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What are the traditional areas of focus within cultural

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1. What are the traditional areas of focus within cultural anthropology?
A. Cultural resource management and applied anthropology
B. Ethnographic and ethnological research
C. Historical and descriptive linguistics
D. Primatology and contemporary human variation

2.Goals of research in cultural anthropology include:
A. Describing human races.
B. Explaining the origin and spread of human religions.
C. Describing and explaining human geographic distribution.
D. Explaining cultural similarities and differences.

3.An object that is made by humans is called:
A. An ecofact.
B. An artifact.
C. A site.
D. A midden.

4 What is meant by the "holistic" approach in anthropology?
A. Entire cultures are studied and compared.
B. The entire time of human existence is studied.
C. Human beings are viewed in the broadest context possible—biologically and culturally through time.
D. Cultures are studied using fieldwork and participant observation, together with a perspective of cultural relativism.

5.The description of a single society based on fieldwork is called:
A. An ethnography.
B. An ethnology.
C. A comparative analysis.
D. A cultural anthropology.

6.A positive adaptive value of ethnocentrism is it may:
A. Create a greater understanding of others.
B. Result in individuals becoming cultural relativists.
C. Result in a group becoming independent.
D. Create social cohesion for the group.

7. Goldstein's study of polyandry by Tibetans living in Nepal showed that polyandry:
A. Resulted from the practice of infanticide.
B. Prevented starvation.
C. Prevented male-owned lands from being split.
D. Was prohibited by religious beliefs.

8.Research in anthropological archaeology includes:
A. Classical archaeology and cultural resource management (CRM).
B. Prehistoric archaeology and experimental archaeology.
C. Paleoanthropology and prehistoric archaeology.
D. Classical archaeology and paleoanthropology.

9.Archaeological features include the following types of evidence:
A. Soils and plants.
B. Roadways and fire hearths.
C. Projectile points and stone artifacts.
D. Fossil remains and pollen.

10.Anthropologists seek to explain human cultural behavior through the use of:
A. Cultural relativism.
B. The scientific method.
C. Fieldwork.
D. Cultural resource management.

11.The AAA Code of Ethics allows anthropologists to misrepresent themselves to their informants:
A. Only if it is the only way to obtain data.
B. Never.
C. Occasionally in small matters.
D. If the data is of importance to national security.

12.Which anthropologists are associated with the functionalist theoretical models?
A. Bronislaw Malinowski and A. R. Radcliffe-Brown
B. A. R. Radcliffe-Brown and Ruth Benedict
C. Roberta Edwards Lenkeit and Enrique Salazar
D. Margaret Mead and Franz Boas

13The function of theoretical models in anthropology is to:
A. Define a research objective.
B. Explain various aspects of the cultures being studied.
C. Aid the researcher in writing research proposals.
D. Obtain funding.

14.Ethnographic accounts that include the personal reactions of the fieldworker to the field situation are termed:
A. Reflexive.
B. Classical.
C. Personal.
D. Reactive.

15.Which of the following is a major challenge associated with fieldwork?
A. Recording interviews
B. Statistical analysis of data
C. Culture shock
D. Conflicting theoretical models

16The primary advantage of formal interviews is that they yield data that:
A. Are real rather than ideal.
B. Reflect personal attitudes.
C. Are comparable and quantifiable.
D. Have been gathered under controlled settings.

17.The field method that focuses on kin relationships is known as the:
A. Life history method.
B. Formal interview method.
C. Informal interview method.
D. Genealogical method.

18.Photographs are an important source of data because they:
A. Accurately capture cultural belief systems.
B. Capture unique events and behavior that can be used as analytical tools.
C. Allow the anthropologist to capture images during forbidden rituals.
D. None of the above

19 Comparing life histories of several individuals will:
A. Provide information about culture change.
B. Clarify the etic view of informants.
C. Identify the important kin relationships within the culture.
D. Make it difficult to quantify data.

20.While conducting fieldwork, most anthropologists will avoid random sampling because:
A. Anthropologists have found that judgment samples save time.
B. A small sample is sufficient.
C. Random sampling is time consuming.
D. Random sampling seldom reveals the full range of cultural behavior.

Submitted: 5 years ago.
Category: Homework
Expert:  Chris M. replied 5 years ago.

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