What state should I use for the standards (same you have provided me before)?
I know NCLB, can you provide CEC, INTASC links?
I have AZ and National standards from original, but I do not know where to find CEC or INTASC - can you send those to me?
HERE ARE THE 8 (INTASC) Standards AND BELOW ARE THE TEN CEC
(Interstate New Teacher Assessment and Support Consortium (INTASC) Standards
Standard 1, Subject Matter.
1.21 The teacher realizes that subject matter knowledge is not a fixed body of facts but is complex and ever-evolving. S/he seeks to keep abreast of new ideas and understandings in the field.
Standard 2, Student Learning.
2.21 The teacher appreciates individual variation within each area of development, shows respect for the diverse talents of all learners, and is committed to help them develop self confidence and competence.
2.22 The teacher is disposed to use students' strengths as a basis for growth, and their errors as an opportunity for learning.
Standard 3, Diverse Learners.
3.21 The teacher believes that all children can learn at high levels and persists in helping all children achieve success.
3.22 The teacher appreciates and values human diversity, shows respect for students' varied talents and perspectives, and is committed to the pursuit of "individually configured excellence."
3.23 The teacher respects students as individuals with differing personal and family backgrounds and various skills, talents, and interests.
3.24 The teacher is sensitive to community and cultural norms.
3.25 The teacher makes students feel valued for the potential as people, and helps them learn to value each other.
Standard 8, Assessment.
8.21 The teacher values ongoing assessment as essential to the instructional process and recognizes that many different assessment strategies, accurately and systematically used, are necessary for monitoring and promoting student learning.
8.22 The teacher is committed to using assessment to identify student strengths and promote student growth rather than to deny students access to learning opportunities
INTRODUCTION ON CEC STANDARDS THERE ARE 10
Pedagogy or teaching skill is at the heart of
special education. Special educators have
always recognized that the individualized
learning needs of children are at the center of
instruction. The CEC preparation standards
are developed around ten standards that
describe the minimum knowledge, skills, and
dispositions shared by all special educators.
While these standards are identical across special
education specialty areas, distinct sets of
with exceptional needs both
and society. Special educators understand
these influence professional practice,
assessment, instructional planning, implementation,
and program evaluation.
educators understand how issues
diversity can impact families, cultures,
schools, and how these complex human
can interact with issues in the delivery special
education services. They understand
relationships of organizations of special education
to the organizations and
schools, school systems, and other
Special educators use this knowledge
ground upon which to construct
personal understandings and philosophies
validated knowledge and skills inform and
differentiate the respective specialty areas and
provide minimum knowledge and skills that
special educators must master for safe and
effective practice. Each of the knowledge and
skill sets is located in Section 4.
Standard #1: Foundations
Special educators understand the field as an
evolving and changing discipline based on
philosophies, evidence-based principles and
theories, relevant laws and policies, diverse
and historical points of view, and human
issues that have historically influenced and
continue to influence the field of special education
and the education and treatment of individuals
with exceptional needs both in school
and society. Special educators understand how
these influence professional practice, including
and program evaluation. Special
educators understand how issues of human
diversity can impact families, cultures, and
schools, and how these complex human issues
can interact with issues in the delivery of special
education services. They understand the
to the organizations and functions of
schools, school systems, and other agencies.
Special educators use this knowledge as a
ground upon which to construct their own
personal understandings and philosophies of
Standard #2: Development and
Characteristics of Learners
Special educators know and demonstrate
respect for their students first as unique
human beings. Special educators understand
the similarities and differences in human
development and the characteristics between
and among individuals with and without
exceptional learning needs. Moreover, special
educators understand how exceptional conditions
can interact with the domains of human
development and they use this knowledge to
respond to the varying abilities and behaviors
of individuals with exceptional learning needs.
Special educators understand how the experiences
of individuals with exceptional learning
needs can impact families, as well as the individual's
ability to learn, interact socially, and
live as fulfilled contributing members of the
Standard #3: Individual Learning
Special educators understand the effects that
an exceptional condition can have on an individual's
learning in school and throughout life.
