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1. Most of those who fear globalization worry that it will

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1. Most of those who fear globalization worry that it will lead to

A. a plural world.
B. Americanization.
C. cultural diversity.
D. a new Europeanization of the globe.

2. With regards XXXXX XXXXX mining and agriculture industry, in the nineteenth century, which of the following statements is false?

A. Private investment grew
B. Large companies tried to be paternalistic to keep workers from rebelling
C. Reliance on export crops provided peasants a more reliable source of income
D. Specialization became more common

3. Constitutionalism is best defined as

A. the creation of a specific document or constitution.
B. a document that outlines democratic principles.
C. a set of beliefs that guarantees equal rights to all the citizens of a state.
D. a doctrine that the state is founded on rules established by citizens and rulers to which all are bound.

4. Mao Zedong's successor in China, Deng Xiaoping, began a series of reforms by urging his countrymen to

A. work for a more open and democratic government.
B. continue the policies of the Cultural Revolution.
C. get rich.
D. collectivize agriculture.

5. Quinine was essential for the expansion of imperial powers because of its

A. usefulness in fighting malaria.
B. value for flavoring and preserving food.
C. role as a military weapon.
D. value as a base for cosmetics.

6. The Suez Canal, built in 1869 largely by French engineers and French capital, was significant because it

A. reduced travel time from Europe to India from months to weeks.
B. gave Egypt an agricultural advantage by putting hundreds of thousands of new acres under cultivation.
C. connected the Mediterranean with the Persian Gulf.
D. connected the Nile with the Red Sea.
7. The San hunters of southern Africa weren't overwhelmed during the nineteenth century because they

A. were moved to reservations where they could be protected.
B. managed to effectively fight off Western colonists.
C. live in a harsh environment.
D. were protected by a treaty.

8. During the nineteenth century, which of the following countries experienced a decrease in industrial production?

A. India
B. Britain
C. Japan
D. China

9. By 1890, United States factories produced _______ as those of Britain.

A. half as much
B. three-quarters as much
C. twice as much
D. one-quarter as much

10. According to the work of anthropologist Franz Boas,

A. people of different cultures think differently due to their diet.
B. no race is superior to any other in brain power.
C. some societies and peoples are more evolved than others.
D. the concept of cultural relativism is wrong.

11. The single event that was most critical in encouraging regimentation and collectivism in Western countries was

A. the Russian Revolution.
B. the First World War.
C. World War II.
D. the Great Depression.

12. Comte de Gobineau, a French anthropologist, argued that human beings

A. could be classified by race, with the whites at the top and blacks at the bottom.
B. were all the same, regardless of race.
C. could be classified by race, but non-Europeans who adopted European culture could evolve to a higher state of being.
D. could be classified by race, with the French at the top and Asians at the bottom.

13. Which of the following was the only African state that increased in size and power in the 1800s?

A. Sumatra
B. Ethiopia
C. Zimbabwe
D. South Africa

14. An important social development in 1870s Japan was the

A. refusal of the gentry to hold civil-service positions.
B. rise of the warrior caste.
C. abolition of samurai privileges.
D. abolition of the military draft.

15. The term quantum mechanics refers to the study of

A. subatomic particles.
B. cosmology.
C. astronomy.
D. molecular chemistry.

16. Who wrote, "Here is the slave, there is the master; there is the wealth of some, here is the poverty of most . . . Here humanity attains its most complete development and its most brutish"?

A. William Blake
B. Karl Marx
C. Samuel Smiles
D. Alexis de Tocqueville

17. A primary cause for the development of time standards for the entire globe was

A. the telegraph.
B. the railroads.
C. a desire for uniformity.
D. European imperial domination.

18. The Helsinki Agreement of 1975 pledged its signers to recognize

A. capitalism as the best economic system.
B. the need for nuclear disarmament.
C. democracy as the best political ideology.
D. a respect for human rights.

19. China began to industrialize in the 1860s due to

A. a peasant rebellion and foreign military occupation.
B. economic decline in the face of European expansionism in Asia.
C. defeat by Britain and the decline of its tea market.
D. its failure to defeat Japan and Britain.

20. Which of the following did reformers first try to end in the slave industry?

A. Liberation and compensation of slaves
B. The trade in slaves itself
C. Slavery in Caribbean agriculture

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