the following are needed for T helper cell binding to other immune cells?

A. Antibodies
B. IgM antibodies
C. IgG antibodies
D. MHC class I markers
E. MHC class II markers

4. Which of the following is responsible for regulating blood flow to organs and tissues based upon
their physiological and hemodynamic requirements?

A. Capillaries
B. Venules
C. Arterioles
D. Lymphatics
E. Aorta

5. Gas, nutrient and metabolic exchange between blood and tissues takes place at what level?

A. Venules
B. Arterioles
C. Arteries
D. Capillaries
E. Lymphatics

6. Which of the following vessels would have the highest resistance?

A. Aorta
B. Artery
C. Veins
D. Lymphatics
E. Capillaries

7. Which of the following best describes the process of tubular reabsorption?

A. Selective movement of nonfiltered substances from the peritubular capillaries into tubular lumen
B. Selective movement of filtered substances from the tubular lumen into peritubular capillaries
C. Selective movement of nonfiltered substances from the peritubular capillaries into glomerulus
D. Nonselective movement of nonfiltered substances from the tubular lumen into capillary lumens
E. Nonselective movement of nonfiltered substances from the peritubular capillaries into glomerulus
8. Which of the following filtered substances is normally not present in urine?

A. Sodium (Na+ )
B. Phosphate (PO43- )
C. Water (H2O)
D. Hydrogen (H+ )
E. Urea

9. Reabsoption of which of the following substances is not linked to active sodium reabsoption?

A. Sodium (Na+ )
B. Phosphate (PO43- )
C. Water (H2O)
D. Hydrogen (H+ )
E. Chloride (Cl- )

10. Which of the following best describes the actions of the glomerulus?

A. Regulates selective movement of ions from peritubular capillaries
B. Nondiscriminant filtration of glucose from glomerulus into Bowen’s capsule
C. Nondiscriminant filtration of a protein from Bowen’s capsule into peritubular fluid
D. Nondiscriminant filtration of a protein free plasma from glomerulus into Bowen’s capsule
E. Regulates selective movement of sodium from peritubular capillaries into proximal tubule

11. Which of the following best describes the actions of lipase?

A. Fragmentation of polypeptides
B. Attacks different peptide fragments
C. Hydrolyzes triglycerides to fatty acids
D. Emulsifies monoglycerides
E. Site of action are the large intestines

12. Which of the following combinations are stimulatory for parietal cell secretion?

A. Mechanical action – histamine – epinephrine
B. Acetylcholine – gastrin – histamine
C. Serotonin – histamine – bile
D. Acid – protein – gastrin
E. Glucose – pepsin – fats

13. Which of the following controls gastrointestinal movements?

A. Muscularis mucosa
B. Sympathetic plexus
C. Gastrin
D. Cholecystokinin
E. Myenteric plexus

14. Which of the following controls mainly gastrointestinal secretion and local blood flow?

A. Secretin
B. Meissner's plexus
C. Gastric Inhibitory Peptide
D. Sucrase
E. Epinephrine







15. Selective movement of nonfiltered substances from peritubular capillaries into the tubular lumen describes which of the following mechanisms?

A. Tubular Secretion
B. Tubular excretion
C. Glomerular excretion
D. Peritubular absorption
E. Glomerular filtration

16. Which of the following stimulates the release of motilin?

A. Saturated fats
B. Fasting
C. Spicy foods
D. Carbohydrates
E. Dairy products

17. Which of the following factors does not increase vasopressin secretion?

A. ECF (extracellular fluid) hypertonicity
B. Alcohol ingestion
C. Stress on the body
D. ECF volume deficit
E. Angiotensin II

18. Which of the following concerning fever production is false?

A. Endogenous pyrogen is released by white blood cells in response to microbial invasion
B. The hypothalamic set point is elevated
C. The hypothalamus initiates a cold response mechanism to increase the body temperature
D. Prostaglandins appear to mediate the effect
E. The hypothalamus is not effective in regulating body temperature during fever

19. Which of the following is a function of cholecystokinin?

A. Breakdown of fats
B. Gall bladder contraction
C. Stimulates peristalsis
D. Breakdown of glucose
E. Bile synthesis


20. Which of the following components is needed for normal vitamin B12 absorption?

A. Receptors on ileal cells
B. Intrinsic factor
C. Parietal cell antibodies
D. Transcobalamin
E. Intrinsic factor antibodies

21. Which of the following will occur when the corpus luteum degenerates?

A. Circulating levels of estrogen and progesterone decline
B. FSH and LH secretion start to rise as the inhibitory effects of the gonadal steroids are withdrawn
C. Endometrium sloughing occurs
D. None of the above
E. All of the above



22. Which of the following explains the effect parasympathetic activity would have on the sinoatrial (SA) node?

A.  Calcium (Ca2+) permeability
B.  Sodium (Na+) permeability
C.  Potassium (K+) permeability
D.  Potassium (K+) permeability
E.  Sodium (Na+) permeability

23. Which of the following explains the effect sympathetic activity would have on the sinoatrial (SA) node?

A. Sodium (Na+) permeability
B. Sodium (Na+) permeability
C. Potassium (K+) permeability
D. Potassium (K+) permeability
E. slow inward calcium (Ca2+)

24. The cell mediated immune system is most efficient in fighting what type of invader?

A. Tuberculosis infection
B. Viruses
C. Fungi
D. Parasitic infections
E. All of the above





25. Which of the following cells is vital to immune system operations?

A. Macrophage
B. B cell
C. T cytotoxic cell
D. T helper cell
E. Neutrophil

26. FD is a 59 yo man in the ER because of chest pain and palpitations. He denies shortness of breath, stomachache, N/V. The pain started when he got out of his car to walk to the store. An ECG was done and is shown below. What is the reason for the long spike associated with the QRS complex?

A. Fluid in pericardial sac
B. Pulmonary irritation
C. Myocardial infarction
D. Hypertension
E. Athlete (30 yrs)

27. Which of the following is true in regards XXXXX XXXXX absolute refractory period of the heart:

A. Located at the end of the T wave
B. Allows cardiac cells to contract at all times
C. Protects the heart form unsynchronized contractions
D. Ion channels can be activated to open with a stronger current
E. Gap junctions and intercalated disc become synchronized

28. Which of the following areas is true concerning the withdrawal reflex reaction?

A. Motor cortex is involved in this reaction
B. Only the spinal column is responsible for the withdrawal response
C. Ascending pathways to the brain are responsible for reflex action
D. Pain fibers initiate reflex response in the sensory motor area
E. Neurons in the sensory cortex cross-over to inhibit response

29. Which of the following is characteristic of parathyroid hormone?

A. Facilitates normal blood calcium concentration
B. Works synergistically with calcitonin
C. Prolactin controls secretion
D. Activated vitamin D
E. Precursor found in skin

30. Which of the following is characteristic of type 2 diabetes?

A. Complete absence of insulin
B. Develops in childhood
C. Beta islet cell antibodies
D. Low blood glucose concentration
E. Requires insulin

Customer: replied 4 years ago.
1. Which of the following demonstrates the proper order of foreign antigen processing by the immune system?

