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critical thinking vagueness quiz

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Submitted: 8 years ago.
Category: Homework
Expert:  Jane T (LLC) replied 8 years ago.

DearCustomer

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Customer: replied 8 years ago.
Reply to Jane T (LLC)'s Post: Vagueness Quiz
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Your Results:
The correct answer for each question is indicated by a .


Look for the vagueness in these examples. Are they vague themselves, do they offer vague comparisons, or is there no vagueness?


1
Please don't make any more late-night phone calls.
A) Vague in itself
B) Vague comparison
C) No vagueness
D) Vague in emotive force



2
Please don't make any more unpleasant phone calls.
A) Vague in itself
B) Vague comparison
C) No vagueness
D) Vague in rhetorical force



3
Whiskey is no worse a drink for you than beer.
A) Vague in itself
B) Vague comparison
C) No vagueness
D) Vague in emotive force



4
Overheard after a piano recital: "Well, you did it again!"
A) Vague in itself
B) Vague comparison
C) No vagueness
D) Vague in rhetorical force



5
Korn just can't do what the Rolling Stones did.
A) Vague in itself
B) Vague comparison
C) No vagueness
D) Vague in emotive force



6
This warranty becomes void if the owner uses the hammer improperly.
A) Vague in itself
B) Vague comparison
C) No vagueness
D) Vague in rhetorical force



7
It's not the heat that gets you, it's the humidity.
A) Vague in itself
B) Vague comparison
C) No vagueness
D) Vague in emotive force



8
When persons voluntarily hold a property for others, they may avoid a charge of negligence by taking reasonable care of the property.
A) Vague in itself
B) Vague comparison
C) No vagueness
D) Vague in rhetorical force



Consider the following definition of "average." Match it with the term below that identifies it.


9
"The average grade in the class is total of all the grade points divided by the number of people in the class."
A) This "average" is the mode for the class.
B) This "average" is the median grade for the class.
C) This "average" is the mean grade for the class.
D) This "average" represents the mediocre students in the class



10
"The average grade in the class is the halfway grade, which half the class exceeded and half the class fell short of."
A) This "average" is the mean grade for the class.
B) This "average" is the mode for the class.
C) This "average" is the median grade for the class.
D) This "average" represents the mediocre students in the class



11
"The average grade in the class is the most common grade given."
A) This "average" is the median grade for the class.
B) This "average" is the mode for the class.
C) This "average" is the mean grade for the class.
D) This "average" represents the mediocre students in the class

1
"A claim whose ambiguity is due to the ambiguity of a particular word or phrase."
A) Grouping ambiguity
B) Semantic ambiguity.
C) Syntactic ambiguity.
D) No ambiguity



2
"A claim whose ambiguity is due to a problem with its structure."
A) Semantic ambiguity.
B) Syntactic ambiguity.
C) Grouping ambiguity.
D) No ambiguity



3
"A claim whose ambiguity rests on a confusion between a collection of entities or individual entities."
A) Grouping ambiguity.
B) Semantic ambiguity.
C) Syntactic ambiguity.
D) No ambiguity



4
This morning I shot an elephant in my pajamas.
A) Semantic Ambiguity
B) Syntactic Ambiguity
C) Grouping Ambiguity
D) No ambiguity



5
Hands were around before forks were.
A) Semantic Ambiguity
B) Syntactic Ambiguity
C) Grouping Ambiguity
D) No ambiguity



6
Our mothers bore us.
A) Semantic Ambiguity
B) Syntactic Ambiguity
C) Grouping Ambiguity
D) No ambiguity



7
I thought your driveway was longer than it is.
A) Semantic Ambiguity
B) Syntactic Ambiguity
C) Grouping Ambiguity
D) No ambiguity



8
Newspaper headline: Unskilled Workers Get Shot at Jobs.
A) Semantic Ambiguity
B) Syntactic Ambiguity
C) Grouping Ambiguity
D) No ambiguity



9
Americans have shown themselves willing to drop nuclear weapons.
A) Semantic Ambiguity
B) Syntactic Ambiguity
C) Grouping Ambiguity
D) No ambiguity



