How JustAnswer Works:

  • Ask an Expert
    Experts are full of valuable knowledge and are ready to help with any question. Credentials confirmed by a Fortune 500 verification firm.
  • Get a Professional Answer
    Via email, text message, or notification as you wait on our site.
    Ask follow up questions if you need to.
  • 100% Satisfaction Guarantee
    Rate the answer you receive.

Ask Dr. Charogat Your Own Question

Dr. Charogat
Dr. Charogat, Physician
Category: Homework
Satisfied Customers: 1802
Experience:  Grad high school, college, medical school. Many years of assisting people w homework various fields
Type Your Homework Question Here...
Dr. Charogat is online now
A new question is answered every 9 seconds

Psychology is defined as the scientific study of _____

Customer Question

1. Psychology is defined as the scientific study of _____. (Points : 2)
human behavior
the mind behavior and mental processes
mental processes

2. Empirical evidence is collected by _____. (Points : 2)
making inferences gathering qualitative and quantitative data through direct observation
interviewing experts in the field
conducting controlled laboratory experiments

3. People who believe that a new diet is safe and effective because a doctor wrote the book are forgetting that (Points : 2)
few "truths" transcend the need for testing. evidence varies in quality.
authority does not automatically make an idea true.
critical thinking requires an open mind.

4. Psychology's history as a science began _____. (Points : 2)
In Austria, when Sigmund Freud published his studies on psychoanalysis in 1895.
In America, when ***** ***** published his studies on psychoanalysis in 1890.
In Germany, when Wilhelm Wundt set up the first psychological laboratory in 1879.
In Russia, when Ivan Pavlov published his research on conditioning in 1906.

5. What did functionalism contribute? (Points : 2)
It became the basis of behaviorism.
It promoted educational psychology.
It influenced the development of psychoanalysis.
It argued that only humans should be the subjects of study.

6. Which of the following would be studied by a researcher in the field of positive psychology? (Points : 2)
Factors that reduce violence and aggression
The role of conformity in riots
The factors that may enhance an individual's creativity
The factors that reduce job burnout among employees

7. Psychologists who study human thinking and information processing abilities are referred to as _____. (Points : 2)
Clinical psychologists
Educational psychologists
Cognitive psychologists
Developmental psychologists

8. Which of the following is stressed in the professional code of ethics? (Points : 2)
Personal morality
High levels of competition
Respects for people's right to privacy
Research protocols with humans only

9. In a scientific experiment, a _________ is any condition that can change and that might affect the outcome of the experiment. (Points : 2)

10. The procedure by which each subject in a study has an equal chance of being assigned to the experimental and control group is called (Points : 2)
random sampling.
random assignment.
an extraneous variable.
meta analysis.

11. Joe takes an herbal supplement for pain in his knees. A few days after starting the supplement, his pain seems to decrease and he tells people that this supplement is wonderful at controlling knee pain. What else could explain Joe's diminished pain? (Points : 2)
the placebo effect
the replication effect
the experimenter effect
the observer effect

12. If neither the subjects nor the experimenter know which subjects get the true independent variable and which gets the placebo, the study is called a _____ experiment. (Points : 2)
field dual

13. ________ refers to the genetic transmission of physical and psychological characteristics from parents to children and _________ refers to the sum of all external conditions that affect a person. (Points : 2)
nurture polygenic characteristics;
readiness teratogen;
enrichment biology;

14. Denny was born weighing only five pounds, with a small head, thin upper lip, and oddly shaped eyes. He is also mentally retarded. Denny's mother most likely used which of the following during her pregnancy? (Points : 2)

15. All human emotions appear by (Points : 2)
age 1.
age 2.
age 3.
age 4.

16. In Ainsworth's study, a baby who seemed disinterested in the mother's comings and goings, turning away from her when she returned, was labeled (Points : 2)
securely attached.

17. A child who develops to be dependent and immature most likely had parents who followed which types of parenting style? (Points : 2)

18. When looking at ethnic differences in parenting, the following cultures tend to be group oriented, and they emphasize interdependence among individuals. (Points : 2)

19. When a toddler uses siWhen a toddler uses simple two-word sentences to communicate, it is referred to as _________. (Points : 2)
single-word speech
telegraphic speech
double-word speech
preoperational speech

20. The stage during which sensory input and motor responses become coordinated is labeled as Piaget's _____ stage of cognitive development. (Points : 2)
concrete operational
formal operations

21. In Lawrence Kohlberg's research on moral development, reasoning that is based on a desire to please others or to follow accepted authority, rules, and values is labeled the ______ level. (Points : 2)

22. Carol Gilligan pointed out that existing studies on moral development are biased because (Points : 2)
different races were not studied.
children were disregarded.
a woman's concern with relatives can look like a weakness rather than a strength.
only males participated in the studies.

23. How many stages is the life cycle are presented in Erikson's psychosocial theory of development? (Points : 2)

24. In life-span developmental theories, adolescents struggle with conflicts involving _____. (Points : 2)
the need to form a consistent identity.
the ability to trust the primary caregivers in their lives
the development of intimate relationships
the ability to look back at life with a sense of integrity

25. According to Carol Ryff, all of the following are associated with well-being during adulthood except (Points : 2)
environmental mastery.
a purpose in life.
a critical review of one's life.

26. Children who are rebellious and aggressive are often the products of which of the following styles of discipline? (Points : 2)
power assertion
withdrawal of love
management techniques

27. In which of Kubler-Ross's stages would someone who feels exhausted and has a sense of futility be? (Points : 2)

28. After being awake for more than 60 hours, a person may develop hallucinations and delusional thinking in a state called (Points : 2)
microsleep syndrome.
sleep deprivation.
sleep deprivation psychosis.
abnormal awareness

29. In which stages of sleep would a person be most difficult to wake? (Points : 2)
Stage 1
Stage 2
Stage 3
Stage 4

30. The bulk of people's dreams occur during _____. (Points : 2)
REM sleep
NREM sleep
stage 4, deep sleep
stage 2, light sleep

31. Which of the following is true of NREM sleep? (Points : 2)
It may help the body recover from bodily fatigue.
Breathing becomes irregular.
NREM sleep is marked by rapid EEG patterns.
Dreams are more vivid and emotional during NREM.

32. A hereditary problem in which the victim has irresistible "sleep attacks" in the day is called (Points : 2)
REM behavior disorder.
sleep apnea.
excessive daytime sleepiness.

33. Freud's psychodynamic theory of dreaming emphasizes _____. (Points : 2)
dreams as sensations, motor commands, and memories that are synthesized by the cortex of the brain
dreams as internal psychic abilities that provide insight into the future
dreams as internal conflicts and unconscious forces that are based on wish fulfillment
dreams as a form of hypnosis

34. Stimulants _____ nervous system activity, whereas depressants _____ it. (Points : 2)
reduce; enhance
enhance; increase
increase; decrease
reduce; decrease

35. The life expectancy of the average cigarette smoker is reduced by (Points : 2)
1 - 5 years
5 - 10 years
10 - 15 years
15 - 20 years

36. The process by which experience or practice results in a relatively permanent change in behavior is known as _____. (Points : 2)
intelligence formation

37. In classical conditioning, _____ are important, while in operant conditioning, _____ are primary for learning. (Points : 2)
antecedents; consequences
consequences; antecedents
responses; reflexes
responses; antecedents

38. When a tone is sounded, a baby's right cheek is touched, and the baby reflexively turns its head to the direction of the touch. After several pairings, the baby turns its head to the right as soon as it hears the tone. In this example, the conditioned stimulus is the (Points : 2)
head turning.
eye movement.

39. Steve used to love dogs but was badly bitten by a stray dog once. Now he is extremely fearful when he sees any dog nearing him. This is an example of (Points : 2)
a conditioned emotional response
an anxiety disorder
an operant
systematic desensitization.

40. Operant conditioning operates on the principle that behaviors occur more often when they are _____. (Points : 2)

41. Karen and her husband are very prejudiced, Their daughter Nikki, although only a small child, also reacts very negatively to people who are different from her. Her emotional response is most likely due to (Points : 2)
vicarious classical conditioning.
stimulus generalization.
stimulus discrimination.

42. If parents ignore a child's temper tantrums and the tantrums subsequently cease, _____ has occurred. (Points : 2)
stimulus generalization
stimulus discrimination
operant extinction

43. David punishes his puppy (by placing the dog in a "time-out" box for several minutes) for soiling the rug when he comes home from work. Which rule of punishment has David broken? (Points : 2)
It needs to be immediate.
It is long-lasting.
It needs to be consistent.
It works best if it is severe.