A. B cell processes foreign antigen for presentation to neutrophils which activate T helper cells
B. Macrophage processes foreign antigen for presentation to T helper cells which activate B cells to produce antibodies
C. Neutrophil processes foreign antigen for presentation to T helper cells which activate B cells to produce antibodies
D. Basophils process foreign antigen for presentation to neutrophils which activate T cells
E. Eosinophils process foreign antigen for presentation to T cytotoxic cells which activate B cells to produce antibodies

2. Which of the following cells is most affective in combating viral infections?

A. Macrophage
B. B cell
C. T helper cell
D. T cytoxic cell
E. Dendritic cell

3. Which of the following are needed for T helper cell binding to other immune cells?

A. Antibodies
B. IgM antibodies
C. IgG antibodies
D. MHC class I markers
E. MHC class II markers

4. Which of the following is responsible for regulating blood flow to organs and tissues based upon
their physiological and hemodynamic requirements?

A. Capillaries
B. Venules
C. Arterioles
D. Lymphatics
E. Aorta

5. Gas, nutrient and metabolic exchange between blood and tissues takes place at what level?

A. Venules
B. Arterioles
C. Arteries
D. Capillaries
E. Lymphatics

6. Which of the following vessels would have the highest resistance?

A. Aorta
B. Artery
C. Veins
D. Lymphatics
E. Capillaries

7. Which of the following best describes the process of tubular reabsorption?

A. Selective movement of nonfiltered substances from the peritubular capillaries into tubular lumen
B. Selective movement of filtered substances from the tubular lumen into peritubular capillaries
C. Selective movement of nonfiltered substances from the peritubular capillaries into glomerulus
D. Nonselective movement of nonfiltered substances from the tubular lumen into capillary lumens
E. Nonselective movement of nonfiltered substances from the peritubular capillaries into glomerulus
8. Which of the following filtered substances is normally not present in urine?

A. Sodium (Na+ )
B. Phosphate (PO43- )
C. Water (H2O)
D. Hydrogen (H+ )
E. Urea

9. Reabsoption of which of the following substances is not linked to active sodium reabsoption?

A. Sodium (Na+ )
B. Phosphate (PO43- )
C. Water (H2O)
D. Hydrogen (H+ )
E. Chloride (Cl- )

10. Which of the following best describes the actions of the glomerulus?

A. Regulates selective movement of ions from peritubular capillaries
B. Nondiscriminant filtration of glucose from glomerulus into Bowen’s capsule
C. Nondiscriminant filtration of a protein from Bowen’s capsule into peritubular fluid
D. Nondiscriminant filtration of a protein free plasma from glomerulus into Bowen’s capsule
E. Regulates selective movement of sodium from peritubular capillaries into proximal tubule

11. Which of the following best describes the actions of lipase?

A. Fragmentation of polypeptides
B. Attacks different peptide fragments
C. Hydrolyzes triglycerides to fatty acids
D. Emulsifies monoglycerides
E. Site of action are the large intestines

12. Which of the following combinations are stimulatory for parietal cell secretion?

A. Mechanical action – histamine – epinephrine
B. Acetylcholine – gastrin – histamine
C. Serotonin – histamine – bile
D. Acid – protein – gastrin
E. Glucose – pepsin – fats

13. Which of the following controls gastrointestinal movements?

A. Muscularis mucosa
B. Sympathetic plexus
C. Gastrin
D. Cholecystokinin
E. Myenteric plexus

14. Which of the following controls mainly gastrointestinal secretion and local blood flow?

A. Secretin
B. Meissner's plexus
C. Gastric Inhibitory Peptide
D. Sucrase
E. Epinephrine







15. Selective movement of nonfiltered substances from peritubular capillaries into the tubular lumen describes which of the following mechanisms?

A. Tubular Secretion
B. Tubular excretion
C. Glomerular excretion
D. Peritubular absorption
E. Glomerular filtration

16. Which of the following stimulates the release of motilin?

A. Saturated fats
B. Fasting
C. Spicy foods
D. Carbohydrates
E. Dairy products

17. Which of the following factors does not increase vasopressin secretion?

A. ECF (extracellular fluid) hypertonicity
B. Alcohol ingestion
C. Stress on the body
D. ECF volume deficit
E. Angiotensin II

18. Which of the following concerning fever production is false?

A. Endogenous pyrogen is released by white blood cells in response to microbial invasion
B. The hypothalamic set point is elevated
C. The hypothalamus initiates a cold response mechanism to increase the body temperature
D. Prostaglandins appear to mediate the effect
E. The hypothalamus is not effective in regulating body temperature during fever

19. Which of the following is a function of cholecystokinin?

A. Breakdown of fats
B. Gall bladder contraction
C. Stimulates peristalsis
D. Breakdown of glucose
E. Bile synthesis


20. Which of the following components is needed for normal vitamin B12 absorption?

A. Receptors on ileal cells
B. Intrinsic factor
C. Parietal cell antibodies
D. Transcobalamin
E. Intrinsic factor antibodies

21. Which of the following will occur when the corpus luteum degenerates?

A. Circulating levels of estrogen and progesterone decline
B. FSH and LH secretion start to rise as the inhibitory effects of the gonadal steroids are withdrawn
C. Endometrium sloughing occurs
D. None of the above
E. All of the above



22. Which of the following explains the effect parasympathetic activity would have on the sinoatrial (SA) node?

A.  Calcium (Ca2+) permeability
B.  Sodium (Na+) permeability
C.  Potassium (K+) permeability
D.  Potassium (K+) permeability
E.  Sodium (Na+) permeability

23. Which of the following explains the effect sympathetic activity would have on the sinoatrial (SA) node?

A. Sodium (Na+) permeability
B. Sodium (Na+) permeability
C. Potassium (K+) permeability
D. Potassium (K+) permeability
E. slow inward calcium (Ca2+)

24. The cell mediated immune system is most efficient in fighting what type of invader?

A. Tuberculosis infection
B. Viruses
C. Fungi
D. Parasitic infections
E. All of the above





25. Which of the following cells is vital to immune system operations?

A. Macrophage
B. B cell
C. T cytotoxic cell
D. T helper cell
E. Neutrophil

26. FD is a 59 yo man in the ER because of chest pain and palpitations. He denies shortness of breath, stomachache, N/V. The pain started when he got out of his car to walk to the store. An ECG was done and is shown below. What is the reason for the long spike associated with the QRS complex?

