1.When properly executed, the behavior management strategy known as time-out become A.a positive reinforcer. B.more effective than logical consequences. C.a conversation between child and adult. D.suitable punishment for misbehavior.
2.Which of the following statements regarding the zone of proximal development is true? A.It refers to the need for adequate play safety. B.It states that time-outs should increase as children get older. C.It suggests that consequences should be more severe for older children. D. It emphasizes the role of supportive adults in children's learning.
3.The formation of children's core values is most strongly influenced by A. peers. C. elementary school teachers. B. family. D. child care providers.
4. During a science activity, you overhear a colleague asking a group of children, "How many different ways can you think of to build a bridge that will hold this weight?" This conversation is an example of A, a divergent question. C. scaffolding. B. a convergent question. D. modeling.
5. Anne lives in an extended family. That could mean that she A. has several siblings. B. spends time with each of her divorced parents. C.lives with her parents, her maternal grandmother, and a cousin. D. is the child of a Caucasian father and an Asian mother.
6. Many times, Barry seems to do things without thinking. He has a great deal of trouble waiting for things, and he frequently leaves his small group and interrupts others. Which exceptionality most closely resembles Barry's behavior? A. Rett's disorder B. Autism C. Asperger's disorder D. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
7. Some of the children in your care are overweight. The most immediate and appropriate thing you can do about it is A. provide snacks, but only as a reward for good behavior. B. talk to the parents about a special diet. C. provide more opportunities for exercise. D. discuss the benefits of being slim.
8. The terms preconventional, conventional, and postconventional are associated with A. Jean Piaget. C. Carol Gilligan. B. Sigmund Freud. D.Lawrence Kohlberg.
9. Which of the following is an example of gross-motor skills? A. Snapping your fingers C. Playing catch B. Pinching a clothespin D. Reciting the alphabet
10. Although boys and girls are relatively equal in physical abilities during middle childhood, girls tend to be than boys. A. faster C. stronger in their upper bodies B. more flexible D. much better at throwing
11. When children manipulate,count,and measure objects, they enhance their cognitive development to the stage that Piaget called A.. concrete operations. C. moral realism. B, latency. D. industry.
12. One of the most important functions of a child's peer group is A. serving as a replacement for the parents. B. providing opportunities for competition. C. fostering love and understanding. D. teaching about the world outside the family.
13. The best strategy for encouraging social competence with a group of school-age children is to A. reassure the students about positive behavior. B. punish students for antisocial behavior. C. use external rewards. D. model good social skills.
14. Children usually behave in acceptable ways when they A. know the rules. C. are scolded for misbehavior. B. feel good about themselves. D. like the caregiver,
15. The most developmentally appropriate activity for a group of eleven-year-olds would be A. coloring. C. playing Twenty Questions. B. reading silently. D. surfing the Internet. 16. Child care staff are most effective during science activities when they A. asking divergent questions, B. answer questions as soon as they're asked. C. guide children through structured activities. D Itmit experimentation to ensure safety.
17. Samuel is beginning to realize that he has a talent for art, and he feels good about it. which of Erikson's stages may he have reached? A, Autonomy vs. shame C. Initiative vs. guilt B. Industry vs. inferiority D. Identity vs. role confusion
18.Melissa plays with the same four girls every day. She has a lot of energy, is independent, and is concerned about what her friends think. XXXXX XXXXXkes soccer and baseball and takes pleasure in beating the boys' team. Melissa is most likely to be-------years old. A.3-5 C. 8-10 B.5-7 D 11-13
19.Christopher is eight years old. He enjoys rhyming games and crosswords and excels at spelling competitions. According to Howard Gardner, Christopher demonstrates intelligence. A.interpersonal C. linguistic B.kinesthetic D. spatial
20.Bruno has been asked to list all of the uses for a paper clip. This is an example of A. convergent thinking. C. conservation. B. scaffolding. D. divergent thinking.