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An Ethiopian proverb says, "What one hopes for is always better than what one has." Which familiar proverb teaches the same thing?
"The grass is always greener on the other side."
"A fool and his money are soon parted."
"Don't count your chickens before they hatch."
"It was out of the frying pan and into the fire."
Proverbs in African oral traditions are used mainly to
create lengthy epic poetry.
convey cultural wisdom.
help people mourn the dead.
inspire hunters before the hunt.
Which one of the following familiar sayings is closest to the meaning of The Destiny of a Wolf-Cub?
"Dog is man's best friend."
"One picture is worth a thousand words."
"A leopard never changes its spots."
"People who live in glass houses should not throw stones."
What does If You Cannot Stand a Sting teach about the consequences of people's actions?
People cannot predict the consequences of their actions.
People sometimes suffer unjustly as a result of their actions.
People often must experience pain to achieve a goal.
People should consider consequences before they act.
Which of the following statements is true of an anecdote?
An anecdote applies only to people of a single culture.
An anecdote often has a broader meaning than is first apparent.
The reader usually needs prior knowledge to understand an anecdote.
The author usually provides an interpretation of the anecdote.
Which of the following is a reason for early African oral traditions in literature?
Much of African literature is ritual drama.
There are so many different African languages.
Only the Aksum kingdom developed written language.
Many words in African languages use tonal quality to convey meaning.
What caused many early Africans to leave eastern Africa to find new kingdoms to the south and west?
a written alphabet
trade routes to India
Arabic culture's greatest contributions to the Western world include
operas based on myths and fables.
advanced agricultural methods.
new trade routes.
translations of Greek and Roman manuscripts.
In Unmarked Boxes, the poet Rumi compares a poet talking about the gold of baked bread with a town in the desert looking "up at stars on a clear night." This comparison is an example of
a folk tale.
An epic teaches the values of the society that creates it. Which pair of qualities best represents the values of Sundiata's culture?
courage and loyalty
modesty and patience
curiosity and wisdom
kindness and gentleness
Which of the following excerpts is an example of antithesis?
"Hell burns fiercely and Paradise is brought near."
"You shall be gratified with what your Lord will give you."
"You alone we worship, and to You alone we pray for help."
"No, your compatriot is not mad. He saw him on the clear horizon."
The line that opens The Exordium from the Koran contains the prayer in Allah's name for guidance to "The path of those whom You have favored, / Not of those who have incurred Your wrath." This is an example of
Memorial elegies were especially important to al-Khansa's pre-Islamic culture because many of her people
did not believe in an afterlife.
believed that poetry was a gift.
knew that life could end suddenly.
usually forgot people who had died.
In Why We Tell Stories About Spider, why must Anaanu bring a swarm of bees, a python, and a leopard to God?
to show his sorrow for his disrespectful behavior
to prove he is worthy of having stories told about him
to show that he is capable of becoming king of the forest
to prove that he is clever even though he is small in size
Which technique is used to help storytellers remember the tales?
In Why We Tell Stories About Spider, the tale says, "Anaanu went away and sat down and thought." This sentence is a context clue that prepares the listener for
Anaanu's failure to capture the bees.
how cleverly Anaanu performs his tasks.
the Python's trick.
When people refer to the moral of a folk tale or a fairy tale, such as The Fisherman and the Jinnee, they are referring to
the structure of the writing.
a lesson about life.
the actions of the characters.
the frame story.
Writers often use analogies to
give human qualities to objects.
explain something that is unfamiliar.
create suspense in their stories.
show how the past relates to the present.
In addition to entertaining the reader, folk tales and fairy tales often
teach something to the reader.
present the reader with a mystery.
persuade the reader to take action.
provide scientific information.