How JustAnswer Works:

  • Ask an Expert
    Experts are full of valuable knowledge and are ready to help with any question. Credentials confirmed by a Fortune 500 verification firm.
  • Get a Professional Answer
    Via email, text message, or notification as you wait on our site.
    Ask follow up questions if you need to.
  • 100% Satisfaction Guarantee
    Rate the answer you receive.

Ask FiveStarLaw Your Own Question

FiveStarLaw
FiveStarLaw, Lawyer
Category: Homework
Satisfied Customers: 36603
Experience:  Lawyer, Accountant and Researcher
9968427
Type Your Homework Question Here...
FiveStarLaw is online now
A new question is answered every 9 seconds

help with hw

Customer Question

1. The serious Utilitarian ethical dilemma faced by the management of many business firms, in many circumstances, involves the effect that a decision will have a In favor of one company stakeholder group against another stakeholder group b On the firm's competitors c On local charitable and civic groups d None of the above. Question 2 Which of the following statements is NOT correct? a Laws change but ethics is constant for Kantians. b Laws change and ethics are ever changeable for a Sophist. c Laws stay the same, but definitions of corporate social responsibility are constant. d Morality is constant for Socrates, but changes for an ethical relativist. Question 3 Today, critics of the corporation argue for various corporate governance reform proposals to improve the legal, moral, and socially responsible behavior of the corporation. Which of the following is the most convincing argument for these proposals? a These proposals are advisable because corporate managers should never have any duty other than to maximize profits for the shareholders b These proposals are necessary because market forces invariably operate to deter any corporate misbehavior c These proposals are necessary because existing laws, though extensive, still have moral and social responsibility "gaps" d These proposals are inadvisable because they will reduce corporate ability to respond quickly to changing business conditions and therefore will create allocational inefficiency. Question 4 Which of the following statements is incorrect? a A theory that says that morality and ethics should be based on law is called Legal Positivism. b When a person looks to an outside source for moral rules or commands, he or she might be characterized as an ethical emotist. c An ethical theory that maintains that people must choose the action of follow the rule that provides the greatest good to society is called Utilitarianism. d An ethical theory that says that people owe moral duties that are based on universal rules is called Kantian ethics. Question 5 In order to be considered a profession what attributes of a profession does management have to work on and develop? a Autonomy and self-governance. b Codes of ethics that apply to management as whole and are "policed" and enforceable. c An oath with an appropriate ceremony when entering the management profession. d All of the above. Question 6 Ethical business leadership consists of: a. Creating, communicating, and securing acceptance of a vision. b. Energizing, challenging, and inspiring followers to realize the vision. c. Having a vision that is an inherently moral one and having the personal moral strength of character to pursue the vision in a moral manner. d. All of the above. Question 7 Happy Feet manufactures shoes in Country Y for sale in the United States. Happy Feet's president discovers that the Country Y workers' average age is sixteen and that they work on average of 13.2 hours per day in a 90 degree warehouse with insufficient safety precautions, all of which practices are legal in Country Y. The president of Happy Feet decides to improve the working hours and conditions of the company's workforce, even though these actions will be more expensive for the company. The president's decision is best described as a Lawful profit maximization b Moral profit-making c Illegal since the shareholders of Happy Feet might be harmed d Social Darwinism Question 8 Which statement is correct about the employment at-will doctrine in the United States? a It has been abrogated by federal statute. b Employers can fire at-will, but by federal law they are required to pay severance based on employee pay and length of service. c It can result in a legal but immoral discharge. d It never applies to minorities since they cannot be discharged pursuant to the Civil Rights Act. Question 9 A procedure which can be used to assess the moral health and practices of a corporation is the: a Social audit. b Valdez checkup. c Corrupt practices inventory. d Moral audit. Question 10 Kantian ethical standards would most likely be considered to have been violated if Acme Services, Inc., repre¬sents to Best Production Company that certain services will be performed for a stated fee, but it is ap¬parent to Acme at the time of the representation that a Acme