1. What is the primary role of a criminologist?
A. Law enforcement
B. Scientific study of crime
C. Prison supervision
D. Prosecution of criminals
2. You receive a list of questions in the mail, with most
questions asking if you or your family have been crime
victims. You're most likely chosen to be a participant in
A. cohort C. survey
B. aggregate data D. experimental
3. You want to conduct an experiment to see how much the elderly in your neighborhood
fear crime. In a letter that falsifies descriptions of recently attempted crimes in the
area, you ask the neighbors to answer questions regarding their fear of crime.
Research such as this is
A. illegal. C. unethical.
B. ethical. D. harmless.
4. The term that best refers to the study of agencies of social control that handle criminal
A. deviance. C. crime.
B. criminology. D. criminal justice.
5. Your cousin has been taking medicine for deep depression. In a fit of despair, she kills
her boyfriend and tries unsuccessfully to kill herself. Her attorney will most likely use
A. The insanity plea C. Mistake
B. Ignorance D. Self-defense
6. Which of the following examples best demonstrates criminal intent (mens rea)?
A. Your father hits a pedestrian when he reaches for his car phone.
B. Your neighbor kills his lover, and the police find a detailed handwritten plan in his
desk outlining how he would commit the crime.
C. Your son accidentally kills a basketball rival when he knocks him to the ground
trying to retrieve the ball.
D. You spend counterfeit money that your husband made (not knowing that it
7. Which of the following crimes is a misdemeanor?
A. Rape C. Unarmed assault
B. Arson D. Murder
8. One purpose or function of the criminal law is to keep most of us from committing
crimes for fear of being caught and punished. This function is called
A. maintaining the social order. C. discouraging revenge.
B. deterring criminal behavior. D. expressing public opinion.
A. motor vehicle theft. C. robbery.
B. aggravated assault. D. driving under the influence
10. The agency that gathers information for the Uniform Crime Report is the
A. Drug Enforcement Agency. C. Federal Bureau of Investigation.
B. Census Bureau. D. Central Intelligence Agency.
11. The National Crime Victimization Survey shows that crime is higher than that reported
in the Uniform Crime Report, chiefly because
A. many crimes aren't reported. C. victims don't always tell the truth.
B. police departments falsify records. D. statistics are always unreliable.
12. Most violent criminals tend to be members of which demographic category?
A. Rural dwellers C. Cold-climate dwellers
B. Urban dwellers D. The educated, wealthy class
13. Which age group is likely to exhibit the most criminal behavior?
A. 13-25 C. 35-50
B. 25-35 D. 51 and over
14. Which of the following groups (12% of the population) accounts for 40% of arrests for
A. White males C. African American males
B. Hispanic males D. Asian males
15. People in which of the following age groups will most likely be victims of crime?
A. 12-19 years C. 35-64 years
B. 20-34 years D. 65+ years
16. Student A says that military-style semiautomatic assault weapons are currently banned
in the United States. Student B says that the Brady Law background check applies only
A. Only Student A C. Both students
B. Only Student B D. Neither student
17. The group that is victimized most is
A. rich suburbanites. C. poor people in rural areas.
B. rich city dwellers. D. poor city dwellers.
18. The cycle of violence is most often caused by
A. a mother working two jobs.
B. a child witnessing/experiencing abuse.
C. a father abandoning the family.
D. grandparents raising grandchildren
19. Which of the following factors would make a person prone to repeat victimization?
A. Altruistic fear C. Target antagonism
B. Chivalry hypothesis D. Mens rea
20. At which of the following temperatures would a crime most likely occur?
A. 50° C. 70°
B. 60° D. 80°
Here are the answers for comparison with your own.
1. B. Scientific study of crime
2. C. survey
3. C. unethical.
4. B. criminal justice.
5. A. The insanity plea
7. C. Unarmed assault
8. B. deterring criminal behavior.
9. D. driving under the influence
10. B. Census Bureau.
11. A. many crimes aren't reported.
12. B. Urban dwellers
13. A. 13-25
14. C. African American males
15. A. 12-19 years
16. C. Both students
17. D. poor city dwellers.
18. B. a child witnessing/experiencing abuse.
19. C. Target antagonism
20. D. 80°
Thanks for using JustAnswer!
here's another exam I need to check my answer before posting them.
