1. Rachel Whiteread’s House and Zhan Wang’s Urban Landscape both utilize everyday objects to A. show the joy of urban living. B. compare urban life with rural life. C. demonstrate humanity’s loss due to urbanization. D. demonstrate how modern architecture has improved society.
2. Picasso’s Girl before a Mirror and Constable’s The Glebe Farm both demonstrate the fact that the colors used by an artist in a painting A. don’t really affect the spectator’s understanding and appreciation of that work. B. are sometimes naturalistic and sometimes arbitrary. C. are not only naturalistic but also arbitrary. D. are realistic and invented by the painter to convey an emotional content.
3. Leonardo da Vinci is well known as an Italian Renaissance painter of immense intellectual and creative powers. He was, in addition, a/an A. innovative playwright. C. high church official. B. draftsman. D. masterful sculptor.
4. You would not normally expect to see images from nature when viewing the works of A. Ansel Adams. C. Frida Kahlo. B. Imogen Cunningham. D. James Welling.
5. Among the two- and three-dimensional shapes used by artists to define space are biomorphic shapes, which are A. three-dimensional and geometric. B. two-dimensional and representational. C. naturalistic and formed by uneven curves. D. representational shapes that have been simplified.
6. Brunelleschi’s experiments with a mirror and a painted copy of a mirror image of the Baptistry at Florence led to his discovery of A. the rule of divergence in perception. B. multiple-viewpoint perspective. C. the principle of optic inversion. D. a means of creating the illusion of the third dimension.
7. In which of the following paintings is the technique of sfumato lighting used? A. Watteau’s Return from Cythera B. Leonardo da Vinci’s Mona Lisa C. Manet’s Le Déjeuner sur l’herbe D. Berlinghieri’s Saint Francis Preaching to the Birds
8. The naturalistic representations of wild animals and humans created by Ice Age hunters on the walls of caves in what is now France and Spain A. are simplified and awkward and resemble the art of children. B. were created solely to decorate people’s living quarters. C. were most likely used by their creators in magical rites. D. were intended to be admired as the works of individual artists.
9. Which of the following works of art was created by an artist who had no formal art training? A. Marisol’s Last Supper C. Anna Mary Moses’ Hoosick Falls B. Marc Chagall’s I and the Village D. Frida Kahlo’s The Little Deer
10. Classical Greek artworks are not usually regarded as expressions of A. athletic strength and physical beauty. B. monumental vigor and spiritual growth. C. a balance of surrealism and rationalism. D. realism balanced with idealism.
11. Which of the following twentieth-century artists believed in a philosophy of art that stressed expressiveness, used colors to communicate emotion, and maintained that art should hint rather than be dogmatic? A. Georgia O’Keeffe C. Andy Warhol B. Willem de Kooning D. Jean Baptiste Camille Corot
12. Representations of Leonardo da Vinci’s Mona Lisa appear in several twentieth-century artworks, including A. Duchamp’s L. H. O. O. Q. B. Saar’s The Liberation of Aunt Jemima. C. Kahlo’s The Little Deer. D. Marisol’s Last Supper.
13. Unlike a two-dimensional artist, such as John Constable, a three-dimensional artist, such as XXXXX XXXXX, must consider A. spatial issues from every possible viewing point. B. the spectator’s fixed position in relation to the artwork. C. the spectator’s value system and known experience of art. D. temporal issues as they relate to the artwork.
14. To define the picture plane, the two-dimensional artist must establish A. the borders of the artwork. B. a figure-ground ambiguity. C. specific atmospheric perspective. D. a vanishing point/horizon.
15. Which of the following is a component of every great work of art? A. Images that are recognized as beautiful B. Brushstrokes that clearly define spatial limits C. A realistic presentation of factual material D. An original vision of the world
16. What is the quality possessed by a work of fine art that’s not possessed by a craft or decorative art object? A. Originality C. Vitality B. Expressiveness D. Impact
17. Why is the Vietnam Veterans Memorial in Washington, DC, said to be the most moving war memorial ever built? A. It was designed by a young female architecture student and not a government committee. B. It’s a work of art that has the power to touch the emotions of the spectator. C. It’s highly abstract and unlike the realistic memorials that one sees in parks and town greens around the United States. D. It’s located not far from Frederick Hart’s bronze Statue for Vietnam Veterans Memorial.
18. What quality do Caravaggio’s The Sacrifice of Isaac and Seurat’s L’écho have in common? A. The illusion of light and shade is clear in both works. B. Both are masterworks from the seventeenth century. C. The illusion of two dimensionality is striking in both works. D. Their effectiveness is a result of polychromatic textural effects.
19. An artist can direct the viewer’s attention to a particular area of a painting by using A. sympathy of form and color. B. a sense of rhythm and movement. C. parallel lines that follow the horizon. D. crossed lines that converge on one location.
20. What significant compositional feature do Bramante’s Tempietto and a Buddhist mandala have in common? A. They’re both good example of artworks with figure-ground ambiguity. B. Vanishing-point perspective unifies both. C. Both are ordered around a central point. D. Both feature rectilinear formal elements.