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exam 00761501 1. A strongly stressed beat is often referred
1. A strongly stressed beat is often referred to as a(n)
A. upbeat. C. long beat.
B. downbeat. D. strong beat.
2. A pattern of notes that forms a musical unit is called a
A. meter. C. melody.
B. key. D. tempo.
3. Which of the following terms tells a musician to gradually get
A. Decrescendo C. Pianissimo
B. Fortissimo D. Crescendo
4. To what family of orchestral instruments does the double bass
A. Woodwind C. String
B. Brass D. Percussion
5. The notes produced by the strings of a piano are amplified by a device known as a
A. kettle. C. manual.
B. reed. D. soundboard.
6. A rhythmic unit enclosed between a pair of vertical lines is a
A. key signature. C. time signature.
B. measure. D. clef.
7. The greater the number of vibrations made by an instrument, the higher the
A. pitch. C. contour.
B. range. D. form.
8. What is the musical term that describes one group or instrument exactly following the
melody of another?
A. Modulation C. Counterpoint
B. Progression D. Imitation
9. The combination of two notes played at the same time on a string instrument is known as
A. fret. C. harmonic.
B. stop. D. vibrato.
10. What is the primary difference between a major scale and a minor scale?
A. The third note of a minor scale is one-half step lower than that in a major scale.
B. A minor scale has five notes; a major scale has eight notes.
C. A major scale is consonant; a minor scale is dissonant.
D. A minor scale gives a feeling of incompleteness, a major scale a feeling of
11. The distance between one pitch and the next is referred to as a(n)
A. octave. C. interval.
B. cadence. D. progression.
12. Which one of the following sets of instruments belongs to the woodwind family?
A. Viola, violin, cello C. Trumpet, trombone, tuba
B. Gong, cymbals, timpani D. Oboe, bassoon, clarinet
13. The purpose of modulation within a piece of music is to
A. bring a fresh sound to the music.
B. give a feeling of completeness to a work.
C. give texture to the melody line.
D. provide a variety in the timbre of the music
14. Which one of the following terms describes music that includes a melodic line but no other
A. Dissonant C. Consonant
B. Monophonic D. Homophonic
15. A section of a musical work that allows soloists to show off their technical skill is commonly
referred to as a
A. variation. C. cadenza.
B. fortissimo. D. coda.
16. During a school concert, one student sang “America” while another one sang “God Bless
America.” This technique is known as
A. strict imitation. C. a round.
B. counterpoint. D. canon.
17. How many beats does an eighth note usually receive?
A. Eight C. One half
B. Two D. One eighth
18. Which of the following is a limitation of digital recording?
A. Computers can’t process the data quickly enough.
B. A vast amount of magnetic tape is necessary.
C. The music can sound manufactured.
D. There are no real limitations to digital recording.
19. The higher men’s voice in vocal music is typically referred to as the _______ voice.
A. tenor C. mezzo
B. bass D. alto
20. The timbre of a sound is influenced by the number and strength of _______ that accompany
A. keys C. flags
B. canons D. partials
1. Abrupt changes in dynamic levels are referred to as _______
A. equal C. figured
B. terraced D. prominent
2. A short oratorio usually intended for a church service is known
A. chorale. C. cantata.
B. hymn. D. chorus.
3. Which musical form is best characterized by modal scales,
nonmetrical rhythm, and the absence of harmony?
A. Gothic motet C. Neumes
B. Gregorian chant D. Coronation
4. What technique did madrigal composers often use to provide expression to their work?
A. Doctrine of affects C. Modulation
B. Flexible rhythm D. Word painting
5. _______ music is intended for performance by two or more groups of performers.
A. Antiphonal C. Monophonic
B. Homophonic D. Recitative
6. Which one of the following instruments would be most likely to play the basso continuo in a
Baroque musical piece?
A. Trumpet C. Cello
B. Violin D. French horn
7. Handel’s Messiah is classified as a(n)
A. oratorio. C. cantata.
B. chorale. D. opera.
8. Each line of a fugue is called a
A. prelude. C. progression.
B. coda. D. voice.
9. The Baroque period began around the year
A. 1050. C. 1600.
B. 1500. D. 1750.
10. The main theme of a fugue is called the
A. exposition. C. episode.
B. melody. D. subject.
11. What Renaissance composer is credited with returning the music of the church to the more
reverent style of previous composers?
A. Hildegard C. Monteverdi
B. Palestrina D. Purcell
12. A singsong form of vocal music is commonly referred to as
A. pavane. C. recitative.
B. polychoral. D. gigue.
13. A collection of different musical works to be performed in a series is called a
A. suite. C. fugue.
B. sonata. D. allemande.
14. Which one of the following instruments played a prominent role in Baroque music?
A. French horn C. Piano
B. Oboe D. Recorder
15. The _______ is a musical form that contrasts a soloist or small group of performers with a
A. sarabande C. chorale prelude
B. concerto grosso D. Gothic motet
16. In comparison to recitatives, arias are usually
A. shorter and more dissonant.
B. louder and more syncopated.
C. longer and more melodic.
D. softer and more flexible in rhythm.
17. In a fugue, a pattern of notes repeated several times in a row at different pitches is called a
A. countersubject. C. sequence.
B. gavotte. D. continuo.
18. _______ music is sung without instrumental accompaniment.
A. Recitative C. Virtuoso
B. A capella D. Sonata
19. During the Baroque period, composers developed a system of writing music around a
A. polyrhythmic beat. C. dissonant timbre.
B. tonal center. D. cantus firmus.
20. A _______ performance usually involves the display of exceptional musical skill.
A. virtuoso C. passacaglia
B. transcripted D. canzona
1. The second section of a sonata is commonly called the
A. development. C. coda.
B. codetta. D. recapitulation.
2. Which one of the following terms best describes the music of
the Classical period?
B. Irregular metrical patterns
C. Orderly quality
D. Sudden loud and soft notes
3. Which one of the following patterns represents the rondo form?
A. A B A C A C. A B C D
B. A A B B C D. D C B A
4. Which of the following is a long work for orchestra, usually
made up of four movements?
A. Concerto C. Symphony
B. Sonata D. Opera
5. Music to be performed by a small group is commonly known as _______ music.
A. orchestral C. concerto
B. chamber D. sequential
6. Classical concertos typically contrasted _______ with instrumental groups.
A. ensembles C. singers
B. soloists D. choral groups
7. Opera _______ is a light, frequently comic style of opera.
A. buffa C. hysteria
B. seria D. canonica
8. The _______ is an essential characteristic of sonata form.
A. sudden crescendo C. fluctuation of rhythm
B. absence of harmony D. development of themes
9. The second movement of a Classical concerto usually has
A. a slow tempo. C. abrupt changes.
B. a syncopated rhythm. D. loud dynamics.
10. A _______ is a gradual shift from one theme and the next.
A. codetta C. transition
B. tonic D. libretto
11. Mozart’s Don Giovanni is generally considered to be a(n) _______, although it contains
A. concerto C. symphony
B. opera seria D. opera buffa
12. The first section of a sonata in which the theme is presented is commonly called the
A. recap. C. exposition.
B. allegro. D. prodigy.
13. Beethoven’s preferred solo instrument was the
A. cello. C. oboe.
B. trumpet. D. piano.
14. In a group that plays chamber music, how many instruments will play each part?
A. One C. Three
B. Two D. Four
15. What dates are commonly assigned to the Classical period?
A. 1650–1720 C. 1700–1800
B. 1700–1750 D. 1750–1820
16. What is one of the chief characteristics of Beethoven’s music?
A. Gentle transition C. Regular rhythm
B. Dramatic contrast D. Slow tempo
17. Which one of the following pieces of music would you most expect to be played by a full
A. Chamber music C. Symphony
B. Divertimento D. Concerto
18. A short, entertaining musical piece known as a _______ was very popular at the beginning
of the Classical period.
A. countermelody C. grosso
B. molto D. divertimento
19. Which of the following men was not a leader during the Classical period?
A. Abraham Lincoln C. Voltaire
B. Benjamin Franklin D. Thomas Jefferson
20. A group of players that perform chamber music is often known as a(n)
A. orchestra. C. chorus.
B. liturgy. D. ensemble
1. A short musical form written especially for the piano is called a
A. prelude. C. character.
B. berceuse. D. waltz.
2. Modest Mussorsky’s most famous opera is
A. Otello. C. Boris Gudonov.
B. Eugene Onegin. D. Falstaff.
3. Many composers of the Impressionist era wrote harmonies
consisting of chords that moved in _______ motion.
A. reverse C. parallel
B. indirect D. convex
4. Who was the virtuoso violinist that had a profound influence on
A. Giuseppe Verdi C. Giacomo Puccini
B. Franz Schubert D. Niccolo Paganini
5. The Romantic period included most of the _______ century.
A. sixteenth C. eighteenth
B. seventeenth D. nineteenth
6. Which one of the following musical notations allows performers to improvise slightly with
A. Sostenuto C. Allegretto
B. Moderato D. Rubato
7. Post-Romantic music usually has a _______ quality.
A. massive C. cerebral
B. soothing D. delicate
8. A poem set to music and sung is called a(n)
A. étude. C. tone poem.
B. art song. D. impromptu.
9. Richard Wagner’s major work is a four-opera cycle called
A. Carmen. C. The Ring of the Nibelung.
B. The Barber of Seville. D. Siegfried.
10. A _______ is a musical motive associated with a character, idea, or emotion in the works
A. pedal C. leitmotiv
B. sostenuto D. scherzo
11. The Nutcracker is a(n)
A. ballet. C. symphony.
B. opera. D. oratorio.
12. The music of Brahms is often described as
A. negative. C. disorganized.
B. dissonant. D. optimistic.
13. _______ music is generally associated with nonmusical ideas and objects.
