Dear JACUSTOMER ewfm5s6m: Transmission varies according to the type of hepatitis virus. In general, hepatitis A is mostly through feces (stools) from infected people. Hepatitis B and C are spread through bodily fluids.
There is no risk of contracting HIV infection in daily routine activities and by casual contact with HIV positive person. However, we do know that an infected person's blood is rich of HIV then you may want to have your children tested for both hepatitis B and C and HIV if this will give you more peace of mind.
Signs of infection for hepatits B and C include:
Half of all people infected with the hepatitis B virus have no symptoms and may never realize that they have been infected. Adults are more likely to develop symptoms than children. For those who do get sick, symptoms usually develop within 1 to 4 months after exposure to the virus. The initial symptoms are often similar to the flu.
Common symptoms of hepatitis B include:
Signs of hepatits C:
Many people infected with hepatitis C have no symptoms. When symptoms are present, they can range from mild to severe. The most common early symptoms are mild fever, headache, muscle aches, fatigue, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. Later symptoms may include dark coffee-colored rather than dark yellow urine, clay-colored stools, abdominal pain, and yellowing of the skin and/or whites of the eyes (jaundice).
Signs of HIV:
When first infected with HIV, you may have no signs or symptoms at all, although you're still able to transmit the virus to others. Many people develop a brief flu-like illness two to four weeks after becoming infected. Signs and symptoms may include:
Hope this information helps!
I would be happy to respond .
First off, I would NOT be concerned about the described exposure.
Even if the child in question had HIV or Hepatitis B or C, you do not describe any significant risk to your kids- as it is extremely unlikely there was any transmission of blood to them, and even if there was, it sounds highly unlikely that they had any exposure to non-intact skin or mucus membranes.
I would agree with your husband that this does not sound to be of any concern.
Unlike the comment above, I would not even recommend the need for testing your kids- the risk is just so unlikely that it is not needed.
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I understand you are just being a very cautious and concerned parent.
But again your description does not lead me to be worried and if I saw you in my office I would not do anything further- certainly I would not consider PEP from this . This does not sound like your daughter really had any exposure- and even if she touched the bloody bandage- it would not likely have placed her at risk without any direct exposure to an open wound.
I would not do any testing, because I think this is all a non-exposure.
Yes, blood on a bandaid could be contagious- but it would have not be directly inoculated into an open sore- the skin is a barrier and would be protective otherwise.
She is not at risk from this episode....