. In order to be eligible for accreditation by the NAEYC, an early childhood program must serve a minimum of _______ children.
2. Which of the following agencies or organizations does not grant certifications?
A. State Department of Education
B. Association Montessori Internationale
C. American Montessori Society
D. Child Welfare League of America
3. The Association Montessori Internationale has _______ Maria Montessori's methods of teaching children.
4. Which of the following is the primary function of certification?
A. To enforce mandatory government regulations
B. To give credit to a facility that meets certain professional standards
C. To grant a credential to an individual as an authorization to teach
D. To set health and safety standards for a child care facility
5. The reason that individual states have specific licensing requirements for child care facilities is to
A. limit the total number of child care facilities.
B. guarantee quality child care.
C. protect the health, safety, and welfare of children.
D. encourage public school systems to develop child care facilities.
6. Most licensing agencies offer an orientation meeting for applicants who want to obtain licensing for a child care facility or a family day care home. This meeting is designed to help the applicant to
A. understand all the regulations and requirements for operating the facility.
B. determine where to open his or her program.
C. locate financial backers for his or her program.
D. understand the fundamentals of the ages and states of child development.
7. Which of the following is a factor that's very important to high-quality child care, but not often covered in state licensing regulations?
A. An annual visit by a representative of the licensing agency
B. A fire safety clearance
C. The group size
D. The staff-to-child ratio
8. How many components of an early childhood program are evaluated by the NAEYC for accreditation?
9. In order to obtain a Child Development Associate credential, you must
A. have a certain level of academic achievement.
B. have a specified number of years of experience.
C. demonstrate certain competencies.
D. provide an album of teaching experiences for evaluation.
10. In zoning ordinances, which type of area is most often designed as acceptable as a site for a child care facility?
A. A commercial area
B. A residential area
C. A heavy industry area
D. A light industry area
11. Which of the following organizations stresses the responsibility of the community for children's wholesome development?
12. A child care facility in a fitness center can operate without a license because
A. exercise facilities for the children are available at the fitness center.
B. the fitness center is a private business.
C. the fitness staff is qualified for child care.
D. the parent is present at the fitness center.
13. When you're ready to obtain licensing for your child care facility, which of the following agencies or departments should you contact first?
A. Your city or county regulatory agency
B. Your local health department
C. Your local fire department
D. Your state licensing agency
14. Which of the following accreditation organizations does not have its headquarters in the United States?
15. According to most state licensing regulations, the minimum average required outdoor play space per child in a child care center is between
A. 60 and 75 square feet.
B. 45 and 60 square feet.
C. 30 and 45 square feet.
D. 25 and 45 square feet.
16. Before a day care facility can be accredited by the NAEYC, the facility must be in operation for at least
A. three months.
B. six months.
C. one year.
D. two years.
17. In which of the following ways do the Montessori organizations differ from the other accrediting groups you learned about in this study unit?
A. You must use their specially designed Montessori materials.
B. You must submit to an on-site visit by the Montessori organization.
C. Your facility must be evaluated by an accreditation committee.
D. You must be a member of the organization before you can be accredited.
18. The primary goal of the National Association for the Education of Young Children is to
A. check the credentials of day care staff.
B. develop a quality curriculum for day care centers.
C. improve the quality of life for young children and their families.
D. license child care centers.
19. To obtain a credential from _______, it's acceptable to have received your training through independent study.
A. the Association Montessori Internationale
B. the American Montessori Society
C. the Child Development Associate training program
D. your State Department of Education
20. Which of the following is the main function of the Child Welfare League of America (CWLA)?
A. To certify teachers
B. To set standards for day care services
C. To certify directors of day care centers
D. To sell specialized curriculum materials
. Which of these descriptions of Julie best depicts growth as it's defined in this study unit?
A. Julie loves to paint with watercolors.
B. Julie cried when her cat cut its paw.
C. Julie's legs are four times as long as they were when she was born.
D. Julie has learned how to tie her shoelaces.
2. Which of these characteristics of five-year-old Eric is most likely a result of environment rather than heredity?
A. Eric has type-O blood.
B. Eric is taller than his age-mates.
C. XXXXX XXXXXkes to play baseball.
D. Eric has fair skin and freckles.
3. Which of the following is an example of the concepts of growth and development functioning together?
A. Children learning to print their names
B. Children becoming taller
C. Hands and feet of newborns becoming rounded with a well-padded look
D. Children gaining weight
4. Which point of view concerning growth and development does this definition describe? "Behavior changes as a result of observing people in various situations."
