Hello, and thanks for the question.
1. two-thirds vote in both chambers of Congress
2. party identification
3. Special interest groups can use unlimited funds to indirectly endorse a candidate when their media messages are focused on an issue supported by a candidate, rather than on the candidate his/herself. The implied message is that if one agrees with a candidate's support of an issue, then the person should vote for that candidate, even though this is not explicitly stated in the messages.
4. The VP serves as the President of the Senate, but only votes to break a tie between Senators.
5. pocket veto
6. Sunshine laws are federal and state laws that mandate that decisions and records of governmental agencies and regulatory authorities be made available to the public. The Freedom of Information Act (1966) is the federal law that initially allowed public access to information and documents controlled by the federal government.
7. US Circuit Court
8. Race and national origin
Hope this helps!