cannot perform the services alone. b the actual charge will be substantially higher. c the actual charge will be substantially lower. d the fee is a competitive bid. Question 11 In the old, old, olden days, Robin Hood in Merry Old England poached the evil king's deer from the king's private and exclusive hunting grounds to feed the poor; and Robin Hood also stole from the rich to give to the money to the poor. As opposed to Ken Lay of Enron fame (rather infamy) who had 10 houses, Robin Hood lived with his "Merry Men" in the forest, specifically Sherwood Forest, where they camped out and hid from the Sheriff of Nottingham. Robin was acting: a Illegally b Socially Responsible c Morally if one is an Ethical Emotist who feels good about Robin. d All of the above. Question 12 C.E.O. Carlos believes his corporation can be influential and should be responsible for helping to solve many social problems. Carlos believes his corporation should address problems above and beyond those actually caused by the corporation. Which of the following theories does Carlos most likely subscribe to: XXXXX XXXXX Positivism b Maximization of profits c Machiavellian ethics d Social responsibility. Question 13 International Manufacturing Corporation's "side payments" to government officials in exchange for favorable business contracts in foreign countries over more deserving competitors are likely to be considered in the United States as a Illegal only b Unethical only c Illegal and unethical d None of the above. Question 14 As to why a company should be a socially responsible one and get involved in civic and charitable affairs, Socrates would likely argue: a Justice is the will of the stronger. b Money comes from virtue. c Ignorance of the law is no excuse. d Virtue comes from money. Question 15 Which of the following is not a correct statement? a Pursuant to Kantian ethics, morality is judged by a person's act. b Pursuant to most ethical theories, law and ethical standards never conflict with one another; and thus if something is a law, it is, by definition, moral. c Pursuant to an ethics based on conscience or intuition, a person looks solely within himself or herself for ethical codes or moral determinations. d John Locke and Jean Jacques Rousseau would support the Social Contract theory of morality. Question 16 Edward Executive makes $100,000 a year. Ned Newguy, a recent business school graduate, is willing to do Ed's job for $55,000. Ed has been with the company for 30 years. In a cost-saving move, the company fires Ed and replaces him with the younger and cheaper Ned Newguy. This action could be a Illegal b Immoral pursuant to Kantian ethics c Moral pursuant to Ethical Egoism d All of the above. Question 17 Which of the following cause problems in determining whether an action is legal? a A large number of ethical theories b Too general definitions of "corporate social responsibility" c A lack of lawyers d None of the above Question 18 EarthLast, Inc. pollutes the environment. They are careful, however, to just avoid violating pollution control laws. The company makes a lot of money for its shareholders. Which of the following best describes the company's approach to business? a Legal and Moral pursuant to Legal Positivism b Legal, moral, and socially responsible c Illegal and immoral d Legal and moral pursuant to Kantian ethics Question 19 Whistleblowing in the private employment sector in the United States typically is a Not protected by a uniform federal law b Protected under some state whistleblower protection statutes c Usually protected by the law if the disclosure is made to the media since the disclosure will be widespread and thus do the most good d Never required morally pursuant to Kantian ethics since the consequences for the whistleblowing employees usually are harsh, for example, loss of employment. Question 20 Whistleblowing, that is, disclosure of wrongdoing, by corporate employees can be described today as: a. Morally required if the whistleblower is the last real alternative to disclose the wrongdoing and the other parts of the Principle of Last Resort are applicable. b. Legally protected under the Sarbanes-Oxley Act if the whistleblowing is by an employee of a publicly traded company regulated by the Securities and Exchange Commission and concerns some type of securities fraud or fraud against the shareholders. c. Only legally protected under those states that have private sector Whistleblower Protection Statutes if the whistleblowing is made to an appropriate government agency. d. All of the above.
Submitted: 2 years ago.
Category: Homework
Expert:  FiveStarLaw replied 2 years ago.

I am happy to answer all of your questions but I would require them to be sent to me in small groups on separate question pages.

If this is satisfactory, please let me know when I will answer the first 4 questions here. You may start your other questions with "FOR WEBLAW" I will give it my immediate attention
Customer: replied 2 years ago.

