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social impact of technology
1




















































































__________ theories hold that certain actions or practices are inherently right or wrong.


































A. Consequentialist







B. Utilitarian







C. Deontological







D. Ethical

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According to the textbook, all of the following are true about a person's possible opposition to technological violations of natural orders EXCEPT:


































A. they are sometimes based on concern about long-term consequences of intervention.







B. they can be based on religious beliefs.







C. they often stem from the longevity of a particular practice.







D. they stem from a lack of education.

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Ethical conflict over cases of cross-border and multigenerational pollution is an example of a dispute relating to:


































A. violations of established world orders.







B. violations of supposedly exceptionless principles.







C. distribution of science- or technology-related benefits.







D. exposure to significant harm without prior consent.

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Sometimes the availability of technological advances causes individuals to experience conflicts concerning their cherished values. Examples of these conflicts discussed in your textbook include all of the following EXCEPT:


































A. the right to the pursuit of happiness.







B. death with dignity.







C. right to privacy.







D. human life preservation.

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A large number of individual acts of negligible adverse impact can result in substantial harm when considered in total. These outcomes are referred to as:


































A. public harms of aggregation.







B. conflicts between individual and social justice.







C. practitioner problems.







D. problems of "positive" rights.

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_________ arise primarily inside the spheres of science and technology.


































A. Science- or technologically-precipitated value conflicts







B. Science- or technology-engendered "positive rights"







C. Practitioner problems







D. Problems of public aggregation

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Ethical problems related to __________ indicate that freedom of scientific inquiry is not an absolute, unconditional, inviolable right.


































A. distributive justices







B. whistle-blowing







C. consideration of long-term effects







D. fraud and misrepresentation

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The text suggests that, ultimately, science- or technology-related courses of action should be granted ethical approval only if:


































A. the expected benefits of an action outweigh its expected costs.







B. projected outcomes yield at least as large a surplus of beneficial consequences over harmful consequences as that of any available alternative.







C. the action will make everyone better off, and yield the greatest benefit to those currently in worst positions.







D. the projected harmful consequences are below a set quantitative threshold and are greatly outweighed by their positive counterparts.

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Paul Alcorn maintains that the distinction between human and animal manipulation of the natural environment to create artifacts is:


































A. technology.







B. the ethical application of technology.







C. choice.







D. creativity and adaptation.

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According to Paul Alcorn, technology is all of the following EXCEPT:


































A. a whole collection of methodology and artificial constructs created by human beings to increase their probability of survival.







B. essentially a means of manipulating natural laws to our benefit by constructing objects and methodology that increases our efficiency and reduces waste in our lives.







C. a way to increase our standard of living by generating more income.







D. is represented by artifacts that are manufactured for specific use.

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__________ is the resistance to changes in our culture that extends to any technological device that may come along; because of this resistance, the passage of time is necessary before a new technology will filter throughout society.


































A. Homeostasis







B. Technophobia







C. Psychological trauma







D. Complexity

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Because of __________ some of the elements of a system cannot be seen but can affect the operation of a system; this is important because we must realize that what can’t be seen can still cause harm.


































A. complexity







B. dynamics







C. intransparence







D. ignorance and mistaken hypotheses

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According to Tim Healy, the Internet is an example of the unanticipated consequences of technology because:


































A. its impact on human behavior is predictable.







B. the ramifications of its influence are negligible.







C. its influence on all humans throughout the 21st century is still unknown.







D. its use is not consistent throughout the world.

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Which of the following does Healy conclude about the unanticipated consequences of technology?


































A. Life is not as complex as we like to think it is.







B. Uncertainty cannot be reduced because there is no way to predict the future.







C. Only significant actions have unanticipated consequences.







D. Short-term and long-term values are often different and contradictory.

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About __________ of processed food that is produced in the United States contains some genetically modified ingredients.


































A. 62%







B. 33%







C. 75%







D. 44%

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According to your textbook, the first genetically modified food was produced:


































A. 8,000 years ago.







B. in 1994.







C. in 2004.







D. in 2005.

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Which of the following is NOT a risk of genetically modified foods listed by your textbook?


































A. Economic loss by small-scale farmers







B. Economic loss due to longer shelf life of some products







C. Inadvertent death in humans







D. Loss of public trust due to lack of labeling

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Individuals might blow the whistle if they believe:


































A. their company is breaking the law.







B. their company is involved in acts that are financially profitable but morally wrong.







C. the actions of the company are potentially dangerous.







D. All of the above

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Which of the following statements is FALSE?


































A. Whistle-blowing often occurs when an individual believes that decision making by a company or the government may be breaking the law.







B. Ethics codes are often too broad to capture the ethical issues that confront companies.







C. Ethical behavior inevitably produces an economic cost to a firm.







D. Whistle-blowers often come from senior positions, since these are the people who have the most control over or have the most knowledge about what is occurring within the corporation.

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It is believed that the Challenger explosion could have been prevented if:


































A. the crew inside the Challenger had received more training prior to the mission.







B. if the management team had ignored Boisjoly.







C. if the seal had leaked.







D. the Challenger was sent into space at warmer temperatures.

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2










































































According to the textbook, there is a finite amount of time that our civilization can exist based on which of the following?


































A. Our civilization is based on non-renewable resources.







B. Our production of nuclear weapons will lead to mass destruction.







C. At the present birth and death rates, our population will outgrow its capacity to feed itself.







D. Plagues and diseases from non-industrialized countries will kill the population.

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Behind the United States, the world's second largest emitter of energy-related emissions is:


































A. Mexico.







B. China.







C. The Soviet Union.







D. Europe.

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In the year 2000, fossil fuels accounted for __________ of energy use while new renewable sources accounted for only __________.


































