To form a valid syllogism, which premise is missing in the following argument? [missing premise] Sam is a politician. Therefore, Sam is a dishonest person.
A. Some politicians are dishonest persons.
B. All politicians are dishonest persons. C. Honest people are not politicians. D. Almost no politicians are honest. 5 points
Question 2Complete the following syllogism: All X are Y; Some Z are X; Therefore, ______________. A. Some Z are Y. B. Some X are Z. C. All X are Z. D. All Z are Y. 5 points
Question 3Which rule does the following syllogism violate?
All persons in the secretaries' union are persons who make a lot of money. Ann is a secretary. Therefore, Ann is a person who makes lots of money.
A. Equivocation B. Illicit minor C. Four-terms fallacy D. Invalid conversion 5 points
Question 4Which is true? A. A deductive argument always ends with a conclusion that is a statement of probability, no matter how remote that probability. B. A sound deductive argument is one that has valid form and true premises. C. Premises of deductive arguments are never derived through induction. D. All of the above are true. 5 points
Question 5All dillybobbers are thingamajigs. No whatchamacallit is a dillybobber. Therefore, no whatchamacallits are thingamajigs. This syllogism is an example of _______________. A. The four-terms fallacy. B. A syllogism with an undistributed middle term. C. Illicit process. D. A valid syllogism. 5 points
Question 6Which one of the following statements is a universal proposition? A. Karen is a woman. B. All women are mortal. C. Some women are caring persons. D. Karen is a woman and knows many women herself. 5 points Question 7In a valid syllogism, if the first two premises are true, then ______________. A. The conclusion must be true. B. The conclusion must be false. C. The conclusion could be either true or false. D. The conclusion must be valid. 5 points
Question 8The syllogism itself, not the premises, can be _____. A. Valid. B. True. C. False. D. All of the above. 5 points
Question 9Which one of the following syllogisms is invalid? A. No X are Y. B. Some Z are X. C. Therefore, some Z are not Y. D. Some X are Z. E. All X are Y. F. Therefore, some Y are Z. G. Some X are Y. H. Some Z are X. I. Therefore, some Z are Y. J. Some X are not Z. K. All X are Y. L. Therefore, some Y are not Z. 5 points
Question 10Premises in syllogisms can be ________________. A. True B. False C. Valid D. Aall of the above E. A and b 5 points
Question 11A syllogism in which one of the premises is missing is called a(n) _________________. A. Soft deductive argument. B. Analogical argument. C. Centential argument. D. Enthymeme. 5 points
Question 12Which rule is being violated in the following syllogism? Only man (not the plants or animals) is that which has been called by God to avoid sin and reap the rewards of heaven. Martha is not a man. Therefore, Martha is not that which has been called by God to avoid sin and reap the rewards of heaven. A. Undistributed middle B. Equivocation C. Illicit minor D. Illicit major 5 points
Question 13A basic form of deductive argument is ________. A. Inductive reasoning. B. The proposition. C. Causation. D. The syllogism. 5 points
Question 14Which of the following statements is a particular proposition? A. Andrew is a monster. B. All men are monsters. C. Some men are monsters. D. Only men are monsters. 5 points
Question 15If "or" is used in its non-exclusive sense, which of the five following syllogisms is invalid? A. Either P or Q. B. Not P. C. Therefore, Q. D. Either P or Q. E. Not Q. F. Therefore, P. G. Either P or Q. H. P. I. Therefore, not Q. J. P and Q are not equal. K. P is related to R. L. Therefore, Q and R are related. 5 points
Question 16When the premises are true and the syllogism is valid, we have a(n) _______ argument. A. Illogical B. Perfect C. Sound D. Inductive 5 points
Question 17If one of the statements in a syllogism is particular, the conclusion _____________. A. Must be particular. B. Must be universal. C. Can be particular or universal. D. Must be singular. 5 points
Question 18In the following syllogism, the major term is _______________. All human beings are mortal. Ann is a human being. Ann is mortal. A. Human beings B. Ann C. Mortal D. None of the above 5 points Question 19Which one of the following hypothetical syllogisms is invalid? A. If P, then Q. B. P. C. Therefore, Q. D. If P, then Q. E. Not Q. F. Therefore, not P. G. If and only if P, then Q. H. Not P. I. Therefore, not Q. J. If P, then Q. K. Not P. L. Therefore, not Q. 5 points
Question 20Which one of the following is an example of a hypothetical statement? A. Either I will go to the store or I will go to the bank. B. If Karen returns, then I will return also.
Thank you for your help. Questions were very timely answered and accurate
I loved my first experience with JustAnswer.
A satisfied student.