1. The serious Utilitarian ethical dilemma faced by the management of many business firms, in many circumstances, involves the effect that a decision will have

a. In favor of one company stakeholder group against another stakeholder group

b. On the firm's competitors

c. On local charitable and civic groups

d. None of the above.

 

2. Which of the following statements is NOT correct?

a. Laws change but ethics is constant for Kantians.

b. Laws change and ethics are ever changeable for a Sophist.

c. Laws stay the same, but definitions of corporate social responsibility are constant.

d. Morality is constant for Socrates, but changes for an ethical relativist.


3. Today, critics of the corporation argue for various corporate governance reform proposals to improve the legal, moral, and socially responsible behavior of the corporation. Which of the following is the most convincing argument for these proposals?

a. These proposals are advisable because corporate managers should never have any duty other than to maximize profits for the shareholders

b. These proposals are necessary because market forces invariably operate to deter any corporate misbehavior

c. These proposals are necessary because existing laws, though extensive, still have moral and social responsibility "gaps"

d. These proposals are inadvisable because they will reduce corporate ability to respond quickly to changing business conditions and therefore will create allocational inefficiency.


4. Which of the following statements is incorrect?

a. A theory that says that morality and ethics should be based on law is called Legal Positivism.

b. When a person looks to an outside source for moral rules or commands, he or she might be characterized as an ethical emotist.

c. An ethical theory that maintains that people must choose the action of follow the rule that provides the greatest good to society is called Utilitarianism.

d. An ethical theory that says that people owe moral duties that are based on universal rules is called Kantian ethics.


5. In order to be considered a profession what attributes of a profession does management have to work on and develop?

a. Autonomy and self-governance.

b. Codes of ethics that apply to management as whole and are "policed" and enforceable.

c. An oath with an appropriate ceremony when entering the management profession.

d. All of the above.


6. Ethical business leadership consists of:

a. Creating, communicating, and securing acceptance of a vision.

b. Energizing, challenging, and inspiring followers to realize the vision.

c. Having a vision that is an inherently moral one and having the personal moral strength of character to pursue the vision in a moral manner.

d. All of the above.


7. Happy Feet manufactures shoes in Country Y for sale in the United States. Happy Feet's president discovers that the Country Y workers' average age is sixteen and that they work on average of 13.2 hours per day in a 90 degree warehouse with insufficient safety precautions, all of which practices are legal in Country Y. The president of Happy Feet decides to improve the working hours and conditions of the company's workforce, even though these actions will be more expensive for the company. The president's decision is best described as

a. Lawful profit maximization

b. Moral profit-making

c. Illegal since the shareholders of Happy Feet might be harmed

d. Social Darwinism


8. Which statement is correct about the employment at-will doctrine in the United States?

a. It has been abrogated by federal statute.

b. Employers can fire at-will, but by federal law they are required to pay severance based on employee pay and length of service.

c. It can result in a legal but immoral discharge.

d. It never applies to minorities since they cannot be discharged pursuant to the Civil Rights Act.


9. A procedure which can be used to assess the moral health and practices of a corporation is the:

a. Social audit.

b. Valdez checkup.

c. Corrupt practices inventory.

d. Moral audit.


10. Kantian ethical standards would most likely be considered to have been violated if Acme Services, Inc., repre¬sents to Best Production Company that certain services will be performed for a stated fee, but it is ap¬parent to Acme at the time of the representation that

a. Acme cannot perform the services alone.

b. the actual charge will be substantially higher.

c. the actual charge will be substantially lower.

d. the fee is a competitive bid.


11. In the old, old, olden days, Robin Hood in Merry Old England poached the evil king's deer from the king's private and exclusive hunting grounds to feed the poor; and Robin Hood also stole from the rich to give to the money to the poor. As opposed to Ken Lay of Enron fame (rather infamy) who had 10 houses, Robin Hood lived with his "Merry Men" in the forest, specifically Sherwood Forest, where they camped out and hid from the Sheriff of Nottingham. Robin was acting:

a. Illegally

b. Socially Responsible

c. Morally if one is an Ethical Emotist who feels good about Robin.

d. All of the above.


