Personal attack ad hominem-thinking a person's defects refute his or her
_ Circumstantial ad hominem-thinking a person's circumstances refute
his or her beliefs
_ Inconsistency ad hominem-thinking a person's inconsistencies refute his
or her beliefs
_ Poisoning the well-encouraging others to dismiss what someone will say,
by citing the speaker's defects, inconsistencies, circumstances, or other
_ Genetic fallacy-thinking that the origin or history of a belief refutes it
_ Straw man-"rebutting" a claim by offering a distorted or exaggerated version
_ False dilemma-an erroneous narrowing down of the range of alternatives;
saying we have to accept X or Y (and omitting that we might do Z)
_ Perfectionist fallacy-arguing that we either do something completely or
not at all
_ Line-drawing fallacy-requiring that a precise line be drawn someplace on
a scale or continuum when no such precise line can be drawn; usually occurs
when a vague concept is treated like a precise one
_ Slippery slope-refusing to take the first step in a progression on unwarranted
grounds that doing so will make taking the remaining steps
inevitable or insisting erroneously on taking the remainder of the steps
simply because the first one was taken
_ Misplacing burden of proof-requiring the wrong side of an issue to make
_ Begging the question-assuming as true the claim that is at issue and
doing this as if you were giving an argument
On #2, since you don't have "Appeal to emotion" on your list, you might use "Straw man" as the writer rebuts the claim that widows have a difficult time by minimizing the experience of widows and focusing instead on the negative stereotypes of divorcees as "rejects" and lepers. To my mind, this is a bit of a stretch, but I don't see any others on your list that fit.
On #6, I have "Burden of Proof," which is meant as "Misplacing burden of proof."
For # XXXXX I put circumstantial ad hominem fallacy.
#9 line drawing fallacy.
Perfectionist fallacy - The speaker is defending the Church's position of not supporting the use of condoms because the proposal doesn't solve the problem perfectly. This is a fallacy because perfection is not necessary in addressing the problem of the spread of AIDS.