A. 50%; 12%







B. 70%; 5%







C. 77%; 2%







D. 97%; 3%

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Which of the following regions has the largest crude oil and natural gas reserves?


































A. North America







B. Central and South America







C. Europe







D. Middle East

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According to the textbook, the world adds about __________ of CO2 to the atmosphere from fossil fuel combustion each year, whereas sustainable, stable amounts would be about __________.


































A. 6 billion tons; 1 billion







B. 4 million tons; 1 billion







C. 8 billion tons; 3 billion







D. 4 billion tons; 6 billion

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In 2006 the global oil prices reached slightly above __________ a barrel.


































A. $108







B. $98







C. $88







D. $78

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The advantages of __________ as an energy source are that it is abundant, versatile, and inexpensive compared with other energy sources.


































A. coal







B. hydroelectric power







C. solar power







D. crude oil

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Which of the following fossil fuels can make a significant contribution towards improving air quality if employed into the transportation sector?


































A. Crude Oil







B. Coal







C. Natural gas







D. Solar power

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During the 1990s, wind power grew at a rate of __________ while solar energy grew at a rate of __________.


































A. 36%; 27%







B. 26%; 17%







C. 17%; 26%







D. 27%; 36%

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Nuclear energy provides about __________ of electricity in the United States.


































A. 10%







B. 15%







C. 19%







D. 25%

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The world's first large-scale nuclear power plant began operations in:


































A. 1947.







B. 1957.







C. 1967.







D. 1977.

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The Yucca mountain nuclear waste repository (proposed in 1988 to be located in Nevada) will not offer permanent storage of nuclear waste until at least:


































A. 2017.







B. 2027.







C. 2037.







D. It began storing waste in 2007.

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According to Michael Renner, the main objective of the war in Iraq is:


































A. to Liberate Iraq.







B. to maintain a cheaper supply of oil.







C. because President Bush wanted to punish President Saddam Hussain.







D. for unidentified political advancements.

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Which of the following power technologies has the highest fuel (thermal) efficiency?


































A. Fuel cell







B. Steam electric power plant







C. Nuclear electric power







D. Gas turbine electric power plant

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According to the textbook, Iceland's proposed hydrogen economy is driven by all of the following EXCEPT:


































A. recent developments in hydrogen fuel cells.







B. the movement to combat global climate change.







C. concerns over the price and supply of oil.







D. ethnic pride.

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All of the following processes are used in biomass energy technology EXCEPT:


































A. radiation.







B. combustion.







C. gasification.







D. pyrolysis.

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The technology that converts solar radiation into electricity is called __________ energy.


































A. fossil fuel







B. hydroelectric







C. nuclear







D. photo-voltaic

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One advantage of hydroelectric power generation is:


































A. the production of high-level chemical waste but no greenhouse gases.







B. very high efficiency converting water to electrical energy.







C. a wide range of sites for plant construction.







D. low construction costs.

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Which of the following is NOT a disadvantage of hydroelectric power generation?


































A. Dam construction causes loss of land suitable for agriculture.







B. Dam construction prevents upstream migration of fish.







C. Downstream water flow becomes unpredictable and creates extreme conditions.







D. Drought conditions can affect power production.

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The biggest roadblock for electric cars is:

































A. storing the electricity needed to run them.







B. the inefficiency of the electric motor.







C. the lack of usable prototypes.







D. low-volume production.




Submitted: 2 years ago.
Category: Homework
Expert:  Josie-Mod replied 2 years ago.
Hi, I am a Moderator for this topic. I sent your requested Professional a message to follow up with you here, when they are back online. If I can help further, please let me know. Thank you for your continued patience.
Expert:  FiveStarLaw replied 2 years ago.
Welcome,

Thank you so much for directing your new question to me. I am working on your answer and will post before your deadline this evening

Expert:  FiveStarLaw replied 2 years ago.
Here are my answer is for comparison with your own:

1. C. Deontological
2. D. they stem from a lack of education.
3. D. exposure to significant harm without prior consent.
4. A. the right to the pursuit of happiness.
5. A. public harms of aggregation.
6. C. Practitioner problems
7. A. distributive justices
8. D. the projected harmful consequences are below a set quantitative threshold and are greatly outweighed by their positive counterparts.
9. A. technology.
10. C. a way to increase our standard of living by generating more income.
11. A. Homeostasis
12. C. intransparence
13. C. its influence on all humans throughout the 21st century is still unknown.
14. D. Short-term and long-term values are often different and contradictory.
15. C. 75%
16. B. in 1994.
17. C. Inadvertent death in humans
18. D. All of the above
19. C. Ethical behavior inevitably produces an economic cost to a firm.
20. D. the Challenger was sent into space at warmer temperatures.

I will send the next assignment shortly
FiveStarLaw, Lawyer
Category: Homework
Satisfied Customers: 36599
Experience: Lawyer, Accountant and Researcher
FiveStarLaw and 11 other Homework Specialists are ready to help you
Expert:  FiveStarLaw replied 2 years ago.
I am not going to finish by 5 eastern time. I can finish by 7 - These questions require more research. Is that ok?
Customer: replied 2 years ago.
yes we still close, it s ok! thank you.
Expert:  FiveStarLaw replied 2 years ago.
Thanks
Expert:  FiveStarLaw replied 2 years ago.
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