Unit 4 - The Ethics of Research - MAIN POST
American InterContinental University
The following post goes over an empirical journal article of a in-depth study conducted in Defiance County, Ohio.
Body (3 paragraphs)
The study I'd like to review is one that was published in the Ohio Journal of Science where researchers studied the economic development or lack thereof in Defiance County, Ohio and the cultural influences that might have overtaken it. A qualitative approach was enforced so that raw data could be retrieved in the field study. The study was executed through in-depth interviews with 5 key figures in the Defiance county decision makers and selection of these interviewees were based on different areas of expertise such as corporate, non-profit, government and so on. The main focus was on the lack of job opportunities and resources to attract new jobs into Defiance County. Researchers believe the culture in which people, government and businesses are involved in can be a determining factor in economic growth and development. To gain insight, the researchers asked through a face to face qualitative interview complex questions through a Chirban's (1996) relational interview method and probed on culture and economic status of the county. Many of the interviewees felt that incentive based economic development was key in providing a more prosperous county, however, the state will not entertain such an idea as other counties have taking most of the funding or tax break incentives. Other interviewees believed that instead of exploring new business opportunities in the county, focus should be shifted to retaining the one's already existing. One interviewee believed that developing a new road that locks all five Midwest states will generate new business placement.
When the research was completed, its results showed that most officials that were interviewed felt stifled by the state officials and leaving them with almost no options. Also, it was found that many potential employees in Defiance county (ages 18-64) were ill educated and the ones that were educated have long left to another state were jobs and wages were more fruitful (Johnson-Webb & Zeller, 2007). The advancement of jobs in other areas left defiance behind as well as its community, leaving the culture in which to work a bland and almost doomed one. The study found many weaknesses and faults within the plans executed in order to revive this small county. During the study, it showed that approximately 23,919 residents ages 18-64 resided in defiance county and of that number only 60.4% were actively working part or full time and only 14.3% had a sustainable college education.
Ethics are present in any kind of survey. The generalizations made in this survey were for the good of others and therefore privacy of the interviewees was very strict. The environment of ethical issues in qualitative research is slight and dissimilar in comparison to issues in quantitative studies. For example, possible ethical issues are present in respect to how a researcher retrieves admission to an interviewee and the effects the interviewer might have them (Orb, Eisenhauer & Wynaden, 2001). In this survey, the emphasis was on asking open ended questions so that the participant felt more free to go down any path he/she chooses and because of that answers were least likely to be persuaded one way or the other. Also, the interviewees were asked to complete the study for a more in-depth response to the decade long growth and reformation of Defiance County. All means to conduct, utilize and engage in this interview were very ethical and lead for a good foundation for future growth of the county.
I've learned that researching has many variables and techniques in which it can be successful. When reading this article, it was apparent to me that it was well done and quite consistent with what I have learned so far. The study utilized a lot of the terminology and methods, such as qualitative approaches, interview researches, methods and outcomes. The personal interview or questioning that was conducted in this survey was what I have become familiar with in this class. Also questions were asked in such a way to not sway an answer and all interviews were recorded for correct analysis (Bluman, 2010).
Reading about how to conduct a survey can be very informative, however, reading the implementation of one can really open one's eyes to true research knowledge.
Bluman, A.G., (2010). Elementary Statistics, (5th ed.) New York: McGraw-Hill.
Chirban, J.T., (1996), Interviewing In Depth: The Interactive-relational Approach, Retrieved
November 29, 2011 from:
Johnson-Webb, K. D., & Zeller, M. C. (2007, April). The Culture of Economic Development in
Ohio: A case study in Defiance County. The Ohio Journal of Science, 107(2), 2-9. Retrieved from: http://ehis.ebscohost.com.proxy.cecybrary.com/ehost/detail?sid=c752151e-37cd-48ef-b7192c805189a8d9%40sessionmgr115&vid=7&hid=115&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3Qtb Gl2ZSZzY29wZT1zaXRl#db=aph&AN=25311957
Orb, A, Eisenhauer, & Wynadan, D (2001), Ethics in Qualitative Research, Retrieved November
29th 2011 from: