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1. Assume this firm is operating in a competitive market.

Customer Question

1.
Assume this firm is operating in a competitive market.



Q output TC MC ATC
2 $48 $4 $24
3 53 5 17.67
4 64 11 16
5 87 23 17.4
6 128 41 21.33
7 193 65 27.57
8 288 95 36



If the market price is $25 what output level should the firm choose? A) 2, loss
B) 3, profit
C) 4, profit
D) 5, profit
E) 6, loss
2. Farley Frozen Yogurt is a perfectly competitive firm. The market price of a frozen yogurt cake is $8. Farley sells 200 frozen yogurt cakes. Its AVC is $9 and its AFC is $2. Farley should: A) Continue to produce.
B) Decrease production.
C) Increase production.
D) Shut down.
E) a or d, the profits are the same.
3. Suppose there is a permanent increase in the demand for energy saving light bulbs. In the perfectly competitive market, the most likely result would be: A) higher price in the short run because of greater sales volume, and even higher prices later on as plant sizes are increased.
B) higher price in the short run, followed by large long run price increases as the inventory is depleted.
C) higher prices in the short run, then an increase in the number of new entrants in the long run that would cause price to decline.
D) lower prices in the short run because of higher sales, but higher prices in the long run as the inventory is depleted.
E) what do light bulbs have to do with supply and demand?
4. Assume the market for beef is perfectly competitive. Beef producers are currently earning a zero economic profit. If consumers switch from beef to chicken, which of the following is most likely to occur? A) Beef producers will incur economic losses in both the short run and the long run.
B) Beef producers will incur economic losses in the short run. Some producers will exit the industry until those remaining beef producers are earning a zero economic profit.
C) Beef producers will incur economic losses in the short run. Some producers will exit the industry until those remaining beef producers are earning an economic profit.
D) Beef producers will earn economic profits in the short run and there will be no additional adjustments in the long run.
5. If P = $8 and MC = $5 + 0. 2Q, the competitive firm's profit-maximizing level of output is: A) 5
B) 10
C) 0.2
D) 8
E) 15
6. A firm will earn normal profits when price: A) equals average fixed cost.
B) equals average variable cost.
C) equals average total cost.
D) exceeds minimum average total cost.
E) is below marginal cost.
7. Nature's Best, XXXXX XXXXX asparagus to canners located throughout the Mississippi River valley. Like several grain and commodity markets, the market for asparagus is perfectly competitive. Marginal cost per ton of asparagus is: MC = $1.50 + $0.0005Q. Calculate the industry price necessary for the firm to supply 1,000 pounds. A) P = $2.00
B) P = $1.50
C) P = $3.00
D) P = $1.00
E) P = $2.50
8. Fuel costs have risen quickly during recent years as consumption, refining and production costs have risen sharply. Supply and demand conditions in the perfectly competitive domestic crude oil market are: QS = -60 + 2P (Supply) QD = 90 - P (Demand) where Q is quantity in millions of barrels per day, and P is price per barrel.Determine the equilibrium industry price/output combination. A) P = $20, Q = 40
B) P = $10, Q = 40
C) P = $50, Q = 10
D) P = $40, Q = 55
E) P = $50, Q = 40
9.
You are the manager of a firm that sells its product in a competitive market at a price of $45. Your firm's cost function is C = 27 + 4.5Q2. The profit-maximizing output for your firm is

A) 3.
B) 9.
C) 2.
D) 7.
E) 5.
10. Above-normal profits in a perfectly competitive market are caused by: A) increases in demand that are successfully anticipated.
B) increases in productivity that are successfully anticipated.
C) decreases in cost that are successfully anticipated.
D) a financial crisis.
E) luck.
11.
Credit Check, Inc., offers credit checking services to credit card companies and retailers. The following relation exists between the number of credit checks performed and total costs in this viciously competitive market:

Total Output Total Cost

0 $ 150

1,000 600

2,000 1,060

3,000 1,540

4,000 2,040

5,000 2,565

6,000 3,115

How many credit checks would the firm perform at industry prices of $510 per thousand? (hint: remember P=MC rule)

