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Which of the following does not correctly describe the building

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Which of the following does not correctly describe the building of the first transcontinental railroad? Two companies—the Union Pacific and the Central Pacific—won the contracts to build the railroad. The federal government subsidized the project with generous land grants and millions of dollars in public loans to the railroad companies. One company built east from California and one company built west from Nebraska until they met at Promontory, Utah. The company that built east from California advanced more rapidly than its competitor that built west. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Question 2 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) Which of the following statements most accurately reflects the experience of women who settled the Great Plains after the Civil War? They spent longer years in childrearing than women in the East because many children were needed to work the new farmland. Women were barred from filing claims under the Homestead Act. Women's prospects for marriage declined. Traditional gender roles were more fluid, as many women joined their husbands in the fields and some homesteaded alone. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Question 3 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) The hub of the mining economy was San Francisco. Los Angeles. Virginia City. Silver City. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Question 4 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) What is the most important reason that few African American men held factory jobs in 1890? There were virtually no factories in the South, where the majority of African Americans lived at that time. White-dominated labor unions generally refused to allow blacks to join and seek industrial employment. Factory owners found that they could satisfy most of their labor needs with immigrant workers, so they rejected most black applicants. Black workers intensely disliked factory work and preferred agricultural or casual urban labor. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Question 5 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) How did Samuel Gompers and the American Federation of Labor's goals differ from those of the Knights of Labor? Gompers was deeply influenced by Marxist ideas of class struggle. Gompers believed that workers should be organized as producers rather than by craft or occupation. Gompers believed that workers should focus on concrete, achievable gains and possess power sufficient to back up their cause. Gompers believed that an eight-hour day was an unattainable goal. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Question 6 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) Why did the Pullman strike of 1894 fail? It was crushed by the combination of federal troops and court injunctions. Strikebreakers, protected by armed Pinkerton guards, broke union resistance. Public opinion turned against the strikers when it was learned that one of the strike leaders, Eugene Debs, was a Marxist revolutionary. John P. Altgeld, the popular governor of Illinois, persuaded the strikers to give up peacefully rather than face federal intervention. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Question 7 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) The “City Beautiful” movement is associated most directly with attempts to clean up the “veritable mud rivers” that spring rains regularly produced in late-nineteenth-century New York City. attempts to clean up “the pall of smoke which constantly overhangs” Pittsburgh. Frederick Law Olmsted's projects for the Chicago Columbian Exposition of 1893. efforts by the park commissioners of Kansas City in 1893 to preserve green space before urban growth engulfed the city. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Question 8 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) The urban revivalism preached by Dwight L. Moody and others represented a fundamentalist attack on the doctrinal liberalism and complacency of mainstream Protestantism. liberal challenge to fundamentalism. strong example of communal social uplift. Catholic challenge to Protestantism. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Question 9 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) As the racial policies of the white South hardened, the option that was least realistic for black Americans was returning to Africa. selective protest. strategic accommodation. boycotts of segregated streetcars. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Question 10 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) Which of the following statements most accurately characterizes Samuel Gompers's and the American Federation of Labor's response to the rise of progressivism? They hardened their pro-voluntarism stance and worked tirelessly to defeat progressive candidates at the ballot. They joined the battle for progressive legislation and increasingly became its strongest advocate, especially regarding the issue of workers' compensation. They thoroughly distrusted progressive middle-class do-gooders and insisted that workers could win through their own bargaining. They refused to buy newspapers and magazines known for publishing muckraking articles. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Question 11 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) Southern states adopted the primary election at the end of the nineteenth and beginning of the twentieth century in an effort to eliminate boss rule. head off progressive demands for other reforms, including initiative and recall. ensure that the two-party system remained viable in the region. drive blacks out of politics. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Question 12 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) In response to the trend toward mergers of businesses into large trusts, Theodore Roosevelt relied on Wall Street to regulate itself. cheered the mergers as proof of American efficiency. worried that the trusts were becoming too powerful and stifled competition. publicly attacked trusts, but privately worked to weaken the Sherman Antitrust Act. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Question 13 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) Which of the following statements most accurately characterizes Theodore Roosevelt's approach to the nation's natural resources? He was a preservationist who opposed the exploitation of natural resources. An ardent outdoorsman, he became a convert to conservation only after 1904. He called for the repeal of the Forest Reserve Act of 1891. He was a conservationist who tried to balance commercial and public interests. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Question 14 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) In the 1880s, Pan-Americanism was the demand made by influential American expansionists that the United States resume its pre–Civil War “manifest destiny” by annexing more territory and taking colonies in Latin America. the notion of a community of American states. Secretary of State James G. Blaine's restatement of the Monroe Doctrine, warning Great Britain and Germany not to attempt to take more colonies in the Western Hemisphere. the Latin American states' efforts to form a common front against an expansionist United States. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Question 15 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) President McKinley and the Republicans jumped at the chance to hold the Philippine Islands because they saw them as the key to American influence in the Asian market. the victory would soothe an American public angered by an unpopular war. the move would quiet Democratic opponents who had criticized the war effort as being unproductive. control of the Philippines would guarantee the territorial integrity of China. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Question 16 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) Which of the following was not included in the armistice ending the war between Spain and the United States? Spain agreed to cede Puerto Rico to the United States. Spain allowed the United States to annex Hawaii. Spain agreed to liberate Cuba. Spain ceded Guam to the United States. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Question 17 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) Under the Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine, the United States would intervene in the internal affairs of a Caribbean nation only on invitation from the government in power. intervene against any rebel force in a Caribbean nation. act unilaterally to regulate the affairs of any Caribbean nation. look to Mexico, the most powerful Latin American nation, to police the Caribbean countries. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Question 18 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) Which of the following statements most accurately characterizes America's position in the European peace movement after the 1899 Hague Peace Conference? Presidents Roosevelt and Taft negotiated arbitration treaties to submit disputes to the Hague Court, but the Senate refused to ratify any treaty that compromised American sovereignty. President Wilson favored the peace movement, but his secretary of state, William Jennings Bryan, did not. Being of warlike temperament himself, Theodore Roosevelt ridiculed the peace movement as being naive. The United States refused to get involved. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Question 19 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) At the post–World War I peace negotiations, President Wilson succeeded in persuading the Europeans to accept the principles of free trade and freedom of the seas during wartime. stopping secret negotiating sessions and establishing the principle of open covenants. blocking French and British demands for a “war guilt” clause to justify reparations from Germany. persuading the European nations to commit to a league of nations. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Question 20 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) Which of the following statements most accurately characterizes the Red Scare of 1919–1921? The American public and press blamed labor conflict on the American Federation of Labor. The American Communist Party, with over 700,000 members in 1919, posed a direct threat to the stability of American society. The Industrial Workers of the World and the Socialist Party were rebounding from wartime harassment and experiencing increased memberships. A series of bombings in 1919 led Americans to associate all radical or dissident political groups with violence. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Question 21 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) As secretary of commerce under Warren Harding, Herbert Hoover led a renewed campaign of trust-busting to restore competition in the business world. sought to minimize government intervention in business. distrusted economic statistics generated by his department and preferred those provided by private organizations. supported expansion of the federal government through voluntary cooperation with business in the public interest. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Question 22 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) The low voter turnout in the 1924 election was attributed to the reluctance of many women to use the voting privilege they won in 1920. reduction in the number of men who voted. absence of any liberal alternative to the conservative Republican and Democratic candidates. fissure between the rural and urban wings of the Democratic Party. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Question 23 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) At the Washington Naval Arms Conference in 1921, the world's leading naval powers agreed on a ratio of battleship strength that favored Great Britain and France. placed limits on naval expansion to encourage stability in the Far East. agreed to halt the construction of battleships indefinitely. marked out restricted zones in the Pacific Ocean from which Atlantic-based ships were banned. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Question 24 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) As the 1932 election approached, the Democratic candidate, Franklin Roosevelt, publicly announced the recovery programs that would later be known as the “New Deal.” the socialist and Communist candidates attracted such enthusiastic crowds that the two-party system seemed to be in jeopardy. despair and apathy, not anger, characterized most American voters. the Republicans enthusiastically renominated Hoover because they still strongly supported his programs of voluntarism and pump-priming economics. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Question 25 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) The Emergency Banking Act of 1933 created a national banking system of savings and loan associations. prevented all banks from reopening until treasury inspectors examined their books and ascertained whether they had sufficient cash reserves. put all banks in the United States under federal control until an adequate system of deposit insurance could be developed. forced all banks to join the Federal Reserve System. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Question 26 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) Which of the following was not done by the NRA to combat the Great Depression? Fix prices Establish maximum production quotas Ban union organizing Suspend antitrust laws -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Question 27 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) In 1934, the Liberty League was organized by business leaders and conservative Democrats who opposed New Deal reforms. liberals and moderate Republicans who favored the rights of labor. civil libertarians who wished to protect freedom of speech. radicals who thought that the New Deal needed to be pushed farther to the left. