1. Philosophers use the general term "argument" to mean (Points : 1) the presentation of reasons to accept a conclusion. a violent quarrel. a disagreement. mathematical proofs.2. The study of the rules of reasoning and how one should think is called (Points : 1) aesthetics epistemology ontology None of these choices3. The branch of philosophy called aesthetics explores (Points : 1) questions of right and wrong. questions about art and the beautiful. questions about political power. questions about being.4. Who was Socrates' greatest student? (Points : 1) Thales Plato Cicero Pythagoras5. The first Western philosopher to write a systematic account of logic was (Points : 1) Aristotle. Heraclitus. Hegel. Socrates.6. Empiricism emphasizes (Points : 1) geometry and algebra. the importance of the senses for knowledge. that the senses interfere with knowledge. innate ideas of reason.7. The dominant approach to philosophy in England and the US in the 20th century was (Points : 1) phenomenology. analytic philosophy. Thomist philosophy. Cartesian philosophy.8. Ludwig Wittgenstein is associated with which of these ideas? (Points : 1) Human beings are condemned to be free Philosophy begins when language goes on holiday Most people lead lives of quiet desperation History is bunk9. Radical, or Pyrrhonic, Skepticism claims (Points : 1) nothing can be certain, including this claim itself. only God guarantees the truth of mathematics. only strong inductive arguments are valid. the senses provide certain truths in most cases.10. __________________ was a pre-Socratic philosopher who insisted on the importance of mathematics. (Points : 1) Ibn Rushd Pythagoras Heraclitus Parmenides
Level/Year: 9th grade
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