1. When preparing an environment for school-aged children, the caregiver should ensure that the
A. environment resembles their school setting.B. children are continually intermixed with the younger children.C. outdoor area allows them to continually challenge their physical ability.D. children have the opportunity to relax in a homelike atmosphere.
2. Rachel's parents enrolled her in your after-school program in September. In October, Rachel and another girl named Callye started planning a holiday play for December. They worked on the plan everyday. Soon they became inseparable. In December, parents were invited to watch the play scripted by "best friends" Rachel and Callye.Based on the information in the above paragraph, Rachel and Callye are most likely _______ years old.A. 5B. 6C. 11D. 8
3. A(n) _______ is a characteristic of children at age five.A. desire to play with children of different agesB. slowing down of growth and developmentC. awkwardness with emerging motor skillsD. understanding of the ramifications of one's actions
4. One of the most important factors in a caregiver's ability to provide quality care isA. good business sense.B. patience.C. knowledge of child development.D. experience in the field.
5. Keeping information about children confidentialA. is a matter of choice.B. isn't important.C. is a fundamental rule.D. prevents communication.
6. Children develop to their potential when caregivers haveA. realistic expectations.B. strong values.C. a philosophy.D. regulations.
7. Which of the following observations of children is the most objective?A. Chris took a toy truck from Alex. Alex cried, became angry because Chris took the truck, and then stamped his feet on the floor. He snatched the truck back from Chris, and ran to the caregiver.B. Eddie went to the shelf and chose a teddy bear to play with. He took a plastic spoon and bowl and repeatedly moved the spoon from the bowl to the bear's mouth.C. Joan was playing with blocks, building a structure, when Missy joined her. Joan looked afraid because Missy was much larger than she. But she eventually overcame her fear and let Missy play with the blocks.D. When Ann finished drawing with crayons, she put them back in the box and returned the box to the shelf, whereas Sue, obviously less disciplined, left hers scattered on the table.
8. Observational records that contain significant detailed information are usually in what form?A. ChecklistB. NarrativeC. UnobtrusiveD. Outline
9. Six-, seven-, and eight-year-oldsA. do a great deal of tattling and boasting.B. make lasting friendships.C. are seldom aggressive.D. become logical thinkers.
10. Keeping systematic records of observations of children provides useful information forA. planning activities.B. assessing development.C. reporting to parents.D. All of the above
11. Differences in the rates of development between boys and girls are most noticeable between agesA. 5 and 6.B. 6 and 8.C. 8 and 10.D. 10 and 12.
12. An observer who is inconspicuous in the room is beingA. quiet.B. obtrusive.C. unobtrusive.D. helpful.
13. An important key to good observational records isA. the activity of the subject.B. the use of language.C. their length.D. appropriate format.
14. Caregivers can expect children to take care of their own personal needs by age _______.A. 5B. 7C. 9D. 11
15. Observation reports need to make a clear distinction between the description of behaviors and the _____ drawn from the observation.A. factsB. patternsC. conclusionsD. assessment
16. Which of the following is an example of centration?A. A kindergarten child is unable to recognize whether a group of blocks contains more wooden ones or more round ones.B. A five-year-old can't color within the lines of a given picture.C. A young boy can recite his favorite story.D. A young girl can't write her name.
17. Which of the following groups requires more irregular scheduling than the other three groups?A. 12- to 18-month-oldsB. 18- to 36-month-oldsC. 3- to 5-year-oldsD. School-aged children
18. How can a caregiver best help a school-aged child who is unsure of assignment instructions given by the teacher?A. The caregiver should interpret the teacher's instructions.B. The caregiver should complete part of the assignment to show how it's done.C. The caregiver should suggest that, in the future, the child should ask the teacher questions when instructions aren't clear.D. The caregiver should instruct the child to wait until the assignment is due to receive instruction.
19. The "ins" and "outs" of school-age social relationships can be accommodated by having a _______ style of organization for your school-age program.A. teamB. schoolC. democraticD. club
20. A good technique to prevent children from talking to you while you're observing is toA. sit far away.B. avoid eye contact.C. stand to one side.D. tell them to go away.