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Question 28 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) A severe recession occurred in 1937–1938 when Roosevelt, Congress, and the Federal Reserve cut spending and attempted to balance the budget. embraced deficit spending. increased funds for the WPA. made it easier for Americans to borrow money. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Question 29 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) Which of the following statements most accurately characterizes American support for the Allies and America's preparation for war in 1939–1940? Roosevelt vetoed a bill to send fifty American destroyers to Britain in exchange for the right to build military bases on British territory in the Atlantic. Roosevelt removed Henry Stimson and Frank Knox from cabinet posts because they did not support his preparations for war. Congress initiated America's first peacetime draft registration program. Roosevelt vetoed a bill to increase defense spending because he considered it too provocative toward Germany. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Question 30 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) During World War II, federal income tax was paid by wealthy citizens for the first time. replaced by a national sales tax. seen as a way for taxpayers to express patriotism. cut in half for the duration of the war. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Question 31 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) Which of the following statements most accurately characterizes U.S. politics during World War II? Congress narrowed Roosevelt's call in 1944 for a second bill of rights program to include only veterans. The Republicans lost congressional seats and governorships in the 1942 elections. Voter turnout was at an all-time high for the nonpresidential elections of 1942. Southern Democrats pressured Roosevelt to run again in 1944. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Question 32 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) The turning point of World War II in Europe came when the U.S. Navy drove German submarines out of the Atlantic in spring 1942, thereby ensuring the flow of oil and other military supplies to Britain and the Soviet Union. Soviets halted the German advance at Stalingrad in the winter of 1942–1943. Allies invaded Italy in 1943. Allies regained the offensive after the Battle of the Bulge in late 1944. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Question 33 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) When the United States joined Canada and Western Europe to form the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) in 1949, it was the first peacetime military alliance the nation had entered into since the American Revolution. asked for a token force of U.S. troops in Europe. permanently excluded the Federal Republic of Germany. imposed a blockade on Berlin. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Question 34 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) President Truman's response to the invasion of South Korea was to ask the UN Security Council to authorize a “police action.” ask Congress for a declaration of war. pursue a policy of watchful waiting. ask Congress to send aid to the Koreans. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Question 35 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) In the late 1940s and early 1950s, the House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) investigated Joseph McCarthy and other extreme anti-Communists' abuses of power. was known for its careful investigations of alleged subversive activities, unlike McCarthy and his Senate committee. targeted the film industry. confined itself to investigating anti-American propaganda and sentiment abroad. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Question 36 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) The “space race” began when the Soviet Union exploded its first nuclear device (1949). Americans learned that the Soviet Union had launched the first space satellite, Sputnik (1957). President Eisenhower signed the Outer Space Exploration Act (1953). John F. Kennedy called for the United States to put a man on the moon by 1970. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Question 37 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) The root of the “military-industrial complex,” according to President Eisenhower, is the partnership between business and government. business and education. government and education. government and government. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Question 38 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) One of the most rapidly growing job categories in America during the 1950s was independent entrepreneurs. blue-collar workers. white-collar managers. unskilled laborers. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Question 39 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) Which of the following statements most accurately characterizes the innovations in housing construction pioneered by William Levitt after World War II? His company could build 150 homes per week by applying mass-production techniques to home construction. In 1947, his basic four-room house was priced at about $25,000. The first Levittown was built in the Los Angeles area. From the beginning in 1947, his company was willing to sell homes directly to blacks. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Question 40 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) In 1953, when Congress authorized a program to terminate the legal standing of Indian tribes and to move their members off reservations, only 5,000 Native Americans took advantage of the program. the Bureau of Indian Affairs encouraged migration to cities by subsidizing moving costs and establishing urban relocation centers. most Native Americans found that, although it was initially difficult to move to unfamiliar surroundings, they adjusted after a few years and became assimilated into urban society. the program was so successful it was continued into the 1970s. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Question 41 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) Led by Treasury Secretary Andrew Mellon, the Harding administration persuaded Congress to follow an economic policy of keeping federal taxes fairly high to keep the economic boom from turning into a dangerous inflation. reducing tariffs to encourage postwar trade expansion, open new markets for American exports, and enable European nations to repay their war debts from the profits of increasing exports to the United States. reducing federal taxes on corporate and personal income, freeing up money for private investment. lowering taxes somewhat, but keeping the steeply graduated features of wartime income taxes. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Question 42 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) As secretary of commerce under Warren Harding, Herbert Hoover led a renewed campaign of trust-busting to restore competition in the business world. sought to minimize government intervention in business. distrusted economic statistics generated by his department and preferred those provided by private organizations. supported expansion of the federal government through voluntary cooperation with business in the public interest. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Question 43 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) Which of the following statements most accurately characterizes women's political participation during the 1920s? Because women had little experience with the political process, few considered themselves to be ready to seek public office. Women were most effective as members of political parties' committees. Women had little success in political lobbying and no formal organizations to press for political change. Women did not vote as a bloc. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Question 44 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) Under the Kellogg-Briand Peace Pact of 1928, the United States agreed to become an associate member of the League of Nations. joined with many other nations in renouncing war as an instrument of national policy. promised to reduce its tariffs if European debtor nations increased their rate of war-debt repayment. promised to come to the aid of any European country attacked by the Soviet Union. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Question 45 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) Which of the following statements most accurately characterizes sports in the 1920s? Shrinking tax revenues caused a slowdown in the construction of urban recreational facilities. The only real way to keep up with a favorite sports team was to attend the game in person. As the workweek shrank and paid vacations increased, Americans had more time to spend on recreation. The performance of African American athletes on integrated professional sports teams helped lessen racial tensions. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Question 46 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) Which of the following statements does not accurately characterize African American writers and artists of the Harlem Renaissance? Many of them depended on white patronage, which evaporated when the stock market crashed. Many did not appeal to the black masses. They would inspire black writers of the 1960s. They were almost exclusively poets, believing that poetry was the “most pure” expression of African American culture. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Question 47 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) Governor Alfred E. Smith, the Democratic presidential candidate in 1928, had a speaking voice ideally suited to the new medium of radio. was the first major-party presidential candidate to reflect the aspirations of the urban working class. was of Irish-immigrant background and a product of Chicago's political machine. lost the election because he failed to carry the heavily industrialized states. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Question 48 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) Which of the following steps was not taken by the Hoover administration in its attempts to counter the Great Depression? Calling on state and local governments to increase capital spending on public works Providing direct federal relief for unemployed Americans Securing a large increase in federal spending for public works After initially cutting taxes, imposing a tax increase to balance the federal budget -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Question 49 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) Which of the following statements most accurately characterizes the Nixon administration's domestic policies? Nixon opposed bills to establish the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), and the Consumer Product Safety Commission, all of which became law when Congress overrode his vetoes. Nixon was blocked by Congress from impounding (i.e., refusing to spend) billions of dollars appropriated for social and environmental programs. Nixon successfully vetoed a bill to reform the social welfare system. The Office of Economic Opportunity was abolished by the Nixon administration. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Question 50 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) From 1969 to 1972, Richard Nixon's strategy to end the Vietnam War was to reduce American troop involvement and turn over most of the ground fighting to the South Vietnamese army. broaden and intensify it so that North Vietnam would be forced to negotiate a settlement. keep the war going until the eve of the 1972 election, when he could make peace and win reelection without being punished at the polls for the subsequent Communist takeover of South Vietnam that he knew would occur. work with the Soviet Union to settle the war on terms that would not be to China's advantage. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Question 51 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) On the eve of the presidential election of 1972, Nixon stepped up the bombing of North Vietnam. Nixon flew to the Paris peace negotiations and announced that “peace is at hand.” Henry Kissinger made enough concessions to the North Vietnamese to be able to announce that “peace is at hand.” Democratic presidential candidate George McGovern announced that he had a “secret plan” to obtain “peace with honor” in Southeast Asia. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Question 52 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) Vice President Spiro Agnew was forced out of office because he was centrally involved in the Watergate cover-up. indicted for accepting kickbacks on construction contracts while governor of Maryland. arrested on a morals charge in Baltimore. generally recognized by Republicans and Democrats alike as being unsuited for the presidency should President Nixon be removed from office as a result of Watergate. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Question 53 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) Busing to achieve racially integrated schools was ordered by the Civil Rights Act of 1964. increased racial balance in northern public schools. decreased “white flight” to the suburbs because suburban residence no longer guaranteed that children could avoid being bused to inner-city, minority-dominated schools. decreased after the late 1970s because judges began to back off from insisting on it. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Question 54 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) In 1978, California voters began a national trend by enacting a ballot initiative called Proposition 13 that denied homosexual men and women legally protected status in employment and housing. outlawed affirmative action practices in employment, education, and the awarding of state contracts. reduced property taxes. banned busing. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Question 55 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) How did President Jimmy Carter respond to the energy crisis of the 1970s? In an attempt to hold down costs to consumers, he called for tighter federal controls on oil and natural gas prices. He called energy conservation efforts “the moral equivalent of war.” He imposed rationing on gasoline and heating fuel, and he placed tariffs on imported petroleum. He called for abandoning environmental prohibitions against strip mining and for increased reliance on coal and nuclear power. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Question 56 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) A crisis developed in American-Iranian relations in 1979 because of a Communist revolution in Iran. President Carter's strong criticism of human rights violations by the Iranian secret police. American support for the deposed shah of Iran. Iranian terrorist activity in the United States. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Question 57 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) Which one of the following was not called for by the New Right, which emerged as a major force in American politics by 1980? Increasing overall federal spending Banning abortion Permitting school prayer Mandating the death penalty for certain crimes -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Question 58 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) Supply-side economics as practiced by the Reagan administration rested on the theory that balancing the federal budget was the highest priority. tax cuts would promote investment. the government should stimulate the national economy by increasing the level of federal spending. the government should supply more money to the economy by lowering interest rates and putting more dollars into circulation. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Question 59 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) All of the following were policies of the Reagan administration except deregulation of business. cuts in the funding of human services. cuts in defense spending. reducing federal regulation of consumer protection. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Question 60 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) Which of the following statements most accurately characterizes the Reagan administration's policy toward Nicaragua? It supported Nicaragua's right-wing government against leftist rebels. Its top priority in Central America was to topple Nicaragua's leftist government. In 1984, it persuaded Congress to pass the Boland Amendment, which provided aid for the Contra rebels fighting against Nicaragua's leftist regime. It sent thousands of U.S. troops into the country to prop up the Sandinista government. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Question 61 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) George Bush paid a heavy political price when in 1991 he agreed to increased defense spending. the Gramm-Rudman Act, mandating automatic spending cuts if budget targets were not met. a combination of spending cuts and the largest tax increase in history. cutbacks in automatic entitlements. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Question 62 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) Which of the following statements most accurately characterizes the circumstances leading up to armed confrontation with Iraq? The chain of events began with the Iraqi bombing of Saudi Arabia in the summer of 1990, followed by the invasion of Kuwait in the fall. The UN General Assembly requested that the United States send American troops to the Persian Gulf to oppose Iraqi actions. The U.S. Senate voted overwhelmingly to approve the use of American forces against Iraq. In November 1990 the UN Security Council voted to authorize the use of force if Iraq did not withdraw from Kuwait by January 15, 1991. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Question 63 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) Why did Bill Clinton win reelection in 1996? united Democratic Party inspired by Republican control of Congress, an uninspiring opponent in Bob Dole, and great effort combined to deliver 49 percent of the popular vote for Clinton. The public blamed Newt Gingrich and Republican presidential candidate Bob Dole for the rise in the “misery index” that was reported shortly before the election. The Democrats benefited from the largest voter turnout since 1960. He “stole” the election by rigging voting machines in Ohio and Florida. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Question 64 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) All of the following statements accurately characterize the background of the crisis in Yugoslavia except Yugoslavia began to break up in 1991 in the wake of the collapse of communism in Eastern Europe. Bosnian Muslims opposed the attempt of Serbs to maintain the province's multinational character. Bosnian Serbs began a campaign of mass murder against Muslims and Croats. The United States intervened in the conflict in 1995 after the European powers had failed to resolve it. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Question 65 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) Which of the following statements most accurately characterizes the concept of “globalization”? A sport played by Americans An evangelical religious revitalization movement The movement of goods, ideas, and people across political boundaries All of the above -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Question 66 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) During President Bill Clinton's two terms in the White House, the stock market value of American companies hardly grew at all. nearly divided in half. nearly doubled. nearly tripled. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Question 67 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) The economic recovery of the United States during the 1990s included all of the following factors except Japan and Germany, two major competitors, were now struggling. the nation's heavy industries increased market share. the stock market value of American companies nearly tripled. the boom was fueled by funds flowing into high-tech and e-commerce firms. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Question 68 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) Working through the World Trade Organization, the promoters of freer global trade achieved which of the following goals in the 1990s? Reduction in tariff rates Removal of many restrictions to the free international movement of capital investments Protection of intellectual property rights All of the above -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Question 69 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) Multinational corporations often outsource jobs to regions where labor costs are lower. lead the fight to control the “greenhouse” effect. promote the growth of labor unions in developing countries. strongly supported the Kyoto accords in 1997. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Question 70 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) Between 1970 and 2000, almost 28 million immigrants—21 million legal migrants and 7 million illegal entrants—came into the United States. the number of Latino immigrants dropped substantially. the issue of immigration became less charged politically. the federal government set a numerical quota of 2 million immigrants annually. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Question 71 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) The riots that erupted in Los Angeles in April 1992 took sixty lives and caused $850 million in property damage. were minor disturbances compared to the “long hot summers” of the 1960s. were set off by the state's decision to put former athlete O. J. Simpson on trial for the murders of his wife and her friend. exclusively pitted blacks against whites and Asian immigrants, mainly Koreans. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Question 72 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) Despite polls showing strong support for many feminist goals, feminism was jeopardized by a campaign against the feminist agenda launched by conservative social groups. the New Left's unwillingness to advance feminist goals. the public's attention on foreign affairs. the end of the National Organization for Women. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Question 73 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) Which of the following is an example of the racial inclusiveness of President George W. Bush? Black speakers and entertainers featured prominently at Republican party celebrations. Bush placed General Colin Powell, an African American, in his cabinet as secretary of state. Bush placed a black woman, Condoleezza Rice, as secretary of state to replace Powell. All of the above -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Question 74 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) Which of the following statements does not accurately characterize Bush's Economic Growth and Tax Relief Act of 2001? The plan phased out the estate tax by 2010. The plan slashed tax rates. The plan skewed tax benefits downward. The plan extended earned income credits for the poor. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Question 75 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) Which of the following statements does not characterize the passage of the USA PATRIOT Act in 2001? No hearings and little debate took place over the act. President Bush supported the measure completely. The majority of congressmen did not read the legislation before signing it. The act decreased the government's powers of domestic surveillance. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Question 76 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) The most contentious issue between the United Nations, the United States, and Iraq between 1991 and 2003 was political corruption in the Saddam Hussein regime. the existence of weapons of mass destruction (WMD). economic malfeasance by Saddam Hussein. the status of U.S. prisoners of war. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Question 77 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) Which of the following statements most accurately characterizes the Democratic party's campaign response to the Iraq War during the 2004 presidential election? The party completely criticized U.S. participation in the war. The party completely supported U.S. participation in the war. The party was split over supporting U.S. participation in the war. The party called for immediate pullout of U.S. troops. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Question 78 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) By 2006, it was clear that Iraq had entered into a period of civil war. nonviolence. economic security. political stability. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Question 79 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) Which of the following statements most accurately characterizes the EU (European Union)? The EU embraces twenty-five countries and 450 million people worldwide. The EU accounts for a fifth of all global imports and exports. The currency of the EU is the euro. All of the above -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Question 80 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) Which of the following statements does not characterize the economic, political, and social development of China in the early twenty-first century? China possesses a workforce of 1.3 billon people. The U.S. trade imbalance with China topped $170 billion in 2004. China committed no violations of human rights criticized by the West. Chinese industrialists regularly pirate American products. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Question 81 (Essay Worth 10 points) In your own words answer 1 of the following short answer questions. Be sure to include as much detail in your answer as possible. You should have 1-2 fully developed paragraphs in your answer: 1. Why did President Johnson suffer a “credibility gap” over Vietnam? 2.What were the critical events of 1968 that have led historians to describe it as a “watershed year”? -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Question 82 (Essay Worth 10 points) In your own words answer 1 of the following short answer questions. Be sure to include as much detail in your answer as possible. You should have 1-2 fully developed paragraphs in your answer: 1. What do we mean when we say that Nixon was a “realist” in foreign affairs? 2. What factors led to the end of the Cold War? -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Question 83 (Essay Worth 10 points) In your own words answer 1 of the following short answer questions. Be sure to include as much detail in your answer as possible. You should have 1-2 fully developed paragraphs in your answer: 1. What were the key elements of Reagan's domestic policy? 2. What were the sources of the American economic recovery of the 1980s and 1990s? Who benefited from it and who did not, and why was that the case? -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Question 84 (Essay Worth 10 points) In your own words answer 1 of the following short answer questions. Be sure to include as much detail in your answer as possible. You should have 1-2 fully developed paragraphs in your answer: 1. Explain how, having lost the popular vote in 2000, Bush nevertheless became president. 2. Why did the war in Iraq not go according to plan?
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