1. According to Kingsley Davis, a manifest function ofprostitution is that itA. protects the bargaining position of married women.B. provides a sexual outlet for men who can’t compete inthe marriage market.C. increases sexual crimes of violence.D. keeps many women properly employed and off thestreets.2. Which of the following principles is illustrated by lawsrequiring the use of seat belts?A. Creation of valuesB. Emphasis on voluntary complianceC. Using laws to create normsD. Elimination of values3. In Freudian theory, the _______ is the natural, unsocializedbiological component of the psyche that includes hunger andsexual urges.A. id C. superegoB. ego D. me4. In Mead’s theory, the “I” is theA. self of which we’re aware.B. self as social object.C. spontaneous, creative part of the self.D. selfless, other-centered part of the self.5. Your text argues that _______ help to explain what’s common to humankind acrosssocieties while _______ explains why people and societies differ from one another.A. cultural universals; geneticsB. biological factors; cultureC. social structure; biologyD. technological advances; cultural universals6. Lucinda has recently moved to the United States from Colombia. Her children no longerspeak Spanish and are learning to live like American children. Lucinda’s children areexperiencingA. multiculturalism. C. cultural relativism.B. ethnocentrism. D. assimilation.7. Modern theories of cognitive development were developed primarily byA. Jean Piaget. C. Sigmund Freud.B. George Herbert Mead. D. Herbert Spencer.8. The variable in a hypothesis that precedes or causes a change in the other variable inthe hypothesis is called the _______ variable.A. control C. sampleB. independent D. dependent9. Which of the following is the correct definition of sanctions?A. Lifestyles that are opposed to the wider cultureB. Rewards for conformity and punishments for nonconformityC. The forms of interaction through which people relate to one anotherD. The expectation that people will return favors when they’re obligated to do so10. The transmission of culture from one person (or generation) to the next is dependentuponA. a large brain.B. the human capacity for creating and using technology.C. natural human instincts.D. the human capacity for language.11. The difficulties that John and Mary experience in their marriage represent a personaltrouble. According to C. Wright Mills, the fact that 250 out of every 1,000 marriagesend in divorce within the first four years, however, isA. a public issue.B. a sign of moral collapse.C. a latent dysfunction of marriage.D. meaningless.12. All of the following theoretical ideas are associated with Karl Marx, exceptA. economic determinism.B. dialectic.C. positivism.D. capitalism as a source of conflict and inequality.13. Weber argues that part of the ideological foundation for capitalism came fromA. economic determinism. C. the American frontier.B. Protestant religious values. D. changing modes of production.14. The self-concept is best defined asA. the way other people perceive us.B. the spontaneous reaction we have to others in our daily lives.C. the selfish egocentric part of the self.D. a person’s thoughts regarding his or her personality and social roles.15. According to theorists who embrace the symbolic interaction perspective,understanding human behavior requires us toA. recognize that meanings associated with behavior are static and don’t change.B. become a member of the group we’re studying.C. learn what behavior means to individual actors.D. be willing to imitate and enter into the behavior of others.16. Irving Goffman developed the concept of total institutions after working in aA. mental hospital. C. cloistered monastery.B. prison. D. boot camp.17. “Society is like an organism, the parts work in harmony to contribute to the maintenanceof the whole. A healthy society is one that’s public.” These statements areconsistent with which sociological perspective?A. Symbolic interaction C. Structural-functional theoryB. Cultural determinism D. Conflict theory18 Norms that characterize the customary, normal, and habitual ways people are expectedto do things are known asA. mores. C. customs.B. laws. D. folkways.19. Generalizing from what we’ve learned about monkeys, we can conclude that the effectsof neglectA. have been overestimated.B. are severe and irreversible.C. are severe but may also be reversible.D. always end in premature death.20. Social values are defined by your text asA. the normal, habitual ways of doing things.B. shared ideas about what’s a valuable goal.C. shared rules of conduct that specify how people ought to think and act.D. strong ideas about what’s morally right or wrong as enforced by the police powersof the state.
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