A. Fluid in pericardial sac
B. Pulmonary irritation
C. Myocardial infarction
D. Hypertension
E. Athlete (30 yrs)

27. Which of the following is true in regards XXXXX XXXXX absolute refractory period of the heart:

A. Located at the end of the T wave
B. Allows cardiac cells to contract at all times
C. Protects the heart form unsynchronized contractions
D. Ion channels can be activated to open with a stronger current
E. Gap junctions and intercalated disc become synchronized

28. Which of the following areas is true concerning the withdrawal reflex reaction?

A. Motor cortex is involved in this reaction
B. Only the spinal column is responsible for the withdrawal response
C. Ascending pathways to the brain are responsible for reflex action
D. Pain fibers initiate reflex response in the sensory motor area
E. Neurons in the sensory cortex cross-over to inhibit response

29. Which of the following is characteristic of parathyroid hormone?

A. Facilitates normal blood calcium concentration
B. Works synergistically with calcitonin
C. Prolactin controls secretion
D. Activated vitamin D
E. Precursor found in skin

30. Which of the following is characteristic of type 2 diabetes?

A. Complete absence of insulin
B. Develops in childhood
C. Beta islet cell antibodies
D. Low blood glucose concentration
E. Requires insulin

Customer: replied 4 years ago.
1. Which of the following demonstrates the proper order of foreign antigen processing by the immune system?

A. B cell processes foreign antigen for presentation to neutrophils which activate T helper cells
B. Macrophage processes foreign antigen for presentation to T helper cells which activate B cells to produce antibodies
C. Neutrophil processes foreign antigen for presentation to T helper cells which activate B cells to produce antibodies
D. Basophils process foreign antigen for presentation to neutrophils which activate T cells
E. Eosinophils process foreign antigen for presentation to T cytotoxic cells which activate B cells to produce antibodies

2. Which of the following cells is most affective in combating viral infections?

A. Macrophage
B. B cell
C. T helper cell
D. T cytoxic cell
E. Dendritic cell

3. Which of the following are needed for T helper cell binding to other immune cells?

A. Antibodies
B. IgM antibodies
C. IgG antibodies
D. MHC class I markers
E. MHC class II markers

4. Which of the following is responsible for regulating blood flow to organs and tissues based upon
their physiological and hemodynamic requirements?

A. Capillaries
B. Venules
C. Arterioles
D. Lymphatics
E. Aorta

5. Gas, nutrient and metabolic exchange between blood and tissues takes place at what level?

A. Venules
B. Arterioles
C. Arteries
D. Capillaries
E. Lymphatics

6. Which of the following vessels would have the highest resistance?

A. Aorta
B. Artery
C. Veins
D. Lymphatics
E. Capillaries

7. Which of the following best describes the process of tubular reabsorption?

A. Selective movement of nonfiltered substances from the peritubular capillaries into tubular lumen
B. Selective movement of filtered substances from the tubular lumen into peritubular capillaries
C. Selective movement of nonfiltered substances from the peritubular capillaries into glomerulus
D. Nonselective movement of nonfiltered substances from the tubular lumen into capillary lumens
E. Nonselective movement of nonfiltered substances from the peritubular capillaries into glomerulus
8. Which of the following filtered substances is normally not present in urine?

A. Sodium (Na+ )
B. Phosphate (PO43- )
C. Water (H2O)
D. Hydrogen (H+ )
E. Urea

9. Reabsoption of which of the following substances is not linked to active sodium reabsoption?

A. Sodium (Na+ )
B. Phosphate (PO43- )
C. Water (H2O)
D. Hydrogen (H+ )
E. Chloride (Cl- )

10. Which of the following best describes the actions of the glomerulus?

A. Regulates selective movement of ions from peritubular capillaries
B. Nondiscriminant filtration of glucose from glomerulus into Bowen’s capsule
C. Nondiscriminant filtration of a protein from Bowen’s capsule into peritubular fluid
D. Nondiscriminant filtration of a protein free plasma from glomerulus into Bowen’s capsule
E. Regulates selective movement of sodium from peritubular capillaries into proximal tubule

11. Which of the following best describes the actions of lipase?

A. Fragmentation of polypeptides
B. Attacks different peptide fragments
C. Hydrolyzes triglycerides to fatty acids
D. Emulsifies monoglycerides
E. Site of action are the large intestines

12. Which of the following combinations are stimulatory for parietal cell secretion?

A. Mechanical action – histamine – epinephrine
B. Acetylcholine – gastrin – histamine
C. Serotonin – histamine – bile
D. Acid – protein – gastrin
E. Glucose – pepsin – fats

13. Which of the following controls gastrointestinal movements?

A. Muscularis mucosa
B. Sympathetic plexus
C. Gastrin
D. Cholecystokinin
E. Myenteric plexus

14. Which of the following controls mainly gastrointestinal secretion and local blood flow?

A. Secretin
B. Meissner's plexus
C. Gastric Inhibitory Peptide
D. Sucrase
E. Epinephrine







15. Selective movement of nonfiltered substances from peritubular capillaries into the tubular lumen describes which of the following mechanisms?

A. Tubular Secretion
B. Tubular excretion
C. Glomerular excretion
D. Peritubular absorption
E. Glomerular filtration

16. Which of the following stimulates the release of motilin?

A. Saturated fats
B. Fasting
C. Spicy foods
D. Carbohydrates
E. Dairy products

17. Which of the following factors does not increase vasopressin secretion?

A. ECF (extracellular fluid) hypertonicity
B. Alcohol ingestion
C. Stress on the body
D. ECF volume deficit
E. Angiotensin II

18. Which of the following concerning fever production is false?

A. Endogenous pyrogen is released by white blood cells in response to microbial invasion
B. The hypothalamic set point is elevated
C. The hypothalamus initiates a cold response mechanism to increase the body temperature
D. Prostaglandins appear to mediate the effect
E. The hypothalamus is not effective in regulating body temperature during fever

19. Which of the following is a function of cholecystokinin?

A. Breakdown of fats
B. Gall bladder contraction
C. Stimulates peristalsis
D. Breakdown of glucose
E. Bile synthesis


20. Which of the following components is needed for normal vitamin B12 absorption?

A. Receptors on ileal cells
B. Intrinsic factor
C. Parietal cell antibodies
D. Transcobalamin
E. Intrinsic factor antibodies

21. Which of the following will occur when the corpus luteum degenerates?

A. Circulating levels of estrogen and progesterone decline
B. FSH and LH secretion start to rise as the inhibitory effects of the gonadal steroids are withdrawn
C. Endometrium sloughing occurs
D. None of the above
E. All of the above



22. Which of the following explains the effect parasympathetic activity would have on the sinoatrial (SA) node?

A.  Calcium (Ca2+) permeability
B.  Sodium (Na+) permeability
C.  Potassium (K+) permeability
D.  Potassium (K+) permeability
E.  Sodium (Na+) permeability

23. Which of the following explains the effect sympathetic activity would have on the sinoatrial (SA) node?

A. Sodium (Na+) permeability
B. Sodium (Na+) permeability
C. Potassium (K+) permeability
D. Potassium (K+) permeability
E. slow inward calcium (Ca2+)

24. The cell mediated immune system is most efficient in fighting what type of invader?

A. Tuberculosis infection
B. Viruses
C. Fungi
D. Parasitic infections
E. All of the above





25. Which of the following cells is vital to immune system operations?

A. Macrophage
B. B cell
C. T cytotoxic cell
D. T helper cell
E. Neutrophil

26. FD is a 59 yo man in the ER because of chest pain and palpitations. He denies shortness of breath, stomachache, N/V. The pain started when he got out of his car to walk to the store. An ECG was done and is shown below. What is the reason for the long spike associated with the QRS complex?

