1. The imitative magic hypothesis to explain Upper Paleolithic cave art states that magic that is performed on:
A. A picture of an animal can influence the living animal.
B. A hoof print of the animal can influence the living animal.
C. A sample of an animal's hair can influence other similar animals.
D. Drawings on the body of an animal can influence its health.
2. The Venus of Willendorf is an example of:
A. Parietal art.
B. Mobile art.
C. A fetish figure.
D. A poltergeist.
3. The bison at Altamira are very natural in appearance and attest to the competence of the artists in the use of what is labeled:
4. The oldest musical instruments found in the archaeological record are:
5. Recent interest in the functions of Upper Palaeolithic cave art has focused on art:
A. For education.
B. For use in ceremonies.
C. For imitative magic.
D. As symbols.
6. The red deer that is on the ceiling at Altamira is significant because this painting shows:
7. Which Upper Paleolithic cave has been called the Sistine Chapel of prehistory art?
A. Grotto Chauvet
D. La Marche
8. The Cuna of San Blas, Panama, express themselves through the art of molas, which are:
A. Colorful woven textiles made from alpaca wool.
B. Colorful multi-layered appliqués on blouses.
C. Carved wooden panels depicting tribal history.
D. Carved mush paddles with geometric designs.
9. One major criticism of the unilineal evolutionists' models of cultural evolution is that the models:
A. Were based on incorrect data.
B. Were developed by colonial governments.
C. Were developed to support missionary work.
D. Were based on very little ethnographic data.
10. Programs of planned change often do not have the desired effect because of:
A. Planners' failure to adequately supply technology.
B. Planners' failure to employ technical aid experts to assess the plan.
C. Unethical practices on the part of anthropologists.
D. Planners' failure to understand the impact of cultural issues on change.
11. Franz Boas was responsible for developing the approach that has come to be known as:
A. Historical particularism.
B. Unilineal evolutionism.
12. The three categories that are outlined in his analysis of barriers to culture change were:
A. Cultural barriers, social barriers, and psychological barriers.
B. Culture structure barriers, technological barriers, and fatalistic barriers.
C. Technological barriers, economic barriers, and cultural barriers.
D. Economic barriers, social barriers, and cultural barriers.
13. The borrowing that takes place between cultures as a result of prolonged contact is termed:
14. The approach that examines the adaptations made by rural peoples as they move into cities is called:
A. Urbanization studies.
B. Microeconomic studies.
C. Urban poverty studies.
D. Acculturation studies.
15. Though their health is at risk, most North Americans fail to get regular exercise and improve their diets. Which of Foster's barriers to change applies to this situation?
A. Norms of modesty
C. Relative values
16. Workers in the area of planned culture change have noted that the most important stimulant or motivator of change is:
A. Desire for economic gain.
B. Appeals to nationalism.
D. Cultural ethnocentrism.
17. The major source of change for any culture is:
C. Directed change programs.
18. Comparative data from other cultures and non-human primate studies suggest that human children should be weaned between _____ and _____ years of age.
A. 1.5 and 2
B. 2 and 3
C. 2.5 and 4
D. 2.5 and 7
19. When anthropologists study globalization, the focus is most commonly on:
A. Individuals and cultural process.
B. Individuals and political process.
C. Nation-states and economic processes.
D. Nation-states and social processes.
20. The ideological domination by one cultural group over another through institutions, bureaucracy, education - and sometimes force - is termed: