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Ethical Theory or System
Other Names for Theory
Regardless of consequences, certain moral principles are binding, focusing on duty rather than results or moral obligation over what the individual would prefer to do (Treviño & Nelson, 2007, Ch. 4).
In ethics, deontological ethics, or deontology (Greek: deon meaning obligation or duty), is a theory holding that decisions should be made solely or primarily by considering one's duties and the rights of others. Some systems are based on biblical or tenets from sacred.
Deontology, pluralism, moral rights, rights-based
I believe people should be able to eat sand because it is the right thing to do.
It is my duty to follow through with instructions my boss gives me, even if I do not agree with the concept. It is my moral obligation to respect authority figures.
Consequentialist theories focus attention on the results or consequences of the decision or action.
Utilitarianism is probably the best known consequentialist theory
teleological, from the Greek telos
I believe people should be able to eat sand if they want to because they are free to make the decision themselves
At work if when you do something keep in mind what the end result will be before following through an action that could have positive or negative effects on your position.
This theory is based on upholding an individual's human or legal rights Contractarianism (right-based ethics) is "a family of moral and political theories that make use of the idea of a social contract
A company feel it has the legal right to build a new facility in order to increase profit and does not consider the environmental effects of building on the land, water or air.
Human Nature Ethics
The virtue ethics approach focuses more on the integrity of the moral actor than on the moral act itself.