A. Fluid in pericardial sac
B. Pulmonary irritation
C. Myocardial infarction
D. Hypertension
E. Athlete (30 yrs)

27. Which of the following is true in regards XXXXX XXXXX absolute refractory period of the heart:

A. Located at the end of the T wave
B. Allows cardiac cells to contract at all times
C. Protects the heart form unsynchronized contractions
D. Ion channels can be activated to open with a stronger current
E. Gap junctions and intercalated disc become synchronized

28. Which of the following areas is true concerning the withdrawal reflex reaction?

A. Motor cortex is involved in this reaction
B. Only the spinal column is responsible for the withdrawal response
C. Ascending pathways to the brain are responsible for reflex action
D. Pain fibers initiate reflex response in the sensory motor area
E. Neurons in the sensory cortex cross-over to inhibit response

29. Which of the following is characteristic of parathyroid hormone?

A. Facilitates normal blood calcium concentration
B. Works synergistically with calcitonin
C. Prolactin controls secretion
D. Activated vitamin D
E. Precursor found in skin

30. Which of the following is characteristic of type 2 diabetes?

A. Complete absence of insulin
B. Develops in childhood
C. Beta islet cell antibodies
D. Low blood glucose concentration
E. Requires insulin

Customer: replied 4 years ago.
1. Which of the following demonstrates the proper order of foreign antigen processing by the immune system?

A. B cell processes foreign antigen for presentation to neutrophils which activate T helper cells
B. Macrophage processes foreign antigen for presentation to T helper cells which activate B cells to produce antibodies
C. Neutrophil processes foreign antigen for presentation to T helper cells which activate B cells to produce antibodies
D. Basophils process foreign antigen for presentation to neutrophils which activate T cells
E. Eosinophils process foreign antigen for presentation to T cytotoxic cells which activate B cells to produce antibodies

2. Which of the following cells is most affective in combating viral infections?

A. Macrophage
B. B cell
C. T helper cell
D. T cytoxic cell
E. Dendritic cell

3. Which of the following are needed for T helper cell binding to other immune cells?

A. Antibodies
B. IgM antibodies
C. IgG antibodies
D. MHC class I markers
E. MHC class II markers

4. Which of the following is responsible for regulating blood flow to organs and tissues based upon
their physiological and hemodynamic requirements?

A. Capillaries
B. Venules
C. Arterioles
D. Lymphatics
E. Aorta

5. Gas, nutrient and metabolic exchange between blood and tissues takes place at what level?

A. Venules
B. Arterioles
C. Arteries
D. Capillaries
E. Lymphatics

6. Which of the following vessels would have the highest resistance?

A. Aorta
B. Artery
C. Veins
D. Lymphatics
E. Capillaries

7. Which of the following best describes the process of tubular reabsorption?

A. Selective movement of nonfiltered substances from the peritubular capillaries into tubular lumen
B. Selective movement of filtered substances from the tubular lumen into peritubular capillaries
C. Selective movement of nonfiltered substances from the peritubular capillaries into glomerulus
D. Nonselective movement of nonfiltered substances from the tubular lumen into capillary lumens
E. Nonselective movement of nonfiltered substances from the peritubular capillaries into glomerulus
8. Which of the following filtered substances is normally not present in urine?

A. Sodium (Na+ )
B. Phosphate (PO43- )
C. Water (H2O)
D. Hydrogen (H+ )
E. Urea

9. Reabsoption of which of the following substances is not linked to active sodium reabsoption?

A. Sodium (Na+ )
B. Phosphate (PO43- )
C. Water (H2O)
D. Hydrogen (H+ )
E. Chloride (Cl- )

10. Which of the following best describes the actions of the glomerulus?

A. Regulates selective movement of ions from peritubular capillaries
B. Nondiscriminant filtration of glucose from glomerulus into Bowen’s capsule
C. Nondiscriminant filtration of a protein from Bowen’s capsule into peritubular fluid
D. Nondiscriminant filtration of a protein free plasma from glomerulus into Bowen’s capsule
E. Regulates selective movement of sodium from peritubular capillaries into proximal tubule

11. Which of the following best describes the actions of lipase?

A. Fragmentation of polypeptides
B. Attacks different peptide fragments
C. Hydrolyzes triglycerides to fatty acids
D. Emulsifies monoglycerides
E. Site of action are the large intestines

12. Which of the following combinations are stimulatory for parietal cell secretion?

A. Mechanical action – histamine – epinephrine
B. Acetylcholine – gastrin – histamine
C. Serotonin – histamine – bile
D. Acid – protein – gastrin
E. Glucose – pepsin – fats

13. Which of the following controls gastrointestinal movements?

A. Muscularis mucosa
B. Sympathetic plexus
C. Gastrin
D. Cholecystokinin
E. Myenteric plexus

14. Which of the following controls mainly gastrointestinal secretion and local blood flow?

A. Secretin
B. Meissner's plexus
C. Gastric Inhibitory Peptide
D. Sucrase
E. Epinephrine







15. Selective movement of nonfiltered substances from peritubular capillaries into the tubular lumen describes which of the following mechanisms?

