Question 53 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
As the 1932 election approached,
the Democratic candidate, Franklin Roosevelt, publicly announced the recovery programs that would later be known as the ?New Deal.?
the socialist and Communist candidates attracted such enthusiastic crowds that the two-party system seemed to be in jeopardy.
despair and apathy, not anger, characterized most American voters.
the Republicans enthusiastically renominated Hoover because they still strongly supported his programs of voluntarism and pump-priming economics.
Question 54 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
By 2006, it was clear that Iraq had entered into a period of
Question 55 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
How did Samuel Gompers and the American Federation of Labor's goals differ from those of the Knights of Labor?
Gompers was deeply influenced by Marxist ideas of class struggle.
Gompers believed that workers should be organized as producers rather than by craft or occupation.
Gompers believed that workers should focus on concrete, achievable gains and possess power sufficient to back up their cause.
Gompers believed that an eight-hour day was an unattainable goal.
Question 56 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
President McKinley and the Republicans jumped at the chance to hold the Philippine Islands because
they saw them as the key to American influence in the Asian market.
the victory would soothe an American public angered by an unpopular war.
the move would quiet Democratic opponents who had criticized the war effort as being unproductive.
control of the Philippines would guarantee the territorial integrity of China.
Question 57 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
often outsource jobs to regions where labor costs are lower.
lead the fight to control the ?greenhouse? effect.
promote the growth of labor unions in developing countries.
strongly supported the Kyoto accords in 1997.
Question 58 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
At the Washington Naval Arms Conference in 1921, the world's leading naval powers
agreed on a ratio of battleship strength that favored Great Britain and France.
placed limits on naval expansion to encourage stability in the Far East.
agreed to halt the construction of battleships indefinitely.
marked out restricted zones in the Pacific Ocean from which Atlantic-based ships were banned.
Question 59 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
Governor Alfred E. Smith, the Democratic presidential candidate in 1928,
had a speaking voice ideally suited to the new medium of radio.
was the first major-party presidential candidate to reflect the aspirations of the urban working class.
was of Irish-immigrant background and a product of Chicago's political machine.
lost the election because he failed to carry the heavily industrialized states.
Question 60 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
Why did Bill Clinton win reelection in 1996?
united Democratic Party inspired by Republican control of Congress, an uninspiring opponent in Bob Dole, and great effort combined to deliver 49 percent of the popular vote for Clinton.
The public blamed Newt Gingrich and Republican presidential candidate Bob Dole for the rise in the ?misery index? that was reported shortly before the election.
The Democrats benefited from the largest voter turnout since 1960.
He ?stole? the election by rigging voting machines in Ohio and Florida.
Question 61 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
Which of the following statements most accurately characterizes the concept of ?globalization??
A sport played by Americans
An evangelical religious revitalization movement
The movement of goods, ideas, and people across political boundaries
All of the above
Question 62 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
The ?City Beautiful? movement is associated most directly with
attempts to clean up the ?veritable mud rivers? that spring rains regularly produced in late-nineteenth-century New York City.
attempts to clean up ?the pall of smoke which constantly overhangs? Pittsburgh.
Frederick Law Olmsted's projects for the Chicago Columbian Exposition of 1893.
efforts by the park commissioners of Kansas City in 1893 to preserve green space before urban growth engulfed the city.
Question 63 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
The ?space race? began when
the Soviet Union exploded its first nuclear device (1949).
Americans learned that the Soviet Union had launched the first space satellite, Sputnik (1957).
President Eisenhower signed the Outer Space Exploration Act (1953).
John F. Kennedy called for the United States to put a man on the moon by 1970.
Question 64 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
Between 1970 and 2000,
almost 28 million immigrants?21 million legal migrants and 7 million illegal entrants?came into the United States.
the number of Latino immigrants dropped substantially.
the issue of immigration became less charged politically.
the federal government set a numerical quota of 2 million immigrants annually.
