i need help this week again 1 hour limit 20 Questions
Informative and Persuasive Speaking and the lecture notes below
A student was in his final year of undergraduate work. His major was in communications, and he was taking one of his last classes to complete his major course work. The final for this class was to prepare a 30-minute speech. The first 15 minutes was to present the material; the second 15 minutes was a question-and-answer session. Research was a vital part of this assignment. The students not only had to cite sources to support their propositions, they had to have evidence to support any answers given during the question-and-answer portion. Needless to say, there was a lot of research done in preparation for this assignment.
The instructor told the students that their topics were to be controversial, meaning they needed to have two, arguable sides. Most of the students chose topics such as whether or not the death penalty was a deterrent to crime, whether drugs should be legalized, and so on. This particular student obviously did not understand the meaning of "controversial." He also did not understand the purpose of the assignment. His choice and subsequent presentation proved to be a very uncomfortable situation for him and his audience.
The essence of his speech was the proposition that, in order to strengthen the family unit, it should be illegal for women who have children under the age of six to work outside of the home. He argued that the disintegration of the family unit, and the increase in juvenile delinquency, were direct results of working mothers. The only research he had to substantiate any part of his topic concerned the number of divorces and the statistics concerning juvenile delinquency. He had no research to illustrate the linkage between those statistics and mothers working outside the home, or proof that such a law could reverse juvenile delinquency rates or the divorce rate.
The student's audience was stunned that this quiet, well-mannered young man had made such a prejudiced assertion. As soon as he finished his presentation and the question-and-answer session began, hands shot up throughout the audience (male and female). The students knew that this man had a wife and a baby daughter, so the first question for him was, "Would you want this law enforced for your wife or daughter?" Looking down at the podium, he quietly said, "No."
This student made two critical errors. First, he did not make sure that he understood the assignment. He mistook the word "controversial" as something extreme, instead of an issue that had two arguable sides. He consequently looked for the most radical topic he could find. Secondly, he did not think about his purpose in regard to his audience.
Making sure that a presentation is organized is important, but it is equally important that the information serves the needs of the audience. In writing and speaking, a crucial area that the writer or speaker must consider is purpose.