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# 1. As output rises (Points 5) AFC rises.

### Resolved Question:

1. As output rises: (Points: 5)
AFC rises.
AFC falls.
AFC remains the same.
There is no way of determining what happens to AFC.

2. When average total cost is declining, then: (Points: 5)
marginal cost must be less than average total cost.
marginal cost must be greater than average total cost.
average total cost must be greater than average fixed cost.
average variable cost must be declining.

3. The law of diminishing returns: (Points: 5)
is completely invalid.
states that if units of a resource are added to a fixed proportion of other resources, eventually marginal output will decline.
states that if any two resources are combined, production will fall.
states that profit margins decline as output rises.

4. If fixed cost is \$8,000, variable cost is \$5,000 at an output of 2 and \$9,000 at an output of 3, how much is marginal cost at an output of 3? (Points: 5)
\$3,000
\$4,000
\$5,000
\$8,000

5. Which statement is true? (Points: 5)
AFC declines with output.
ATC declines with output.
AFC - AVC = ATC.
Output divided by fixed cost = AFC.

6. The average fixed cost curve: (Points: 5)
is a vertical line.
is a horizontal line.
slopes downward to the right as output rises.
is U-shaped (it declines as output rises, reaches a minimum, and then rises).

7. As a firm's output expands, the: (Points: 5)
ATC will reach a minimum before the AVC.
AVC will reach a minimum before the ATC
ATC and AVC will reach minimums at the same output.
ATC and AVC will reach maximums at the same output.

8. Marginal cost may be defined as the __________ cost that results from producing one more unit of output. (Points: 5)
change in average total
change in average variable
change in total
rate of change in total fixed

9. Which is most clearly a fixed cost? (Points: 5)
Wages of production workers
Cost of raw materials
Shipping costs

10. Fixed cost is sometimes referred to as __________ cost. (Points: 5)
sunk
variable
total
economic

11. XXXXX XXXXX noted each of the following economies of scale EXCEPT: (Points: 5)
specialization.
diminishing returns.
saving of time that would otherwise be spent going from one task to another.
employment of expensive equipment.

12. Parkinson's Law is an example of: (Points: 5)
economies of scale.
diseconomies of scale.
XXXXX XXXXX's pin factory.
the firm's search for its most profitable output.

13. Which of the following is the most likely to be a variable cost? (Points: 5)
Raw material costs
Leasing payments of tour buses for rock and roll bands
Interest on bonded indebtedness
Real estate taxes

14. As long as there are __________ costs, we are in the short run. (Points: 5)
variable
fixed
marginal
average

15. If price is between the break-even point and the shutdown point, in the long run the firm will: (Points: 5)
operate.
make a profit.

16. XXXXX XXXXX used a pin factory to demonstrate: (Points: 5)
the advantages of economies of scale.
diseconomies of scale.
the long-run average cost curve.

17. When output is 0, total cost equals __________ cost. (Points: 5)
total variable
total fixed
marginal
average variable

18. At an output of 1, marginal cost is: (Points: 5)
\$0.
\$200.
\$300.
\$400.

19. The law of diminishing marginal returns implies: (Points: 5)
the more hours you spend studying economics the less you will know.
your understanding of economics will be increased by decreasing your marginal study time.
after a certain point, the more hours you spend studying economics per day, the less you will learn with each added hour.
the more hours you spend studying economics per day, the more you will learn with each added hour.

20. Which of the following cost curves will NOT shift downward if the price of a variable input decreases? (Points: 5)
Total cost
Average cost
Marginal cost
Average fixed cost
Submitted: 3 years ago.
Category: Homework
Expert:  Chris M. replied 3 years ago.
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Chris M., M.S.W. Social Work
Category: Homework
Satisfied Customers: 2543
Experience: Master's Degree, strong math and writing skills, experience in one-on-one tutoring (college English)

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