I've been working on these and will post the ones I have finished.
Click here for Part A #1.
Here is Part A #2.
On Part B #1, I see the answer when I click the link. Maybe this is clearer:
Describe the utilitarian ethical system.
The utilitarian ethical system is the philosophy of "the ends justify the means." An act is considered to conform to this ethical system if it results in the greatest benefit for the greatest number.
Hope this helps!