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Edward Chace Tolman was an American psychologist who made significant

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Edward Chace Tolman was an American psychologist who made significant contributions to the study of learning and motivation. How can this information be applied to schools and vocational training?
Submitted: 4 years ago.
Category: Homework
Expert:  Academic Tutor replied 4 years ago.
Hey,Customer thank you for using JA!

Many people have misunderstood Tolman's work. Tolman was not a behaviorist as he was a motivationalist or a stimulus. Most people think that the rat would run perfectly through the maze when he smelled the cheese and he was hungry. This would lead the application to be that placing incentives into our schools and vocational training would lead to more successful students. This is the "If the whole class passes the teacher will buy pizza for everybody on Friday attitude. There is nothing wrong with the reward psychology, but that was not pure Tolman.

The rat would run through the maze when he was not hungry, but when he became hungry he would remember exactly where that cheese was and run the maze perfectly. This implied an equipping not so much a motivating.

The application would be: "Let me give this to you now because you are going to need it in the future." We don't just motivate the student, but we tell the student that we are going to teach them things that will not make sense right now but it will later on in the course of the classroom or their lives. When that student gets to the place where he needs that knowledge, then it will be there for him to use. He will come back later and thank his teachers. The problem with the younger generation is that you have to constantly remind them of the relevance of the information they are receiving, although they can't see it or understand it right now.

http://www.sonoma.edu/users/d/daniels/tolman_lecture.htm
Customer: replied 4 years ago.

Sir,

 

Can you provide an answer for the second part of the question? I can use this data if you can answer the second part of the question.

 

 

Thanks

Expert:  Academic Tutor replied 4 years ago.
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