12. C.E.O. Carlos believes his corporation can be influential and should be responsible for helping to solve many social problems. Carlos believes his corporation should address problems above and beyond those actually caused by the corporation. Which of the following theories does Carlos most likely subscribe to:

a. Legal Positivism

b. Maximization of profits

c. Machiavellian ethics

d. Social responsibility.


13. International Manufacturing Corporation's "side payments" to government officials in exchange for favorable business contracts in foreign countries over more deserving competitors are likely to be considered in the United States as

a. Illegal only

b. Unethical only

c. Illegal and unethical

d. None of the above.


14. As to why a company should be a socially responsible one and get involved in civic and charitable affairs, Socrates would likely argue:

a. Justice is the will of the stronger.

b. Money comes from virtue.

c. Ignorance of the law is no excuse.

d. Virtue comes from money.


15. Which of the following is not a correct statement?

a. Pursuant to Kantian ethics, morality is judged by a person's act.

b. Pursuant to most ethical theories, law and ethical standards never conflict with one another; and thus if something is a law, it is, by definition, moral.

c. Pursuant to an ethics based on conscience or intuition, a person looks solely within himself or herself for ethical codes or moral determinations.

d. John Locke and Jean Jacques Rousseau would support the Social Contract theory of morality.


16. Edward Executive makes $100,000 a year. Ned Newguy, a recent business school graduate, is willing to do Ed's job for $55,000. Ed has been with the company for 30 years. In a cost-saving move, the company fires Ed and replaces him with the younger and cheaper Ned Newguy. This action could be

a. Illegal

b. Immoral pursuant to Kantian ethics

c. Moral pursuant to Ethical Egoism

d. All of the above.


17. Which of the following cause problems in determining whether an action is legal?

a. A large number of ethical theories

b. Too general definitions of "corporate social responsibility"

c. A lack of lawyers

d. None of the above


18. EarthLast, Inc. pollutes the environment. They are careful, however, to just avoid violating pollution control laws. The company makes a lot of money for its shareholders. Which of the following best describes the company's approach to business?

a. Legal and Moral pursuant to Legal Positivism

b. Legal, moral, and socially responsible

c. Illegal and immoral

d. Legal and moral pursuant to Kantian ethics


19. Whistleblowing in the private employment sector in the United States typically is

a. Not protected by a uniform federal law

b. Protected under some state whistleblower protection statutes

c. Usually protected by the law if the disclosure is made to the media since the disclosure will be widespread and thus do the most good

d. Never required morally pursuant to Kantian ethics since the consequences for the whistleblowing employees usually are harsh, for example, loss of employment.


20. Whistleblowing, that is, disclosure of wrongdoing, by corporate employees can be described today as:

a. Morally required if the whistleblower is the last real alternative to disclose the wrongdoing and the other parts of the Principle of Last Resort are applicable.

b. Legally protected under the Sarbanes-Oxley Act if the whistleblowing is by an employee of a publicly traded company regulated by the Securities and Exchange Commission and concerns some type of securities fraud or fraud against the shareholders.

c. Only legally protected under those states that have private sector Whistleblower Protection Statutes if the whistleblowing is made to an appropriate government agency.

d. All of the above.

Expert:  FiveStarLaw replied 2 years ago.
Thank you – I will answer your first 4 questions:

1. The serious Utilitarian ethical dilemma faced by the management of many business firms, in many circumstances, involves the effect that a decision will have

a. In favor of one company stakeholder group against another stakeholder group

 


3. Today, critics of the corporation argue for various corporate governance reform proposals to improve the legal, moral, and socially responsible behavior of the corporation. Which of the following is the most convincing argument for these proposals?

c. These proposals are necessary because existing laws, though extensive, still have moral and social responsibility "gaps"

 

 


4. Which of the following statements is incorrect?

b. When a person looks to an outside source for moral rules or commands, he or she might be characterized as an ethical emotist.

 


5. In order to be considered a profession what attributes of a profession does management have to work on and develop?

d. All of the above.
FiveStarLaw, Lawyer
Category: Homework
Satisfied Customers: 36603
Experience: Lawyer, Accountant and Researcher
FiveStarLaw and 7 other Homework Specialists are ready to help you
Expert:  FiveStarLaw replied 2 years ago.