A. Tubular Secretion
B. Tubular excretion
C. Glomerular excretion
D. Peritubular absorption
E. Glomerular filtration

16. Which of the following stimulates the release of motilin?

A. Saturated fats
B. Fasting
C. Spicy foods
D. Carbohydrates
E. Dairy products

17. Which of the following factors does not increase vasopressin secretion?

A. ECF (extracellular fluid) hypertonicity
B. Alcohol ingestion
C. Stress on the body
D. ECF volume deficit
E. Angiotensin II

18. Which of the following concerning fever production is false?

A. Endogenous pyrogen is released by white blood cells in response to microbial invasion
B. The hypothalamic set point is elevated
C. The hypothalamus initiates a cold response mechanism to increase the body temperature
D. Prostaglandins appear to mediate the effect
E. The hypothalamus is not effective in regulating body temperature during fever

19. Which of the following is a function of cholecystokinin?

A. Breakdown of fats
B. Gall bladder contraction
C. Stimulates peristalsis
D. Breakdown of glucose
E. Bile synthesis


20. Which of the following components is needed for normal vitamin B12 absorption?

A. Receptors on ileal cells
B. Intrinsic factor
C. Parietal cell antibodies
D. Transcobalamin
E. Intrinsic factor antibodies

21. Which of the following will occur when the corpus luteum degenerates?

A. Circulating levels of estrogen and progesterone decline
B. FSH and LH secretion start to rise as the inhibitory effects of the gonadal steroids are withdrawn
C. Endometrium sloughing occurs
D. None of the above
E. All of the above



22. Which of the following explains the effect parasympathetic activity would have on the sinoatrial (SA) node?

A.  Calcium (Ca2+) permeability
B.  Sodium (Na+) permeability
C.  Potassium (K+) permeability
D.  Potassium (K+) permeability
E.  Sodium (Na+) permeability

23. Which of the following explains the effect sympathetic activity would have on the sinoatrial (SA) node?

A. Sodium (Na+) permeability
B. Sodium (Na+) permeability
C. Potassium (K+) permeability
D. Potassium (K+) permeability
E. slow inward calcium (Ca2+)

24. The cell mediated immune system is most efficient in fighting what type of invader?

A. Tuberculosis infection
B. Viruses
C. Fungi
D. Parasitic infections
E. All of the above





25. Which of the following cells is vital to immune system operations?

A. Macrophage
B. B cell
C. T cytotoxic cell
D. T helper cell
E. Neutrophil

26. FD is a 59 yo man in the ER because of chest pain and palpitations. He denies shortness of breath, stomachache, N/V. The pain started when he got out of his car to walk to the store. An ECG was done and is shown below. What is the reason for the long spike associated with the QRS complex?

A. Fluid in pericardial sac
B. Pulmonary irritation
C. Myocardial infarction
D. Hypertension
E. Athlete (30 yrs)

27. Which of the following is true in regards XXXXX XXXXX absolute refractory period of the heart:

A. Located at the end of the T wave
B. Allows cardiac cells to contract at all times
C. Protects the heart form unsynchronized contractions
D. Ion channels can be activated to open with a stronger current
E. Gap junctions and intercalated disc become synchronized

28. Which of the following areas is true concerning the withdrawal reflex reaction?

A. Motor cortex is involved in this reaction
B. Only the spinal column is responsible for the withdrawal response
C. Ascending pathways to the brain are responsible for reflex action
D. Pain fibers initiate reflex response in the sensory motor area
E. Neurons in the sensory cortex cross-over to inhibit response

29. Which of the following is characteristic of parathyroid hormone?

A. Facilitates normal blood calcium concentration
B. Works synergistically with calcitonin
C. Prolactin controls secretion
D. Activated vitamin D
E. Precursor found in skin

30. Which of the following is characteristic of type 2 diabetes?

A. Complete absence of insulin
B. Develops in childhood
C. Beta islet cell antibodies
D. Low blood glucose concentration
E. Requires insulin

Customer: replied 4 years ago.
1. Which of the following demonstrates the proper order of foreign antigen processing by the immune system?

A. B cell processes foreign antigen for presentation to neutrophils which activate T helper cells
B. Macrophage processes foreign antigen for presentation to T helper cells which activate B cells to produce antibodies
C. Neutrophil processes foreign antigen for presentation to T helper cells which activate B cells to produce antibodies
D. Basophils process foreign antigen for presentation to neutrophils which activate T cells
E. Eosinophils process foreign antigen for presentation to T cytotoxic cells which activate B cells to produce antibodies

2. Which of the following cells is most affective in combating viral infections?

A. Macrophage
B. B cell
C. T helper cell
D. T cytoxic cell
E. Dendritic cell

3. Which of the following are needed for T helper cell binding to other immune cells?

A. Antibodies
B. IgM antibodies
C. IgG antibodies
D. MHC class I markers
E. MHC class II markers

4. Which of the following is responsible for regulating blood flow to organs and tissues based upon
their physiological and hemodynamic requirements?

A. Capillaries
B. Venules
C. Arterioles
D. Lymphatics
E. Aorta

5. Gas, nutrient and metabolic exchange between blood and tissues takes place at what level?

A. Venules
B. Arterioles
C. Arteries
D. Capillaries
E. Lymphatics

6. Which of the following vessels would have the highest resistance?

A. Aorta
B. Artery
C. Veins
D. Lymphatics
E. Capillaries

7. Which of the following best describes the process of tubular reabsorption?

A. Selective movement of nonfiltered substances from the peritubular capillaries into tubular lumen
B. Selective movement of filtered substances from the tubular lumen into peritubular capillaries
C. Selective movement of nonfiltered substances from the peritubular capillaries into glomerulus
D. Nonselective movement of nonfiltered substances from the tubular lumen into capillary lumens
E. Nonselective movement of nonfiltered substances from the peritubular capillaries into glomerulus
8. Which of the following filtered substances is normally not present in urine?

A. Sodium (Na+ )
B. Phosphate (PO43- )
C. Water (H2O)
D. Hydrogen (H+ )
E. Urea

9. Reabsoption of which of the following substances is not linked to active sodium reabsoption?

A. Sodium (Na+ )
B. Phosphate (PO43- )
C. Water (H2O)
D. Hydrogen (H+ )
E. Chloride (Cl- )

10. Which of the following best describes the actions of the glomerulus?

A. Regulates selective movement of ions from peritubular capillaries
B. Nondiscriminant filtration of glucose from glomerulus into Bowen’s capsule
C. Nondiscriminant filtration of a protein from Bowen’s capsule into peritubular fluid
D. Nondiscriminant filtration of a protein free plasma from glomerulus into Bowen’s capsule
E. Regulates selective movement of sodium from peritubular capillaries into proximal tubule

11. Which of the following best describes the actions of lipase?

A. Fragmentation of polypeptides
B. Attacks different peptide fragments
C. Hydrolyzes triglycerides to fatty acids
D. Emulsifies monoglycerides
E. Site of action are the large intestines

12. Which of the following combinations are stimulatory for parietal cell secretion?

A. Mechanical action – histamine – epinephrine
B. Acetylcholine – gastrin – histamine
C. Serotonin – histamine – bile
D. Acid – protein – gastrin
E. Glucose – pepsin – fats

13. Which of the following controls gastrointestinal movements?

A. Muscularis mucosa
B. Sympathetic plexus
C. Gastrin
D. Cholecystokinin
E. Myenteric plexus

14. Which of the following controls mainly gastrointestinal secretion and local blood flow?

A. Secretin
B. Meissner's plexus
C. Gastric Inhibitory Peptide
D. Sucrase
E. Epinephrine







15. Selective movement of nonfiltered substances from peritubular capillaries into the tubular lumen describes which of the following mechanisms?

