1) Multiple Choice Siddhartha Gautama's father protected him from __________ when he was young. A. sights of human misery and ugliness B. abstract philosophical teamings C. wealth and luxury D. non-Hindu religious ideas2) Multiple Choice Tibetan Buddhists believe that when the Dalai Lama dies, he: A. reaches Nirvana B. becomes the Buddha C. is reborn as a child D. returns to the Pure Land of eternal bliss3) Multiple Choice Which of the following is expected of lay Buddhists? A. Wearing coarse robs B. Abstaining from alchohol C. Refraining from eatting meats D. Refusing to marry4) Multiple Choice The word Nirvana means: A. a heavenly world of peace and love between people B. clearrational understanding of the laws of the universe C. an exalted state in which one becomes a god/goddess D. to extinguish, like a candle blown out5) Multiple Choice Adherents of ____________ Buddhism use riddles in meditationand value simplicity. A. Pure Land B. Zen C. Tendai D. Mahayana6) Multiple Choice Each of the Four Noble Truths focuses on the problem of: A. ignorance B. fate C. suffering D. hatred7) Multiple Choice One of the unique teachings of the Buddha is that humans DO NOT have: A. bodies B. minds C. emotions D. an essential soul, or self, that never changes8) Multiple Choice Which of the following is not part of the Eightfold Path? A. right speech B. right concentration C. right effort D. right desires9) Multiple Choice Buddhism spread from _________ to __________. A. India to China B. Japan to India C. China to India D. Japan to Sri Lanka10) Multiple Choice Which number best approximates the number of Buddhists in the world today? A. almost 38 million B. almost 380 million C. almost 380 thousand D. almost 3.8 billion11) Multiple Choice The spread of Buddhism to other parts of Asia around 250 B.C.E was made possible by: A. Emperor Asoka B. Prince Siddhartha C. Bodhidharma D. The monks of Tibet12) Multiple Choice Ulambana is: A. the highest state of enlightenment B. our inner most being C. a festival for the dead D. the founder of Mahayana Buddhism13) Multiple Choice A Japanese form of Buddhism that aims to purify the Japanese people by purifying Buddhism and returning to the "true" teachings fo the Buddha A. Zen B. Vajrayana C. Tendai D. Nichiren14) True/False Buddhism virtually died out in India because it was gradually absorbed by Hinduism. A. True B. False15) True/False Zen Buddhism teaches that Gods and Goddesses are essential for guiding one to Nirvana. A. True B. False16) Multiple Choice What is the class of beings who, according to Mahayana teachings, postpone the achievement of Nirvana in order to help human beings find enlightenment? A. Arhants B. Bodhis C. Bodhisattvas D. Buddhas17) True/False In Japan and Korea, Theravada Buddhism is the predominant form of religion. A. True B. False18) True/False Hinayana Buddhism is known for its liberal openness and acceptance of all varieties of faith and practice A. True B. False19) True/False The image of Buddha as fat and jolly originated in the Nichiren sect of Buddhism. A. True B. False20) Matching Match the Buddhist branch or sect with the description [Theravada, Hinayana, Mahayana, Pure Land, Tibetan, Nichiren, Zen]
A. one of the "main" branches, which teaches the "greater way."
B. Buddhist sect that practices devotion to the Bohisattva Amitabha
C. One of the "main" branches, which teaches a more exclusive or "narrow way."
D. The dominant sect in Sri Lanka, Thailand, and Laos
E. Sect that emphasizes prayers to Avalokiteshvara
F. Philosophical sect that emphasizes sitting meditation
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