Hi Tirby, here is first draft, still working and will post final with cites, references in a word doc, file shortly..
Dissociation is defined a disconnect between related things or events. The consciousness is somehow separated from the present state of awareness according to Maldonado, Butler, and Spiegel, 2002). This disorder can affect thought, actions and feelings whereby a person acts out to a seemingly unconscious stimulus. Emotionally they may disconnect from a traumatic experience such as the loss of a loved one, acting as if there is no feelings tied to this event. If a person simply cannot stop themselves from acting a certain way as if in response to a hidden force, this biological affect in behavior is also termed dissociation (Dell, 2001). Perhaps the cognition is affected by simply thinking about the deceased loved one, which triggers certain moods such as depression or sadness (Maldonado, Butler, Spiegel, 2002). This psychological disorder has several related classes that are explained by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR). Dissociative Fugue, Dissociative Identity, Dissociative Amnesia, and Depersonalization Disorder are the categories defined in the text (Frey, 2001).
Dissociative Fugue affects cognition as a person seems to lose track of memory and being unable to identify themselves. They do not immediately appear to be suffering from psychological problems or a loss of memory and often seem quite normal to others (Frey, 2001).
Dissociative Identity is most often called multiple personality disorder by past analysts. This form of dissociation has the greatest amount of psychopathological behaviors. It manifests in the appearance of more than one identity attached to a single person. When a person changes personality they do not turn into a totally different person. There are still attached thoughts, memories, or awareness of the host personality. Yet there is a totally new state of being in response to the environment the person is in. The person begins to act differently than expected and may even have another name. Each person represents the hosts from a disjointed mental state. Each of these states have somehow fragmented into different aspects of the hosts past. Usually there is a host personality that maintains some connection to the hosts true self (Spiegel and Cardena, 1991).
Dissociative Amnesia in dealing with this disorder the person cannot remember who they are. There tends to be a loss of personal information such as name, address, parents names, where they were born, etc. This form of amnesia happens more often and the person is aware that they have forgotten details about themselves. Sometimes this disorder is tied to others such as anxiety disorders. Since the memory problems come from the inability to recall information, oftentimes the amnesia can be reversed (Frey, 2001).