A. Tubular Secretion
B. Tubular excretion
C. Glomerular excretion
D. Peritubular absorption
E. Glomerular filtration

16. Which of the following stimulates the release of motilin?

A. Saturated fats
B. Fasting
C. Spicy foods
D. Carbohydrates
E. Dairy products

17. Which of the following factors does not increase vasopressin secretion?

A. ECF (extracellular fluid) hypertonicity
B. Alcohol ingestion
C. Stress on the body
D. ECF volume deficit
E. Angiotensin II

18. Which of the following concerning fever production is false?

A. Endogenous pyrogen is released by white blood cells in response to microbial invasion
B. The hypothalamic set point is elevated
C. The hypothalamus initiates a cold response mechanism to increase the body temperature
D. Prostaglandins appear to mediate the effect
E. The hypothalamus is not effective in regulating body temperature during fever

19. Which of the following is a function of cholecystokinin?

A. Breakdown of fats
B. Gall bladder contraction
C. Stimulates peristalsis
D. Breakdown of glucose
E. Bile synthesis


20. Which of the following components is needed for normal vitamin B12 absorption?

A. Receptors on ileal cells
B. Intrinsic factor
C. Parietal cell antibodies
D. Transcobalamin
E. Intrinsic factor antibodies

21. Which of the following will occur when the corpus luteum degenerates?

A. Circulating levels of estrogen and progesterone decline
B. FSH and LH secretion start to rise as the inhibitory effects of the gonadal steroids are withdrawn
C. Endometrium sloughing occurs
D. None of the above
E. All of the above



22. Which of the following explains the effect parasympathetic activity would have on the sinoatrial (SA) node?

A.  Calcium (Ca2+) permeability
B.  Sodium (Na+) permeability
C.  Potassium (K+) permeability
D.  Potassium (K+) permeability
E.  Sodium (Na+) permeability

23. Which of the following explains the effect sympathetic activity would have on the sinoatrial (SA) node?

A. Sodium (Na+) permeability
B. Sodium (Na+) permeability
C. Potassium (K+) permeability
D. Potassium (K+) permeability
E. slow inward calcium (Ca2+)

24. The cell mediated immune system is most efficient in fighting what type of invader?

A. Tuberculosis infection
B. Viruses
C. Fungi
D. Parasitic infections
E. All of the above





25. Which of the following cells is vital to immune system operations?

A. Macrophage
B. B cell
C. T cytotoxic cell
D. T helper cell
E. Neutrophil

26. FD is a 59 yo man in the ER because of chest pain and palpitations. He denies shortness of breath, stomachache, N/V. The pain started when he got out of his car to walk to the store. An ECG was done and is shown below. What is the reason for the long spike associated with the QRS complex?

A. Fluid in pericardial sac
B. Pulmonary irritation
C. Myocardial infarction
D. Hypertension
E. Athlete (30 yrs)

27. Which of the following is true in regards XXXXX XXXXX absolute refractory period of the heart:

A. Located at the end of the T wave
B. Allows cardiac cells to contract at all times
C. Protects the heart form unsynchronized contractions
D. Ion channels can be activated to open with a stronger current
E. Gap junctions and intercalated disc become synchronized

28. Which of the following areas is true concerning the withdrawal reflex reaction?

A. Motor cortex is involved in this reaction
B. Only the spinal column is responsible for the withdrawal response
C. Ascending pathways to the brain are responsible for reflex action
D. Pain fibers initiate reflex response in the sensory motor area
E. Neurons in the sensory cortex cross-over to inhibit response

29. Which of the following is characteristic of parathyroid hormone?

A. Facilitates normal blood calcium concentration
B. Works synergistically with calcitonin
C. Prolactin controls secretion
D. Activated vitamin D
E. Precursor found in skin

30. Which of the following is characteristic of type 2 diabetes?

A. Complete absence of insulin
B. Develops in childhood
C. Beta islet cell antibodies
D. Low blood glucose concentration
E. Requires insulin

Customer: replied 4 years ago.
1. Which of the following demonstrates the proper order of foreign antigen processing by the immune system?

A. B cell processes foreign antigen for presentation to neutrophils which activate T helper cells
B. Macrophage processes foreign antigen for presentation to T helper cells which activate B cells to produce antibodies
C. Neutrophil processes foreign antigen for presentation to T helper cells which activate B cells to produce antibodies
D. Basophils process foreign antigen for presentation to neutrophils which activate T cells
E. Eosinophils process foreign antigen for presentation to T cytotoxic cells which activate B cells to produce antibodies

2. Which of the following cells is most affective in combating viral infections?

A. Macrophage
B. B cell
C. T helper cell
D. T cytoxic cell
E. Dendritic cell

3. Which of the following are needed for T helper cell binding to other immune cells?

A. Antibodies
B. IgM antibodies
C. IgG antibodies
D. MHC class I markers
E. MHC class II markers

4. Which of the following is responsible for regulating blood flow to organs and tissues based upon
their physiological and hemodynamic requirements?

A. Capillaries
B. Venules
C. Arterioles
D. Lymphatics
E. Aorta

5. Gas, nutrient and metabolic exchange between blood and tissues takes place at what level?

A. Venules
B. Arterioles
C. Arteries
D. Capillaries
E. Lymphatics

6. Which of the following vessels would have the highest resistance?

A. Aorta
B. Artery
C. Veins
D. Lymphatics
E. Capillaries

7. Which of the following best describes the process of tubular reabsorption?

A. Selective movement of nonfiltered substances from the peritubular capillaries into tubular lumen
B. Selective movement of filtered substances from the tubular lumen into peritubular capillaries
C. Selective movement of nonfiltered substances from the peritubular capillaries into glomerulus
D. Nonselective movement of nonfiltered substances from the tubular lumen into capillary lumens
E. Nonselective movement of nonfiltered substances from the peritubular capillaries into glomerulus
8. Which of the following filtered substances is normally not present in urine?

