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Chris M.
Chris M., M.S.W. Social Work
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1. You are in a room filled with people talking. A couple close to you is having an argument but you are focused on a conversation between you and a close friend. After the party, you are driving home and a car runs a stoplight in front of you. You feel anxious and upset. Suddenly, the words from the couple that were arguing surface in your memory. What explains this phenomenon? A. At the party, you were using divided consciousness and didn't realize it. B. You just experienced the cocktail party phenomenon. C. At the party, you were in an altered state. D. You just experienced a flashback of a traumatic childhood event. 2. The period of "drifting off," when you are neither awake nor asleep, is called: A. stage one sleep. B. stage two sleep. C. the myoclonic state of sleep. D. the hypnagogic state. 3.Which hormone begins to rise shortly after you fall asleep, is associated with REM sleep, and peaks just before wakening? . A. estrogen B. melatonin C. cortisol D. growth hormone 4.Body temperature reaches its lowest point: A. at about four o'clock in the afternoon. B. just before waking. C. just before falling asleep. D. midway through the sleep cycle. 5. In large doses, hallucinogens: A. produce vivid hallucinations. B. have no effects. C. produce a relaxed, slightly euphoric state. D. relieve pain. 6.One of the most dangerous reactions to PCP use is: A. rapid physical addiction. B. overdose. C. heart attack. D. aggressive or violent behavior. 7. A buzzing sound is followed by an electric shock to the hands. After several repetitions, subjects jerk their hands away when they hear the buzzer. In this example, what is the unconditioned stimulus? A. subjects jerking their hands away B. the buzzer C. fear of the shock D. the electric shock 8. A tractor driver learned that every time he pushed a large button in his cab, a horn would sound. Now, whenever he wants the horn to blow, he presses the button. How can you extinguish the driver's learning? . A. Install a device so that every time he touches the button, the driver will receive a shock. B. Install a device so that the horn will spontaneously blow on its own now and then. C. Disconnect the wires so that the horn will not sound when the driver pushes the button. D. Force the driver to stay away from tractors for a long period of time. 9. Which of the following observations supports the claim that short-term memories are frequently represented as acoustic codes? A. If you are trying to retain information in short-term memory, you tend to rehearse it over and over. B. Most people have better acoustic memory than visual memory. C. People tend to make acoustic "mistakes" when they encode in short-term memory. D. People use language to organize information in the brain. 10. Most long-term memories are stored as A. either visual or auditory sensations. B. auditory codes. C. visual codes. D. semantic codes. 11. Relearning supports the belief that: A. recall tasks are easier than recognition tasks. B. recognition tasks provide more retrieval cues. C. memories stored in long-term memory are permanent. D. the order in which we memorize items is as important as the items on the list. 12. If music is the product of the piano, and money is the product of banking, then ____________ is the product of cognition. A. behavior B. stimulation C. emotion D. information 13. Which of the following is an example of a prototypical member of the concept "clothing"? A. necklace B. belt C. pants D. tank top 14. Past tenses, prefixes, and single freestanding words are examples of A. phonemes. B. morphemes. C. semantics. D. syntax. 15.The rules of word order are part of a language's: A. phonology. B. syntax. C. semantics. D. morphology. 16.Intelligence test scores predict job success partially as a result of the fact that: A. most jobs don't require a degree but do require tacit skills. B. people with low intelligence are likely to live below the poverty line. C. it takes less time to train people with higher intelligence to a high level of skill than people with lower levels of intelligence. D. persons with low IQ scores cannot learn the skills necessary for nonprofessional occupations.

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