A. Psychoanalytic theory
C. Social learning theory
5. The ability to pick up small objects, to stack objects, and to carry objects appears first during which time period?
A. Birth to six months
B. Six to twelve months
C. Twelve to eighteen months
D. After two years
6. A child between the ages of three and five years has developed fine motor skills such that he or she can
A. ride a bicycle.
B. use a needle and thread for sewing.
C. draw, color, and trace pictures.
D. prepare food using recipes and the stove.
7. Which developmental theory explains children's behavior in relation to development of thought processes?
8. A baby is usually able to do some self-feeding with soft finger food at about the age of _______ months.
9. During the prenatal period, a human being is called a(n)
10. Infants can sit with support when they're approximately _______ old.
A. one month
B. two months
C. four months
D. six months
11. Caregivers should begin to offer babies objects to hold when they're approximately _______ old.
A. one month
B. two months
C. three months
D. four months
12. The ability of a child to stand and perhaps climb usually occurs around the age of _______ months.
13. Which of these statements concerning receptive and expressive language in babies' development is true?
A. Receptive and expressive language development advance at the same pace.
B. Expressive language development occurs at a faster rate than receptive language development.
C. There's no relationship between receptive and expressive language development.
D. Receptive language development occurs at a faster rate than expressive language development.
14. The concept of a separate self which toddlers develop is referred to as
15. The cognitive theory that focuses specifically on the relationship between a child's stage of development and how the child thinks was developed by
16. _______ theories consider the child's culture as an important influence on development.
17. During the critical period of a child's life, the first five years, trust and self-confidence are developed when _______ is/are present in the environment.
A. ecological systems
B. many caregivers
C. reinforcement rewards
D. consistent and nurturing care
18. Environments for infants need to provide many opportunities for
A. watching other babies.
B. playing with each other.
C. sensory exploration.
19. The growth sequence of a human being from inside to outside is known as
20. Self-concept is how a child
A. appears to other people.
B. sees himself or herself.
C. sees other people.
D. accepts the help of a caregiver.
1. When preparing an environment for school-aged children, the caregiver should ensure that the
A. environment resembles their school setting.
B. children are continually intermixed with the younger children.
C. outdoor area allows them to continually challenge their physical ability.
D. children have the opportunity to relax in a homelike atmosphere.
2. Rachel's parents enrolled her in your after-school program in September. In October, Rachel and another girl named Callye started planning a holiday play for December. They worked on the plan everyday. Soon they became inseparable. In December, parents were invited to watch the play scripted by "best friends" Rachel and Callye.
Based on the information in the above paragraph, Rachel and Callye are most likely _______ years old.
3. A(n) _______ is a characteristic of children at age five.
A. desire to play with children of different ages
B. slowing down of growth and development
C. awkwardness with emerging motor skills
D. understanding of the ramifications of one's actions
4. One of the most important factors in a caregiver's ability to provide quality care is
A. good business sense.
C. knowledge of child development.
D. experience in the field.
5. Keeping information about children confidential
A. is a matter of choice.
B. isn't important.
C. is a fundamental rule.
D. prevents communication.
6. Children develop to their potential when caregivers have
A. realistic expectations.
B. strong values.
C. a philosophy.
7. Which of the following observations of children is the most objective?
A. Chris took a toy truck from Alex. Alex cried, became angry because Chris took the truck, and then stamped his feet on the floor. He snatched the truck back from Chris, and ran to the caregiver.
B. Eddie went to the shelf and chose a teddy bear to play with. He took a plastic spoon and bowl and repeatedly moved the spoon from the bowl to the bear's mouth.
C. Joan was playing with blocks, building a structure, when Missy joined her. Joan looked afraid because Missy was much larger than she. But she eventually overcame her fear and let Missy play with the blocks.
D. When Ann finished drawing with crayons, she put them back in the box and returned the box to the shelf, whereas Sue, obviously less disciplined, left hers scattered on the table.
8. Observational records that contain significant detailed information are usually in what form?
9. Six-, seven-, and eight-year-olds
A. do a great deal of tattling and boasting.
B. make lasting friendships.
C. are seldom aggressive.
D. become logical thinkers.
10. Keeping systematic records of observations of children provides useful information for
A. planning activities.
B. assessing development.
C. reporting to parents.
D. All of the above
11. Differences in the rates of development between boys and girls are most noticeable between ages
A. 5 and 6.
B. 6 and 8.
C. 8 and 10.
D. 10 and 12.
12. An observer who is inconspicuous in the room is being
13. An important key to good observational records is
A. the activity of the subject.
B. the use of language.
C. their length.
D. appropriate format.
14. Caregivers can expect children to take care of their own personal needs by age _______.
15. Observation reports need to make a clear distinction between the description of behaviors and the _____ drawn from the observation.
