Darrin has coached his daughter Sheila at T-ball since she was four years old. She is now six, and with his help, she has become skilled enough to move up to a slow-pitch softball team. In helping and coaching her, Darrin has kept her attention, modeled the best strategy for playing the game, and adapted lessons to her developmental level. This situation is an example of what theorist and concept?
Vygotsky; A scaffolding process
This is a process in which a teacher provides a student with "scaffolds" or supports to enable the learner's development. The scaffolds help the student to build on what has been learned and incorporate new information. The activities provided in scaffolding instruction are just beyond the level of what the learner can do alone.
Hope this helps!
You had posted two questions and I answered both.