A. Sodium (Na+ )
B. Phosphate (PO43- )
C. Water (H2O)
D. Hydrogen (H+ )
E. Urea

9. Reabsoption of which of the following substances is not linked to active sodium reabsoption?

A. Sodium (Na+ )
B. Phosphate (PO43- )
C. Water (H2O)
D. Hydrogen (H+ )
E. Chloride (Cl- )

10. Which of the following best describes the actions of the glomerulus?

A. Regulates selective movement of ions from peritubular capillaries
B. Nondiscriminant filtration of glucose from glomerulus into Bowen’s capsule
C. Nondiscriminant filtration of a protein from Bowen’s capsule into peritubular fluid
D. Nondiscriminant filtration of a protein free plasma from glomerulus into Bowen’s capsule
E. Regulates selective movement of sodium from peritubular capillaries into proximal tubule

11. Which of the following best describes the actions of lipase?

A. Fragmentation of polypeptides
B. Attacks different peptide fragments
C. Hydrolyzes triglycerides to fatty acids
D. Emulsifies monoglycerides
E. Site of action are the large intestines

12. Which of the following combinations are stimulatory for parietal cell secretion?

A. Mechanical action – histamine – epinephrine
B. Acetylcholine – gastrin – histamine
C. Serotonin – histamine – bile
D. Acid – protein – gastrin
E. Glucose – pepsin – fats

13. Which of the following controls gastrointestinal movements?

A. Muscularis mucosa
B. Sympathetic plexus
C. Gastrin
D. Cholecystokinin
E. Myenteric plexus

14. Which of the following controls mainly gastrointestinal secretion and local blood flow?

A. Secretin
B. Meissner's plexus
C. Gastric Inhibitory Peptide
D. Sucrase
E. Epinephrine







15. Selective movement of nonfiltered substances from peritubular capillaries into the tubular lumen describes which of the following mechanisms?

A. Tubular Secretion
B. Tubular excretion
C. Glomerular excretion
D. Peritubular absorption
E. Glomerular filtration

16. Which of the following stimulates the release of motilin?

A. Saturated fats
B. Fasting
C. Spicy foods
D. Carbohydrates
E. Dairy products

17. Which of the following factors does not increase vasopressin secretion?

A. ECF (extracellular fluid) hypertonicity
B. Alcohol ingestion
C. Stress on the body
D. ECF volume deficit
E. Angiotensin II

18. Which of the following concerning fever production is false?

A. Endogenous pyrogen is released by white blood cells in response to microbial invasion
B. The hypothalamic set point is elevated
C. The hypothalamus initiates a cold response mechanism to increase the body temperature
D. Prostaglandins appear to mediate the effect
E. The hypothalamus is not effective in regulating body temperature during fever

19. Which of the following is a function of cholecystokinin?

A. Breakdown of fats
B. Gall bladder contraction
C. Stimulates peristalsis
D. Breakdown of glucose
E. Bile synthesis


20. Which of the following components is needed for normal vitamin B12 absorption?

A. Receptors on ileal cells
B. Intrinsic factor
C. Parietal cell antibodies
D. Transcobalamin
E. Intrinsic factor antibodies

21. Which of the following will occur when the corpus luteum degenerates?

A. Circulating levels of estrogen and progesterone decline
B. FSH and LH secretion start to rise as the inhibitory effects of the gonadal steroids are withdrawn
C. Endometrium sloughing occurs
D. None of the above
E. All of the above



22. Which of the following explains the effect parasympathetic activity would have on the sinoatrial (SA) node?

A.  Calcium (Ca2+) permeability
B.  Sodium (Na+) permeability
C.  Potassium (K+) permeability
D.  Potassium (K+) permeability
E.  Sodium (Na+) permeability

23. Which of the following explains the effect sympathetic activity would have on the sinoatrial (SA) node?

A. Sodium (Na+) permeability
B. Sodium (Na+) permeability
C. Potassium (K+) permeability
D. Potassium (K+) permeability
E. slow inward calcium (Ca2+)

24. The cell mediated immune system is most efficient in fighting what type of invader?

A. Tuberculosis infection
B. Viruses
C. Fungi
D. Parasitic infections
E. All of the above





25. Which of the following cells is vital to immune system operations?

A. Macrophage
B. B cell
C. T cytotoxic cell
D. T helper cell
E. Neutrophil

26. FD is a 59 yo man in the ER because of chest pain and palpitations. He denies shortness of breath, stomachache, N/V. The pain started when he got out of his car to walk to the store. An ECG was done and is shown below. What is the reason for the long spike associated with the QRS complex?

A. Fluid in pericardial sac
B. Pulmonary irritation
C. Myocardial infarction
D. Hypertension
E. Athlete (30 yrs)

27. Which of the following is true in regards XXXXX XXXXX absolute refractory period of the heart:

A. Located at the end of the T wave
B. Allows cardiac cells to contract at all times
C. Protects the heart form unsynchronized contractions
D. Ion channels can be activated to open with a stronger current
E. Gap junctions and intercalated disc become synchronized

28. Which of the following areas is true concerning the withdrawal reflex reaction?

A. Motor cortex is involved in this reaction
B. Only the spinal column is responsible for the withdrawal response
C. Ascending pathways to the brain are responsible for reflex action
D. Pain fibers initiate reflex response in the sensory motor area
E. Neurons in the sensory cortex cross-over to inhibit response

29. Which of the following is characteristic of parathyroid hormone?

A. Facilitates normal blood calcium concentration
B. Works synergistically with calcitonin
C. Prolactin controls secretion
D. Activated vitamin D
E. Precursor found in skin

30. Which of the following is characteristic of type 2 diabetes?

A. Complete absence of insulin
B. Develops in childhood
C. Beta islet cell antibodies
D. Low blood glucose concentration
E. Requires insulin

Customer: replied 4 years ago.
1. Which of the following demonstrates the proper order of foreign antigen processing by the immune system?

A. B cell processes foreign antigen for presentation to neutrophils which activate T helper cells
B. Macrophage processes foreign antigen for presentation to T helper cells which activate B cells to produce antibodies
C. Neutrophil processes foreign antigen for presentation to T helper cells which activate B cells to produce antibodies
D. Basophils process foreign antigen for presentation to neutrophils which activate T cells
E. Eosinophils process foreign antigen for presentation to T cytotoxic cells which activate B cells to produce antibodies

2. Which of the following cells is most affective in combating viral infections?

A. Macrophage
B. B cell
C. T helper cell
D. T cytoxic cell
E. Dendritic cell

3. Which of the following are needed for T helper cell binding to other immune cells?

A. Antibodies
B. IgM antibodies
C. IgG antibodies
D. MHC class I markers
E. MHC class II markers

4. Which of the following is responsible for regulating blood flow to organs and tissues based upon
their physiological and hemodynamic requirements?

A. Capillaries
B. Venules
C. Arterioles
D. Lymphatics
E. Aorta

5. Gas, nutrient and metabolic exchange between blood and tissues takes place at what level?

A. Venules
B. Arterioles
C. Arteries
D. Capillaries
E. Lymphatics

6. Which of the following vessels would have the highest resistance?

A. Aorta
B. Artery
C. Veins
D. Lymphatics
E. Capillaries

7. Which of the following best describes the process of tubular reabsorption?

A. Selective movement of nonfiltered substances from the peritubular capillaries into tubular lumen
B. Selective movement of filtered substances from the tubular lumen into peritubular capillaries
C. Selective movement of nonfiltered substances from the peritubular capillaries into glomerulus
D. Nonselective movement of nonfiltered substances from the tubular lumen into capillary lumens
E. Nonselective movement of nonfiltered substances from the peritubular capillaries into glomerulus
8. Which of the following filtered substances is normally not present in urine?