6. Ethical business leadership consists of:

d. All of the above.


7. Happy Feet manufactures shoes in Country Y for sale in the United States. Happy Feet's president discovers that the Country Y workers' average age is sixteen and that they work on average of 13.2 hours per day in a 90 degree warehouse with insufficient safety precautions, all of which practices are legal in Country Y. The president of Happy Feet decides to improve the working hours and conditions of the company's workforce, even though these actions will be more expensive for the company. The president's decision is best described as

b. Moral profit-making

 


8. Which statement is correct about the employment at-will doctrine in the United States?

c. It can result in a legal but immoral discharge.

 


9. A procedure which can be used to assess the moral health and practices of a corporation is the:

a. Social audit.

 


10. Kantian ethical standards would most likely be considered to have been violated if Acme Services, Inc., repre¬sents to Best Production Company that certain services will be performed for a stated fee, but it is ap¬parent to Acme at the time of the representation that

b. the actual charge will be substantially higher.

Customer: replied 2 years ago.

I had the same answers except question 6 as you chose d.

 

"Ethical business leadership consists of" and I said answer c. Choices a and b talk about "a vision" but it doesn't necessarily state that the vision is a moral or ethical vision since we are talking about ethics.

 

I can have a vision for my business, but that vision may not be an ethical one which is why I chose answer c.

Expert:  FiveStarLaw replied 2 years ago.
6. Ethical business leadership consists of:

a. Creating, communicating, and securing acceptance of a vision.

b. Energizing, challenging, and inspiring followers to realize the vision.

c. Having a vision that is an inherently moral one and having the personal moral strength of character to pursue the vision in a moral manner.

d. All of the above.

Interesting point. I chose "D" because they are necessary for leadership. I do not have the answer key so choose whichever answer you are the most comfortable with
Customer: replied 2 years ago.

Hi Weblaw,

 

When can I expect the remainder of the answers to questions 2, 11-20?

Expert:  FiveStarLaw replied 2 years ago.
After you accept my answers for 6-10, I will post the next group for you.
Customer: replied 2 years ago.

When I go click "Accept Answer," a message keeps popping up to pay another $61.

 

When I originally posted all 20 questions yesterday, the full charge was $61, so I don't understand why I am being asked to pay an additional $61.

Expert:  FiveStarLaw replied 2 years ago.
Remember before we started I asked you if we could split the questions up. I cannot answer 20 questions for a single accept. If you have a subscription there is no additional charge for each question page and accept
FiveStarLaw, Lawyer
Category: Homework
Satisfied Customers: 36603
Experience: Lawyer, Accountant and Researcher
FiveStarLaw and 7 other Homework Specialists are ready to help you
Customer: replied 2 years ago.
Oh, I did not understand what you meant. okay
Expert:  FiveStarLaw replied 2 years ago.
Thank you very much. I'll respond shortly
Expert:  FiveStarLaw replied 2 years ago.
THIS ANSWER IS LOCKED!
You can view this answer by clicking here to Register or Login and paying $3.
If you've already paid for this answer, simply Login.
Customer: replied 2 years ago.
I agree with everything except number 14. I think it is b, Money comes from being virtuous
Expert:  FiveStarLaw replied 2 years ago.
I was uncertain of my answer on number 14– that's why I placed a ?
Customer: replied 2 years ago.
ok
Expert:  FiveStarLaw replied 2 years ago.
THIS ANSWER IS LOCKED!
You can view this answer by clicking here to Register or Login and paying $3.
If you've already paid for this answer, simply Login.
Customer: replied 2 years ago.
No thank you. I believe I have the rest correct. Thanks for verifying the rest. You were quite helpful
Expert:  FiveStarLaw replied 2 years ago.
THIS ANSWER IS LOCKED!
You can view this answer by clicking here to Register or Login and paying $3.
If you've already paid for this answer, simply Login.