Special educators understand that the beliefs,
traditions, and values across and within cultures
can affect relationships among and
between students, their families, and the
school community. Moreover, special educators
are active and resourceful in seeking to
understand how primary language, culture,
and familial backgrounds interact with the
individual's exceptional condition to impact
the individual's academic and social abilities,
attitudes, values, interests, and career options.
The understanding of these learning differences
and their possible interactions provides
the foundation upon which special educators
individualize instruction to provide meaningful
and challenging learning for individuals
with exceptional learning needs.
Standard #4: Instructional Strategies
Special educators possess a repertoire of
evidence-based instructional strategies to individualize
instruction for individuals with
exceptional learning needs. Special educators
select, adapt, and use these instructional strategies
to promote positive learning results in
general and special curricula and to appropriately
modify learning environments for individuals
with exceptional learning needs. They
enhance the learning of critical thinking, problem-
solving, and performance skills of individuals
with exceptional learning needs, and
increase their self-awareness, self-management,
self-control, self-reliance, and selfesteem.
Moreover, special educators emphasize
the development, maintenance, and generalization
of knowledge and skills across environments,
settings, and the lifespan.
Standard #5: Learning Environments
and Social Interactions
Special educators actively create learning environments
for individuals with exceptional
learning needs that foster cultural understanding,
safety and emotional well-being, positive
social interactions, and active engagement of
individuals with exceptional learning needs. In
addition, special educators foster environments
in which diversity is valued and individuals
are taught to live harmoniously and
productively in a culturally diverse world.
Special educators shape environments to
encourage the independence, self-motivation,
self-direction, personal empowerment, and
self-advocacy of individuals with exceptional
learning needs. Special educators help their
general education colleagues integrate individuals
with exceptional learning needs in general
education environments and engage them in
meaningful learning activities and interactions.
Special educators use direct motivational
and instructional interventions with
individuals with exceptional learning needs to
teach them to respond effectively to current
expectations. When necessary, special educators
can safely intervene with individuals with
exceptional learning needs in crisis. Special
educators coordinate all these efforts and provide
guidance and direction to paraeducators
and others, such as classroom volunteers and
Standard #6: Language
Special educators understand typical and
atypical language development and the ways
in which exceptional conditions can interact
with an individual's experience with and use
of language. Special educators use individualized
strategies to enhance language development
and teach communication skills to
individuals with exceptional learning needs.
Special educators are familiar with augmentative,
alternative, and assistive technologies to
support and enhance communication of individuals
with exceptional needs. Special educators
match their communication methods to an
individual's language proficiency and cultural
and linguistic differences. Special educators
provide effective language models and they
use communication strategies and resources to
facilitate understanding of subject matter for
individuals with exceptional learning needs
whose primary language is not English.
Standard #7: Instructional Planning
Individualized decision making and instruction
is at the center of special education practice.
Special educators develop long-range
individualized instructional plans anchored in
both general and special curricula. In addition,
special educators systematically translate these
individualized plans into carefully selected
shorter-range goals and objectives taking into
consideration an individual's abilities and
needs, the learning environment, and a myriad
of cultural and linguistic factors. Individualized
instructional plans emphasize explicit
modeling and efficient guided practice to
assure acquisition and fluency through maintenance
and generalization. Understanding of
these factors as well as the implications of an
individual's exceptional condition, guides the
special educator's selection, adaptation, and
creation of materials, and the use of powerful
instructional variables. Instructional plans are
modified based on ongoing analysis of the
individual's learning progress. Moreover, special
educators facilitate this instructional planning
in a collaborative context including the
individuals with exceptionalities, families,
professional colleagues, and personnel from
other agencies as appropriate. Special educators
also develop a variety of individualized
transition plans, such as transitions from preschool
to elementary school and from secondary
settings to a variety of postsecondary work
and learning contexts. Special educators are
comfortable using appropriate technologies to
support instructional planning and individualized
Standard #8: Assessment
Assessment is integral to the decision making
and teaching of special educators, and special
educators use multiple types of assessment
information for a variety of educational decisions.