A) Q = 2,000
B) Q = 3,000
C) Q = 4,000
D) Q = 5,000
E) Q = 6,000
12. In a market characterized by monopolistic competition, the entry of another firm A) Shifts the typical firm's demand curve left, causing prices to fall and output per firm to rise
B) Shifts the typical firm's demand curve right, causing prices and output per firm to rise
C) Shifts the typical firm's demand curve left, causing prices and output per firm to rise
D) Shifts the typical firm's demand curve right, causing prices and output per firm to fall
E) Shifts the typical firm's demand curve left, causing prices and output per firm to fall
13. The theory of monopolistic competition predicts all of the following EXCEPT: A) when the firm is in long-run equilibrium, the demand curve is tangent to the ATC curve.
B) customers have a large product variety from which to choose.
C) when the industry is in long-run equilibrium, price exceeds marginal cost.
D) if the firm increases its price, demand for its product will drop to zero.
E) in the long run, free entry and exit ensure that each firm earns zero profits.
14. Why do we consider monopolistically competitive firms to be inefficient? A) Because they earn positive profits
B) Because they do not operate at the minimum of the ATC curve
C) Because marginal revenue exceeds marginal cost
D) Because they produce more than socially optimal amount of output
E) Because they overcharge consumers
15. The demand curve faced by a firm in a monopolistically competitive industry is: A) horizontal.
B) downward sloping.
C) more elastic than the perfectly competitive firm's demand curve.
D) the downward sloping industry demand curve.
E) less elastic than pure monopoly's demand curve.
16. The University of Texas Department of Athletics is the sole seller of Longhorn Football tickets. The price of a ticket to a home game is $45 for the general public. Market theory tells us that $45 is: A) equal to marginal cost.
B) less than marginal cost.
C) equal to marginal revenue.
D) less than marginal revenue.
E) greater than marginal revenue.
17. Which of the following is NOT an argument for how a monopoly could benefit consumers? A) Network externalities
B) More efficient production may lead to lower prices
C) More consumer surplus
D) More efficient research and development leads to more innovation
E) All are arguments for how monopoly might benefit consumers
18. In the short run, a monopolist's profits: A) may be positive, negative, or zero.
B) are positive because of the monopolist's market power.
C) are positive if the monopolist's elasticity of demand is less than 1.
D) are positive if the monopolist's selling price is above average variable cost.
E) are zero.
19. Just CDs Inc has developed a booming business in the purchase and sale of used CDs and used DVDs. Demand for the local college student market is: P = $6 - $0.00005Q. Fixed costs are nil, and average variable costs are constant at $4 per unit. Calculate the profit-maximizing price/output combination and economic profits if Just CDs enjoys an effective monopoly in the local market. (hint: if AVC are constant, then MC is....?) A) P = $4, Q = 10,000, Profits = $20,000
B) P = $5, Q = 20,000, Profits = $20,000
C) P = $5, Q = 2,000, Profits = $2,000
D) P = $6, Q = 5,000, Profits = $10,000
E) P = $3, Q = 2,000, Profits = $10,000
20. You are the manager of The Blue Dragon, a new Chinese Restaurant in town. The restaurant faces an inverse demand curve described by P = 240 - 12Q. Its costs are TC = 32 + 48Q. Find profit-maximizing price. A) $48.
B) $62.
C) $96.
D) $144.
E) $156.
21. Compared to the purely competitive firm, a pure monopoly: A) imposes smaller deadweight loss on the society.
B) produces an equal amount of output, but charges higher prices to cover all costs in the market.
C) is efficient from society's perspective because it has big plants and it uses the newest possible production technology.
D) will always become competitive in the long run because positive economic profits will induce competitors into the market.
E) is able to use barriers to entry and maintain positive economic profits in the long run.
22.
Paradox Dental, Ltd., enjoys a local monopoly in the provision of oral examination services in Tuskegee, Alabama. Total revenue for the standard procedure is:

TR = $250Q - $0.001Q2

Marginal costs for the process are stable at $150 per unit.

Fixed costs are nil. Calculate Paradox Dental's output, price, and profits at the profit-maximizing activity level.

A) Q* = 30,000, P* = $100, profit = $2,000,000
B) Q* = 40,000, P* = $300, profit = $2,500,000
C) Q* = 50,000, P* = $300, profit = $2,000,000
D) Q* = 40,000, P* = $200, profit = $2,200,000
E) Q* = 50,000, P* = $200, profit = $2,500,000
23. In the problem above, what price and profit levels would prevail based on the assumption that new entry into the local market results in competitive market pricing? (P = MC) A) P = $150, profit = 0.
B) P = $50, profit = - $200,000.
C) P = $100, profit = $100,000.
D) P = $200, profit = 0.
E) P = $250, profit = 0.
24.
A monopoly has two production plants with cost functions

C1 = 50 + 0.1 Q12 and C2 = 30 + 0.05 Q22. The demand it faces is Q = 500 - 10 P.