JustAnswer in the News:

 
 
 
Ask-a-doc Web sites: If you've got a quick question, you can try to get an answer from sites that say they have various specialists on hand to give quick answers... Justanswer.com.
JustAnswer.com...has seen a spike since October in legal questions from readers about layoffs, unemployment and severance.
Web sites like justanswer.com/legal
...leave nothing to chance.
Traffic on JustAnswer rose 14 percent...and had nearly 400,000 page views in 30 days...inquiries related to stress, high blood pressure, drinking and heart pain jumped 33 percent.
Tory Johnson, GMA Workplace Contributor, discusses work-from-home jobs, such as JustAnswer in which verified Experts answer people’s questions.
I will tell you that...the things you have to go through to be an Expert are quite rigorous.
 
 
 

What Customers are Saying:

 
 
 
  • Wonderful service, prompt, efficient, and accurate. Couldn't have asked for more. I cannot thank you enough for your help. Mary C. Freshfield, Liverpool, UK
< Last | Next >
  • Wonderful service, prompt, efficient, and accurate. Couldn't have asked for more. I cannot thank you enough for your help. Mary C. Freshfield, Liverpool, UK
  • This expert is wonderful. They truly know what they are talking about, and they actually care about you. They really helped put my nerves at ease. Thank you so much!!!! Alex Los Angeles, CA
  • Thank you for all your help. It is nice to know that this service is here for people like myself, who need answers fast and are not sure who to consult. GP Hesperia, CA
  • I couldn't be more satisfied! This is the site I will always come to when I need a second opinion. Justin Kernersville, NC
  • Just let me say that this encounter has been entirely professional and most helpful. I liked that I could ask additional questions and get answered in a very short turn around. Esther Woodstock, NY
  • Thank you so much for taking your time and knowledge to support my concerns. Not only did you answer my questions, you even took it a step further with replying with more pertinent information I needed to know. Robin Elkton, Maryland
  • He answered my question promptly and gave me accurate, detailed information. If all of your experts are half as good, you have a great thing going here. Diane Dallas, TX
 
 
 

Meet The Experts:

 
 
 
  • Manal Elkhoshkhany

    Tutor

    Satisfied Customers:

    4522
    More than 5000 online tutoring sessions.
< Last | Next >
  • http://ww2.justanswer.com/uploads/BU/BusinessTutor/2012-2-2_115741_Kouki2.64x64.jpg Manal Elkhoshkhany's Avatar

    Manal Elkhoshkhany

    Tutor

    Satisfied Customers:

    4522
    More than 5000 online tutoring sessions.
  • http://ww2.justanswer.com/uploads/ComputersGuru/2010-02-13_051118_Photo41.JPG LogicPro's Avatar

    LogicPro

    Engineer

    Satisfied Customers:

    3458
    Expert in Java C++ C C# VB Javascript Design SQL HTML
  • http://ww2.justanswer.com/uploads/LI/lindaus/2012-6-10_04811_IMG20120609164157.64x64.jpg Linda_us's Avatar

    Linda_us

    Finance, Accounts & Homework Tutor

    Satisfied Customers:

    3124
    Post Graduate Diploma in Management (MBA)
  • http://ww2.justanswer.com/uploads/chooser77/2009-08-18_162025_Chris.jpg Chris M.'s Avatar

    Chris M.

    M.S.W. Social Work

    Satisfied Customers:

    2385
    Master's Degree, strong math and writing skills, experience in one-on-one tutoring (college English)
  • http://ww2.justanswer.com/uploads/JawaadAhmed/2009-6-27_12137_SIs_SHadi.jpg F. Naz's Avatar

    F. Naz

    Chartered Accountant

    Satisfied Customers:

    1988
    Experience with chartered accountancy
  • http://ww2.justanswer.com/uploads/JK/jkcpa/2011-1-16_182614_jkcpa.64x64.jpg Bizhelp's Avatar

    Bizhelp

    CPA

    Satisfied Customers:

    1876
    Bachelors Degree and CPA with Accounting work experience
  • http://ww2.justanswer.com/uploads/avremote/photoa.jpg Seanna's Avatar

    Seanna

    Tutor

    Satisfied Customers:

    1781
    3,000+ satisfied customers, all topics, A+ work
 
 
 

Related Homework Questions