For Chris M. exam #40632900
1. The penitentiary concept was originally put into wide practice in
A. England. C. Milan.
B. the United States. D. Wales.
2. The decision about which institution in a jurisdiction an
offender will go to begin his or her term of incarceration is
made at the
A. regional office of the BOP.
B. community corrections and detention division.
C. BOP central office in Washington, D.C.
D. classification facility.
3. One of the criticisms waged against cocorrectional facilities is
A. women prisoners are offered few, if any, economic or
B. male prisoners are not supervised efficiently, putting
women at risk.
C. pseudofamilies established by the women are negatively
D. the prison normalizes the environment by integrating the
sexes in the daytime.
4. What percentage of state prison inmates report having some kind of mental problem?
A. 15 percent C. 43 percent
B. 24 percent D. 56 percent
5. Homosexual activity in women’s institutions is based on
A. the predominance of homosexual women in prison.
D. pseudofamily roles.
6. If a probationer violates the terms of his or her probation, he or she may be subject to
A. mandatory jail time. C. revocation.
B. restitution. D. community service.
7. Money penalties keyed to an offender’s net daily income are called
A. damages. C. day fines.
B. fines. D. forfeitures.
8. One kind of community correctional facility is a
A. halfway house. C. work camp.
B. minimum-security prison. D. jail.
9. Who conducts the presentence investigation?
A. Probation agency C. Defendant’s lawyer
B. Parole officer D. Treatment supervisor
10. _______ was credited with the idea that people should know precisely what punishment
was prescribed for specific offenses and that the severity of that punishment
should fit the crime.
A. William Penn C. XXXXX XXXXX
B. Graeme Newman D. Cesare Beccaria
11. In what case did the U.S. Supreme Court rule that censorship of a prisoner’s mail
could happen only during certain specific situations?
A. Cooper v. Pate C. Procunier v. Martinez
B. Johnson v. Avery D. O’Lone v. Estate of Shabazz
12. Offenders who are sentenced to two years of _______ must pass through a series of
phases that become progressively less restrictive.
A. minimum security imprisonment C. shock probation
B. traditional probation D. intensive-supervision probation
13. One of the criticisms of assigning first-time nonviolent white-collar offenders to federal
halfway houses instead of prisons was
A. it discouraged real rehabilitation.
B. it allowed wealthy offenders to circumvent sentencing guidelines.
C. communities were up in arms about having halfway houses in their
D. 40 percent of the halfway house residents failed to complete their programs
14. If someone has been sentenced to nonsecure community corrections, then that person is
A. on residential probation.
B. under house arrest.
C. under intensive probation supervision.
D. in prison.
15. Clemmer identified the process of assimilation of a new inmate into the existing prison
A. the importation model. C. prisonization.
B. institutionalization. D. subculture shock.
16. Which of the following punishments is considered an intermediate sanction?
A. Probation C. Suspended sentence
B. Home confinement D. Incarceration
17. Prerelease programs that allow inmates to participate in furloughs in order to search
for a job have been shown to
A. have no effect on recidivism rates.
B. reduce the risks to public safety after release.
C. decrease the likelihood that an inmate will return to drug and alcohol abuse.
D. increase the risks to public safety.
18. The median educational level of both federal and state inmates is
A. 12 years. C. some high school.
B. eighth grade. D. sixth grade.
19. Which of the following typically lasts 90–180 days?
A. A suspended sentence C. Shock incarceration
B. Probation D. Parole
20. Most regard John Augustus as the contemporary originator of
A. parole. C. intermediate punishment.
B. suspended sentences. D. probation.