1. Which one of the following statements best describes group
A. Group behavior is a thing apart from the behavior of any
individual in the group.
B. A group is the sum of the behavior of all of the group
C. As a group behaves, so too will each individual in the group.
D. Group behavior depends solely on its most influential individual
2. How do polarization and opinion shift generally work in a
A. They generally lean toward a risky shift.
B. They assume that most people are risk averse.
C. They depend on the predispositions of the members.
D. They generally strengthen when they meet opposition.
Psychology in Social Life
When you feel confident that you have mastered the material in
this study unit, complete the following examination. Then submit
only your answers to the school for grading, using one of the
examination answer options described in your “Test Materials”
envelope. Send your answers for this examination as soon as you
complete it. Do not wait until another examination is ready.
Questions 1–20: Select the one best answer to each question.
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3. Which one of the following statements best describes the just world hypothesis?
A. People who work hard are superior to those who are lazy.
B. The world is just, but some people don't think it is.
C. If people act with integrity, they contribute to a just world.
D. People deserve what happens to them, whether good or bad.
4. Both conditioned compliance and perceived legitimation are factors that
A. may encourage obedience to authority.
B. are likely to explain tendencies to conformity.
C. may encourage people to rebel against authority.
D. are likely to encourage nonconformity.
5. Evaluation apprehension is related to social facilitation in the same way that _______ is
related to the Ringlemann effect.
A. social loafing C. effort loss
B. proximity D. diffusion
6. Pathogens are
B. disease-causing organisms.
C. factors that may eliminate stress.
D. diseases that predispose people to stress.
7. Six people have gathered at Maxwell's restaurant to continue discussing the establishment
of a car wash. They talk into the evening about the location, possible financing, and who
will do what when the business gets going. This group is in the _______ stage of group
A. storming C. performing
B. adjourning D. norming
8. Suppose you're at a store and you see something you would really like.You know your
spouse will be very angry if you buy it and you don't want to get into an argument. In this
situation, you're experiencing _______ conflict.
A. approach-approach C. approach-avoidance
B. avoidance-avoidance D. multiple-approach-avoidance
9. A secret bigot exhibits cynical political correctness but a/an _______ bigot goes along simply
to get along.
A. active C. frightened
B. tolerant D. reluctant
10. The main concern of the A-B problem is determining when or if an attitude will
A. have specificity. C. be strong or weak.
B. predict a behavior. D. include accessibility.
11. If you exhibit a high level of psychological hardiness, you're probably the type of person
A. feels that most problems take care of themselves.
B. agrees that wishing can make good things happen.
C. has an external locus of control.
D. feels that challenge is a good thing.
12. The common factor that seems to mark the conversion of a crowd into a mob is
A. collective emotional arousal.
B. a lurking beast in all of us.
C. a tendency of all people to go along with the crowd.
D. a preestablished mob mentality.
13. Which one of the following ads is an example of the peripheral route to persuasion?
A. An ad for toothpaste which stresses its ability to fight cavities
B. An ad for a car which points out the car's safety features
C. An ad for a cell phone service that emphasizes clear calls
D. An ad for a restaurant that shows a happy couple dining
14. In terms of the general adaptation syndrome, the body prepares for a long, drawn-out battle
during the _______ stage.
A. resistance C. alarm
B. fight-or-flight D. exhaustion
15. Mary spends a lot of time with her crowd, or peer group. She uses their language and
adopts the preferred clothing styles for girls in her group. For Mary, her peer group is a/an
A. dyad. C. ethnic group.
B. primary group. D. secondary.
16. A planning committee has decided to determine the zoning of a particular area based on
data provided by the town engineer. Which social decision scheme has the committee
A. Majority-wins scheme C. First-shift rule
B. Truth-wins scheme D. Objective analysis scheme
17. Which one of the following characteristics is typical of salespeople who are trained in the
A. They know when to say “thanks for your time.”
B. They understand that one “yes” is often followed by another.
C. They know that persistence is more important than annoying a potential customer.
D. They understand that making people feel uncomfortable leads to sales.
18. Which one of the following acts is an example of body language?
A. Showing prejudice
B. Acting on an attitude
C. Employing the peripheral route of persuasion
D. Rolling of the eyes
19. Deindividuation is related to mobs in the same way that _______ is related to groups.
A. attitude C. social prejudice
B. persuasion D. diffusion of responsibility
20. Ralph hears that his neighbor's son was stopped and ticketed for speeding. Without knowing
the facts of the case, he tells his wife what he thinks. “That boy was always reckless,”
he says. “I expect he was speeding down the road without a thought for anyone.” Ralph is
expressing a/an _______ attribution.
A. ethnocentric C. unfounded
B. dispositional D. situations