Special educators use the results of
assessments to help identify exceptional learning
needs and to develop and implement individualized
instructional programs, as well as
to adjust instruction in response to ongoing
learning progress. Special educators understand
the legal policies and ethical principles
of measurement and assessment related to
referral, eligibility, program planning, instruction,
and placement for individuals with
exceptional learning needs, including those
from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds.
Special educators understand measurement
theory and practices for addressing
issues of validity, reliability, norms, bias, and
interpretation of assessment results. In addition,
special educators understand the appropriate
use and limitations of various types of
assessments. Special educators collaborate
with families and other colleagues to assure
nonbiased, meaningful assessments and decision-
making. Special educators conduct formal
and informal assessments of behavior, learning,
achievement, and environments to design
learning experiences that support the growth
and development of individuals with exceptional
learning needs. Special educators use
assessment information to identify supports
and adaptations required for individuals with
exceptional learning needs to access the general
curriculum and to participate in school, system,
and statewide assessment programs.
Special educators regularly monitor the
progress of individuals with exceptional learn-
ing needs in general and special curricula.
Special educators use appropriate technologies
to support their assessments.
Standard #9: Professional and
Special educators are guided by the profession's
ethical and professional practice standards.
Special educators practice in multiple
roles and complex situations across wide age
and developmental ranges. Their practice
requires ongoing attention to legal matters
along with serious professional and ethical
considerations. Special educators engage in
professional activities and participate in learning
communities that benefit individuals with
exceptional learning needs, their families, colleagues,
and their own professional growth.
Special educators view themselves as lifelong
learners and regularly reflect on and adjust
their practice. Special educators are aware of
how their own and others' attitudes, behaviors,
and ways of communicating can influence
their practice. Special educators understand
that culture and language can interact with
exceptionalities, and are sensitive to the many
aspects of diversity of individuals with exceptional
learning needs and their families.
Special educators actively plan and engage in
activities that foster their professional growth
and keep them current with evidence-based
best practices. Special educators know their
own limits of practice and practice within
Standard #10: Collaboration
Special educators routinely and effectively collaborate
with families, other educators, related
service providers, and personnel from community
agencies in culturally responsive ways.
This collaboration assures that the needs of
are addressed throughout schooling. Moreover,
special educators embrace their special
role as advocate for individuals with exceptional
learning needs. Special educators promote
and advocate the learning and well-being
of individuals with exceptional learning needs
across a wide range of settings and a range of
different learning experiences. Special educators
are viewed as specialists by a myriad of
people who actively seek their collaboration to
effectively include and teach individuals with
are a resource to their colleagues in understanding
the laws and policies relevant to individuals
Special educators use collaboration to facilitate
the successful transitions of individuals with
exceptional learning needs across settings and
Core Academic Subject Matter Content
CEC expects all special educators to have a
solid grounding in the liberal arts curriculum
ensuring proficiency in reading, written and
oral communications, calculating, problem
solving, and thinking. All special educators
should also possess a solid base of understanding
of the general content area curricula,
that is, math, reading, English/language arts,
science, social studies, and the arts, sufficient
to collaborate with general educators in
matter content of the general curriculum to
students with exceptional learning needs
across a wide range of performance levels.
accommodations and modifications
for students with exceptional
learning needs in academic subject matter
content of the general curriculum.
Because of the significant role that content
specific subject matter knowledge plays at the
secondary level, special education teachers
routinely teach secondary level academic subject
matter content classes in consultation or
collaboration with one or more general education
teachers appropriately licensed in the
respective content area. However, when a
special education teacher assumes sole responsibility
for teaching a core academic subject
matter class at the secondary level, the special
educator must have a solid knowledge base in
the subject matter content sufficient to assure
the students can meet state curriculum standards.