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Category: Homework
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Experience:  10 Years secondary Social studies, AP US History, Graded for College Board AP essays,
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1. Except for ______, all of these are characteristics

Resolved Question:

1.      Except for ______, all of these are characteristics of managerial decisions.

a)     Uncertainty

b)     Certainty

c)      Lack of structure

d)     Conflict

e)     Risk



2.      All of the following are potential disadvantages of using a group except:

a)     One person dominates.

b)     More perspectives and approaches.

c)      Satisficing.

d)     Goal displacement.

e)     Groupthink.



3.      Discounting the future

a)     A bias weighting short-term costs and benefits more heavily than longer-term costs and benefits.

b)     A process in which group members generate as many ideas about a problem as they can; criticism is withheld until all ideas have been proposed.

c)      The state that exists when the probability of success is less than 100 percent, and losses may occur.

d)     A phenomenon that occurs in decision making when group members avoid disagreement as they strive for consensus.

e)     Model of organizational decision making in which groups with differing preferences use power and negotiations to influence decisions.

f)        Emotional disagreement directed toward other people.

g)     Choosing an option that is acceptable, although not necessarily the best or perfect.

h)      A condition that occurs when a decision-making group loses sight of its original goal and a new, possibly less important, goal emerges.

i)        Model of organizational decision making in which major solutions arise through a series of smaller decisions.

j)        A person who has the job of criticizing ideas to ensure that different viewpoints are fully explored.



4.      Groupthink



a)     A bias weighting short-term costs and benefits more heavily than longer-term costs and benefits.

b)     A process in which group members generate as many ideas about a problem as they can; criticism is withheld until all ideas have been proposed.

c)      The state that exists when the probability of success is less than 100 percent, and losses may occur.

d)     A phenomenon that occurs in decision making when group members avoid disagreement as they strive for consensus.

e)     Model of organizational decision making in which groups with differing preferences use power and negotiations to influence decisions.

f)        Emotional disagreement directed toward other people.

g)     Choosing an option that is acceptable, although not necessarily the best or perfect.

h)      A condition that occurs when a decision-making group loses sight of its original goal and a new, possibly less important, goal emerges.

i)        Model of organizational decision making in which major solutions arise through a series of smaller decisions.

j)        A person who has the job of criticizing ideas to ensure that different viewpoints are fully explored.



5.      Brainstorming

a)     A bias weighting short-term costs and benefits more heavily than longer-term costs and benefits.

b)     A process in which group members generate as many ideas about a problem as they can; criticism is withheld until all ideas have been proposed.

c)      The state that exists when the probability of success is less than 100 percent, and losses may occur.

d)     A phenomenon that occurs in decision making when group members avoid disagreement as they strive for consensus.

e)     Model of organizational decision making in which groups with differing preferences use power and negotiations to influence decisions.

f)        Emotional disagreement directed toward other people.

g)     Choosing an option that is acceptable, although not necessarily the best or perfect.

h)      A condition that occurs when a decision-making group loses sight of its original goal and a new, possibly less important, goal emerges.

i)        Model of organizational decision making in which major solutions arise through a series of smaller decisions.

j)        A person who has the job of criticizing ideas to ensure that different viewpoints are fully explored.



6.   Which one of the following statements is a universal proposition?

a.        Karen is a woman.

b.        All women are mortal.

c.        Some women are caring persons.

d.        All of the above.



7.   The following syllogism is guilty of which fallacy?



Ron has either a very strong proposal or a very weak proposal.

Ron does not have a very strong proposal.

Therefore, Ron has a very weak proposal.



a.        circular reasoning

b.        either/or fallacy

c.        slippery slope

d.        post hoc ergo propter hoc



8.   "A woman's place is in the home. That's the way it's always been, so that's the way it ought to be." This is an example of

a.        appeal to ignorance.

b.        appeal to authority.

c.        bandwagon appeal.

d.        appeal to tradition.

e.        none of the above.





9.      Go to the text for Thinking by Kirby and Goodpaster. Draw the conclusion for Thinking Activity 9.1 #1 only.

All theories that are not good are theories that will be abandoned.

Some ethical theories are theories that are not good.

Therefore, __________________________________________________.



10. Go to the text for Thinking by Kirby and Goodpaster. Respond to Thinking Activity 9.6 #1 only.

Underline the undistributed term below that should be distributed. Then, to the left of the syllogism, identify whether it is an example of undistributed middle (UM), illicit minor (IMI), or illicit major (IMA).

_________Some men are people who are more intelligent than most women.

Andrew is a man.

Therefore, Andrew is a person who is more intelligent than most women.



11. -15. Go to the text for Thinking by Kirby and Goodpaster. Thinking Activity 10.3.

Determining the Research Design

The following are titles of real news articles. Place an “E” before those articles in which you think the researcher used an experimental or quasi-experimental study and a “C” before those in which you think the researcher used the ex post facto or correlational design. In those cases in which you think either approach might have been used, you may indicate both “E” and “C.” To help you with your thinking, ask yourself if an experimental approach to these topics, in which the researcher creates the treatment differences between groups, would be unethical or extremely impractical.