A. Character C. Recital
B. Program D. Literary
14. The opera Faust was written by
A. Charles Gounod. C. Claude Debussy.
B. Carl Maria Von Weber. D. Franz Schubert
15. The music of the Romantic era is typically very
A. intellectual. C. scientific.
B. emotional. D. unimaginative.
16. Rachmaninoff’s Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini is a representative piece of the
A. Impressionist C. Post-Romantic
B. Early Romantic D. Late Romantic
17. Piano music of the Romantic period frequently relies on the use of the
A. staccato. C. manuals.
B. reed. D. pedals.
18. How many movements are there in a tone poem?
A. One C. Three
B. Two D. Four
19. Which one of the following is characteristic of Brahms’s compositions?
A. Feeling of self-pity and despair
B. Well-organized and well-developed themes
C. Radical innovations
D. Hollow sounds and dissonant melodies
20. The _______ chant was incorporated into several musical works of the Romantic period.
A. Kyrie C. Dies irae
B. Agnus dei D. Credo
1. The Rite of Spring was composed by
A. Arnold Schoenberg. C. Heitor Villa-Lobos.
B. Igor Stravinsky. D. Alban Berg.
2. A tone row is based on a _______ scale.
A. minor C. pentatonic
B. major D. chromatic
3. _______ plays a large role in art music of the twentieth century.
A. Melody C. Dissonance
B. Rich harmony D. Limited timbre
4. _______ music is written in two or more keys played
A. Polytonal C. Polyphonic
B. Polyrhythmic D. Polychoral
5. Which one of the following composers is best known for promoting aleatory music?
A. John Cage C. Franz Wozzek
B. Richard Strauss D. Béla Bartók
6. Expressionist music is generally thought of as
A. happy. C. morose.
B. extravagant. D. bouncy.
7. Which twentieth-century movement celebrated the culture of nonliterate societies?
A. Impressionism C. Primitivism
B. Post-Romanticism D. Expressionism
8. What twentieth-century composer developed the technique of tone row music into
A. Edgard Varèse C. John Cage
B. Arnold Schoenberg D. Anton Webern
9. The term _______ describes intervals of less than a half step.
A. countertone C. overtone
B. microtone D. undertone
10. What type of music incorporates different sets of pitches in a tone row?
A. Post-Classical C. Articulated
B. Expansionist D. Serialist
11. Which one of the following composers wrote War Requiem?
A. Paul Hindemith C. Lili Boulanger
B. Benjamin Britten D. Ralph Vaughn Williams
12. The term _______ describes an approach to music that combines many different styles in
A. Eclecticism C. Neo-Classicism
B. Post-Romanticism D. Expressionism
13. Sergei Prokofiev was born in
A. Finland. C. Poland.
B. Norway. D. Russia.
14. Which of the following is known more as a composition teacher and conductor, rather than
a composer, having taught composer Aaron Copland?
A. Dmitri Shostakovitch C. Bela Bartok
B. Heitor Villa-Lobos D. Nadia Boulanger
15. The style that Expressionism most opposes is
A. Primitivism. C. Classicism.
B. Impressionism. D. Baroque.
16. The _______ style is an attempt to revive the approach used by composers in the later half
of the eighteenth century.
A. Pre-Romantic C. Neo-Classical
B. New Baroque D. Post-Modern
17. _______ is a singing technique that’s part speech and part song.
A. Sprechstimme C. Klangfarben
B. Walkurie D. Erlkönig
18. Music that doesn’t center on a particular key is referred to as
A. intoned. C. nontonal.
B. untoned. D. atonal.
19. Twentieth-century music features more _______ instruments than music of other periods.
A. string C. woodwind
B. percussion D. brass
20. Erik Satie’s music was a reaction to
A. Classicism. C. Romanticism.
B. Impressionism. D. Neo-Classicism
1. Bop is a style of
A. jazz. C. fusion.
B. pop. D. ragtime.
2. Which of the following composers wrote the music for West
A. George M. Cohan C. Jerome Kern
B. Leonard Bernstein D. Cole Porter
3. The ________ song was a favorite among Americans in the
early nineteenth century.