A. Sodium (Na+ )
B. Phosphate (PO43- )
C. Water (H2O)
D. Hydrogen (H+ )
E. Urea

9. Reabsoption of which of the following substances is not linked to active sodium reabsoption?

A. Sodium (Na+ )
B. Phosphate (PO43- )
C. Water (H2O)
D. Hydrogen (H+ )
E. Chloride (Cl- )

10. Which of the following best describes the actions of the glomerulus?

A. Regulates selective movement of ions from peritubular capillaries
B. Nondiscriminant filtration of glucose from glomerulus into Bowen’s capsule
C. Nondiscriminant filtration of a protein from Bowen’s capsule into peritubular fluid
D. Nondiscriminant filtration of a protein free plasma from glomerulus into Bowen’s capsule
E. Regulates selective movement of sodium from peritubular capillaries into proximal tubule

11. Which of the following best describes the actions of lipase?

A. Fragmentation of polypeptides
B. Attacks different peptide fragments
C. Hydrolyzes triglycerides to fatty acids
D. Emulsifies monoglycerides
E. Site of action are the large intestines

12. Which of the following combinations are stimulatory for parietal cell secretion?

A. Mechanical action – histamine – epinephrine
B. Acetylcholine – gastrin – histamine
C. Serotonin – histamine – bile
D. Acid – protein – gastrin
E. Glucose – pepsin – fats

13. Which of the following controls gastrointestinal movements?

A. Muscularis mucosa
B. Sympathetic plexus
C. Gastrin
D. Cholecystokinin
E. Myenteric plexus

14. Which of the following controls mainly gastrointestinal secretion and local blood flow?

A. Secretin
B. Meissner's plexus
C. Gastric Inhibitory Peptide
D. Sucrase
E. Epinephrine







15. Selective movement of nonfiltered substances from peritubular capillaries into the tubular lumen describes which of the following mechanisms?

A. Tubular Secretion
B. Tubular excretion
C. Glomerular excretion
D. Peritubular absorption
E. Glomerular filtration

16. Which of the following stimulates the release of motilin?

A. Saturated fats
B. Fasting
C. Spicy foods
D. Carbohydrates
E. Dairy products

17. Which of the following factors does not increase vasopressin secretion?

A. ECF (extracellular fluid) hypertonicity
B. Alcohol ingestion
C. Stress on the body
D. ECF volume deficit
E. Angiotensin II

18. Which of the following concerning fever production is false?

A. Endogenous pyrogen is released by white blood cells in response to microbial invasion
B. The hypothalamic set point is elevated
C. The hypothalamus initiates a cold response mechanism to increase the body temperature
D. Prostaglandins appear to mediate the effect
E. The hypothalamus is not effective in regulating body temperature during fever

19. Which of the following is a function of cholecystokinin?

A. Breakdown of fats
B. Gall bladder contraction
C. Stimulates peristalsis
D. Breakdown of glucose
E. Bile synthesis
20. Which of the following components is needed for normal vitamin B12 absorption?

A. Receptors on ileal cells
B. Intrinsic factor
C. Parietal cell antibodies
D. Transcobalamin
E. Intrinsic factor antibodies

21. Which of the following will occur when the corpus luteum degenerates?

A. Circulating levels of estrogen and progesterone decline
B. FSH and LH secretion start to rise as the inhibitory effects of the gonadal steroids are withdrawn
C. Endometrium sloughing occurs
D. None of the above
E. All of the above
22. Which of the following explains the effect parasympathetic activity would have on the sinoatrial (SA) node?

A.  Calcium (Ca2+) permeability
B.  Sodium (Na+) permeability
C.  Potassium (K+) permeability
D.  Potassium (K+) permeability
E.  Sodium (Na+) permeability

23. Which of the following explains the effect sympathetic activity would have on the sinoatrial (SA) node?

A. Sodium (Na+) permeability
B. Sodium (Na+) permeability
C. Potassium (K+) permeability
D. Potassium (K+) permeability
E. slow inward calcium (Ca2+)

24. The cell mediated immune system is most efficient in fighting what type of invader?

A. Tuberculosis infection
B. Viruses
C. Fungi
D. Parasitic infections
E. All of the above





25. Which of the following cells is vital to immune system operations?

A. Macrophage
B. B cell
C. T cytotoxic cell
D. T helper cell
E. Neutrophil

26. FD is a 59 yo man in the ER because of chest pain and palpitations. He denies shortness of breath, stomachache, N/V. The pain started when he got out of his car to walk to the store. An ECG was done and is shown below. What is the reason for the long spike associated with the QRS complex?

A. Fluid in pericardial sac
B. Pulmonary irritation
C. Myocardial infarction
D. Hypertension
E. Athlete (30 yrs)

27. Which of the following is true in regards XXXXX XXXXX absolute refractory period of the heart:

A. Located at the end of the T wave
B. Allows cardiac cells to contract at all times
C. Protects the heart form unsynchronized contractions
D. Ion channels can be activated to open with a stronger current
E. Gap junctions and intercalated disc become synchronized

28. Which of the following areas is true concerning the withdrawal reflex reaction?

A. Motor cortex is involved in this reaction
B. Only the spinal column is responsible for the withdrawal response
C. Ascending pathways to the brain are responsible for reflex action
D. Pain fibers initiate reflex response in the sensory motor area
E. Neurons in the sensory cortex cross-over to inhibit response

29. Which of the following is characteristic of parathyroid hormone?

A. Facilitates normal blood calcium concentration
B. Works synergistically with calcitonin
C. Prolactin controls secretion
D. Activated vitamin D
E. Precursor found in skin

30. Which of the following is characteristic of type 2 diabetes?

A. Complete absence of insulin
B. Develops in childhood
C. Beta islet cell antibodies
D. Low blood glucose concentration
E. Requires insulin
Expert:  Jabi replied 4 years ago.
Hello dear client,

Download your Answers from the below link;

https://www.box.com/s/df644a2868dd23fcc4e2

Please Rate my Tutorial so that i get credit for all my efforts and time.

Regards,
Jabi
Customer: replied 4 years ago.
Wow that was insanely fast!! i guess someone else from my university posted these questions before!! i will rate it as soon as i get my grade:) Thank you!
Expert:  Jabi replied 4 years ago.
Hello dear student,

You most welcome anytime :)

To request my help, just put "For Jabi", I will reply ASAP

Regards,
Jabi
Customer: replied 4 years ago.
Ok Jabi i will ,thank you
Expert:  Jabi replied 4 years ago.
You most welcome :)

Wish you best of luck!
Customer: replied 4 years ago.
Jabi, is it possible to send me the link again with the answer key the page disappeared and i was just re checking i put down the right answers . i forgot to download the file
Expert:  Jabi replied 4 years ago.
THIS ANSWER IS LOCKED!

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