44. The correct order for the three stages of memory is _____. (Points : 2)
short-term memory, long-term memory, retrieval
working memory, sensory register memory, long-term memory
sensory register memory, short-term memory, long-term memory
short term memory, sensory register memory, long-term memory

45. Information is transferred from sensory memory to _____ by means of _____. (Points : 2)
short-term memory; rehearsal
long-term memory; selective attention
short term memory; selective attention
long-term memory, rehearsal

46. Which of the following refers to memories for skills such as tying shoes? (Points : 2)

47. Taking a multiple choice test is based on what kind of memory retrieval? (Points : 2)

48. Forgetting because we never really formed the memory in the first place is termed (Points : 2)
encoding failure.
memory-trace decay.

49. If you hear that an airplane crashes into the Empire State Building, and you immediately think of the 9/11 terrorist attack on the World Trade Center, you are reacting to what type of memory? (Points : 2)
a repressed memory
a suppressed memory
a flashbulb memory
a pseudo-memory

50. If most of your textbook pages are highlighted with a yellow highlighter, you have probably violated which of the following methods for improving memory? (Points : 2)

Submitted: 3 years ago.
Category: Homework
Expert:  Dr. Charogat replied 3 years ago.


Here is a link the answers. Please make sure to review them before submitting them.

G-d Bless

JustAnswer in the News:

Ask-a-doc Web sites: If you've got a quick question, you can try to get an answer from sites that say they have various specialists on hand to give quick answers... seen a spike since October in legal questions from readers about layoffs, unemployment and severance.
Web sites like
...leave nothing to chance.
Traffic on JustAnswer rose 14 percent...and had nearly 400,000 page views in 30 days...inquiries related to stress, high blood pressure, drinking and heart pain jumped 33 percent.
Tory Johnson, GMA Workplace Contributor, discusses work-from-home jobs, such as JustAnswer in which verified Experts answer people’s questions.
I will tell you that...the things you have to go through to be an Expert are quite rigorous.

What Customers are Saying:

  • Wonderful service, prompt, efficient, and accurate. Couldn't have asked for more. I cannot thank you enough for your help. Mary C. Freshfield, Liverpool, UK
< Previous | Next >
  • Wonderful service, prompt, efficient, and accurate. Couldn't have asked for more. I cannot thank you enough for your help. Mary C. Freshfield, Liverpool, UK
  • This expert is wonderful. They truly know what they are talking about, and they actually care about you. They really helped put my nerves at ease. Thank you so much!!!! Alex Los Angeles, CA
  • Thank you for all your help. It is nice to know that this service is here for people like myself, who need answers fast and are not sure who to consult. GP Hesperia, CA
  • I couldn't be more satisfied! This is the site I will always come to when I need a second opinion. Justin Kernersville, NC
  • Just let me say that this encounter has been entirely professional and most helpful. I liked that I could ask additional questions and get answered in a very short turn around. Esther Woodstock, NY
  • Thank you so much for taking your time and knowledge to support my concerns. Not only did you answer my questions, you even took it a step further with replying with more pertinent information I needed to know. Robin Elkton, Maryland
  • He answered my question promptly and gave me accurate, detailed information. If all of your experts are half as good, you have a great thing going here. Diane Dallas, TX

Meet The Experts:

  • Manal Elkhoshkhany

    Manal Elkhoshkhany


    Satisfied Customers:

    More than 5000 online tutoring sessions.
< Last | Next >
  • Manal Elkhoshkhany's Avatar

    Manal Elkhoshkhany


    Satisfied Customers:

    More than 5000 online tutoring sessions.
  • LogicPro's Avatar



    Satisfied Customers:

    Expert in Java C++ C C# VB Javascript Design SQL HTML
  • Linda_us's Avatar


    Finance, Accounts & Homework Tutor

    Satisfied Customers:

    Post Graduate Diploma in Management (MBA)
  • Chris M.'s Avatar

    Chris M.

    M.S.W. Social Work

    Satisfied Customers:

    Master's Degree, strong math and writing skills, experience in one-on-one tutoring (college English)
  • F. Naz's Avatar

    F. Naz

    Chartered Accountant

    Satisfied Customers:

    Experience with chartered accountancy
  • Bizhelp's Avatar



    Satisfied Customers:

    Bachelors Degree and CPA with Accounting work experience
  • Seanna's Avatar



    Satisfied Customers:

    3,000+ satisfied customers, all topics, A+ work