What is the profit maximizing level of output?

A) Q1 = Q2 = 62.5.
B) Q1 = Q2 = 125.
C) Q1 = 125; Q2 = 62.5.
D) Q1 = 62.5; Q2 = 125.
E) Q1 = 50; Q2 = 30




Read more: Stephen L 1. Assume this firm is operating in ... - JustAnswer http://www.justanswer.co.uk/questions/3adlc-stephen-l-1-assume-this-firm-is-operating-in-a-competitive#ixzz14ciNQHGA
Submitted: 3 years ago.
Category: Homework
Expert:  Stephen, MBA replied 3 years ago.
Hi there, thanks for requesting me. Please advise when you need this done by?
Customer: replied 3 years ago.
ASAP
Expert:  Stephen, MBA replied 3 years ago.
Can I please have a time and time zone?
Customer: replied 3 years ago.
East time zone and ASAP Please
Expert:  Stephen, MBA replied 3 years ago.
I will need a specific time please, so that I will know if I can get it done or not as I nmeed to step out shortly for a few hours.
Customer: replied 3 years ago.

Can you get it to me before 6PM eastern?

Expert:  Stephen, MBA replied 3 years ago.
Is 7pm ok?
Customer: replied 3 years ago.
yes
Expert:  Stephen, MBA replied 3 years ago.
Actually 7 might be a bit aggressive when I think about it. Please advise when the latest possible is. Thanks.

Edited by Stephen, MBA on 11/7/2010 at 11:30 PM EST
Expert:  Stephen, MBA replied 3 years ago.

Hi again,

 

I actually have this done for you, please give me a moment to post.

 

Steve

 

Expert:  Stephen, MBA replied 3 years ago.

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Please note that you must press ACCEPT to complete your transaction and compensate your expert. Thank you in advance.

*

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Hi here is your answer:

 

>>> CLICK HERE TO DOWNLOAD <<<<

 

Please do not forget to press ACCEPT as this is the only way I am compensate for my work.

 

Thanks,

 

Steve

 

 

 

 

Stephen, MBA, MBA
Category: Homework
Satisfied Customers: 19826
Experience: MBA
Stephen, MBA and 4 other Homework Specialists are ready to help you
Customer: replied 3 years ago.

Can you look at these problems for me?

 

1. An oligopoly is a market in which: A) the actions of one seller have an impact on the other sellers' choices.
B) firms are price takers.
C) each seller offers products identical to the others' products.
D) all firms have the same cost functions.
E) all of the above.


2. A perfectly functioning cartel results in a: A) perfectly competitive equilibrium.
B) oligopoly equilibrium.
C) monopoly equilibrium.
D) monopolistically competitive equilibrium.
E) disequilibrium outcome.


3. OPEC as a cartel will, in comparison to a competitive industry: A) Produce greater output and charge a higher price
B) Produce less output and charge a higher price
C) Produce greater output and charge a lower price
D) Produce less output and charge a lower price
E) Has to be a price taker in the market for oil


4. The kinked demand curve theory of oligopoly assumes that rival firms: A) react to price increases.
B) react to price increases and decreases.
C) do not react to price changes.
D) react to price decreases.


5. Which of the following are quantity-setting oligopoly models? A) Stackelberg and Cournot.
B) Bertrand.
C) Cournot.
D) Stackelberg.
E) Sweezy and Bertrand.


6. If firms are in Cournot equilibrium: A) Firms could increase profits by jointly increasing output.
B) Firms could increase profits by jointly reducing output.
C) Each firm could increase profits by unilaterally decreasing output.
D) Each firm could increase profits by unilaterally increasing output.
E) A slight increase in the marginal cost of a firm leads to an increase in its output


7. Suppose that the duopolists competing in Cournot fashion agree to produce the collusive output. Given that firm two commits to this collusive output, it pays firm one to A) cheat by raising prices.
B) cheat by producing a higher level of output.
C) cheat by producing a lower level of output.
D) undercut competitor's prices.
E) merge with firm two.


