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Calcified granulomas anywhere are the result of inflammation years ago, that has had calcium deposited over the years. They can be anywhere - lungs, liver, pancreas, spleen,, etc. They are benign and no treatment is generally necessary.
A higher than normal level of red blood cells is called polycythemia. It can be primary or secondary. Primary is due to inherent problems in the blood production system that are usually genetic. Secondary occurs due to other things that affect red blood cell production. Secondary causes can be things like COPD or emphysema, heart problems (congestive heart failure, or problems with passage of blood through the heart), pulmonary hypertension, or sleep apnea. All of theses things result in decreased oxygen to the brain, so the body reacts by making more red blood cells because the brain has to have oxygen. Other causes are living at higher elevations, some kidney problems, tumors in the adrenal glands, uterus, some cancers, and even some medications.
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