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Penn Foster - Medical Terminology Final Examination #40968800 15.

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Penn Foster - Medical Terminology
Final Examination #40968800

15. Necrosis is present, which indicates tissue
A. growth. C. death.
B. swelling. D. damage.
16. The histology is adenocarcinoma. Hist/o means
A. death. C. wall.
B. tissue. D. fat.
17. A patient is diagnosed with Addison’s disease, which is caused by decreased functioning of the
adrenal cortex. Which of the following medications may be prescribed?
A. Glucotrol C. Solu-Cortef
B. Humulin D. Pitressin
18. Which of the following medications would be prescribed for a 40-year-old woman with
long-standing hypothyroidism?
A. Fosamax C. Tolinase
B. Caltrate D. Synthroid
19. A 53-year-old African American woman is seen in the emergency room for diaphoresis,
weakness, and lack of insulin secretion. What is the diagnosis for this patient?
A. Acromegaly C. Addison’s disease
B. Diabetes mellitus D. Hyperthyroidism
20. Tissue under a microscope appears to be adenocarcinoma. What type of examination did the
pathologist perform?
A. Microscopic C. Palpation
B. Gross D. Auscultation
21. Over the past year, a patient has noted increasing menorrhagia, which refers to
A. painful menstruation. C. fibrocystic disease.
B. mastitis. D. heavy menstrual periods.
22. A patient complains of a tender uterus. Inflammation and infection are present in the uterus,
fallopian tubes, and ovaries. What diagnosis does this statement indicate?
A. Uterine prolapse C. Pelvic inflammatory disease
B. Ovarian cyst D. Eclampsia
32. An individual who is self-centered and constantly seeking attention suffers from _______
A. borderline C. narcissistic
B. histrionic D. dependent
33. A child requires surgery to correct an abnormal eye alignment. This condition is called
A. scotoma. C. blepharoplasty.
B. cryopexy. D. strabismus.
34. A two-year-old child’s right ear is examined. An abbreviation for the right ear is
A. AC. C. AS.
B. AU. D. AD.
35. A patient was admitted in an alternating state of mania and despair. What diagnosis does this
statement describe?
A. Obsessive-compulsive disorder C. Posttraumatic stress disorder
B. Bipolar disorder D. Anxiety
36. What is the main difference between treating cancer with radiation therapy and treating cancer
with chemotherapy?
A. Radiation treats cells within the radiation field; chemotherapy treats cells throughout
the body.
B. Radiation is performed only externally; chemotherapy is performed only internally.
C. Radiation is used before surgery; chemotherapy is used after surgery.
D. Radiation is used on carcinomas; chemotherapy is used on sarcomas.
37. The main criterion for drugs classified as controlled substances is their level of
A. adverse reaction with other drugs.
B. effectiveness in treating a particular disease.
C. side effects.
D. addiction potential.
38. Based on your understanding of prefixes, roots, and suffixes, determine which one of the
following conditions would include an inflammation.
A. Ostosclerosis C. Cystitis
B. Myasthenia D. Achalasia
39. What is the main difference between a stem cell and a cancer cell?
A. A stem cell grows at a faster rate than a cancer cell.
B. A stem cell obeys signals to stop growth, but a cancer cell doesn’t.
C. A stem cell is usually external; a cancer cell is usually internal.
D. A stem cell doesn’t die, but a cancer cell can be killed with treatment.
40. Why is it important for a pharmacist to provide drug counseling to patients?
A. To attempt to avoid any adverse reactions with another drug
B. To avoid lawsuits from patients experiencing reactions to a drug
C. To increase the effectiveness of the drug
D. To explain antidotes for drugs with toxic effects

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