1. Rational choice theory is based on the belief that people are
A. altruistic. C. independent.
B. egotistical and self-centered. D. irrational.
2. The practice of an offender paying back the victim of a crime
for loss or performing community service is called
A. diversion. C. reaction formation.
B. restitution. D. relative deprivation.
3. You've experienced severe headaches and behavior problems
all your life. One day you can't stand it anymore. You take
your gun and shoot two coworkers, then yourself. To what
theoretical category would your crime be assigned?
A. Developmental C. Social process
B. Conflict D. Trait
4. Your cousin was raised by a single mother who struggled to make ends meet. With
two jobs, she didn't have much time to spend with her son. He wasn't a good student,
didn't participate in athletic events, and had poor self-esteem. One day he broke into
a house and stole several dollars worth of goods. It was the first of many crimes. The
theory that would best explain his criminality is
A. social process. C. social structure.
B. trait. D. developmental.
5. Which statement best fits the developmental theory of crime?
A. She was opposed to abortion, so she set fire to the abortion clinic.
B. Her parents were in prison; her only sibling was killed during a robbery attempt;
and she was sentenced to a life sentence for murder.
C. She got pregnant at 14, dropped out of school, succumbed to frequent use of
crack, and fell into prostitution to support herself and her son.
D. She ate a lot of food with sugar in it and got so hyperactive and agitated that she
picked up a knife and stabbed a friend who got on her nerves.
6. Proponents of choice theory feel that crime can be eliminated by
A. forgiving, not punishing.
B. building more prisons.
C. administering several years of psychotherapy.
D. convincing the offender that crime is a poor activity because of negative consequences.
7. General deterrence theory states that punishment should be
A. mental. C. swift.
B. physical. D. lenient.
8. According to specific deterrence theory,
A. crime sanctions should be so powerful that criminals won't repeat their
B. certain categories of criminals should be deterred.
C. members of minority groups should be deterred.
D. certain criminal personality types should be deterred.
9. An example of a biochemical predisposition to crime would be
A. instinct. C. a defect in glucose metabolism.
B. mood-altering drugs. D. environmental influences.
10. A breakdown of rules of behavior during periods of rapid social change, war, or famine
A. conformity. C. ritualism.
B. deprivation. D. anomie
11. The statement "Criminal behavior is learned and learning is a by-product of interaction"
best characterizes the concept of
A. labeling. C. neutralization.
B. differential association. D. deviance.
12. The elements of attachment, commitment, involvement, and belief are factors of
________'s social bond theory.
A. Reckless C. Sellin
B. Miller D. Hirschi
13. A group of criminologists began to study the ecological conditions leading to crime
A. 1980s. C. 1990s.
B. 1880s. D. 1890s.
14. As compared to males, for females, early antisocial behavior most likely leads to
A. problems at work. C. relationship problems.
B. substance abuse. D. physical violence.
15. Research on the life cycle of people with delinquent careers was popularized by
A. Gottfredson and Herschi. C. Jurik.
B. Sheldon and Eleanor Glueck. D. Hagan.
16. Your son started stealing in nursery school and was placed in a juvenile detention
facility at age 13 after committing many offenses. This substantiates the early criminal
behavior theory promoted by
A. Sampson and Laub. C. Loeber and Farrington.
B. Glueck and Glueck. D. Weiss, Catalano, and Hawkins.
17. Which newer movement in radical theory regarding criminology draws its inspiration
from religious and philosophical teachings?
A. Peacemaking theory C. Power-control theory
B. Postmodern theory D. Radical feminist theory
18. Restoration involves turning the justice system into a _______ process.
A. punishing C. humiliating
B. isolating D. healing
19. Possibly the greatest challenge to restorative justice is the difficult task of balancing
the needs of offenders with the needs of
A. society. C. their victims.
B. their families. D. the criminal justice system.
20. Law-violating behavior occurs when a person decides to break the law after considering
the possible consequences. This statement defines which categorical theory of crime?
A. Trait C. Social structure
B. Social process D. Choice
Here are my answers for comparison with your own.
1. B. egotistical and self-centered
2. B. restitution
3. D. Trait
4. D. social process
6. D. convincing the offender that crime is a poor activity because of negative consequences
7. C. swift.
8. B. certain categories of criminals should be deterred
9. C. a defect in glucose metabolism.
10. D. anomie
11. B. differential association
12. D. Hirschi
13. D. 1980s
14. B. substance abuse. (not positive on this one, check your text)
15. B. Sheldon and Eleanor Glueck.
16. C. Loeber and Farrington.
17. A. Peacemaking theory
18. D. healing
19. C. their victims.
20. D. Choice
Hope this helps!