Question 65 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
Supply-side economics as practiced by the Reagan administration rested on the theory that
balancing the federal budget was the highest priority.
tax cuts would promote investment.
the government should stimulate the national economy by increasing the level of federal spending.
the government should supply more money to the economy by lowering interest rates and putting more dollars into circulation.
Question 66 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
Which of the following is an example of the racial inclusiveness of President George W. Bush?
Black speakers and entertainers featured prominently at Republican party celebrations.
Bush placed General Colin Powell, an African American, in his cabinet as secretary of state.
Bush placed a black woman, Condoleezza Rice, as secretary of state to replace Powell.
All of the above
Question 67 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
Which of the following statements does not accurately characterize African American writers and artists of the Harlem Renaissance?
Many of them depended on white patronage, which evaporated when the stock market crashed.
Many did not appeal to the black masses.
They would inspire black writers of the 1960s.
They were almost exclusively poets, believing that poetry was the ?most pure? expression of African American culture.
Question 68 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
Which of the following statements most accurately characterizes the innovations in housing construction pioneered by William Levitt after World War II?
His company could build 150 homes per week by applying mass-production techniques to home construction.
In 1947, his basic four-room house was priced at about $25,000.
The first Levittown was built in the Los Angeles area.
From the beginning in 1947, his company was willing to sell homes directly to blacks.
Question 69 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
Which of the following statements does not characterize the economic, political, and social development of China in the early twenty-first century?
China possesses a workforce of 1.3 billon people.
The U.S. trade imbalance with China topped $170 billion in 2004.
China committed no violations of human rights criticized by the West.
Chinese industrialists regularly pirate American products.
Question 70 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
Which of the following does not correctly describe the building of the first transcontinental railroad?
Two companies?the Union Pacific and the Central Pacific?won the contracts to build the railroad.
The federal government subsidized the project with generous land grants and millions of dollars in public loans to the railroad companies.
One company built east from California and one company built west from Nebraska until they met at Promontory, Utah.
The company that built east from California advanced more rapidly than its competitor that built west.
Question 71 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
Southern states adopted the primary election at the end of the nineteenth and beginning of the twentieth century in an effort to
eliminate boss rule.
head off progressive demands for other reforms, including initiative and recall.
ensure that the two-party system remained viable in the region.
drive blacks out of politics.
Question 72 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
As secretary of commerce under Warren Harding, Herbert Hoover
led a renewed campaign of trust-busting to restore competition in the business world.
sought to minimize government intervention in business.
distrusted economic statistics generated by his department and preferred those provided by private organizations.
supported expansion of the federal government through voluntary cooperation with business in the public interest.
Question 73 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
The most contentious issue between the United Nations, the United States, and Iraq between 1991 and 2003 was
political corruption in the Saddam Hussein regime.
the existence of weapons of mass destruction (WMD).
economic malfeasance by Saddam Hussein.
the status of U.S. prisoners of war.
Question 74 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
In the 1880s, Pan-Americanism was
the demand made by influential American expansionists that the United States resume its pre?Civil War ?manifest destiny? by annexing more territory and taking colonies in Latin America.
the notion of a community of American states.
Secretary of State James G. Blaine's restatement of the Monroe Doctrine, warning Great Britain and Germany not to attempt to take more colonies in the Western Hemisphere.
the Latin American states' efforts to form a common front against an expansionist United States.
Question 75 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
Led by Treasury Secretary Andrew Mellon, the Harding administration persuaded Congress to follow an economic policy of
keeping federal taxes fairly high to keep the economic boom from turning into a dangerous inflation.
reducing tariffs to encourage postwar trade expansion, open new markets for American exports, and enable European nations to repay their war debts from the profits of increasing exports to the United States.
reducing federal taxes on corporate and personal income, freeing up money for private investment.
lowering taxes somewhat, but keeping the steeply graduated features of wartime income taxes.