10
Dad, for my lunch tomorrow you should peel the star fruit and then cut it into pieces and put them in a plastic bag. It's easier that way.
A) Semantic Ambiguity
B) Syntactic Ambiguity
C) Grouping Ambiguity
D) No ambiguity



11
Sign in front of a vacant lot: "Fine for Littering".
A) Semantic Ambiguity
B) Syntactic Ambiguity
C) Grouping Ambiguity
D) No ambiguity

1
"To introduce an unusual or unfamiliar word, to coin new words, or to introduce a new meaning to a familiar word."
A) Stipulative definition
B) Precising definition
C) Explanatory definition
D) Persuasive definition
E) Definition by example
F) Analytical definition
G) Definition by synonym



2
"To reduce vagueness and eliminate ambiguity."
A) Definition by synonym
B) Explanatory definition
C) Persuasive definition
D) Definition by example
E) Analytical definition
F) Stipulative definition
G) Precising definition



3
"A definition that points to, names, or describes one or more examples of something to which the defined term applies."
A) Explanatory definition
B) Definition by synonym
C) Definition by example
D) Analytical definition
E) Persuasive definition
F) Precising definition
G) Stipulative definition



4
"A definition that gives another word or phrase that means the same thing as the term being defined."
A) Explanatory definition
B) Precising definition
C) Definition by example
D) Stipulative definition
E) Persuasive definition
F) Definition by synonym
G) Analytical definition



5
"A definition that specifies the type of thing the term applies to and the differences between the things the term applies to and other things of the same type."
A) Precising definition
B) Stipulative definition
C) Analytical definition
D) Explanatory definition
E) Persuasive definition
F) Definition by example
G) Definition by synonym

1
For the best results you should always complete an outline of your essay before you complete the first draft.
A) True
B) False



2
According to the text anything beyond three or four revisions to an essay are generally not worthwhile.
A) True
B) False



3
An ambiguous claim is one that can be assigned more than one meaning and whose specific meaning in the context given is not clear.
A) True
B) False



4
Moving from a conclusion about a group of entities to a claim about the individuals in the group is known as which of the following fallacies?
A) The fallacy of composition
B) The fallacy of division



5
Moving from a conclusion about the individuals in a group to a claim about the group as a whole is know as which of the following fallacies?
A) The fallacy of division
B) The fallacy of composition



6
A vague claim is one whose meaning is indistinct or imprecise.
A) True
B) False

Chapter Review Quiz
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Your Results:
The correct answer for each question is indicated by a .




1
It is generally reasonable to accept an unsupported claim if it does not conflict with your own observations, your background knowledge, or with other credible claims and if it comes from a credible source that you do not suspect of bias.
A) True
B) False



2
It is fair to say that some people, because of their particular training, are better than the average person at making reliable observations.
A) True
B) False



3
A claim's "initial plausibility" is assessed by which of the following?
A) By assessing how well the claim fits with one's background information.
B) By assessing our 'gut reaction' to the claim.
C) By assessing the credibility of the person making the claim.
D) By assessing the first one or two arguments that are presented for the claim.



4
In general, the more knowledgeable a person is about a given subject, the more reason there is to accept what the person says about it.
A) True
B) False



5
Eyewitness reports, in general, are exceptions to the rule that weigh a person's expertise in an area to determine whether or not to believe what they say. Everyone is equally qualified to make eyewitness reports.
A) True
B) False



6
When assessing two conflicting eyewitness reports, one should trust the report of an expert over that of a layperson.
A) True
B) False



7
Which of the following criteria is not relevant when determining a person's expertise in a given area?
A) Their education.
B) Their accomplishments.
C) Their reputation.
D) Their experience.
E) Their position.
F) Their gender.



8
It is fair to conclude that there are some areas in which no person should be considered an expert.
A) True
B) False



9
In general it is safe to assume that claims made by the news media can be accepted as true without being suspicious.
A) True
B) False
Customer: replied 8 years ago.
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Expert:  The Science Tutor replied 8 years ago.
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