11._____Lead Exposure, Laziness Linked to Alzheimer’s

12._____ More Evidence That Smoking Moms Have Smoking Kids

13._____ Vegetables Lower Prostate Cancer Risk

14. _____ Vitamin E May Help Ease Menstrual Cramps

15. _____ Acupuncture Helps Relieve Depression
Submitted: 5 years ago.
Category: Homework
Expert:  Experienced Teacher replied 5 years ago.
1. Except for ______, all of these are characteristics of managerial decisions.

a) Uncertainty

b) Certainty

c) Lack of structure

d) Conflict

e) Risk



2. All of the following are potential disadvantages of using a group except:

a) One person dominates.

b) More perspectives and approaches.

c) Satisficing.

d) Goal displacement.

e) Groupthink.



3. Discounting the future

a) A bias weighting short-term costs and benefits more heavily than longer-term costs and benefits.

b) A process in which group members generate as many ideas about a problem as they can; criticism is withheld until all ideas have been proposed.

c) The state that exists when the probability of success is less than 100 percent, and losses may occur.

d) A phenomenon that occurs in decision making when group members avoid disagreement as they strive for consensus.

e) Model of organizational decision making in which groups with differing preferences use power and negotiations to influence decisions.

f) Emotional disagreement directed toward other people.

g) Choosing an option that is acceptable, although not necessarily the best or perfect.

h) A condition that occurs when a decision-making group loses sight of its original goal and a new, possibly less important, goal emerges.

i) Model of organizational decision making in which major solutions arise through a series of smaller decisions.

j) A person who has the job of criticizing ideas to ensure that different viewpoints are fully explored.



4. Groupthink



a) A bias weighting short-term costs and benefits more heavily than longer-term costs and benefits.

b) A process in which group members generate as many ideas about a problem as they can; criticism is withheld until all ideas have been proposed.

c) The state that exists when the probability of success is less than 100 percent, and losses may occur.

d) A phenomenon that occurs in decision making when group members avoid disagreement as they strive for consensus.

e) Model of organizational decision making in which groups with differing preferences use power and negotiations to influence decisions.

f) Emotional disagreement directed toward other people.

g) Choosing an option that is acceptable, although not necessarily the best or perfect.

h) A condition that occurs when a decision-making group loses sight of its original goal and a new, possibly less important, goal emerges.

i) Model of organizational decision making in which major solutions arise through a series of smaller decisions.

j) A person who has the job of criticizing ideas to ensure that different viewpoints are fully explored.



5. Brainstorming

a) A bias weighting short-term costs and benefits more heavily than longer-term costs and benefits.

b) A process in which group members generate as many ideas about a problem as they can; criticism is withheld until all ideas have been proposed.

c) The state that exists when the probability of success is less than 100 percent, and losses may occur.

d) A phenomenon that occurs in decision making when group members avoid disagreement as they strive for consensus.

e) Model of organizational decision making in which groups with differing preferences use power and negotiations to influence decisions.

f) Emotional disagreement directed toward other people.

g) Choosing an option that is acceptable, although not necessarily the best or perfect.

h) A condition that occurs when a decision-making group loses sight of its original goal and a new, possibly less important, goal emerges.

i) Model of organizational decision making in which major solutions arise through a series of smaller decisions.

j) A person who has the job of criticizing ideas to ensure that different viewpoints are fully explored.



6. Which one of the following statements is a universal proposition?

a. Karen is a woman.

b. All women are mortal.

c. Some women are caring persons.

d. All of the above.



7. The following syllogism is guilty of which fallacy?



Ron has either a very strong proposal or a very weak proposal.

Ron does not have a very strong proposal.

Therefore, Ron has a very weak proposal.



a. circular reasoning

b. either/or fallacy

c. slippery slope

d. post hoc ergo propter hoc



8. "A woman's place is in the home. That's the way it's always been, so that's the way it ought to be." This is an example of

a. appeal to ignorance.

b. appeal to authority.

c. bandwagon appeal.

d. appeal to tradition.

e. none of the above.
Customer: replied 5 years ago.

Hello,

and thank you for all the help. However, I just need to ask if questions #9 through#15 can be answered? Your help on this is highly appreciated.

Thanks

Expert:  Experienced Teacher replied 5 years ago.

11. -15. Go to the text for Thinking by Kirby and Goodpaster. Thinking Activity 10.3.

Determining the Research Design

The following are titles of real news articles. Place an "E" before those articles in which you think the researcher used an experimental or quasi-experimental study and a "C" before those in which you think the researcher used the ex post facto or correlational design. In those cases in which you think either approach might have been used, you may indicate both "E" and "C." To help you with your thinking, ask yourself if an experimental approach to these topics, in which the researcher creates the treatment differences between groups, would be unethical or extremely impractical.

11.___C__Lead Exposure, Laziness Linked to Alzheimer's

12.___C_ More Evidence That Smoking Moms Have Smoking Kids

13.___E_ Vegetables Lower Prostate Cancer Risk

14. ___E_ Vitamin E May Help Ease Menstrual Cramps

15. ___E_ Acupuncture Helps Relieve Depression

 

Since it is unethical to set up experimental designs that could cause harm to subjects, (lead poisoning, making Mom smoke) These are almost definitely correlational studies after the fact. The others could be determined by experiement.

Customer: replied 5 years ago.

Once again, I can see your willingness to help but would you be able to answer questions 9 and 10 please?

Thanks in advance.

Expert:  Experienced Teacher replied 5 years ago.
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Experienced Teacher, Teacher
Category: Homework
Satisfied Customers: 397
Experience: 10 Years secondary Social studies, AP US History, Graded for College Board AP essays,
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