How JustAnswer Works:

  • Ask an Expert
    Experts are full of valuable knowledge and are ready to help with any question. Credentials confirmed by a Fortune 500 verification firm.
  • Get a Professional Answer
    Via email, text message, or notification as you wait on our site.
    Ask follow up questions if you need to.
  • 100% Satisfaction Guarantee
    Rate the answer you receive.

Ask BMW MD Your Own Question

BMW MD
BMW MD, Professor
Category: Homework
Satisfied Customers: 1597
Experience:  Currently teaching, excellent writer
21094728
Type Your Homework Question Here...
BMW MD is online now
A new question is answered every 9 seconds

Hello BMW. I have another assignment. I need to respond to

Resolved Question:

Hello BMW.
I have another assignment. I need to respond to this posting."The purpose of this post is to summarize and examine two studies, one epidemiological experimental study and a cohort study. The cohort study dealt with the relationship between daughters of mothers with breast cancer and women responding to the
Read the postings by other learners and respond to at least two by posing questions about their observations and conclusions or by expanding on specific points made in the posting.
Submitted: 2 years ago.
Category: Homework
Expert:  BMW MD replied 2 years ago.
I may be able to help. Please respond with the due date, and the length. Thank you! I look forward to working with you! Also, I think this part of your question was cut off, 'The cohort study dealt with the relationship between daughters of mothers with breast cancer and women responding to the...' In addition, I will need the postings from classmates to respond to, please. Thanks! BMW
Customer: replied 2 years ago.
due 2/5/2012 by 630pm..250 words each response..with references.

1. The purpose of this post is to summarize and examine two studies, one epidemiological experimental study and a cohort study. The cohort study dealt with the relationship between daughters of mothers with breast cancer and women responding to the behavioral risk factor surveillance system. The researchers looked at daughters of mothers with breast cancer may be at increased risk for developing the disease. Their hypothesis explored characteristics of adult daughters and looked at preventive behaviors, such as physical activity, intake of fruit/vegetable, alcohol intake, smoking and mammography. Differences in this study were examined using logistic regression; they found that daughters with a history of breast cancer were more likely to receive mammography screening. There were no foreseeable differences in physical activity, BMI, or smoking.

The second study according to Mulder et al examined breast cancer and its’ association with psychosocial factors including stressful situations in everyday life, such as negative emotion, anger, anxiety, and hopelessness. Participants in this study were viewed for psychosocial parameters/factors on the survival of breast cancer. 20 to 30% of women with malignant breast tumors experience a disruption of their quality of life through loss of roles, functional abilities and problems with social relationships (Mulder, 1992). Parameters associated with better prognosis and survival would be social support including marriage which can minimize denial, depression and other emotions associated with decrease breast cancer survival. According to Mulder, stressful life events were negatively related to survival of the individual, but more research is needed to look at the importance to social support systems.

Most of the studies show some relationship between psychosocial factors and survival, but not consistent with the findings for many of the variables associated with survival and recurrence. More research would be needed regarding social support decreasing denial, depression and other emotions on survival of breast cancer.

A different study design that would be useful for this research would be to look at other variables of interests such as not just looking at the etiology of breast cancer, but also looking at links with the hormone estrogen and genes BRCA1and BRCA2. These disparities need to be taking into consideration, depending of exposure of estrogen. The researchers could have selected women to examine BRCA1 and BRCA2, with women who are at greater risk due to mutations; those genes are known as tumor suppressors.

Looking at the studies, they give comparison and efficacy to the disease, the best attack is screening and exams even in people who do not have any symptoms. The goal of screening, such as mammograms is to find possible breast cancers before symptoms arise. Individuals with cancers found during screening exams are more likely to be small and still confined to the breast. The size of the cancer and the breast, either male or female and how much is spread are important factors in helping a patient prognosis.

References:

Wilson, D.B., Quillin, J., Bodurtha, J.N., McClish, D. (2011). Comparing Screening and Preventive Health Behaviors in Two Study Populations: Daughters of Mothers with Breast Cancer and Women Responding to the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Survey. Journal of Women’s Health 20 (8) 1201-1206. doi:10.1089/jwh.2010.2256.

Friedman G.D. (2004). Primer of epidemiology (5th ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill.

Mulder, C.L., Van Der Pompe, G., Spiegel, D., Antoni, M.H., DeVries, M.J. (1992). Do Psychosocial Factors Influence the Course of Breast Cancer. Psycho-Onocology, 1: 155-167.
2.The purpose of this discussion is to summarize the two studies: one Cohort Study and one Experimental study.
The Cohort Study dealt with childhood asthmas. The main focus of this study was to use respiratory assessment from childhood into adulthood to provide better insight into risk factor for persistence, relapse of childhood asthmas and for pulmonary- function
There were significant difference in prevalence’s of childhood asthmas wheezing and atopy between 613 study for whom respiratory data available for all assessments (59 .1 percent). There were no different in the outcome in the final assessment at 26 years of age. The multidisciplinary study evaluated other aspects of health and development other than asthmas and allergy. This reduced the decision for each assessment was biased by these conditions.