A. minstrel C. parlor
B. rap D. ad lib
4. A twentieth-century American movement that’s a reaction to the
emotionality and technical complexity of previous music is
A. Neoclassicism. C. minimalism.
B. Primitivism. D. bebop.
5. Ragtime composers often made use of
A. counterpoint. C. syncopation.
B. inversion. D. serialism.
6. _______ notes are produced by lowering the third, fifth, or seventh steps of major scales.
A. Low C. Minor
B. Rag D. Blue
7. The _______ is a type of Latin American dance music.
A. pavane C. corrido
B. mambo D. allemande
8. In reggae music, the _______ is emphasized.
A. backbeat C. offbeat
B. upbeat D. first beat
9. Which one of the following composers is famous for his marches?
A. John Philip Sousa C. Charles Ives
B. Aaron Copland D. John Cage
10. What style of jazz is also referred to as “eight to the bar”?
A. Broadside C. Dixieland
B. Swing D. Boogie-woogie
11. What type of country musicians use only acoustic instruments?
A. Rockabilly C. Honky-tonk
B. Bluegrass D. Rhythm and blues
12. Porgy and Bess is an example of a(n)
A. ballet. C. opera.
B. musical. D. quadrille.
13. The song “Beautiful Dreamer” was written by
A. Miles Davis. C. Stephen Foster.
B. Franz Liszt. D. Lowell Mason.
14. The words for “The Star Spangled Banner” were written by
A. Samuel A.Ward. C. Theodore Thomas.
B. Frances Scott Key. D. Patrick Gilmore
15. What term is used to describe the section of a march in which various sections in the band
exchange musical material?
A. Gutbucket C. Strain
B. Split D. Dogfight
16. Ellen Taaffe Zwilich was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for a symphony written in the _______
A. Neo-Classical C. Hollywood
B. Vaudeville D. Post-Modern
17. Country music evolved into a form of popular music after
A. World War I. C. the Civil War.
B. World War II. D. the Spanish American War.
18. _______ used themes from American folk songs and hymns in his orchestral works.
A. Carl Perkins C. Alan Freed
B. Charles Ives D. Bob Dylan
19. The first movie to feature music was
A. Psycho. C. The Jazz Singer.
B. The Black Crook. D. Star Wars.
20. A _______ show featured performers wearing blackface.
A. variety C. burlesque
B. parlor D. minstrel
1. One of the major forms of African American religious music is
A. hoedown. C. holler.
B. spiritual. D. blues.
2. The thumb piano used in African music is called a
A. mbira. C. gonje.
B. tombak. D. ud.
3. A type of American folk dance tune is a
A. blues song. C. gutbucket.
B. holler. D. breakdown.
4. A Balinese instrumental group is called a
A. kajar. C. gamelan.
B. guru. D. raga.
5. Which one of the following pairs of instruments is typically used by Chinese musicians?
A. Pipa and erhu C. Rebab and ud
B. Veena and pungi D. Tombak and double bell
6. Which one of the following suggests a characteristic of folk music?
A. Notation C. Improvisation
B. Uniformity D. Static nature
7. An instrumental group in Bali is known as a
A. shamisen. C. koto.
B. kajar. D. gamelan.
8. A _______ is a melodic pattern in Indian music designed to express or produce a specific
A. tala C. karnataka
B. raga D. tabla
9. Which one of the following statements describes a characteristic of African music?
A. It’s based on a system of simple rhythms.
B. The audience often participates in the performance.
C. The main instrument is a type of guitar.
D. It encourages a great deal of improvisation.
10. Chinese music is generally based on
A. the pentatonic scale.
B. Japanese music.
C. Western popular music.
11. What type of story is often related in a ballad?
A. Religious C. Humorous
B. Historic D. Sad
12. A _______ is an Indian instrument with 18 strings.
A. timpani C. sitar
B. veena D. bhava
13. Which one of the following is a pear-shaped Middle Eastern string instrument?
A. Gonje C. Tombak
B. Rebab D. Ud
14. All of the following are characteristic of Indian music texture except for
A. a singer or solo instrument. C. percussion.
B. the pipa. D. the drone.
15. A ______ in Indian music can include as many as 128 beats.
A. ballad C. tala
B. gonge D. bhava
16. A _______ is a Mexican song that tells a story.
A. mestizo C. bolero
B. corrido D. son
17. Which one of the following instruments is most commonly associated with the music of
A. Shakuhachi C. Drone
B. Tamboura D. Koto
18. Songs composed of several different verses are referred to as
A. strophic. C. tonic.
B. iambic. D. specific.
19. How many notes are in a pentatonic scale?
A. Three C. Six
B. Seven D. Five
20. Which one of the following topics would most likely be the topic of a broadside?
A. The adventurous lives of sailors C. A contemporary labor strike
B. A sad love story D. Prayer of thanksgiving
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