CONVERGENCE,DIVERGENCE,AND GLOBAL ENLIGHTENMENTS 1. The French philosopher Voltaire was attracted to Confucianism because he A. felt that it pointed to an alternative to absolute monarchy. B. regarded it as substitute for organized religion. C. found it full of material he could ridicule in his satirical writings. D. believed it promoted universal access to education. 2. The main reason Louis XVI of France called the Estates General into session in 1789 was A. a war with England. B. as a result of Enlightenment ideals. C. because of pressure from the church. D. a financial crisis. 3. The major contribution of the French philosopher Rene Descartes was in the realm of A. astronomy. B. physics. C. epistemology. D. chemistry. 3. The major contribution of the French philosopher Rene Descartes was in the realm of A. astronomy. B. physics. C. epistemology. D. chemistry. 4. In most cases, the first Muslims to spread Islam into new areas of Africa were A. merchants. B. monks. C. warriors. D. missionaries. 5. Which social class suffered most during the early Tokugawa period? A. Peasants B. Samurai C. Merchants D. Daimyo 6. The Manchu imposed their own culture on the Chinese after the establishment of the Qing dynasty in 1644 by making A. Manchu culture predominant throughout China. B. all Chinese dress in the Manchu fashion. C. the Chinese shave their hair. D. their language the official language of China. 7. One critical factor in the rapid success of the Spanish in conquering the Aztecs and the Inca that has been overlooked is the role of A. disease. B. superior Spanish technology. C. native belief in the idea that the Spaniards were gods. D. native resentment against the Aztec and the Inca. 8. The vast majority of slaves shipped from Western Africa went to A. China. B. Spanish America. C. India. D. British North America. 8. The vast majority of slaves shipped from Western Africa went to A. China. B. Spanish America. C. India. D. British North America. 9. On gaining independence from Portugal in 1822, Brazil became a A. democracy. B. republic. C. monarchy. D. federal state. 10. Which of the following best explains the lack of cholera outbreaks in Japan? A. Their use of human waste as fertilizer B. Their culture of strict personal hygiene C. Early introduction of sewage treatment plants D. Their tradition of tea drinking 1. During the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, the major reason for the high death rate among Native Americans from disease was A. lack of immunities. B. malnutrition. C. warfare. D. overwork. 12. By 1800, the number of African slaves that had been imported to the Americas was about _______ million. A. 4 B. 7.5 C. 6 D. 2.5 13. The most important factor in the British conquest of India during the eighteenth century was the A. addiction of millions of Indians to opium. B. superiority of British arms. C. willingness of the British government to pay for an invasion. D. political disunity in India. 14. In North America, what was the "black gold" of the far north? A. furs. B. cod. C. a special kind of gold ore that was only found in those regions. D. African slaves. 15. During the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, Japan was the world's leading producer of A. porcelain. B. silver. C. pepper. D. rhubarb. 16. One of the main reasons that the British developed a massive trade in opium with China was A. to create millions of addicts and weaken the country. B. to correct a long-term trade deficit. C. to force the Chinese to open diplomatic and trade negotiations. D. because opium couldn't be sold in Europe. 17. Religious reform in Mongolia under Altan Khan was guided by A. Jesuits. B. Hindu priests. C. Tibetan Buddhists. D. Muslim scholars. 18. Ignatius Loyola was a A. wandering ascetic who founded the Franciscans. B. priest who became a leader of the Inquisition in Spain. C. soldier who founded the Jesuits. D. disillusioned monk who founded the Dominican Order. 19. The state that Europeans came to eye like greedy creditors around a rich man's deathbed was the _______ Empire. A. Persian B. Austrian C. Ottoman D. Russian 20. The Treaty of Westphalia of 1648 A. ended the wars of religion through a policy of tolerance. B. came close to establishing the power of the Roman Church in England. C. ended civil wars throughout Europe. D. gave rulers the right to impose their religion upon their subjects.<br /><br />I will Tip $40 to anyone that can answers these in the next hour!!
Subject: World History
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Elementary teacher for 16 years Bilingual Spanish English and with a Psychology Masters
13- d almost certain
10 a not sure
8- B. Spanish America
UG.... answers were 2. D5. B6. C7. D19. C20. D
sorry about the poor formatting on the others...however, I still need answers to these following questions: This is a new test under this subect..need help fast!!!RUSTRATIONS OF PROGRESS; CHAOS AND COMPLEXITY3. Quinine was essential for the expansion of imperial powers because of its A. role as a military weapon.B. usefulness in fighting malaria.C. value as a base for cosmetics.D. value for flavoring and preserving food.4. Hydroelectric power requires A. significant amounts of sunlight.B. public enthusiasm.C. a large river that can be dammed.D. large open spaces with high winds.6. Which of the following diseases was virtually eradicated through inoculation? A. MeaslesB. PlagueC. TuberculosisD. Smallpox I think it's A8. Constitutionalism is best defined as A. a document that outlines democratic principles.B. the creation of a specific document or constitution.C. a set of beliefs that guarantees equal rights to all the citizens of a state.D. a doctrine that the state is founded on rules established by citizens and rulers to which all are bound.(I think it would be C?)13. One of the greatest lasting social changes of the development of mass armies was the A. breakup of aristocracies.B. development of the idea of "total war."C. complete militarization of European society.D. creation of national identities.14. The British argued that the banning of the opium trade by Chinese authorities in 1839 was wrong because it violated A. Britain's right to do whatever it wanted.B. freedom of commerce.C. basic human decency.D. the rights of individual Chinese to do as they pleased.17. For the English philosopher Jeremy Bentham, social institutions should be evaluated on the basis of their A. concern for the rights of the individual over social utility.B. ability to provide services at the lowest cost.C. success in providing the greatest good to the greatest number.D. imposing minimal intrusions into citizens' lives.