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Chris M.
Chris M., M.S.W. Social Work
Category: Homework
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Experience:  Master's Degree, strong math and writing skills, experience in one-on-one tutoring (college English)
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Janell has discovered in her literature review that people

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Janell has discovered in her literature review that people often learn by imitation and observation
(termed social learning). For example, when children see an adult behave violently toward a doll, they
often imitate this violent behavior. Janell decides to do a study in which children who are initially afraid
of snakes either view an adult playing with a snake or view nothing at all. She thinks that the children
who view an adult playing with a snake will be more likely to later pet a snake than children who view
nothing at all. Which of the following statements best represents the hypothesis?



a.

"Social learning refers to the idea that people often learn by imitation and observation."

b.

"Children who view an adult playing with a snake will be more likely to later pet a snake than children
who view nothing at all."

c.

"Past research has found that when children see an adult behave violently toward a doll, they often
imitate the violent behavior."

d.

All of the above can be considered hypotheses.





Joanna, a budding undergraduate researcher, is interested in studying whether people see bright lights after they die. Why is this a poor research idea?



a.

Everyone already knows that people see bright lights after they die.

b.

It is too big of an idea for an undergraduate to tackle.

c.

This project is not testable.

d.

the same study has already been done





Which of the following best describes the APA guideline regarding inducements for research participation?



a.

It is unethical to pay people to participate in research.

b.

Researchers should avoid excessive inducements to participate in research.

c.

Research participation should be a course requirement for college students in introductory psychology
classes.

d.

Researchers cannot, under any circumstances, offer professional services as an inducement for research
participation.





Dr. Martin, a qualitative researcher, had one of his colleagues carefully read a draft of his research report to point out any inconsistencies or contradictions. Dr. Martin is examining the __________ of his
research.



a.

confirmability

b.

credibility

c.

dependability

d.

transferability






Dr. Jones spends two years immersed in the Yoruba tribe in Nigeria in order to better understand
cross-cultural differences in child-rearing. Dr. Jones is engaged in what kind of research?



a.

Naturalistic observation

b.

Ethnographic inquiry

c.

Archival research

d.

Case study



Pete conducts numerous interviews and engages in several observations of a gifted third-grader in order
to better understand the adjustment of gifted children to public schools. Pete has conducted a(n)



a.

case study.

b.

experiment.

c.

participant observation.

d.

ethnographic inquiry.




Leslie and Charlie observe children on a playground and note instances of aggression displayed by the
children. They have engaged in what kind of research?



a.

participant observation

b.

naturalistic observation

c.

ethnography

d.

case study



Joe and Sam are coders in an observational study on sex stereotyping in television commercials. When
they have finished collecting their data, they should calculate


a.

time sampling validity.

b.

interobserver validity.

c.

time sampling reliability.

d.

interobserver reliability.






If there is a positive correlation between number of hours spent studying and exam grades, then the
_____ time people spend studying, the _____ their exam grades.



a.

more; lower

b.

more; higher

c.

less; higher

d.

none of the above



Bess conducts a study in which she measures self-esteem and grade point average in a sample of 50
college students. She hypothesizes that higher self-esteem will be associated with higher grade point
average. This research approach is best described as _________ research.



a.

archival

b.

correlational

c.

grounded theory

d.

ethnographic




James conducts a study on the number of churches and amount of crime and finds a strong positive
relationship between the two (in other words, the more churches there are in a location, the more crime
there is). What should James conclude?


a.

Churches cause crime; therefore, cities should attempt to reduce the number of churches.

b.

Committing a crime causes people to go to church more in an effort to atone for their sins.

c.

High population density causes both churches and crime to increase in any geographical location.

d.

None of the above; it is not appropriate to make causal claims based on correlational data.





If you would like to determine how variables are related, you would use a(n) ________ survey.



a.

analytic

b.

descriptive

c.

pilot

d.

demographic
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