8. Two identical firms compete as a Cournot duopoly. The inverse market demand they face is P = 80 - 4Q. The cost function for each firm is C(Q) = 8Q. The total industry output will be A) 6
B) 12
C) 32
D) 48
E) 64


9. Two identical firms compete as a Cournot duopoly. The demand they face is P = 100 - 2Q. The cost function for each firm is C(Q) = 4Q. Each firm earns equilibrium profits of: A) $4,096.
B) $1,024.
C) $2,048.
D) $1,922.
E) $512.


10. A new firm enters a market which is initially serviced by a Cournot duopoly charging a price of $20. What will the new market price be should the three firms co-exist after the entry? A) $20.
B) below $20.
C) above $20.
D) $23.
E) any of the statements associated with this question are correct.


11. When firm 1 enjoys a first-mover advantage in a Stackelberg duopoly, it will produce: A) less output and charge a higher price than firm 2.
B) less output and charge the same price as firm 2.
C) more output and charge the same price as firm 2.
D) more output and charge a lower price than firm 2.
E) the same output and charge the same price as firm 2.


12. Two firms compete as a Stackelberg duopoly. The demand they face is P = 100 - 3Q. The cost function for each firm is C(Q) = 4Q. The outputs of the two firms are: A) QL = 20; QF = 15.
B) QL = 12; QF = 8.
C) QL = 24; QF = 12.
D) QL = 4; QF = 12.
E) QL = 16; QF = 8.


13. The market demand in a Bertrand duopoly is P = 15 - 4Q, and the marginal costs are $3. Fixed costs are zero for both firms. Which of the following statement(s) is/are true? A) P = $3.
B) P = $10.
C) P = $15.
D) P = $15.
E) P = $4.


14. A new firm enters a market which is initially serviced by a Bertrand duopoly charging a price of $30. Assuming that the new firm is equally as efficient as the incumbent firms, what will the new price be should the three firms co-exist after the entry? A) Above $30.
B) Below $30.
C) Equal to $30.
D) Unable to tell given the information provided.
E) I have no idea.


15. The Sweezy model of oligopoly reveals that A) capacity constraints are not important in determining market performance.
B) changes in marginal cost may not affect prices.
C) perfectly competitive prices can arise in markets with only a few firms.
D) changes in output may affect marginal costs of production.
E) all of the statements associated with this question are correct.


16. Which of the following is true? A) In Sweezy oligopoly a change in marginal cost may not have an effect on output or price.
B) In Cournot oligopoly firms engage in quantity competition.
C) In Bertrand oligopoly each firm reacts optimally to price changes.
D) In Sweezy oligopoly markets each firm believes rivals will cut their prices in response to a price reduction, but will not raise prices in response to price increases.
E) All of the statements above are correct.


17. One of the characteristics of a contestable market is that A) consumers react quickly to a price change.
B) existing firms respond quickly to entry by lowering their price.
C) there are sunk costs.
D) all firms have different productive technology.
E) there are high barriers to entry and transaction costs.


18. Consider two firms competing to sell a homogeneous product by setting price. The inverse demand curve is given by P = 15 - Q. Firm 1 has MC1(Q1) = 1 and firm 2 has MC2(Q2) = 1.05. Based on this information we can conclude that the market price will be A) $1 and each firm will produce 7 units.
B) $1.5 and each firm will produce 5 units.
C) $1.05 and each firm will produce 6.975 units.
D) $1.04 and firm 1 will produce 13.96 units and firm 2 will produce 0 units.
E) $1 and firm 1 will produce 14 units and firm 2 will produce 0 units.


19. Consider a market consisting of two firms where the inverse demand curve is given by P = 500 - 2Q1 - 2Q2. Each firm has a marginal cost of $50. Based on this information we can conclude that consumer surplus in the different equilibrium oligopoly models will follow which of the following orderings.

A) CSCollusion > CSStackelberg > CSCournot > CSBertrand.
B) CSBertrand > CSStackelberg > CSCournot > CSCollusion.
C) CSBertrand > CSCournot > CSStackelberg > CSCollusion.
D) CSStackelberg > CSBertrand > CSCournot > CSCollusion.
E) CSCollusion > CSBertrand > CSCournot > CSStackelberg.


20. Collusion in oligopoly is difficult to achieve because: A) it is prohibited by law and every firm has an incentive to cheat given that others follow the agreement.
B) firms usually take care of consumers' interests as a decision priority.
C) it is not in the shareholders' interests.
D) it is allowed by law but there is lack of trust between firms.
E) of high transaction costs of writing collusion contracts.

Expert:  Stephen, MBA replied 3 years ago.
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