The experiment study deal with the different between airway effects in asthmatic individual and symptoms. This study focus on the effect of asthmatic individual when expose to polluted air. The study was performed in exposure cambers for controlled exposure to air pollutants. There was little study done on healthy individual. This study focus on sensitive groups, such as peoples who have history of allergic and asthmatic. The study show the healthy individuals may respond with lung function changes only if they are exposed to a high dose of nitrogen dioxide and sulphur dioxide, where asthmatic appear more sensitive . This study was conducted in a more control environment.
The learner compared both study , Experience Study and Cohort study. Both study was done on lung function. There was little comparison of both group. Cohort Study focus on wheezing and asthma from childhood to adulthood. This study included assessment during the life of the study to find different in the stage of development. The experimental study focus more on peoples who has asthma and allergy and their symptom to test to see how air pollution effect on one lung function.
References:
Kerstin Sundell , Sten-Erik Bergstrom, Gunilla Hedlin , Britt-Marie Yggie, Alf Tunsater. ( 2011) Quality of life in adolescents with asthmas, during the transition period from child to adult. The Clinical Respiratory Journal 5: 4, 195-202
Koenig JQ, Covert DS, Marshall SG, vanBell G, Pierson WE. The effect of ozone and nitrogen dioxide on pulmonary function in healthy and in asthmatic adolescent . Am. Rev Respir. Dis, 1987. 136: 1152-1157
Expert:  BMW MD replied 2 years ago.
So, just to be clear, you just need a response to the two posts you included, correct? And this needs to be 250 words, right, for each of the two posts you included? You don't need a new study as part of the answer?
Customer: replied 2 years ago.
Thats right!!!
Expert:  BMW MD replied 2 years ago.
Then, you've got it! Thanks for the request!
Expert:  BMW MD replied 2 years ago.
THIS ANSWER IS LOCKED!
You can view this answer by clicking here to Register or Login and paying $3.
If you've already paid for this answer, simply Login.
BMW MD, Professor
Category: Homework
Satisfied Customers: 1597
Experience: Currently teaching, excellent writer
BMW MD and 7 other Homework Specialists are ready to help you
Expert:  BMW MD replied 2 years ago.
Was there anything else you needed for this question? Thank you!

JustAnswer in the News:

 
 
 
Ask-a-doc Web sites: If you've got a quick question, you can try to get an answer from sites that say they have various specialists on hand to give quick answers... Justanswer.com.
JustAnswer.com...has seen a spike since October in legal questions from readers about layoffs, unemployment and severance.
Web sites like justanswer.com/legal
...leave nothing to chance.
Traffic on JustAnswer rose 14 percent...and had nearly 400,000 page views in 30 days...inquiries related to stress, high blood pressure, drinking and heart pain jumped 33 percent.
Tory Johnson, GMA Workplace Contributor, discusses work-from-home jobs, such as JustAnswer in which verified Experts answer people’s questions.
I will tell you that...the things you have to go through to be an Expert are quite rigorous.
 
 
 

What Customers are Saying:

 
 
 
  • Wonderful service, prompt, efficient, and accurate. Couldn't have asked for more. I cannot thank you enough for your help. Mary C. Freshfield, Liverpool, UK
< Last | Next >
  • Wonderful service, prompt, efficient, and accurate. Couldn't have asked for more. I cannot thank you enough for your help. Mary C. Freshfield, Liverpool, UK
  • This expert is wonderful. They truly know what they are talking about, and they actually care about you. They really helped put my nerves at ease. Thank you so much!!!! Alex Los Angeles, CA
  • Thank you for all your help. It is nice to know that this service is here for people like myself, who need answers fast and are not sure who to consult. GP Hesperia, CA
  • I couldn't be more satisfied! This is the site I will always come to when I need a second opinion. Justin Kernersville, NC
  • Just let me say that this encounter has been entirely professional and most helpful. I liked that I could ask additional questions and get answered in a very short turn around. Esther Woodstock, NY
  • Thank you so much for taking your time and knowledge to support my concerns. Not only did you answer my questions, you even took it a step further with replying with more pertinent information I needed to know. Robin Elkton, Maryland
  • He answered my question promptly and gave me accurate, detailed information. If all of your experts are half as good, you have a great thing going here. Diane Dallas, TX
 
 
 

Meet The Experts:

 
 
 
  • Manal Elkhoshkhany

    Tutor

    Satisfied Customers:

    4522
    More than 5000 online tutoring sessions.
< Last | Next >
  • http://ww2.justanswer.com/uploads/BU/BusinessTutor/2012-2-2_115741_Kouki2.64x64.jpg Manal Elkhoshkhany's Avatar

    Manal Elkhoshkhany

    Tutor

    Satisfied Customers:

    4522
    More than 5000 online tutoring sessions.
  • http://ww2.justanswer.com/uploads/ComputersGuru/2010-02-13_051118_Photo41.JPG LogicPro's Avatar

    LogicPro

    Engineer

    Satisfied Customers:

    3458
    Expert in Java C++ C C# VB Javascript Design SQL HTML
  • http://ww2.justanswer.com/uploads/LI/lindaus/2012-6-10_04811_IMG20120609164157.64x64.jpg Linda_us's Avatar

    Linda_us

    Finance, Accounts & Homework Tutor

    Satisfied Customers:

    3124
    Post Graduate Diploma in Management (MBA)
  • http://ww2.justanswer.com/uploads/chooser77/2009-08-18_162025_Chris.jpg Chris M.'s Avatar

    Chris M.

    M.S.W. Social Work

    Satisfied Customers:

    2385
    Master's Degree, strong math and writing skills, experience in one-on-one tutoring (college English)
  • http://ww2.justanswer.com/uploads/JawaadAhmed/2009-6-27_12137_SIs_SHadi.jpg F. Naz's Avatar

    F. Naz

    Chartered Accountant

    Satisfied Customers:

    1988
    Experience with chartered accountancy
  • http://ww2.justanswer.com/uploads/JK/jkcpa/2011-1-16_182614_jkcpa.64x64.jpg Bizhelp's Avatar

    Bizhelp

    CPA

    Satisfied Customers:

    1876
    Bachelors Degree and CPA with Accounting work experience
  • http://ww2.justanswer.com/uploads/avremote/photoa.jpg Seanna's Avatar

    Seanna

    Tutor

    Satisfied Customers:

    1781
    3,000+ satisfied customers, all topics, A+ work
 
 
 

Related Homework Questions