16. Which of the following is an example of centration?
A. A kindergarten child is unable to recognize whether a group of blocks contains more wooden ones or more round ones.
B. A five-year-old can't color within the lines of a given picture.
C. A young boy can recite his favorite story.
D. A young girl can't write her name.
17. Which of the following groups requires more irregular scheduling than the other three groups?
A. 12- to 18-month-olds
B. 18- to 36-month-olds
C. 3- to 5-year-olds
D. School-aged children
18. How can a caregiver best help a school-aged child who is unsure of assignment instructions given by the teacher?
A. The caregiver should interpret the teacher's instructions.
B. The caregiver should complete part of the assignment to show how it's done.
C. The caregiver should suggest that, in the future, the child should ask the teacher questions when instructions aren't clear.
D. The caregiver should instruct the child to wait until the assignment is due to receive instruction.
19. The "ins" and "outs" of school-age social relationships can be accommodated by having a _______ style of organization for your school-age program.
20. A good technique to prevent children from talking to you while you're observing is to
A. sit far away.
B. avoid eye contact.
C. stand to one side.
D. tell them to go away.
Mrs. Carroll and her sister, Ms. Howard, plan to operate a small day care center in a remodeled building. They're licensed and staffed to handle up to 24 children. Ms. Howard doesn't plan to work at the center and hasn't incurred as many debts or responsibilities as Mrs. Carroll. She originally invested $8,000 in the business and Mrs. Carroll invested $24,000.
1. Mrs. Carroll and her sister want to keep their taxes low and keep Ms. Howard's liability to the amount of her original investment. Which type of business arrangement would be best for them?
A. Sole proprietorship
B. General partnership
C. Limited partnership
2. Mrs. Carroll and Ms. Howard decide to divide all profits and share all losses using a fixed ratio. If the ratio agreed upon is in proportion to their original investment, what would be Ms. Howard's share of a $60,000 end-of-year profit? (Hint: The original total investment was $32,000—$8,000 from Ms. Howard and $24,000 from Mrs. Carroll. Ms. Howard's $8,000 is one-fourth, or 25 percent, of the total.)
3. What type of business tax form do Mrs. Carroll and Ms. Howard need to file 75 days after the close of the fiscal year?
A. Schedule C
B. Form 1065
C. Form 1120
D. Form 990
4. Carefully read the following paragraph:
Learning takes place during all the child's activities and interactions. The classroom is organized to give children opportunities to explore, discover, and grow in a warm, secure environment, with teachers prepared to guide and challenge. We recognize that all children are unique individuals who learn in different ways, at different times, and from each other as well as from adults.
This statement is an example of
B. a philosophy.
D. a goal.
5. You're hoping to receive federal funds for your child care center. According to Title XX of the Social Security Act, you must
A. meet standards of both local and state laws.
B. be accredited in the state in which you operate.
C. first operate your business for a prescribed number of years.
D. limit group size for children ages 0–14.
6. The licensing standard for the staff/child ratio in a classroom of three-year-olds is 1:10. You have 22 three-year-olds in your center. What is the minimum number of staff you need to meet the licensing standard?
Questions 7–9 are based on the survey results shown in the tally below.
7. What is the largest age group represented?
C. Ages three to five
D. School-age children
8. The survey tally shows a total of _______ working parents. (Hint: Be careful when calculating the number of working parents for families in which both parents work.)
9. According to DHHSDCR, how many groups of 3–6 year olds would you need if all the children in that age group were enrolled at your facility?
10. In a day care facility, items such as exit doors and heating appliances are inspected by the
A. zoning committee.
B. building and safety committee.
C. fire department.
D. sanitation department.
11. You've just completed the coursework necessary to receive a CDA credential. You're ready to apply for an assessment. You've decided you want to receive endorsement for infants and toddlers. In what environment would your assessment occur?
A. State-licensed day care center
B. Family day care home
C. Private home using a home visitor
D. Day care facility in a fitness center
12. Carolyn has been operating a licensed day care facility for three years. She's now considering applying for accreditation. Why would Carolyn want to do this?
A. Accreditation represents a level of performance above minimum standards required for licensing.
B. The accreditation remains in effect as long as she's operating the facility.
C. Accreditation is required after three years of operation.
D. Her facility would have programs superior to those of nonaccredited facilities.
13. You're attempting to teach Brian, a preschooler, how to arrange a group of five blocks from largest to smallest. First, you explain what you want him to do; then you do it yourself so he can see what he's supposed to do. As Brian attempts to arrange the blocks himself, you provide encouragement. When he's successful, you reward him with a star sticker. In this situation, you're using the _______ learning method.
14. Recently you've noticed that the supply of disposable diapers at your day care facility is being used faster than usual. You've had to place an order twice this month and you usually order only once each month. You suspect that a new employee may be taking diapers to use for her baby. Finally you see her taking some diapers home and she admits the theft. What type of insurance would cover your loss?
B. Workers' compensation
D. Fidelity bond
15. You're attempting to determine the usable floor space in your day care facility. Which one of the following areas can you include in your calculation?
A. Kitchen for all classrooms
B. Hallway in classroom area
C. Toy shelves in classroom A
D. Bathroom adjacent to classroom A